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London to be of any great use to the the institution is to promote, by personal country.”

and friendly intercourse, the general inteThe celebrated letter to Lord Monteagle, Tests of science. The meeting next year will disclosing the gunpowder-plot, has been be held at Heidelberg. Baron Humboldt, generally attributed to Mrs. Habington, a who presided at the late meeting, stated sister of that nobleman, and wife to one

that he should not be present this year, of the conspirators. The letter, which is as he expects to be upon his travels in still extant in the state-paper office, shews Asia, probably in the heart of Siberia. the traces of the erasure of the word “ you"

UNITED STATES. in the phrase "the love I bear to you,”

Matthew Henry's Commentary is being and the substitution of “some of your published in New York in an octavo form. friends," as if the writer, upon recollec Dr. Alexander, in his preface to the first tion, was afraid to furnish a clue to a dis American edition, mentions, as among the covery. But a gentleman who has lately characteristics of this popular commentary examined the letter, has stated, that its “perspicuity, conciseness (query), vivathough Mrs. Habington might have dic- city, fertility, variety, and its weighty tated it, the hand-writing closely resembles pointed sayings.” that of Mrs. Ann Vaux, who was connect Strong petitions have been presented to ed with the conspirators, and was also the Congress against the practice of opening intimate friend of Mrs. Habington. It the post-offices forwarding letters on seems likely enough that Mrs. Habington Sunday. should have employed a feigned hand, or The Chaplain of the State Prison at the pen of a friend, to conceal her own; Sing Sing writes :-“ I have lately made but, to make the proof complete, some thorough inquiry among the convicts here, specimen of her own writing is necessary for the purpose of learning how many have to compare with the letter in question. ever enjoyed the advantages of a SundaySome persons, who are making inquiries School. The result is, that out of more on the subject, wish to know if any speci- than five hundred convicts, not one has men is extant.

been found who has ever been, for any FRANCE.

considerable time, a regular member of a The Abbé de la Mennais, in proof of Sabbath School ; and not more than two the disbelief of the youth of France in the or three, who have ever attended such a doctrines of the Catholic Church, states, school at all.” that he recently detected forty of the stu

NORTH AMERICA. dents of the college of Paris, when at The recent invention of the Cherokee mass, secreting the consecrated wafer, in- alphabet is a remarkable monument of stead of swallowing it; and that they talent and perseverance. The inventor, wrote letters to their friends, informing who is known by the name of Guess, is a them what they had done, and closing Cherokee, and ignorant of every other lantheir letters with the wafers instead of guage ; but hearing that the White people

* could put a talk upon paper,” he began GERMANY.

with attempti

to substitute symbols for The bishop of Strasbourg, in his reply words, and with great labour invented to Mr. Faber's Difficulties of Romanism, several thousand; but finding at length animadverts severely upon our country that this plan would not succeed, he man for an alleged wilful suppression of formed the idea of dividing words into two passages; the one from Tertullian, syllables, and with great labour affixed a and the other from Cyril of Jerusalem, character to every syllable in the language. which the bishop fancies to be favourable He eventually obtained an English gramto transubstantiation ; both which pas mar and formed an alphabet, but had still sages are actually quoted and commented

the greatest difficulty in persuading his upon by Mr. Faber, in that very work.

countrymen to adopt it; but they have The bishop must choose the alternative of at length found its advantages, and are being either inexcusably careless or very already making rapid progress in literature. dishonest.

AFRICA. The annual Philosophical Congress of It is melancholy to contrast the present Germany, at which were present at its for state of Northern Africa, with its former mation in 1822 only eight members, this advances in civilization and Christianity. year numbered 467 collected at Berlin, A council of African bishops was held at not only from every part of Germany, but Carthage as early as the year of Christ many of them from foreign countries. The

215; and, in the year 240, a council of 99 conference lasted a week. The object of bishops was assembled at Lambesa, an

wax.

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inland city on the confines of Biledulgerid, facts, and of the present Mohammedan or
against Privatus, bishop of Lambesa, on a Pagan superstitions of that country, and
charge of heresy. The fourth council of not be stirred up to zealous efforts to re-
Carthage, in the year 253, was held by 66 claim these wanderers from a once nume-
bishops, respecting the baptism of infants. rous fold. The importance of the Church,
In the eighth council at that place, in the Missionary Society's Mediterranean Mis-
year 256, besides priests, deacons, and sions, in this and other respects, has not
laymen; there were present 87 bishops. yet been done justice to by the public.
In another council of Carthage, about the

CEYLON.
year 308, no fewer than 200 bishops of the In the time of the Dutch there were
sect of the Donatists were present; and more than 300 idol temples in Ceylon : in
in the year 394, at Baga, an inland city of 1807 they had increased to more than
Africa, 310 bishops were collected to 1200. In 1663 there were 65,000 Chris-
gether. Can Christians think of these tians in Jaffna, in 1814 scarcely 5000.

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LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
THEOLOGY.

By J. Beart: abridged by the Rev. T.
Sermons, Lectures, and Discourses. By Jones. 5s.
the Rev. E. Irving. 3 vols. ll. lls. 6d.

MISCELLANEOUS.
Sermons. By the Rev. F. Close. I vol. The Blue Mountains of Coimbatoor.
8vo. 12s.

By the Rev. J. Hough. 6s.
Portraiture of a Christian Gentleman. Domestic Instruction. By Mrs. Mat-
By a Barrister. 6s.

thias. 2 vols. 5s.
The Divine Origen of Christianity. By Letters to a friend. By the late Dr.
J. Sheppard. 2 vols. 14s.

Henry, of South Carolina ; edited by Dr.
Co-operation with Christian Missionaries J. P. Smith. 5s. 6d.
recommended. A sermon. By the Rev. Letters on Teaching. By J. Pillins. 5s.
W. Clayton.

The Character of the late Mrs. G.
Redemption by Christ. By the Rev. Ewing. By the Rev. E. Miller.
R. Hale.

Visits to the Religious World. 10s. 6d.
Lectures on the Sermon on the Mount. An Essay on Man. By G. Wirgman
By the Rev. J. E. Good. 14s.

8vo. 7s.6d. The Spirit of the Psalms.

The Christian Mariner's Journal. By A Plain Address on the Public Dedica an Officer in the Navy. Es. tion of an Infant to God.

Universal Education considered. 2s. 6d. Memoir of the late Rev. W. Goode. Is. An Account of the Edinburgh Sessional The Sinner's Justifying Righteousness. School. By J. Wood. 4s. 6d.

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RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

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NECESSITIES OF BOHEMIAN which has taken away their courage. The
PROTESTANTS.

Protestant children must, therefore, attend The following is an extract of a letter the Roman Catholic school, till they are from the Countess Von Reden, of Buch- thirteen years old, and consequently, acwalde, Silesia, to a friend in London. cording to our customs, ready for confir“Permit me to mention to you the case mation. This school is miserably conof the Protestants at Hermanseiffen, near ducted, and one may easily suppose what Aman, in Bohemia, from whom a messen a baneful influence such an education ger arrived with me about three weeks must have upon the minds of the children. ago. He came from the Protestant mi- The minister is a pious, humble-minded nister of that place, who begged that I man, entirely devoted to his work. His would give him Bibles, Testaments, and complaint is not, that he has only one tracts, for the use of his Protestant con hundred dollars (seventeen pounds stergregation. Their number is six hundred ling) salary per annum, but that he must and sixty. They have a chapel of weather- despair of ever being able to afford a boarding, and a miserable dwelling for school-house and a Protestant master. their minister; but neither a school-house All he requests, therefore is, that by chanor school-master, being too poor, and ritable donations, he may be enabled to oppressed by Roman-Catholic influence, build a school-room, as a second story

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upon his own dwelling, instead of the pre- of them did, speaking together, clapping sent small wooden garrets, in which he may their hands in unison, in their singular keep school himself. But I most earnestly exercises. Then they were amused by wish, that we might be enabled to assist following the motions of their principal him in building a proper school-horse, and mistress, who imitated those used in difengaging a regular master. "I therefore ferent employments; • This is the way mention this to you, and hope you will we sow the corn, or “This is the way we kindly take it to heart, and recommend wash the clothes.' 'The children too young the case to some of your benevolent to learn were put upon a carpet, to sleep friends. The English delight in works of or play as they pleased. Connected with charity; they subscribe to the wants of this school was another for children more the poor Greeks, the Waldenses, the Hea than seven years of age, containing somethen, and other necessitous persons. May where about two hundred.” we not hope that a few crumbs from their table might be afforded to the poor Pro RELIGIOUS REVIVALS IN testants of Hermanseiffen, who, under

AMERICA. present circumstances, and but for so

A respectable New-York religious pubzealous a minister, might relapse into total lication, in alluding to the modified opiignorance. The Lord will surely reward nion which we have expressed respecting those who contribute to so charitable the blended good and evil of what are called a work, and promote His cause in a Revivals,” adds,-“For the editors of land of darkness. Notwithstanding all the Christian Observer, as men and as opposition, we hope to get Bibles and Christians, we entertain the highest resTestaments introduced among them. My pect: and we are happy to learn that heart bleeds, when I consider the blind- there is a prospect of their obtaining, ere ness and ignorance prevailing in that long, from the pen of one of their own country.”

countrymen, information relative to AmeDonations towards the relief of this poor rican revivals, which will remove many of Protestant congregation will be thankfully their prejudices, and prepare them to received by the Rev. C. I. La Trobe, 19 · rejoice in what, we doubt not; causes Bartlett's Buildings, Holborn; also by the joy in heaven, as it surely does on Rev. Dr. Steinkopff

, Savoy; and faith- earth.” fully transmitted to the benevolent Coun No such communication has reached us. tess Von Reden.

We have, however, heard of various indi.

cations of an unsettled spirit, which unless INFANT SCHOOLS.

carefully watched, may be very injurious Professor Norton, of Cambridge College, to the cause of pure and undefiled reliMassachusetts, who has been travelling gion. For example, in a farewell disin Europe, paid a visit to an infant school

course, recently delivered by the Rev. in Liverpool, an account of which he has Dr. Lee, on his dismissal from the pasthus given in a letter to one of his toral charge of the Congregational Church, friends:

at Colebrook, Connecticut, occur the fol.'" We attended, a few days since, an lowing statements : infant school, which has given me quite “ Shun as you would the pestilence, new views and feelings on the subject that restless spirit of innovation and I have seldom been more affected—it is charge of enthusiasm and blind zeal, not too strong a word--than in seeing, as which is now spreading through our counwe did, a hundred little creatures, some

try, separating pastors from their churchof them not more than two years old,

es, and laying waste some of the fairest thus collected together. I had no con fields of Zion. It is an unprecedented ception of the possibility of preserving and alarming fact, which ought to be 90 much order and stillness among known and seriously weighed, that in this such young children, (all under eight little State,-this land of steady habits, years of age,) as we found to exist, appa- long famed for the order, wisdom, and rently without harshness or unpleasant stability of its institutions,—no less than restraint. They were called upon to re eighteen settled ministers, pastors of peat the pence table, the multiplication churches have, within as many months, table, to tell the number of seconds in a been dismissed from their respective minute, of minutes in an hour, with the flocks. There are thirty-nine vacant names of the months, to answer in their parishes in the State ; most of which have catechism, and to repeat the Command become so by the dismission of their miments abbreviated; all which a majority nisters. Should this work continue in

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We may,

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its present progress, for six years, one to what' infant schools, Sunday schools, half the settled ministers of the state will and national schools had so hopefully combe dismissed-from their charges. Would menced. May this work of pious munifithis be a desirable event--a consummation cence prosper, under the blessing of the devoutly to be wished ? Let every one Great Head of the Church, till every despause, and seriously inquire, what are titute district in the kingdom shall be the springs from which this mischief supplied with a temple consecrated to his flows ?"

glory, and with a resident and efficient Our transatlantic friends may be able to minister of Christ, anxious for the spiriexplain these matters satisfactorily; but tual and eternal welfare of the people of they cannot wonder that to us, at a dis his charge. tance, they appear somewhat startling. It would be tedious to trouble our read. We rejoice to learn such facts as that to ers with lists of the names and details rethe churches of three denominations in a specting all these new churches, or to give single State, twenty-five thousand mem an account of the customary solemnities bers were added in the short space of a at opening them, which, being in the main year; and to one denomination in another the same all over the kingdom, are of local State, seven thousand : but still we can rather than general interest. not but rejoice with trembling.

however, without invidious selection, no

tice the parish of Islington, as affording, NEW CHURCHES.

perhaps, the most remarkable instance of We know of no circumstance more truly munificent promptitude in the erection of gratifying and hopeful to the mind of a new churches of any parish in the kingChristian spectator than the erection of the dom. It is, we believe, only about five numerous churches which are springing, years since that the present vicar, the Rev. up among us. A very few years since, who Daniel Wilson, came to the incumbency. could have expected so soon to witness At that period, the parish may be supthis gloricus spectacle? It was with ex- posed to have been rather inclined to rest treme difficulty, at an enormous expense, with complacency upon its recent exertion and only by means of a special act of par in building a chapel, than to contemplate liament, after conciliating all the various the immediate erection of several new and discordant interests and prejudices ones; and the depressed state of health of concerned, that a single church or chapel the incumbent seemed scarcely to allow of could be consecrated in the most populous his speedily exciting them to any great and destitute places; whereas we now see effort. Yet with these and other difficulon every side these sacred edifices arising ties, within the short period of about four among us, not indeed in equal extent to years have been built and consecrated no the wants of the public, but with a zeal fewer than three new churches, the last of and rapidity far beyond the anticipations which has been this month dedicated to of the most sanguine. We could wish the service of God by the Bishop of that some of these edifices were planned London. The expense has been borne in better taste, certain of 'them not being partly by his Majesty's Commissioners, very creditable to the architectural science and partly by the parish; and it is due to of the age ; but far more do we wish that the several parties concerned, and espein all of them, as happily in very many of cially to the zealous and indefatigable them, were to be found a faithful and af vicar, to state, that the elegance, commo. fectionate pastor, zealously devoted to the diousness and good taste of these strucspiritual welfare of his flock : yet even in tures; the economy with which they have this respect we have reason to bless God been planned and executed, the whole for far more than we could have antici cost of the three being only, we have pated, considering the lax views which are heard, about 30,0001.; and the zeal, unacurrently entertained of the duties attach nimity and celerity which have attended ed to ecclesiastical patronage. But it is their progresy, render them a pattern wornot in reference to the immediate effect, thy of imitation in other parishes where momentous as it is, of these new churches, new churches are required to meet the that we feel most thankful for them; but pressing wants of our growing population. rather for their value to generations yet The appointments to these churches, we unborn, that the children and youth of our have understood, have been as honourable country-so many of whose fathers had to the disinterested piety of the reverend neither the wish nor perhaps the opportu patron, as the erection of them was to his nity to attend a church--may find accom Christian zeal and enterprize. We will modation prepared for them, in sequence only add, that no clergyman, who is

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anxious for the erection of a church in his

ought to despair after the gratifying sucparish, and who will apply his efforts with cess which has attended the pious labours prudence and vigour to effect the object, of Mr. Wilson.

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

In our last Number we penned a few self as a candidate, expressly on the

ground remarks with reference to the general of his attachment to that course of policy principles of the important question now which Mr. Peel considered himself driven before the legislature; the particulars of by necessity to abandon. The election the intended enactments not having then was contested with great zeal, though with been disclosed. Those particulars have the characteristic urbanity of University since been laid before parliament and the contests : and its progress and results country; and the disclosure is far from reflect much credit on all the parties conhaving allayed those conflicting agitations cerned; on Mr. Peel, as having resigned of opinion which had been excited by the himself into the hands of his constituents very announcement of the intention of at a moment of much temporary unpopugovernment, to endeavour to remove the

larity among the majority of them; to Sir disabilities which affect his Majesty's R. H. Inglis, as the object of the choice Roman-Catholic subjects, and to place of this learned and dignified body; them upon a civil equality with their Pro and to the University itself, who, having testant fellow-countrymen. Considering rejected Mr. Canning on this very questhe great importance of this difficult ques tion, and having also just sent in a petition tion, these heats on either side are not a to parliament on the subject, maintained subject for surprise ; nor would we speak their consistency by disinterestedly pretoo severely of the intemperance of honest ferring a gentleman'in private life to ano. zeal, where conscience and principle, ther high in office, whose influence and though perhaps misguided, are its ground patronage they might reasonably have work; but we would entreat those of our coveted. The result of the poll, 609 to readers who wish to form a right judgment 755, proves, however, that the number upon the subject, to abstract their minds of those electors of the University who are from temporary animosities and partial favourable to the removal of Catholic disrepresentations, and to view the matter, so abilities is larger than had perhaps been far as they are able, in the simple light of generally calculated upon, especially when truth, being guided in their researches by it is considered for how many years almost those plain maxims of public and private the whole of the patronage of the church duty which the Scriptures unfold for our has been directed into the opposite chandirection. Entering upon the inquiry in nel. The election, as we have just rethis spirit, whatever may be the result of the marked, turned almost wholly on the Cainvestigation, mutual charity at least will tholic question ; for apart from this, notą not be allowed to be wounded by exaspera few of the voters would have changed tions and animosities, which only weaken sides ; and some, we are persuaded, who and disgrace any cause, however good in voted in the minority on the general itself, in the service of which they are em- ground that Mr. Peel had done nothing to ployed.

deserve the loss of public confidence, or It will not be compatible with our to obliterate the memory of his great limits to enter at large into the wide field services in the melioration of the criminal of inquiry which has been opened to us code and other objects of national welfare, by the pending discussions; our chief ob will have been among the first to congratu, ject, at least in the present Number, will

late both the University and the favoured be to furnish a brief notice of a few events candidate, that the choice should have falof the month, as connected with this all

len upon a gentleman so well deserving of absorbing topic.

and who is particularly endeared to When the concluding sheet of our not a few among his countryman, as well last Number went to press, a contest by his private virtues, as by his zealous was in progress at Oxford, which was public services in every cause of piety and looked to with much anxiety as a test of humanity. the opinion of the members of that learned Mr. Peel, on his failure at Oxford, being body in reference to the Catholic ques- returned for the private borough of Westtion. Mr. Peel, in consequence of his bury, Wilts, proceeded on the fifth of the change of policy respecting that measure, month, to bring in his important bills. had, with highly honourable feelings, re- Popular petitions had, by this time, rasigned his seat; and his much-respected pidly flowed in against the projected meaopponent, Sir Robert Inglis, offered him.

sures ; serious alarm was also excited

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