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beak of an owl or bat against the tuting the clause in the General window, would be sufficient to star Thanksgiving for the service for the tle them from their feverish slumber. Churching of Women, in chapels

The wife only, having probably the where the latter is not allowed to
i more sensitive imagination, sees the be performed. Poor women, par-

light, the dove, and the glory; but ticularly those who attend these
the husband sees also a suffused chapels, often send in their names
light on the wall, which might have as desiring to return thanks after
irradiated from a corruscation of child-birth. The minister, it is
the lamp which was burning on the usually considered, cannot decline
floor of the apartment, or even have returning thanks for any who wish
been imagined by him, his fancy it, though, as the rubric confines
and his feelings being elevated as the clause to those who have been
he listened to the narrative of his prayed for, he might properly avail
wife. The circumstance of the himself of this distinction where the
anticipated thirty-days is of itself object is evidently only to avoid
sufficient to account for the halluci- paying the usual fees at the parish
nation; and as there is no shadow church: but even if he do not go
of ground, either from reason thus far, he ought to decline speci-
Scripture, to authenticate this ab- fying the particular blessing acknow-
surd opinion of the Roman-Catholic ledged, that he may not abet the
church about the thirtieth day, the ecclesiastical offence of setting up
supposed occurrence must have ori- altar against altar.
ginated either in the superstition of But my chief object in noticing
the votary, or the trickery of the the subject is, to express deep re-
priests. The latter have effected gret that such an anomaly should
many worse and more difficult be allowed

pious frauds," so called, than per- churches, where prayers may be
suading an agonized father and read and the word of God preached,
mother of the safety of their child; while the sacraments and other rites
and even the most ignorant cham- of the church may not be adminis-
bermaid might have been taught to tered. Why not, wherever a chapel
perform, if necessary, so slight a trick is necessary, make it a church at
as this. But I do not think it requi- once, and attach to it a due portion
site to imagine this in the present of the surrounding population ?
case; a flickering lamp and a heated The capellan system has done
mind were all that was necessary; much injury to the ministerial cha-
and one can only deeply lament racter of the clergy, deprived the
and denounce the lying vanities of people of pastoral care, and disse-
a corrupt church, which can leave vered in the minds of both, what our
its votaries a prey to such vain wan church has so scripturally joined,
derings of fancy, under the notion of " the word” and “ the sacraments."
their bowing to sacred and immuta. The new system of district churches
ble truth.

is a hopeful step in the return to the
ancient plan of parochial discipline:
may it be followed up wherever our
parishes are overgrown, till there
shall not be a hamlet, or a suburb,
of any considerable extent, without

its own church and its own resident
Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. pastor.



ber for last November, alludes to
the upauthorised practice of substi-


as half






for the Chapels -red u

these names s alte


confines -e been y avail ere the



e spec

I wooed ambition-climbed the pole,

And strove among the stars ;-but fell

Headlong, in all my pride of soul,

Like Lucifer, from heaven to hell.

poor, and lost, and trampled down,

Where shall the chief of sioners ily,
By J. Montgomery.

Almighty vengeance, from thy frown?

Eternal justice, from thy eye?
A race, a race on earth we run,
And lold a prize in view,

Lo! through the gloom of guilty fears,
More bright than if we chased the sun

My faith discerns a dawn of grace;

The Sun of Righteousness appears
Through heaven's ethereal blue.

In Jesu's reconciling face.
Changes we prove, and vanish soon;
Changes from youth to age;

My suffering, slain, and risen Lord!
Silent as those that shape the moon,

In deep distress I turn to Theem
In her brief pilgrimage.

I claim acceptance on thy word,

My God! my God! forsake not met
Like constellations on their way,

Prostrate before thy Mercy-seat,
That ineet the morning light;

I dare not, if I would despair;
We travel up to higher day,

None ever perished at thy feet,
Through shades of deeper night.

And I will lie for ever there.
Their tasks the heavenly host fulfil;
Ere long to shine their last;-

We, if we do our Father's will,
Shall shiae when they are past.

Translated by Mrs. Hemans.
Knit like the social stars in love,

Wherefore so sad and faint, wy heart!
Fair as the moon, and clear

The stranger's land is fair;
As yonder sun enthroned above,

Yet weary, weary still thou art-
Christians through life

What find'st thou wanting there?

What warting ?-all, oh! all I love!

Am I not lonely here?

Through a fair land in sooth I rove,
By J. Montgomery.

Yet what like home is dear?
I left the God of truth and light,

My home! oh! thither would I fiy,
I left the God who gave me breath,

Where the free air is sweet,
To wander in the wilds of night,

My father's voice, my mother's eye,
To perish in the soares of death!

My own wild hills to greet.
Sweet was His service; and His yoke

My hills, with all their soaring steeps,
Was light and easy to be borne;

With all their glaciers bright;
Through all His boods of love I broke;

Where in his joy the chamois leaps,
I cast away His gifts in scorn.

Mocking the hunter's inight.
I danced in folly's giddy maze;

Oh but to hear the herd-bell sound,
And drank the sea, and chased the wind;

When shepherds lead the way
But falsehood lurked in all her ways,

Up the high Alps, and children bound,
Her laughter left a pang behind.

And not a lamb will stray.
I dreamed of bliss is pleasure's bowers,

Oh but to climb the uplands free,
While pillowing roses staged my head;

And, where the pure streams foam,
But serpents hissed among the flowers,

By the blue shining lake, to see,
I woke, and thorns were all my bed.

Once more my hamlet home!
In riches then I sought for joy,

Here no familiar look I trace:
And placed in glittering ore my trust;

I touch no friendly hand ;
But found that gold was all alloy,

No child laughs kindly in my face,
And worldly treasure fleeting dust.

As in my own bright land.

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Antichrist, Pápal, Protestant, and Curate of Yoxall, Staffordshire.

Infidel ; an Estimate of the Re London. 1828. Price 5s.
ligion of the Times ; comprising
a View of the Origin and Genius WE have in our possession some
of the Roman-Catholic System, twenty or thirty recent publica,
and of its Identity under every tions, longer or shorter, directed
Form of nominal Christianity. By against the doctrines, discipline,
the Rev. John RILAND, M. A., and multiform errors of the Papal

church; most of them with espe- quail under his lash; the Papist cial reference to the momentous will not easily forgive his disclo. points which have so deeply agitated sures; and we fear that there are some the legislature and the community. who call themselves Protestants and To detail the contents of these churchmen, who will find that the works, some of which contain much writer has discovered, even within valuable fact and reasoning, would their favoured precincts, doctrinal be incompatible with our limits; errors and practical anomalies, which and so far as they bear upon the they may find it easier to disclaim great legislative question under than to renounce. Yet if truth be discussion, they will probably soon kindness, Mr. Riland is not a harsh be superseded by its settlement. writer; and we honestly think that But the evils of Popery are not a there are few persons who may not temporary topic; nor is the duty of be the better for his volume, and guarding Protestants against its de- who ought not to thank him for his lusions, and striving by the blessing well-timed animadversions. We of God to rescue its votaries from shall throw together a few illusthem, a temporary duty. In this trative extracts. view indeed, we might notice, with Having had occasion to speak of great satisfaction, many of the publi- the ignorance and irreligion of the cations to which we have alluded; poorer classes, the author turns to but we have singled out from among the richer, and is far from thinking them the above, on account not that matters improve as we ascend only of its general value, but of its in the scale of society. He proves taking a wider range than the mass his assertion as follows: of anti-papal works, and pointing " In the concerns of the life to come, out the primal sources, so to speak, there is a certain vulgarity of thinking, of Popery, the indigenous Popery of

common alike to plebeian and patrician,

to the illiterate and the learned. The every human heart. Our present la..

recent and rapid advances of the human bour will, however, be very brief, as mind in physical, intellectual, and even some of the most important parts ethical science, have been attended with of the work have already appeared of Christ.

no progress in the knowledge of the faith in our volumes ; the treatise being creased in numbers and in theological

Our divines may have inchiefly an enlargement of an argu- attainments; and if theology could comment pursued by the author as a municate principle as well as knowledge, correspondent, in our pages, in se

the path to heaven would widen, and be veral 'papers entitled " The Philo- still narrow; and the gate is yet strait!

thronged by multitudes. But the way is sophy of the Roman-Catholic Re “ The world will allow us to say this ligion,” July to October 1825, and officially; to read it in the lesson of the another paper, the first for January day; and to amplify the solemn saying

But if we mean what 1814. The work is discursive, and

we preach, and awaken men's belief of not very strict to formal method

our sincerity, in the interval between and arrangement; but it abounds one Sunday and another, then begins with terse and valuable truth : its

the debate between a minister and his descriptions are striking, its style circles of pleasure, he may deliver, with

flock. So long as he is not missing in the lively, its arguments weighty, and out suspicion, the most fearful warnings its whole tenor for practical edifi- of God against a slumbering world; and cation. It is not, however, a sleek

none will molest him. But the moment and milky volume. Revolutions, say trine, and irritates the consciences of those

his own example comes in aid of his docthe French, are not made with rose- around, his creed is discovered to be false water; and Mr. Riland seems to and foolish. The real offence, however, think the same of moral revolutions, is not in the doctrine, but—we repeat it

-in its practical consequences.” pp. 49, and that, whatever of good may be

50. in progress among us, honeyed eulo

In making this melancholy regies are not what the necessities of port, Mr. Riland corroborates his the age require. The infidel must

assertions by an allusion to the too

a sermon.

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p. 57

turns ti thinking e ascend e prore

to CIK LADATES atrician, #u. The se humai zand eres ded with

generally demoralized state of the nasian Creed, especially its damnatory periodical press, justly considering clauses, and to deliver elaborate decla

mations on the Trinity; provided the that our current literature is a fair

apologist be indifferent to the influences index of public sentiment; and that, of the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, if it be so, alarming indeed must be regardless of the love of God, and be not that public sentiment of which al

a partaker of the communion of the Holy

Ghost. The doctrine of the Trinity is most all our newspapers, and too cordially believed only by those persons many of our monthly and quarterly who, discovering themselves to be by publications, are specimens. nature and practice the children of wrath Mr. Riland strongly points out

and enemies to God, are anxious to escape the injurious effects of Protestant be reconciled to the Father, through the

everlasting misery, and therefore seek to irreligion upon infidels and Papists. death of the Son, by the influences of the

s Whatever be our doctrinal purity, Holy Ghost; and, as a proof of their spiyet opinions, as such, are of no value. If rituality, and practical faith in this mysthey mature into principles, the fruit will tery of godliness, walk in newness of life: soon be seen ; and the objector be at the connexion between such faith and holionce silenced. But the defensive plea of ness being indissoluble. the Romanist is, that the fruit does not “ Yet few things induce so much selfappear; and the infidel by-stander laughs complacency in the mind of a theorist in

both parties, and reminds himself of religion, as the persuasion of his Athanathe avowal of one of St. Peter's pretended sian orthodoxy. It is also one of the successors, How profitable is this fable !" many points where the lower classes of

nominal Christians closely tread in the Our author's strictures upon the steps of their superiors. A pious clergyChurch of Rome are often very

man has by no means to struggle in his striking and forcible; but one great niceties and damnatory clauses : these are

parish, with objectors to metaphysical object of his work is to shew that

not the stumbling-blocks in the way to Protestantism


be Antichristian eternal life; for none, at least of his pleas well as Popery, that exploded beian opponents, are disturbed by modes

of faith. But when he begins to shake errors may be revived under new

their confidence in their own assumed names, and that we may be de security; and warns the formalist, scoffer, claiming against Antichrist while blasphemer, sensualist, Sabbath-breaker, practically obeying him ; a fact libertine, the lover of money and slave of

the world, and the profane person, to flee too true, using the term Antichrist

from the wrath to come; then he may exin its larger signification, though pect the revival of questions once put byphi. with this difference, that Protes losophical Epicureans and Stoics : ' What tants

will this babbler say? May we know be Antichristian, but may Protestantism is not so, while the

what this new doctrine, whereof thou

speakest, is ?' And the inquiries will be Church of Rome, as a body, has made for the same reason, because he this badge prophetically attached preaches unto them Jesus and the resurto her communion. Individual Pa. rection! These subjects, as he treats

them, form the basis of appeals to the pists may be better than their re

conscience; and not of a cold and barren ligion, and individual Protestants discussion, which creates no alarm, and worse than theirs. Taking the term awakens no hope. Antichrist in this general sense, the

In the mean time, Antichrist is confollowing description is painfully scious that the union of a strong attach

ment to a church, with a practical concorrect.

tempt for its injunctions, is the founda“ It is not salvation which the exclu tion of his kingdom.

Towards the sionary would urge his fellow-sinners to

superstructure a High Churchman and a embrace. It is the very thing left out of High Dissenter-who are essentially the his calculations. Antichrist is satisfied same characters--contribute largely both with shew and ceremony. He delights labour and materials." in the splendour of Episcopacy,, but ex

From the last sentence we learn ecrates the prelate who faithfully fulfils its duties. He will load with preferment that Mr. Riland has as little indulthe man who defends an establishment;

gence for the sins of Churchmen, as but bitterly repent of his liberality, if the

of Protestant Dissenters, and of defender should enforce its doctrines, and also realize them in daily life.

Protestant Dissenters, as of Papists “ Antichrist will allow, rather encou

themselves. He remarks that rage, an ecclesiastic to defend the Atha “ whatever dark stories may be told of

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P. 107.

a national hierarchy, they are capable of sacred hours, but at all times, a genuine being paralleled in the annals of any, the Christian bears the impress of his prinmost obscure, sect which has yet appeared ciples. . If any man be in Christ, he is a within the precincts of the universal new creature,

The character of such a church. Antichrist is very able to in convert will infallibly display itself-where trude his worldliness and his infallibility, hypocrites and formalists, of all commuwherever man lays his hand upon the nions, shew nothing but what may coark of our common salvation. A'Dissen- exist with the world's decorous forms of ter who is nothing better than a Dissenter, insincerity_in the recesses of privacy; in and who preaches the Gospel of strife the arrangements of domestic life ; in the and contention ; a student of such works social circle; in the transactions of busionly as owe their importance to authors

Every good tree bringeth forth on his own side ; allowing himself to be good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth irritated and vexed at the success, repu- forth evil fruit. Wherefore, by their fruits tation, and influence of a pious clergyman; ye shall know them.'

pp. 197, 198. a builder of meetings opposite to parish churches, as if in defiance : a supporter of

In a similar practical and heartsuch missions and societies only as ema

searching strain he elsewhere renate from his own party ;-such a Dis- marks : senter as this is nearly as sectarian and exclusive as the wearer of the triple crown.” " A Protestant who enters into debate

with his opponents, in order to erect upon But it is to the members of his the ruin of their heresies a number of own church that Mr. Riland chiefly sound opinions, and contents himself, at directs his faithful remonstrances.

the close, with the conviction-and we

will allow the conviction to be real-of his “ The Gospel is not in the least more having been successful, has gained noacceptable to us because it has been em

thing beyond the barren triumph of a bodied in Articles and Homilies. On the

casuist. By such an issue religion has not contrary; examples are sufficiently noto become in the least more valuable to him. rious, where the essentials of Christianity. The controversy was not the evidence of are rejected with greater irritability and his sincerity; neither could its result be scorn, when ecclesiastics have detected

the pledge of any consolation. He stands their intrusion into instruments signed by where he stood before. He has defcated themselves. A minister of religion, whe

an antagonist, but not subdued himself ; ther ordained in Italy, England, or Swit

as there is a wide difference between a zerland, is no more necessarily a believer

man who proudly advocates the Christian in Jesus Christ, than was Simon Magus,

cause, and one who yields it a practical in the day when he was admitted within

submission. Therefore religion is nothing, the visible church by the symbol of rege

if it be not a personal possession. The neration." pp. 109, 110. We have mentioned Mr. Riland's ternal, active principle.

kingdom of God is within you '-an inimpartiality, as respects offenders They whose adherence to the Reof various sects; he is equally im- formation is matured into a spiritual chapartial, as respects their offences : absolutely essential to their peace and

racter, uphold their system of belief as formalism and latitudinarianism are

consolation. They do not dispute about equally the objects of his alarm; for the bread of life as though they were exjustly does he remark, that

amining an abstract theory of nutrition, “ Antinominianism and Self-righteous- but as being unable to live without the ness are the two permanent heresies of Divine nourishment itself. With them, the Christian world; and they never ap

the Gospel is no more a point of contropear to be so triumphant, as when they versy, than a remedy is to a sick man, delude their victims into a persuasion that who by its application has been effectually they may die safely if they receive the cured. In either case, speculation has outward and visiblé sign of the redemp

been forgotten in reality. In more direct tion of the Cross, without being equally dreams of self-righteousness, and from a

terms :

a sinner awakened from the anxious to derive the inward and spiritual visionary search after happiness in worldly grace from the Redeemer.” p. 132. Mr. Riland's great object is to things, feels that he needs forgiveness

and sanctification; and that, without shew men that religion is the dedi

these Divine gifts, he must perish evercation of the heart to God.

lastingly. He is alarmed, and wants & “ Where the heart is touched by the shelter from impending wrath; he is miGospel-as the revelation itself is distinct serable, and cannot purchase felicity. Oh, from all the vehicles, and earthen vessels, wretched man that I am! who shall dein which it is presented to the acceptance liver me from the body of this death!' of mankind -- religion equally reigns To a spirit thus wounded, nothing can through the six days intervening between bring relief but the hope of salvation Sabbath and Sabbath. Not only in the through Jesus Christ-not an ability to

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