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Does your eldest child get any thing at some broken victuals if you tell yonr the manufactory?
case, She's yet too young; and if she were 'Egad, sir, I never finds people so fond old enough, they've nothing now to do. of giving away; many of your gentry will
But how is it that the manufactories sooner give their broken victuals to their have nothing to do?
dogs, than to a poor inan, Lord bless you, it's this here war, and Well, but what will you do when you the paper money, that's all our ruin, as grow older, and can't work so well as you one may say.
do now? But what have you at Mitcham to do I never thinks about that; but I supwith the war?
pose I must then take to the workhouse, I can't tell exactly how it is, but these as others do. here taxes runs away with the money of This honest fellow had now arrived at the gentry; and then Bony has got all a place where a parting of the road was the guineas and seven-sbiiling pieces. to separate us. He modestly wished me I hav'u't seen a seven-stilling piece these a good day; but my fellow-traveller had many months, The Jews took care of too much interested me, for me to let him them. The people too that makes the go without half-a-crown. On putting it paper-money, buys up every thing, and into his hand, his eyes sparkled with jov, makes every thing so mortal dear, that and he told me be would try for the job. a poor man can't live.
then hasten back and buy a pluck for dame How do you know that bank-notes and the children, as they hadn't eat a bit make things dear!
of meat for a fortnight!!! I only knows that people comes from This, reader, is a plain unvarnished Lunnun with pockets full of bank-notes, tale, in which I have done my best to as they call 'em, and buys up every thing, recollect the exact phraseology of this even the calves in the cows' bellies, tbe industrious, decent, and well-disposed, eggs before they are laid, and domm 'em! fellow. Read it ye children of opulence, even the corn and bay before it is cut, who revel in luxury--who think and know The poor have good cause to domm them little of the privations of the poor-who there bank-notes.
sometimes wonder at their discontents · Well but, wages of labour increase who make exclamations on the happiness with other things. How long have of cottages--who often treat the poor as Jabouring men got so much as 185, a unreasonably dissatisfied, and as exorbi. week!
tant in their pretensions ! Aye, but then when we got hut 135. a The portrait requires no commentary of week, the loaf was but 6d. instead of mine-10 artificial appeal to your feels 16d., and a pluck could be had for 6d. ings! Dwell upon it and remember it! and now I am forced to give 20d, and Let it sink into your hearts; and influevery thing else is double; and mayhap, ence youş future practices! as now, one can't always get work. Oct. 28. 1810. Common Sense.
How long have you been out of work?
A fortnight, and I have not a penny To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. in my pocket, nor have had for several days.
How then do you keep your family? H AVING been for a number of vears
We runs tick-the baker lets us have IT practically conversant in poultry, a loaf now and then, and we get a bushel and during some, a large breeder, besides or two of potatoes, and pays 'em when - being a doctor in my own defence; I we can.-Lord have mercy on us! I don't shail presume, without delay or bin. know what we shall do this here winter. drance of business, to inforin your Mid. Well but you hope to get work?
diesex correspondent how to cure the Ave, sir, there's none to be had at roup in fowls : which is, to wring their Mitcham. I've tried every body, and necks, prob. est. those who used to keep two or three Now, sir, in all human probability, labourers, say they've no money, and your correspondent was already apprised employ none, or only one. I'm going to of this remedy, so that I have thus far Battersea, where I'm told there's some told him nothing new. Let me try ditching--it's nasty work, but a poor man again. Perhaps the cause of the disease must 'nt be nice, as they say.
may be a novelty to him, as I have no · Well, but as you are going so far, if doubt it has been generally to those you don't get a job, they will give you who have written the valuable things
called receipts for its cure, and to those was perhaps vere adeptus in ducklinowho have copied such forms of words logy." through so many generations. Now. This distemper in young chicks may surely it must be a matter of some con- be the same, for aught I know, with that sequence, to ascertain the cause and formerly designated by the name of the nature of a malady, if possible, previ- pip; but there has ever been much un. ously to the attempt of undertaking its certainty in chickenary, as well as vete cure: the reverse, so perpetually prac- rinary medicine, in respect to the notised, may be well compared to firing a menclature. However, I am satisfied I gun at random, and without taking any do not mistake your correspondent in his par:icular aim.
case of roup, which he has sufficiently The roup in poultry, and the glanders marked. The roop affects fowls of all in horses, (I have attended to a great ages; there is a cousiderable discharge number of cases in each,) may, I appre- from the nostrils, the eye-lids are swollen hend, be held in a considerable degree and livid, the sight decayed, sometimes analogous: generally referable, in both, total blindness ensues, the apperite lost to suppressed perspiration, that old-fa- except for drink, feathers ruffled and shioned doctrine, often so very ably, but dead in colour, respiration noisy and some how or other, so unsuccessfully, difficult, which symptom often remains confuted. The roup is an atmospheric long after the others have receded; the disease, a very high degree of the com- bird sits moping and wasting in corners, mon malady, called a cold. It is either always apparently in torture, from a sense acute, or chronic; ils access is sometimes of cold, although the fever run high. observed to be sudden; and, as is termed, But the best illustration I can give, influenzal or gradual; and the result of will be by the selection of a case or two neglected colds, of a series of unfavour- from my wife's Memorandums, which able weather, damp lodging, change of extend some five and twenty years back. place, and similar causes !-As tender as ward. I shall begin with the red cock, a chicken, is at no rate an unmeaning Isaac, who is now crowing and clapping proverb. Chickens are real living ba. his gold-burnished wings before the Tometers, affected by every change of the window of my study. Upwards of five weather, and immense numbers of them years ago, a young cock was brougbt to are annually lost from that cause; they me, apparently four or five months old, are also liable to a fatal disease, which and about three-parts game, one part generally supervenes about the third Poland. He was nearly in the last stage week from their hatching, on the nature of roup. The discharge from his mouth of which it is not easy to decide; but the and nostrils was very considerable, and disease is always aggravated by cold wea- extremely fetid and pungent. He had ther, more especially if also wet. From an ophthalmia truly Egyptic, although, defect of a better appellation, we call like many other ophthalmic patients of a this malady, the chip; a constant chip- different genus, he had surely never been chip, among young chicks, being the in Egypt, vor, in all probability, ever watch-word of its approach ; they next near to any one who had. I sent him array themselves in their great coats, or about to be owned, without the smallest rather their shrouds, hanging their wings, success, even at the house of the man and chip-chip-chip themselves to death who was well known to be his real ownin corners. Very unlike this, is the ha. er; and who, in the usual strain of those bit of the duckling. They also are oc- Christian charities exercised towards casionally liable to a fatal disease about beasts, finding the poor bird diseased and the same period of their age, under useless, turned him out of his comfort. which they run about until they suddenly able home, when he had most peed of drop dead, the good wives scarcely sus- it, to be worried to death by fellowpecting any thing to be the matter, and brutes, or brutes of that other descriputterly at a loss to account for the fatal tion, who boast that they reason, reflect, event; otherwise than through the con- and feel; or to perish miserably, and by venient medium of witchcraft. The slow degrees under the sufferings of dis. bard of other times, who so sweetly ease, hunger, wet, and cold. This is a sang, . .
branch, or rather a consequence of the Dame, what ails your ducks to die !
rational system of Mr.-(I have forgotten Wiat a p--- ails ther? Whata
p a ils his name) who wrote a book to prove chem?
that we ought not to take away animal life-a doctrine extremely favourable to ther long-crams of barley-meal and flour, a pathy and indolence. In the view of in which was mixed a portion of floura a rational humanity, the quantum of mustard and grated ginger. The patient suffering is here the object: what com- was crammed with this several times a parison between an unexpected crick of day, and kept warmı; the necessary ahthe neck, and a consequent speedy and lutions being also performed. As much happy passage to Fidler's Green, with even cold or milk-warm water, sometimes the first five minutes fright, to a poor ex. sweetened with treacle, was given as he posed animal? When I see distress and would readily take, to counteract, in due inisery, which imply sense and feeling, I degree, the very heating quality of the cannot stop to consider by how many medicine. He was frequently indulged legs the object is supported, or whether with a solace by the fire-side, which alit looks up towards heaven, or downward ways seemed to bave an invigorating towards the earth; my heart takes the effect. He breathed with difficulty, alarm, and I am not asbamed to acknow. rattled in the throat, and frequently ledge the pain it feels, on the impossi- gaped. In three days, the obstruction bility of giving relief; yet I dare not die in his head being considerably abated, late on the extent of that pain in such his sight was plainly returning; in a cases. Nevertheless, I have committed week, it was nearly perfect, he could too many murders, to be at all apprehen- feed himself, and the little medicine now sive of the charge of sentimentality, even given him, was mustard infused in his from Windham himself, were he now water, afterwards sulphur. Lastly, a living aod looking.
pinch of calonel in a cram of dough. The roup had been somewhat preva- He was inured to the cold by degrees, lent, and a very fine cock had lately pe, and in about a month was as saucy and rished in a corner hard by, with hunger strutting as recovered health and high and cold. Oh! take the nasty thing spirits could make him; and has since away, turn it out!-a language often held repaid his doctor's bill with some hun. by women overladen with sensibility, dreds both of eggs and chickens. His and even by men mature in science, but spurs being too long, and interfering not in the science of feeling, which may with his gait, I cut them down for him require an apprenticeship. I becaine with my pen-knife every three months, now a proprietor per force, and my first the use of which he seems to compreidea was to allow my new property an hend, although he has often rewarded hour's enjoyment in a warm and com- me with a sore peck for my trouble. fortable place, and then to dispatch him Having moulted late, he caught cold on his last errand to that happy coun. on the first frost, and suffered a relapse. try, where he would be tolerably certain Cough, gaping, rufted plumes, shaking. never to be troubled again with the roupDiseases are cured by their opposites, But seeing cause to act otherwise, I took and the fire-side occasionally, with warm him for my patient. He was well cleaned lodging, proved a speedy remedy. A by the fire-side, and his mouth and nos- white hen was now purchased in a lot: trils washed with warm soap and water, she appeared pallid about the gills, and which made him expectorate and snceze not quite well. Perhaps she had taken off a considerable quantity of most of- cold, being tossed about from place to fensive matter. flis eyes were washed place, in the higler's basket, and had with warm milk and water, and the head received an addition to it in iny poultrygently rubbed dry with a cloth. Refu. house, which is exposed to currents of sing to eat, indeed being unable to see cold air. She becaine /Egyptianized, and his meat or drink, repose was judged the queerish in the ogles, (Smiitmield slang); first requisite, and the patient was al. anglice, or rather medically, she had lowed a warm bed of hay, in a rabbit caught a legitimate ophthalmia in one hut. After some hours, bis head was eye, which soon extended in both. Vioagain cleaned, but still be shewed no lent inflamınauon, tumid circles of livid desire to eat, any farther than attempt- swollen flesh around the eyes, and other ing to peck at some barley, of which he symptoms as before. Batbed around the heard the rattle before himn. Consie eyes with brandy, or camphorated spirit; derable fever, which seemed to intermit, occasionally with mild solution of combut a sense of cold always predominant: mon salt and water. The swellings soon I then chose the stimulant plan, watch- reduced, but the flesh remained pale. ing the fever. Food and medicine were Black pepper was added once to the administered together in pellets, or ra- inedicines before-mentioned, and appa.
rently ently with good effect. The patient distemper in young dogs. Only remedy seemed perfectly recovered and thriving; warmth. Might be cured in a bot-bouse. but probably, for want of effectual and Chicken bitten by a rat; many with their continued attention, the disease had heads raw from fighting: brandy, with alternate recession and accession, until, two or three drops of laudanum, prored on a sudden change of weather, a dis- a good application to the wounds, but charge from the nostrils ensued, so pre- only in disposing them to beal, but from valent and fetid, as to affect the atmo. the scent preventing the others pecking sphere of the place. As the shortest the wound, which they are invariably course, the hen was killed. There was disposed to do. A dose of two or three an additional motive. The cock Isaac drops of laudanum, in water, appeared became unwell, the gaping syinptom, as to hasten the death of a weak chucken, if somewhat stuck in his throat, was par- (I have, in two cases, observed the same ticularly prominent. He recovered, how. effect of laudanuin with infants.) ever, in a few days, but the circumstance July 27, 1808.--Heat succeeders by occasioned a revival of the old question, sudden rain. Mortality among chickens
Was he really infected by the white of all sizes amazing. Large young cocks hen, or did they both receive their maand pullets wasting away; rooped; glan lady from the general atmospheric cause? dered. Said in the neighbourhood, As fashion requires, my wife and I took there was a chicken-plague. . Disease 0€ opposite sides of the argument, and the casioned by the weather, beyond possi dispute was waged with much animation; bility of doubt. Prevention, by shelter nor will I, to this bour, acknowledge against atmospheric vicissitudes. Wote myself to be worsted. There can be no derful change from the vast beat of the doubt of the power of infection in putrid egg and of the body of the hen to a cold miasmata, but the matter must have suffi- and piercing air. cient time in which to acquire putridity A ugust 6.-Full four score chickens to a degree sufficient for infection; on lost during this season, by disease. the otber hand, a number of animals will A ugust 25.-My opinion settled. De be siinilarly affected with disease from a ring north-east winds and cold, influenza! sodden atmospheric cause. The dread weather, all have been pining, thin, and ful consequences of sudden or inordinate sickly. On a shade of change to the abstractions of animal heat, and the in- south side of the east, with sun, all rem sidious attacks of the consequent dis- vive. In the bad stage, the large cluck eases, have never been duly appreciated, ens lean, light as feathers, and blind even by medical men. Perhaps it may like Spanish sheep from a similar cause. not be too much to assert, that no man Blighting weather, wet or drougbt, et can be thoroughly au fait in this science, tremes of cold or beat, fatal to chickens: who does not himself stand in the first in genial and seasonable weather, all rank of cold-catchers.
safe. This is the true history of the Roupy bens should be instantly with roup. The old poultry, in the mean drawn from the rest, were it only for tine, frequently remain very slightly, or cleanliness sake, and their necks wrung totally, unaffected. by those who are too wise to encounter May 12, 1809.-Sudden very hot trouble. If a cure be aimed at, they weather had an ill effect on all the chicks. should be kept rigidly separate, until per. One had a fever so highly inflammatory, fectly sound, and by no means suffered that its body burned my hand to the to breed; for I recollect in Hampsbire, very marrow, like actual fire. Gave on breaking the eggs of such, their con- nitre in milk and water at night. In the tents were black and putrid. The dis morning, the chicken cool and brisk. femper, however, which is merely influ. Repeated the dose, in too large a qunnenza, taken on its first access, is easily tity, and brought on a cold ni. removed.
fever changed to an interinitieni, but Extracts from Memoranda, Septem- the patient recovered and made a good ber 9, 1807.-Wind north-west, sharp, fowl. After all, perhaps most advanThe most wonderful effect on all the tagevus, as surely least troublesome, to young, eren to the full-grown stock. destroy all diseased chicks, and calcdRouped instantiv, feathers staring, dis- late only on the strong. To doctor charge at the nostrils, breath and skin numbers individually, impracticable. feud. The roup mere influenza-glalte The distress and everlasting chip-chip ders; and the disease of the young of the sick, distract the hen, and prevent chicks, before seasoned, similar to the the proper care of her brood. In the
'mean time, the sick chicks will some. The diurnal prints, are too expensive
times eat voraciously, until they die; and for every individual, and in conse if they survive, they remain lean and vo. quence the weekly ones have been esta.. racious throughout the season, showing blished; but these of necessity give probably no sign of thrift, until late in a very abstracted account of the various autumn; of course most costly. Judg- occurrences of the preceding seven days, ment of selection must be exercised in and are often objected to on the ground the case. A brood of young chicks, for of the subscriber being kept so long in igthe first two or three weeks, may be most norance of the passing events. From beautiful in plumage; on a sudden, many these circumstances, I am inclined to of them will be metamorphosed into the think, that any person having it in conmosi haggard, ruffled, and dirty devils templation to establish a newspaper, or imaginable. Dissected some which any proprietor of an existing weekly died. Crops full and obstructed, scour- print, inclined to extend his plan, would ing. Some marks of inflammation, find it advantageous to introduce such a Livers unsound, and a spot denoting the paper as that I have alluded to, (and at approaching adbesion of the lungs to the the price of six-pence) which would pleura. Chickens in plenty may be obe scarcely fail of meeting a friendly retained, either in the usual and natural ception from a public, ever ready to mode of haiching, or by artificial heat, support new and useful arrangements. which I have formerly practised; the
INDEX, great difficulty lies in rearing thein, and this is much enhanced upon cold and To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. wet clayey soils. In dry, sandy, and cal.
SIR, careous districts, they know little of dis VOUR correspondent I. A. appears ease among their poultry; and in all 1 from the question he asks, to be parts, where successful breeding is me- totally unacquainted with any part of the ditated, sufficient room and exercise for process of stereotype printing, since he pecking about, as well as shelter, is of wishes to know whether it is possible for the first consequence.
so many errors which he has discovered My brother farmer of Middlesex will, in Oddy's edition of Hume and Smollett's I hope, derive some satisfaction from History of England, to be committed in what I have written, and my treating the the stereotype? I answer, Yes. For subject so much at large, will, I trust, be stereotype plates are cast from pages set excused, on the consideration that I up with inoveable types; of course they have been requested so to do by friends, are fac-similes of them: therefore, if at various periods. Your correspondent, those pages are not carefully corrected Mr. Editor, will not wonder that he has before an impression of them is taken in found the usual reinedies fail, nor expect the plaster (in order for casting), the that a mere form of words, with the same errors will always appear in the formal compound, its sequel should have stereotype plates, as are in the pages of a magical effect in the cure of disease. the moveable type. Perhaps your corThe practice of medicine is not quite so respondent's remarks may be timely easy.
L. taken up by Mr. Oddy, for him to be Middleser, October 16.
more careful in future in his corrections, P.S. I wish to make the amende bonorable so that his publication may yet approxiin cime, or rather to take time by the fore- mate rather nearer to the point which lock. A perusal of part of Walter Scott's he has promised : namely, “that it shall beautiful poem, the Lady of the Lake, has in- be a beautiful and correct stereotype duced me to suspect myself in error, in my edition »
M-QUADRAT. late criticism on the pronunciation of Do
B- m, Oct. 15, 1810. naldbane, in the tragedy of Macbeth. I request information on that point, anticipating with how great truth it may be said, that I
To the Editor of the Monthly Magozinc. am a far abler critic on poultry than on the
SIR, Scotish language and antiquities.
COME inonths ago I submitted to the
A public, through the channel of your To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. valuable Magazine, an outline of a poena SIR,
on the Deluge, which I have been cola A MONG the numerous papers which lecting materials for, and arranging, these H issue from the metropolitan press, six years past; and now wists, through the it is ratber remarkable that there should same medium, to obtain the opinion of be no one published twice a week. some of your experienced correspondents,