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at home as it is in the Army and Navy abroad. It is the duty of Letchworth Village to set a new standard in the care and treatment of defectives and to live up to the high ideals of the man whose name it bears.

Respectfully submitted,



To The Board of Managers of Letchworth Village:

I hereby submit my annual report for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1917:


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There have been fifty-seven boys and ten girls admitted during the year from the following counties: One from Chautauqua, one from Chemung, one from Columbia, two from Dutchess, one from Fulton, one from Nassau, twenty-five from New York, two from Niagara, eighteen from Orange, seven from Rockland, four from Ulster, one from Warren and three from Westchester. Forty-three children, forty-one boys and two girls, have been discharged since our last report: ten boys died - one from epilepsy, , one from endocarditis, three from lobar pneumonia, two from aortic insufficiency, one from tubercular meningitis and two from septicaemia; one boy was discharged by the court, twenty-three boys ran away and were not returned, one girl and seven boys were returned to parents, and one girl was transferred to Bellevue Hospital.

It has been the most successful year for the institution since its inception in the way of completion of contracts, of authorization of new contracts and letting of the same.

The attendants' home of slow burning construction containing forty single rooms, a matron's suite, a reception room, a library, four bath rooms, and two linen closets, was complete and accepted early in the summer. 'It provides ample quarters for the attendants of the Boys' Group. A service building of fireproof construction consisting of two dining rooms large enough to acconimodate six hundred children, a kitchen equipped with modern steam cooking apparatus with adjacent refrigerating and storerooms, was completed and occupied during the summer. The enlarging of the waste wier and repairs to the dam were completed in the spring. The trunk sewer through the valley from the laundry and connecting with the main sewer leading to the disposal plant has been finished. The new laundry building is still uncompleted because a portion of the construction has not turned out to be satisfactory. The storehouse, refrigerating plant and bakery building is up to the second story but has much to be done yet. The four dormitories to complete the remainder of the dormitories in the Boys' Group have the walls nearly all up and are about ready for the roofs.

The last Legislature either appropriated or authorized contracts to be made for new construction to the extent of $952,600. The plans and specifications have been prepared and contracts already let for eight new dormitories in the Women's Group exactly like the ones last let, for an assembly hall and industrial building in the Boys' Group, and for an addition to the boiler house. There has also been let a cement bridge over the Minnisceongo leading from the power house to the Women's Group.

A tunnel leading from the boiler house to the Women's Group and the laundry is to be done by the institution under special fund contract. All of the distributing mains from the power house to the buildings in the Women's Group have been let to a heating firm. There is still to contract the service building and attendant's home in this Group, as well as all the outside sewerage and water connections.

The institution has made many permanent improvements out of maintenance such as the addition to the cow barn of a wing twenty-four by sixty feet, divided into pens for cows and calves; the building of a cement milk house of four rooms near the cow barn;

the erecting of a shed twenty by one hundred feet for the housing of tools, farm machinery, etc.

The largest piece of work done by the institution during the year has been the excavating for, and construction of, about one thousand feet of underground cement tunnel six by six in dimensions to carry the heating lines from the present tunnel to Cottage G and from which it is to be distributed in sectional Akron pipe to Cottages E, F and H.

The grading and seeding about Cottages A, B, C and D has been completed; cement sidewalks laid to all the exits; the grading about the attendants' home has been completed and a cement walk laid to the front door.

The dairy has continued to produce all of our milk and butter, and our herd of cattle of over a hundred, together with the pigs which number over fifty, have given us practically all the meat used in the institution for six months.

The poultry house has produced all the eggs we have used during the year, has given us a large amount of meat for the tables, and will provide Thanksgiving and Christmas dinners for the entire institution.

It has been the worst farming year during our experience because of the cold wet spring, the terrific heat for a few days in the summer followed by a complete absence of rain for over a hundred days, and a frost that killed nearly everything in the early fall.

While we did not raise, excepting hay, one-fifth of the crops we expected, still we have hay and ensilage enough to feed our one hundred cattle and twenty horses, together with sereral hundred bushels of wheat, corn and oats. We have had at all times an abundance of fresh vegetables for our population and have besides canned about two thousand gallons of corn, string beans, and tomatoes. For winter vegetables we have about nine hundred bushels of potatoes, ten tons of cabbage, ten tons of squash and pumpkin, five hundred bushels of carrots, three hundred of turnips, two hundred and fifty of beets, one hundred bushels of mangles, and plenty of apples for our use. In looking over the farm report it must be taken into consideration that our teams, men, and boys are engaged at least half of the time in permanent improvements that should not be charged to maintenance.

During the past year the study of the personal and hereditary histories of patients admitted to the institution has been continued




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