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and that potash and soda, as formed by opinions, concerning the existence of the combustion of the metals, are pure hydroven in combustible bodias, as a igetallic oxydes, in which no water is commune principle of hoflar nahiny, kuown to exist.

and of intimately cubuert wait as an These conclusions must be considered essential consiguent of acids, albanes, and as enurely independent of hypothetical oxydes.

VARIETIES, LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL.

Including Notices of Works in Hund, Donestic and foreign. Authentic Communications for this article will always be there'sjutty received.

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THE interest of the public was last In the ensuing spring, Dr. THOMAS Tinonth excited by the statement made Jameson, of Cheltenhain, will publish of the enormous loss in literary property, an Enquiry into the Physiological chan. sustained by Sir RICHARD PHILLIPS, ges of ine Human Body at its cukurent ia the late fire at Mr. Giliei's. That ages, the diseases to which it is predis. feeling, may probably excuse the state- posed in each period of lile, and the Dient of some other faces not wholly principles of longevity. devoid of interest. Sir Richard Phillips The Rev. Mr. Dibden bas gone to was insured in his property in three press, with a new and greatly enlarged offices, viz, the Albion for 45001., in the edition of his Bibliomania; which is elle Ibope for 15001., and in the Atlas for titled a Bibliographical Romance, in six 2000l. In a few days after the fire parts; viz. Part I. The Evening Walk, he was paid the 45001. by the Albie Part II. The Cabinet. Part Ill. The on; but the Hype, and the Atlas, from Auction Roon. Part IV. Toe Library. that tiine to this, have vexaciously Part V. The Alcove. Part VI. The Jefused to make good their quotas. Temple. The voluine will probably cone After giving the insured infinite trouble, tain between 5 and 600 pages, and is in the production of books, accounts, intended to be a Bibliographical Manual and witnesses, week after week, a pre- of such rare, curious, and usetul books, tence was set up, that some point of law as do not come within the scope of intervened to prevent the payment of classical authors: embracing a couplete the money, and time was asked for outline of foreign and domestic Biblica taking opinion of counsel : tired how graphy. ever of such equivocations, Sir Richard The new edition of Falyan's Chrom Phillips has brought actions against the nicle, we understand, will speedily make Hope and Atlas Compauies, and his just its appearance. I'ne text is w be that claims will come before a jury in the next of the first edition, printed 'hy Pynson, term. It is of su inuch consequence to per. in 1510; containing inumerable passaa sons insuring property against fire, to have ges which the change of religion in the tbeir losses to that extent made good, time of King llenry VIII. rasioned to without frivolous or vexatious delays, be omitted in tie later editions of 1543 that the conduct of the Hope and At- and 1559. In the margin the different las Offices ought to be generally made reading, of a lliuscript of the author's known, and scrupulously contrasted with own tine, and of the subsequent editions the correct and honourable conduct of of 1533, 1312, and 1559, are to be the Albion, in which, at the time the given; with a Biographical Memoir of claim was paid, it was emphatically Fabyan, and a coprius duciex. stated by the secretary, Mr. Piupps, A dishonourable, combination or con“ that no loss could be supported by spiracy having been formed against the more accurate accounts, or could be pri prietor of the Medical Journal, by its more fairly and satisfactorily substan- editors and printers, he was, we undertiated."

stand, indicted thein for the sanne, and Owing to the preceding, and some has appointed Di, FotiERGII L and Mr. other unpleasant and consequent cir Royston to conduct that wojk in future. cumstances, susceptible of future expla. The eight volumes of the Specialir, nation to those who are interested, Mr. comprised in one commotious octavo Hewlett's Bible will not be continued voloine, will be published in a few ull the 1st of December, when the 21st werks. . Part will positively appear.

The Rev. G. B. MITCUELL, has ncarMONTILY Mag. No, 205,

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ly ready for publication, Family Sermons and Cochin-china, will shortly be pubfor every Sunday in the Year, selected lished, in French, under the superfrom Archbishop Secker's Works. intendance of a French gentleman of

Another volume on Capital Punish- acknowledged abilities. ments, in addition to one already pub The Modern Theatre; or a Collection lished, is in the press, and is expected to of Modern Plays acted at the Theatres appear before winter; to this, by way of Royal, London, in 10 vols. royal 1819. Appendix, will be added Extracts on is expected to appear early in NovemPrisons, &c. from the following works: Lin ber. The work is edited by Mrs. Ischancourt's Travels in America; Isaac BALD, and will correspond with her Bri. Weld's Travels through North America; tish Theatre, and Collection of Farces. Lowrie's Account of the Penal Laws of Mr. WOODROUSS, of Caius College, Pennsylvania; and Turnbull's Visit to the Cambridge, is about to publish a work Philadelphia Prisons.

on Isoperimetrical Problems, and the Mr. WESTALL's Illustrations of the Calculus of Variations. Lady of the Lake, will be published in a A fifth quarto volume of Mr. Burke's few weeks; the Drawings will be submit Works is in the press, under the superin. ted to the inspection of the public at the tendance of his executor, the BISHOP same time.

of ROCHESTEP. Our correspondent Common Sense, Mr. A. Nesbit, of Farnley, near Leeds, suggests the following as a plan for re- will shortly publish a complete Treatise moving the pecuniary and commercial on Land Surveying. difficulties of the country:

The Rev. CHARLES Lucas, of Are1. Let no country banker be allowed to bury, Wilts, has in the press a Poem, issue currency, except on security.

historical, patriarchal, and typical, in 2. Let no inland bill or note be created, blank verse, under the title of Joseph. except under certain restrictions.

Miss Eliza Rogers will speedily pub 3. Let the Bank of England pay its notes lish the Lives of the Twelve Cesars, prein gold, or silver, on demand.

ceded by a succinct Account of Rome at 4. Let Bank discount be made on good bills,

its first foundation, and im nediately to every one asking for it, with reference to

anterior to the birth of Julius Cæsar. the validity of the bills only, and not to the

This work, which will form four octaro pame of the holder. 5. Let the Bank Directors be independent

volumes, will also contain an abstract of persons, who do not themselves require dis

the lives of the forty-eight succeeding em.

perors, and an epitome of the Roman count. 6. Let a Parliamentary Board of Controul,

History to the time of Charlemagne. guperintend and check the issues and manage

The Rev. Dr. Bell, the venerable ment of the Bank.

and respected preberdary of Westmin7. Let the private fortunes of the Direc. ster, has transferred the sum of 15,2001. tors and Bank Proprietors, be answerable for three per cent, consols, to the University The issues of bank-notes, or let them possess of Cambridge, for the purpose of found. the guarantee of Parliament.

ing eight new scholarships. In the course of the month the second The following simple remedy against edition of Mr. Jonne's translation of the depredations of mice in cori-stacks, Monstrelet's Chronicle, will appear, in has lately been recommended for its untwelve volumes, octavo.

doubled efficacy: Sprinkle from four to Mr. SOUTHEY's poem of Kebama, is six bushels of dry white sand upon the nearly finished at press; it is printing roof of the stack before the thaich is put by the Ballantynes, of Edinburgli.

on. The sand is no detriment to the The author of Wallace, baş a volume corn, and stacks thus dressed have reof Poems nearly ready for publication, mained without injury. So very effec.

rostestant Dissenter's Almanack, tive is the remedy, that nests of dead and Annual Register, for 1811, will be young mice have been found where the published with the other almanacks, on sand has been used, but not a live piouse Tuesday the 20th of November.

could be seen. M. BERTRAND DE MOLEVILLE is

A society which bas for its object the printing in English an Abridgment of the exhibition and sale of articles of British History of England, in the manner of Manufacture, as well as the natural Henault, in three octavo volumes; and productions of the couutry, has recently will afterwards publish a volume of Chro- been formied. A house has been taken nological Tables, for the Use of Schools. for The purposes of this institution in

A Missionary's Account of Tonquin Pall Mall.

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Mr. W. SALISBURY has published the wholly indebted to foreign countries for following observations on the probable the rags of which the lint hitherto used cause of the destruction of a large pro- is made, we rejoice tu find that this subportion of the plane trees in this countryject has engaged a proper attention in last year:

an establishment where it promises to " There are three different species of be carried on with spirit and science; Platanus commonly cultivated in this coun. and the niore so when we reflect that try; two are natives of the Levant, and the some of those rags have been last teother of the Northern States of America : nanted by nothing short of the dead those of course differ as much in their habits bodies of the victims of some loathsoine, of growth, as the seasons in the climates

epidemnic, or pestilential disease, froin which produce thein. It is well known to

the contagious influence of which a all cultivators of exotic plants, that such as

simple washing may not have cleansed are natives of the colder climates are the earliest in vegetating, being most sensibly

them, or from the continuance of which, acted on and forced forward by the mildness

a new disorder may be unknowingly of the weather, commonly in February and inoculated, or rashly implanted from March ; and are often checked or killed by this lurking-place, more deadly than the the return of frost and cold after that period; wound it is meant to cure. We underand this has been evidently the case with the stand that Mr. Dumbell's process is Platanus Occidentalis, American Plane, the (soinething like hat-making) by felting, one which has suffered so much of late, the inacerating, and bleaching English-grown other kinds remaining without any injury flax, with simple water; wirereby not having occurred to them. The time these only every noxious ingredient is rejected. trees received their death-blow, was in the

but that venomous mixture of cotton, with

huteh spring of 1809, when it will be recollected,

which almost all English rags abound, that we had a dreadful fluod all over this kingdom; and that, during March and April,

is avoided; by which cotton, wounds are ve had very mild weather, during which retarded in their cure, festered, and time these trees were greatly forwarded in made virulent. The process is worked germination (as were inany oher kinds from under the protection of letters patent; the same cause, and which suffered consider. but the patentee's object, we are told ably at the time); this was succeeded by a from good authority, is to acquire profits very severe frost, whicli appears to have rup by the very great extent of his sales, and tured the sap.vessels, so that the greater not by any unfair use of his monopoly; part of these trees have since died in conse and we understand he is now bringing quence. In such an extraordinary season as into the market, in very large quantities, this was, it would almost appear presumptu

the best lint at four shillings and sixous in any persons attempting to explain the

pence per pound, which is about one-half real cause of so mortifying a phenomenon ; it is therefore only a matter of opinion. That

the price a very inferior article has

hitherto been sold at. the extreme moisture had been in a great

It is got up in measure the cause, I was firmly persuaded;

two different states, thin and firm, for the but there is, mureover, proof that the cold spatula ; and solt, spongy, and porous, had been a principal agent: for small trees for absorbents, lotions, embrocations, of this kind have escaped, where they have cataplasms, dossils, pledgets, &c. To been in thick plantations, protected by other thọ philanthrophic mind, it is no little kinds; whilse these growing nearly in the gratification to find, that whilst our galsame spol, and not having the same protec. Tant heroes by sea and land are bleeding tion, have been completely killed; and this in their country's cause, our fellow subhas been the case with several in my garden: jects at home are emloyed in rendering I am now speaking of small trees, under 20 their sufferings less poignant, and in feet isigh, of which I have lost many hun.

causing their wounds to be sooner heal. dreds; but those of larger growth are, I be

ed : we accordingly hail this discovery lieve, generally destroyed all over the coun

most thankfully, and wish it that success "Mr. Dumbell, in his extensive linen

and countenance from medical men, works, Vauxhall-road, Liverpool, has

which the liberality of their education, brought to great perfection a new species

and the progressive improvements in of lmt, which in quality, price, and

science, will best insure. novelty of invention, attracts at this

Mr. WHITMORE, of Dudmaston Hall, moment the notice of the medical world.

Shropshire, whose mechanical abilities When we consider that this useful article are well known, has recently obtained a has lain dormant without improvement pate

patent for a toy, which appears to carry

with it a considerable improvement in for many years, and that we are alınost

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the education of children. Its principle veral numbers to those which have see chiefly consists in the fit application of veral pronunciations, and even to whole the magnet, and on account of the simple syllables that frequently occur in conver. connective mechanism, it is denominated sacion, such as pronouns, &c. Thus the Mechanico-magnetic Toy. It is de- the telegraph will exhibit the printer! signed to facilitate the instruction of numbers, one after another, and the last children in reading, the first rudiments of person to whom the dispatch is confided, cyphering and music, and any language, and who is supposed to be only a mecba. so that they may he acquired with ease to nical agent, will unrol the words by an the teacher, delight to the learner, and operation, the reverse of the first. He proportionate expedition.

will there find a thing but detached The same ingenious gentleman has signs, to which the officer alone to whom also completed a contrivance, or rather the dispatch is addressed, must possess certain naval improvements, which sur- the key; since several of the represen. pass all former a tempts, both in simpli- tative numbers introduced anyong those city and effect. This apparatus is prin- which have the usual signification, will cipally applicable at sea, to inove ships in be real hieroglyphics to the mechanical a calm by the power of the crews; also agents. M. Brun himseif proposes very to assist a ship's company in clearing her serious objections, which he answers in water should she spring dangerous leaks, the clearest manner; and if his process by the action of the men at the capstein, falls short of all the perfection which who may relieve each other, and bring might be desired, still it may be asserted, the vessti through a voyage of almost any that it is capable of engendering the most duration..

ingenious ideas in those who would deFRANCE.

vote their attention to so iinportant a One of the public journals has pub- subject. lished the following method of employ- A remedy for the gout, invented by ing the horse-chesnut, instead of soap. M. PRADIER, wbo has hitherto kept its When it is ripe and drops from the tree, composition secret, has engaged a consi. take off the brown husk, and pound the derable share of public attention. It fruit in a large mortar; apply the farina consists of a linseed meal poultice, very thus obtained to the spots on the linen, thick and very hot, on the surface of and wash it. All the spots will disap- which he pours a liquid of a yellow color, pear, and more readily than by means of and having the smell of spirits mixed with soap. The experience of several house that of saffron. With this poultice, M. wives, who have tried this process, con- Pradier covers, to a considerable extent, firms jis efficacy.

the members to which he applies it. M. Beun, a pupii of the Polytechnie These are commonly the legs, be the school, residing at Chambery, has re part affected what it will. The liquid solved, in a highly satisfactory manner, the contains no substance, which from its following problem: “ To find the means nature can possibly produce a pernicious of giring to telegraphic correspondence, effect, nor any opium, Its general the same certainty as to correspondence effects are of four different kinds. It by couriers, without requiring of the per. moistens and softens the skin, and eren sons so corresponding more labor and produces folds in that which covers the time than is necessary for writing dis. soles of the feet, and the palms of the patches, while at the same time the hands, but without roing the lea-t injury merely mechanical agents shall know to its texture. Its natural color is pres nothing of the purport of it." He pro- served, and the epidermies remains enposes a copper wheel, with one hui). tire. Secoudly, it provokes a humid, dred teeth. Each of these teeth is the whitish exsudation, inore or less abune. type not only of a letter of the alphabet, dant, which partly adheres to the surface . but also of a nuinerical sign. This of the skin, and partly to the surface of wheel, which the correspondent causes the poultice, when removed. Thirdly, to turn in a vertical direction round its it occasions a pain resembling the sensa. axis, has two supports with springs, by tion of a burning heat, which is particu. means of which he presses at pleasure a larly felt in the sole of the foot and the tangent point, which will stamp the letter heel, is unattended with redness, or any he wants upon different papers rolled one apparent sign of inflammation; and, over the other, round a cylinder. As though sometimes slight, is niten so there are not a hundred letters in the violent as to become insupportable. Alphabet, it is augmented by giving se- Lastly, it induces a weakness and ema

ciation,

ciation of the legs, in consequence of readily to the vocation which detached repeated applications, and abundant ex- him from Prussia. He even attacks his sudations; an extraordinary tenderness private character: but Müller's brother of the sole of the foot, which makes it has refuted bis imputations. . painful to wais; and in some persons, The Chevalier SARTORI, imperial coun. agitation, restlessness, and at times a sellor, and librarian of the Theresian general increase in the activity of all the academy at Vienna, has collected the functions. M. Pianier has offered to political papers, and principally the fasell to government ine secret of this re- miliar letters, of prince Eugenie of Savoy, medy, which a committee of the faculty not bitherto printed. This collection, of medicine at Paris, have been ap- consisting of nineteen volumes, has been pointed to exarnine and report upon. purchased by M. Cotta, bookseller of

The first class of the National Insti- Tübingen, who will print it in French, tute, has nominated M. von IIUMBOLDT with all possible dispatch, illustrated to the place of foreign associate, vacant with more than seventy plans, portraits, by the death of Mr. Cavendish.

and medals. It may not be amiss to The following method of keeping observe, that this work will comprehend green-pease, and French beans, is given only political papers, nothing connected in Sonnini's Bibliotheque Physico-écono with military affairs, and sell less what mique. Into a midding-sized stew-pan, is contained in the Memoirs of the prince filled with young green-pease, put two recently published at Weinar, and at or three table spoonfuls of sugar, and Paris. li wild rather be composed of a place the pan over a brisk charcoal fire. collection of anecdotes and facts, heretoAs soon as the pease begin to feel the fore unknown, which will throw great beat, stir them twice or three times, and light upon various political events. when they yield water, pour them out on It is said that Madame de Stael, who a dish to drain. When drained, spread has resided for some years in Germany, them out on paper in an airy room, out and whose literary fame has extended of the sun, and turn thero frequently that throughout all Europe, is about to quit they may dry tbe sooner. it is neces- this part of the world for America, and sary for their keeping, that they should that she intends to settle at New York, pot retain any moisture; for if they do, whither she will be accompanied by her they will soon grow mouldy. French friend, Mr. William Schlegel. beans may be managed in the same way,

ITALY. and will chus keep till i be next season, M. ANTONIO VIGNOZZI, of Florence, as well flavored as when first gathered. has discovered an easy and sure method GERMANY.

of pointing a cannon at any particular A society of men of learning, and objic, either at sea or on land, by means lovers of the arts, at Munich, have pub- of a small machine. This discovery lished the prospectus of a work which increases the effects of artillery, and will comprise the biography of all the enables the most unskilful person to artists born in Bavaria, with descriptions point with precision, and engravings of their best productions. A Mosaic pavement has been discoThe collection will form six volumes, in vered at the Villa Palumbara, at Rome. thiriy large portfolios, containing up- This discovery has occasioned various wards of 6000 original drawings, engra- ocber researches. A year ago, a discovings, &c.

bulus was found in the same place, and The literary life, public and private, of a very fine engraved stone, which was the late bussorian of Switzerland, Jo.' sold for 25 paoli, by the first possessor. hannes von Müller, is the “ubject of a The proprietor of the villa claimed the great number of publications, ' among stone, and instituted a legal process which those of professors Heyne and against the workman who found it. Heeren, of Gottingen, are advantage. The temple of Vesta, at Rome, is to be ously distinguished. The latter in para restored as much as possible, and it is ticular has admirably appreciated Mül. even intended to level the ground about ler's historic talents. M. Woltmann, a that ancient monument. Prussian, though formerly a friend of The celebrated Roman sculptor, Cathat celebrated writer, thought fit to nova, is at present engaged upon the disturb the general concert of praise, tomb of Alfieri. He has just finished with wbich Müller's memory was ho- his two) pugilists, which are placed in the nored. lle reproaches him with having Belvedere of the Vatican." blighted metaphysics, and yielded loo The researches commenced at Ostin.

have

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