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the naturalists of Europe; and his catalogue other religions, have recourse to that dread. of the Banksian library, which is before the ful expedient as a means of security for their public, will be a lasting monument of erudi- fame and rest of their souls. Mr. Abraham tion, perseverance, and sound judgment, which Goldsmith, whose self inflicted death gave has never been equalled, and cannot be sur- birth to the preceding observations, was the passed.

second son of a respectable Dutch merchant, At Ealing, Fobus Williams, esg, one of the of the Jewish persuasion, and came over to king's serjeants at-law, a native of Carmar this country with his father and elder brocher, then, and formerly fellow of Wadham college, He was born in the year 1757, and as soon as Oxford. He was a man gifted by nature his mind had acquired sufficient powers was with extraordinary puwers of memory and an initiated into the principles of merchandize. excellent understanding ; to these happy en- Tenderly attached to his brother, he becamo dowments he added the most patient and per. his partner when both were grown up, and severing application to the study of the law: when the death of their father left them in bis labours were crowned with success; he possession of a capital that enabled them to became one of the most eminent lawyers of venture into bold speculations. Their indefamodern times. His luminous expositions, tigable industry and natural acuteness soon sound deductions, clear reasoning, profound and improved their fortune, which was greatly accurate knowledge in his profession, were augmented by the marriage of the elder justly appreciated, in Westminster-hall, by Goldsmic. with the daughter of Mr. Solomons, his contemporaries, and will long be recol. of Clapton, who brought him no less a sum lected by them with admiration and merited than one hundred thousand pounds. From that eulogy, but his professional and posthumous time their commercial undertakings became fame will not rest on the trail basis of living more considerable, and in a few years they were testimony, his edition of Lord Chief, istice ranked among the first men in the mooied Saunders's Reports will remain to after ages a world. Their increasing riches introduced proud and splendid monument of his intimate them to the notice of an administracion celeacquaintance with the laws of his country, brated for the expence which it incurred, and

brated for the expence which his deep research and erudition, bis indefatiga- the debt which it entailed on the nation, ble and successful industry in the persuit of Whenever a loan was wanted, the Goldsmida legal knowledge.

easily supplied a large portion of it; and as the At Morden, Surry, Abrabam Goldsmid, esq. terms on which it was obtained were always When the depraved gambler, reduced to des. advantageous, their fortune kept pace with peration by an adverse throw of the dice, visits the facilities which they granted to Govern. on himself the injuries which he has inflicted ment. In the purchase and sale of bullion, on society: when the seducer or adulterer lifts stocks, navy bills, and exchequer bills, and against his own brease the pistol with which in negotiating foreign bills of exchange, they he was wont to defend and augment bis also annually disposed of millions, till at last crimes; when the fashionable idiot, tired with the extent of their speculations, the greatness a life of folly, and shuddering at reflection, of their credit, and the liberality of their dispo. secks in vain for endlest rest in the grave, sitions, caused them to be placed, without one we are grieved, but not surprised, at the blind dissenting voice, at the head of the Stock audacity of our fellow creatures. But, when Exchange. Thus eminently raised in the the benevolent of heart, in whose hands wealth public opinion, they incessantly laboured, not has proved a source of comfort to the poor, as to obtain the applause of men, which they sistance to the helpless, and support to the already possessed, but that of their own hearts. deserving, close an honorable and useful ca Charity and benevolence marked all their ac. Teer by an act as cowardly as it is criminal, we tions, and their munificence was not confined not only feel grief but astonislıment at the to the deserving objects of their own nation weakness and perversity of man. We interro. and belief, but to Christians of every denomi. gate the past to discover some traces of iniqui- nation They supported every public-spirited ty unmarked by the eye of the world, which institution with their subscriptions, and never might have led more watchful observers to closed their hearts or their purse to those who the expectation of such a deed; bur when, as wanted assistance, whatever migh: be their in the present case, none appears, we can religious principles. The unfortunate end of oniy attribute the rash action to the absence Mr. Benjamin Goldsmid, one or two years ago, oi that Christian light which reveals in pre- is well k own. It greatly affected his brother, sent calamities future blessings, and those and perhaps first awakened the thought of Coristian principles that seeten the most bit. committing suicide in his mind. Mr. Goldter cup, with the dew of resignation. It is smid was joint contractor with the house of remarkable, that whilst chiefly the wicked Sir Francis Baring for the last loan, and taking amongst Christians, or those who, although the largest probable range tha he had deale born under the dispensation of the gospel, amongst his friends one half of the sum allot. both by their conduct and professions, deny ted to him, the loss sustained by the remainder its doctrine and contemn its faith, are found at the rate of 651, per tnousand, which was to commit suicide, the best characters in the price of Thursday, was more than any indio

vidual fortune could be expected to sustain. rived, he had expired in the arms of his afflicte Ever since the decline of omnium from par, ed family; but wholly unconscious of being Mr. Goldsmid's spirits were progressively with them. He has left a widow and several drooping; but when it reached five and six children. He was in his 53d year. An inper cent, discount, without the probability of quisition was held, on Saturday, on the body, secovering, the unfortunate gentleman appear. at his house at Morden. Among the Jury ed evidently restless in his disposition and dis. were some of the ruos' respectable and intelije ordered in his mind; and, not finding that gent persons of the vicinage. The proceed. cheerful assistance amongst his monied friends ings lasted but a few minutes, when the fol. which he had experienced in his happier times, lowing verdict was returned : “ Died by bis he was unable to bear up against the pressure oren band, but not in bis senses at the time.* of his mis.ortunes. Another circumstance His remains were interred in the Jews' burial that is said to have pressed heavy upon his mind ground, at Mile-ead. The hearse, which within the last week was, that he had borrow. conveyed the body, passed over London bridge, ed of the East India Company half a million. followed by the carriage of the deceased, and He had given security for this sum, but the thirteen mourning coaches, in which were the period of redemption had arrived, it was to High Priest, the Elders of the Synagogue, and have been paid off on Friday, and Mr Gold- a great part of the family, except his brothers smid, it is reported felt considerable dificulty who were too much affected to attend. On in raising the money. However, it is said their arrival at the ground, a number of poor there will be amply sufficient, when his af persons had collected to witness the infairs are arranged, to pay all debts, and leave terment of a man, who had proved not only 2. large surplus. His account with govern. their particular benefactor, but bad studied to is perfectly elear, and the only loss he ap. render himself useful through life to all pears to have sustained is by the fall of classes of mankind. The mourners were omnium. It is rumoured that Mr. Goldsmid scarcely able to support themselves Mr. had at one time determined, if possible, to Alison, the brother-in-law of the deceased, put an end to all his dealings in the Stock fainted over the body twice, and sunk on the Exchange, and to retire to private life. But grass, lamenting the dismal event. The this determination could not be executed im. High Priest and Elders paid every distinction mediately, and in the mean time heavy de. in their power to the remains of their departed mands would come against him. His temper, friend; but in conformity to the Mosaic laws, hitherto so equal, became, in consequence, they withheld from him the customary funcirritable. He lost all his fortitude. Despon- ral rites. dency took possession of him, and drove him of an exhausted constitution, and a broken to the commission of that fatal act which ter- heart, Sobnson, the mechanist, late of Druryminated his life. Yet he so far mastered his lane Theatre. He had been reduced to the feelings in company, that his friends and fami- greatest extremity of distress before he ape Jy had not the least apprehension of his com- prised the performers at the Lyceum of his niitting suicide. He came to town on Thurs. condition. They, zealously subscribed for his day, September 27, in his carriage, from Mor- support, as soon as they heard of his situations den, accompanied by his brothers, Edward but their assistance came too late for any hope and Isaac, and his son Moses, and several of his recovery, friends who met him did not observe any thiny particular in his manner or appearance. Mr. James Beattie, 43, professor of civil and He returned to Morden to dinner, and had natural history in Marischal college and univer. company. In the evening he joined in a par- sity, Aberdeen. Asa man of science, his attain. tr at cards, after walking a good deal in his ments were of the highest stamp. He pos. grounds, and giving notice to several of the sessed that enlargement and expansion of mind, workmen employed in bis large premises that without which scientific pursuits never can be he should soon discharge them. On Friday prosecuted with success; that ardour which morning he rose at his usual early hour, and, stimulates and facilitates every exertion; and about half past seven o'clock, was observed to that perscvering industry which subdues every pass over the bridge to the wilderness or rook- obstacle. His general knowledge was copious erv. in his grounds; and there he perpetra- and comprehensive, and applied with sound tcá the fatal deed. His coachmen having, as judgment, and accurate discrimination, to was usual, enquired what horses were to go to every subject which he bad occasion to discuss. town, he was referred to Mr. G. being told He commanded a great store of erudition, and at the time which way his master had walked. was intimately acquainted with the Greek and The coachman went in search of him, and Latin classics, whose writings he not onls pcs was the first that found him weltering in his rused with critical skill, but had many of blood, with the pistol grasped in his right their most brilliant passages recorded in his me. hand. Life was not quite extinct, but before mory. the medical assiscaace which was sent for are



WITH ALL THE MARRIAGES AND DEATHS; Arranged geographically, or in the Order of the Counties, from North to South,

Communications for this Department of the Monthly Magazine, properly carethenticated, und sent free of Postuge, ure always thankfully received. Those are more particularly acceptable which describe the Progress of Local Improvements of any Kind, or which contain Biographical Anecdotes or Facts relative to emi neng or remarkable Characters recently deceased.

NORTHUMBERLAND AND PURUAM. ployed in the canal, and the rowers of the ON the 11th of October, the celebrated Red-car life-boat, were regaled with beef and

stock of cattle, che property of, and bred porter; and seventy gentlemen sat down to by, Mr. Charles Colling, of Ketton, near an excellent dinner at the town hall, the voDarlington, was sold by public auction. The lunteer band playing all the time. After farm does not exceeri 300 acres, and the total dinner, resolutions were entered into, and a produce of cattle and sheep was 84851. The committee appointed, to enquire into the prices at which the cattle were disposed of, practicability and advantage of a rail-way or were as follow:

canal from Stockton, by Darlington to WinsBulls.-Comet, six years old, sold for 1000 ton, near Barnardcastle, for the more easy and guineas, purchased by four eminent gentle- expeditious conveyance of coals, lead, &c. men farmers and breeders, on the banks of Married.) Ac Bishopwearmouth, Mr. Jothe Tees; Petrarch, two years old, sold for seph Spence, to Miss Potter, daughter of the 365 guineas; Major, three years old, sold late Mr. Thomas P. for 200 guineas ; May Duke, three years old, At Sunderland, Mr. Ralph Parkinson, to sold for 145 guineas; Alfred, one year old, Miss Dixon. sold for 110 guineas ; Duke, one year old, Mr. Thomas Nicholson, of Warkworth, to sold for 105 guineas; and five others of infe- Miss Isabella Thompson of Alnwick. rior note from 50 to 76 guineas each.--Bull At Newcastle, Mr. George Walion, to Miss Calves -Cecil, sold for 170 guineas; Young Jane Baldwin.-Dr. Trotter, to Miss Dixon. Favourite, 140 ditto; George 120 ditto; daughter of the late William D. esq. of Hawke One 20 ditto ; one 60 ditco; one 50 ditto; well, Northumberland. epe 15 ditto. Cows. Lilly, three years old, At Berwick, Mr. James Bruce, of the As. sold for 410 guineas; Countess, nine years gel Ion, to Miss Elizabeth Hume. sid, sold for 400 ditto; Laura, four years At Simonburn, Mr. William Shields, jun. old, 210 ditto; Lady, fourteen years old, sold of Durham, to Miss Mary Ridley, second for 206 dicio; Celina, five years old, sold for daughter of Thomas R. esq. of Park End, 200 ditto; Peeress, five years old, sold for Northumberland. 170 ditto, Magdalene, five years old, sold John Row, esq. of Newbottle, to Miss Hude for 170 ditto; Cathalene, eight years old, sold dock, daughter of Mr. William H. of Susfor 150 ditto; Daisy, six years old, sold or derland. 140 ditto, Johanna, four years old, sold for At Durham, William Williams, esq. to 130 ditto; Beauty, 120 dicto; and five others Miss Larnbton Surtees, daughter of the late from 5 to 83 guineas, of inferior note. Crosier S. esq. of Redworth House. Heifers. Young Counsess, two years old, Died.] At Durham, Mrs. Meard, relict sold for 206 guineas; Duchess, sold for 183 of John M. esq. of Chiswick, Middlesex. ditto; Charlotte, one year old, sold for 136 Mr. George Dixon, 46.-Mrs. Young, 40,ditto; Lucy, one year old, sold for 132 ditto; Alice, wife of Mr. John Robinson, 75. Young Laura, two years old, sold for 101 Ac Alton Style, near Durham, Mr. John ditto; Shocke, three years old, sold for 105 Maddison, 92. ditto; Johanna, one year old, sold for 35 dit At Alnwick, Miss Robson. to.-Heifer Calves. One sold for 106 gui At Bank house, Lady Ogilvy. neas; one for 75 ditco; two for 50 ditto, At Hexham, Mrs. Rattery, 29. each, and ope for 25 ditto.

At Helmsley, Miss Coning, 23. The canal lately made for altering the Ac Whatron, near Morpeth, Dorothy, rea course of the Tees between Stockton and lict of Thomas Bowker, esg. of Deckham's * Portrack, was opened on che 18th of Septem. Hall. ber, with great rejoicings. Three sloops de. At Needles Hall Moor, near Morpeth, Mr. corated with Aags, proceeded from Po.crack, Swan, 53. through the canal, attended by the volunteer At Monk wearmouth, Mr. Andrew Miller, baad and a number of boats. Guns were fired 70. as che vessels entered and went out of the ca. At Newcastle, Mrs. Ann Pollock, 63.Nal. On their arrival at Stockton, the com. Mr. George Noble, 60.-Mr. Matthew White paay's flag was taken down from the first sloop field, 68.-Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Francis which came up, and placedon the top of the Stephenson, 46.-Joseph, second son of Me cupola ac che town hall. The workmen em. Matthew Forster, attorney Captain Wile

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liam Taylor, of Liverpool, 31,- Mt. Thomas from Kendal, and thus facilitate the inter. Gilford, 24. Mr. John Dobby, 37.-Mr, course of the western and eastern parts of William Dodds.

Westmoreland. To assist this, the commisAt Sunderland, Mrs. Hannah Butterwick, sioners of the turnpike roads ought still fure 23.-Mr. James Burn, 22.

ther to divert the road to the left immediAt Bishopwearmouth, Miss Jane Clarke, ately after the alteration upon the fell, so as daughter of Mr. Robert C.-Mrs. Young, to cross the brook of Wasdale by a bridge wife of Mr. James Y.

higher up; by which the declivity to the At Berwick, Mr. Adam Richardson.-Mr. Demmings, the dangerous descent to the preThomas Law.Mrs. Catharine Hogg, 90.- sent Wasdale Bridge, would be avoided. And Mr. William Gibson, late serjeant at mace, by continuing the road still farther upon the and the eldest burgess of the town, 90. left hand from the proposed higher bridge, it

At Hartley. Mrs. Ann Stephenson. might be carried nearly level till it would

At Hylton Ferry, Mrs. Maling, wife of join the road above the present Blea-beck John M. esq.

Bridge. This road would be found equally At Brampton, Mr. Alexander Watson. near, and as no lands are to be purchased,

At Temple Thornton, near Morpeth, Miss might be made at an expence within the Dorothy Lonsdale, 28.

bounds of the trust; but a new bridge would At Stobhill House, Mr. Young, 83. be equally necessary over the Blea-beck as At Wolsingham, Mr. Anthony Bryson, 26. over Wasdale-beck. Near this place the inn At Berwick hill, Mrs. Elizabeth Charlton, might be built, which embracing the road.

from Kendal to Penrith, as well as the road At Alston, Mr. Thomas Gill.

from the former place to Appleby, &c. would, CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORELAND. in proper hands, answer from its opening.

Notice have been given that applications Meadow and pasture ground might be formed are intended to be made in the next session of without much expence, and a few plantations Parliament, for the purpose of obtaining Acts added for shelter and pleasure. Hence, unfor dividing, inclosing and allotting, the com.' der the auspices of the house of Lowther, a mon and waste grounds within the township village might arise to provide population for of Cockermouth, in the parish of Brigham the cultivation of not an ungrateful soil when and parcel of the honour of Cockermouth, compared with the cheerless waste that surand also those in the parish of westward, and rounded Buxton, Harrowgate, &c. and a station within the manor or forest of Westward. formed for the opulent, not inferior to many,

A very curious medal, which must have for visiting the romantic beauties of Westbeen struck in commemoration of the victory moreland and Cumberland, Easy excursions gained by the Duke of Cumberland over the would embrace the vales of Kent, Lune, and rebels in 1745, was found lately at the bot. Eden ; it would be in the immediate vicinity tom of a well in the castle of Carlisle, at the of the princely house of Lowther, Shap Ab. depth of 8.1 feet. It appears to be a compo. bey, Hawes Water, and the vale of Bampsition of copper and tin, or such like metals. ton, the vales of Lowther and Emer. UllsOn one side is a head of the duke of Cum water and the other lakes might be conve. berland, crowned with laurel; and on the re. niently visited. Penrith and its romantic enverse, a number of naked and armed men in virons, Greystoke, the Nunnery, Armathflight, and the inscription " Tbe Pretender's waite, Corby, &c. &c. form an assemblage of and Rebels' race for Life."

scenery unparalleled in an equal space of counA tourist has in a communication to the try. Here the invalid might obtain benefit; Carlisle Journal suggested the following plan the convalescent pleasure and health ; the de* for the improvement and benefit of the ser tbe transiormed from barrenness and waste counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland. into fruitful fields and woods, and solitude “ Among the many things which, if pro. exchanged for the reviving sight and converse perly represented, from its being equally the of men. inclination of the Earl of Lonsdale to promote Married.] At Lorton, Mr. Peter Burn• the good of the county, as it is most undoubt- yeat, of Latterhead, Lowes water, to Miss edly in his power, and which would prove an Bank, second daughter of Mr. Jolo B. of accommodation to the traveller, a solace to Miller-place, Lorton. "the valetudinarian, and an embellishment to Ac Carlisle, Mr. Matthew Armstrong, to

the " wintry waste" of Sbap Fells, --would Miss Eleanor Clark.--Mr. John Bell, to Miss be the erection of a commodious Inn, about Margaret Dowall. the half way betwixt Kendal asid Penrith. At Douglas, Isle of Man, the Rev. John Our union with Ireland, and our increasing Cottier, to Miss Moore, daughter of Mr. Peintercourse with Scotland, demand every ac. ter M. commodation to be made; and this inn might Dicd.] At Maryport, Mrs. M. Buchanan, " become a watering place, as it would not be wife of Captain Robert B of the brig Hawk at an inconvenient distance from the wells'; of that place, and sister in-law of the Rer. and by opening the road to Appleby, it would Dr. Claudius B. * be the best and nearest way to that place At Carlisle, Mr. Reginald Calvert, 78.


Mrs. Mary Simmerton, 64.-Mrs. Graham, On Wednesday, Oct. 3, 1810, Mr. Bar. wife of John G. esq. of Lowhouse.Mr. Tho. tholomew Johnson, of Scarborough, a highly mas Gailifer, 24. Mrs. Saul, mother of Mr. respected musical character, completed one. S. attorney.--Mr. Robert Boyes, schoolmas. hundred years of his life, since the date of ter, 19.-Mr. Joseph Porter, 40. Mr. Ed. his baptism, (October 3, 1710,) as proved hy ward Hunt, 66.

the parish register of Wykenam, near Sca Ac Scotby, Mr. William Sutton.

borough, where he was born. This event, At Wrey Mill, Miss Little, daughter of so highly interesting to all who knew him, Mr. John L. 19.

was celebrated by a jubilee dinner, and muAt Penrith, Mrs. Weatherall, relict of Mr. sical performance, at the Freemasons' Hall, W. printer.-Mrs. Elizabeth Turnbull. in Scarborough. The selections of vocal mu

At Whitehaven, Mrs. France, 81--Mr. sic, (accompanied chiefly on the organ) were Robert Paxton.-Mrs. Collins. Mr. Crosbie, well adapted to the occasion, and his musical 74-Mrs. Mary Allison, 87. She had livedin friends at that place, assisted by the principal the family of the Miss Wenningtons 60 years. choristers from York cathedral, afforded the At Parton, Mrs. Jane Allen, 30.

company much gratifica ion. About ten At Plunbland, Mr. Richard Stanley. o'clock at night, the good old man bore a At Sandwich, Mr. Henry Dale, 84. part in a quartett, by performing on the vio

At Engerald in Newland, near Keswick, loncello, che bass to a minuet, which he Joseph Barcroft, esq. 57.

himself composed upwards of sixty years ago, At Brayton Lodge, Mrs. Norman, wife of for the late Bielbychompson, esq. of EsMr. N. steward to Lady Lawson.

crick Park, Yorkshire, by wh:se name it is · At Esk Meals, near Ravenglass, Mrs. Ben usually known at Scarborough; the other inson, 73.

strumental parts were very obligingly and At Keswick, Mr. Joseph Dover, 85. kindly written for the occasion, by W. Shield, At Cummersdale, Mrs. N. Lowry, 60. esq. in compliment to the original composer, YORKSHIRE. .

whom Mr. Shield has long known and greatly It being the opinioa of sonie persons, who esteemed Lord Mulgrave, the Hon. Henry wish to promote the internal commerce of Phipps, the worshipful the bailiffs of Scarthis kingdom, that much nearer communica borough (Robert Tindall and William Chamtion by water, than there is at present, be. bers, esquires,) Colonel Lloyd, Richard Card. tween the West-Riding of Yorkshire and the well, esq. ano upwards of seventy of the capital, might be effected by a navigable canal resp ctable visitors and inhabitants of Scarfrom the river Dun, at or near Rotherham, borough, and the neighbourhood, honoured to the Chesterfield Canal, and thence to the the meeting with their company. Congra. Erewash Canal, means are about to be adopted tulatory letters on the occas'on were geut by to accomplish a commanication, which will the Right Hon. C. Minners Sutton, the Hone be very beneficial to the trading and landed Gen. Phipps, the Memsers for Scarborough, interest of this county, to the proprietors of and Richard Langley, esq. of Wykeham Althe various canals and navigations between bey; the last of whom is the present prothe river Calder and London in particular, prietor of the estate on which Mr. Jolinson and to the public in general.

was born. Several poetical compositione - Notice has been given of intended applica- from the classical pens of the Rev. F. tions to Parliament for Acts for inclosing and Wrangham, Thomas Hinderwell, esq. &c. . dividing the commons and waste lands in the were sung and recited, with great applause. parish of Reighton in the East, and in the The gratifying presence of the veteran musiparish of Conisbrough, in the West Riding. cian, together with the sight and hearing of

Monday, Sept. 10, the town of Penistone his performance on his favourite instrument, was alarmed by an explosion in the house of gave birth to the most touching sentiments of Mr. Haigh, a shopkeeper, who had for some sympathetic affection and transport in the time laboured under mental derangement, hearts of the company, and realized Mr. went with a lighted pipe into the garret of his Walter Scott's glowing description of the house, where there was more than 2 cwt. of “aged minstrel." gunpowder, when it is probable some of the " When ev'ry string's according glee, borning embers from his pipe set fire to it; Was blended into harmony; the explosion blew ou! the window, drove And then. The said), he would full fain, out the roof in every direction, and in a few

He could recal an ancient strain,

He com minutes the whole house was enveloped in Hepe

He never thought to try again : flames. Strange to say, the poor man bimself But ouick hes

But quick he caught the measure wild; was found alive after the explosion, by two The old man raised his face and smil'd; men, who instantly rushed up stairs, and who And lighten'd up his brilliant eye heard bim speak; but the fierceness of the With all a poet's ecstacy. fames, and the falling in of the roof, obliged

In varying cadence, soft or strong,

In varvi them to leave him to his face. Mrs. Faigh, He swept the sounding chords along; wbo was dressing herself, escaped, but not without being considerably burnt, in rescuing a box, containing a quantity of carb and notes. • His sight is remarkably good. MONTKLY MAG. No. 2056



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