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whilst another doth visite viaundiers and The pay and provision of the soldier, in victualers (if any follow the campe) for these times, are singularly expensive.' bread, drinke, or other cates, if other- “ The common souldier shall pay two wise they be not prouided by forrage, or shillings eight-pence by the weeke, for picoree, and makes a hole in the earth, his dyet, lodging, and washing: the sola wherin hauing made a fire, stroken diour of bigger pay, at foure shillings the two forked sticks at either side, and weeke, for his dyet, lodging, and washhanged his kettle to seeth upon a cudgel ing, as heereafter followeth: wherein it of wood upon the same, or that for rost doth also appeare, how the petrie victum meat he makes a spit, woodden gaw. alers are considered for theyr charges Yerds," &c.

and trauell in the same, for a yeere of From the articles of war, in p. 37, and 365 dayes. other passages, it appears, that the cant “ The thirtie common souldiours, to haue which prevailed in Cromwell's army, did eury man a day in wheaten breade, une not originate in the Puritans.

pounde and an halfe, rated at a penny. The following are the methods pre- “The thirtie common souldiers to every scribed to detect mining.

man a wine pottle of double beere a "To bee aduertised thereof, place within day, rated at a penny. The thirty comthese caues upon the playne ground, a mon souldiours, in beefe every man one 'drum on the one end, and lay certaine pounde a day, rated at 1d. dice vpon the skinne, which dice, the “ The thirtie common souldiours, in enemy labbouring under the earth, neere mutton, eury man one pound a day, unto the wall, cannot lye still and quiet: rated at two-pence the pound. but by reason of the yr worke under the The thirtie common souldjours in porke. earth, (although not seene of the defend- every man one pound one quarter a day, ants) doe remoue and leape. Otherwise rated at 1d. placing within the sayd countermynes, “The thirtie common souldiors in stockand upon the playne ground, a bason of fish, to eurie four men one stock-fish a copper, tinne, or brasse, or of such like day, for 52 Wednesdaies, two meales a mettal, full of water, the enemie labows- day, half seruice, and the like allowance ing under the earth; neere unto the wall, to every foure men, one stock-fish for a by reason of the sayd strokes and work meale, for 52 Frydayes, whole seruice, in ing, although the same remayne onsceene all, 7 fishes and a halfe a day. of the eye, neurthelesse the water shall · "The thirtie common souldiours, to have be seene to remooue and tremble, a ma. in Shetland linges, for 26 Saterdayes, 13 nifest sbowe of tbeir myning, which may daies in Lent, and 1 day in Rogationweeke, suddaynly be preuented, by means of in all 40 dayes: to euery eight men, one these countermynes, or such like prepa- ling a day, halfe seruice, rated at 7d. the fation as dooth serue for that purpose. ling.

"Some vse to lay a sacke of wooll in the “The thirtie common souldiours to have countermines, and upon the same a ba- in Shetlande codde, for 26 Saterdayes. son of copper, wherein is put three or 12 dayes in Lent, one day in Rogation four round harde pense, the which will weeke; to euery 8 men, one fysh and a moove and ring against the side of the halle a day, halfe seruice, at 4d, the fysh. bottome of the bason, at the strokes of “The thirtie common souldiours to haue the miners of the eneinie."

in butter, to eurie foure men one pounde In the “ Office of the General," we see a day, halfe seruice, for 52 Wednesdayes. that the exaggeration and frequent fiction two mealcs a day: and to eury 8 men of the French bulletins, is derived from one pound a day, quarter seruice, for 52 ancient military policy.

Saterdaies, 25 daves in Lent, and 2 daies "lle must search by all meanes possi- in Rogation weeke, at 4d. the pound, ble, to keepe his armie continally cou. The thirtie common souldiours, in ragious, and wyth aspiring mindes, by cheese for 52 Saterdaies, 25 dayes in arteficiall fictions, to ibe enemies con- Lent, and 2 dayes in Rogation weeke; to fusion. Sometimes dispearsing a euery foure men, one pound a day quar. tumor, that hee hath intercepted ter seruire. and taken certayne aduertisements of “Some souldiers there are married, and importance. Sometimes to faigne that keepe house, whose proportion of viche hath the cominoditie to ayde hinisilfe, tuals must be to thein delivered accordwith the succours of many princes, and ingly, with the like allowance as to the comen princis, although there be no petty victualer in every thing." decit matter."


Extracts from the Portfolio of a Man of Letters.

being exhausted, a marriage or a death
OFS not Suevius refer to almonds ends the play.
in the following lines ?

WILLIAM OF BRITANY. Admisce in acca basilicis hæc nunc partim, Barthius gave, in 1657, a commented Partim Persica : quod nomen sic denique edition of the Philippiad of Williain of fertur,

Britany, which had also been published Propterea quod, qui quondam cum rege from

from a better manuscript in the culo potenti

lections of Duchesne. This Latin poem Nomine Alexandro Magno fera prælia bello

was begun in 1218, and finished in 1993; In Persas retulere; suo post inde reventu

lie and it contains many elucidations of Hoc gerus arboris in prælatis finibus Graiis Disserere, novos fructuus mortalibus dantes :

English history, especially of the war un. Mollusca hæc nux est, ne quis forte inscius

dertaken by Philip Augustus of France erret.

against our king Jobr, in 1213. It would To these words Macrobius adds the

be well for some English antiquary to pote: “ Nux Terentia dicitur, quæ ita

republish the remains of William of Bri. mollis est, ut vix attrectata frangatur."

tany, who was born about the year 1170, The ciackability, which is here made the

educated for the priesthood at Manies, characteristic of this sort of nut, agrees

atlached as chaplain to the armies of well with the almond. To the expedition

Philip-Augustos, in 1202, which be still of Alexander, therefore, is owing the in

accompanied in 1913, and whose exploits troduction of almonds into Europe.

he chronicles as an eye-witness. He was THE CID.

created probably in 1229 bishop of Among the dramatic celebrations of Noyon, where he died in 1949. the Cid may be enumerated, in addition to the well-known tragedy of Corneille, Not the letter but the river y is here the less grave poem of Guillem de Castro, to be mentioned. A poem, in four entitled, “ Freaks of the Cid, -lloce books, entitled Y-Stroom, by Anthony dades del Cid.” The edition before us van der Goes, has been repeatedly printed was re-printed in 1796, at Valencia, the at Amsterdam. The town, so celebrated scene of so many of his actions; and is a for its cheese and its gin, vulgarly called play on the Shakspeare model, which has Edam, was anciently termed Ydam, from two parts, intended for the representa- this river, on which it stands. The tion of successive days.

whole course of the stream is traced by THE POET WAL.SH.

the poet, and decorated with mythologie Pope, in one of his letters, says of the fictions: his work is thought by his courpoet Walsh, that he was a Socinian: he trymen to rival the Georgics of Virgil. had a like inediocrity of opinion in cri.

ONONATUPCIA. ticism, shunning always the trivial and A French poet, in the Mercure for the bold.

August, 1748, has attempted, by an apTHEORY OF THE DRAÑA.

propriate word, to describe the braying of . Ginguené relates, that, at some dinner, an ass : where Marmontel, Diderot, and Rousseau, were present, the conversation

L'ane, pour tout comique,

Debite aux pauvres ecoutans turned on theories of the dramatic art.

Une certaine de bibans, Diderot, with much humour, offered this

Prononcés sur le ton le plus melancholique. new system. In coinedy, he said, the

This unusual onomatopeia is well business is marriage; and in tragedy,

chosen: the he-haw is truly imitative, and murder. All the plot in both turns on this peripateia : Shall they marry, or

will probably hitch into the rhymes of shall they not? Shall they kill, or

some fabulist in this country also. shall they not? They shall marry, they

GALOSIES. shall kill: this is the first act. They This word, though in common use, is shall not marry, they shall not kill: this not found in Johnson's Dictionary: it is the second act. A new plan of mare signifies outer shoes, or large shoes, rying, or killing, occurs: this is the third which in walking are worn over dressact. A new difficulty arises respecting shoes, to keep them from the dirt. It is the person to be married, or killed: this derived from the French galoches, which is the fourth actAt length, opposition describes the same article of wear.


salem, that traitorous correspondence The following epitaph, on a man of with the Ægyptian court, which tended ninety, is ingenious:

to separate Palestine from the BabyloQui se loue irrite l'envie ; .. nians. Were these characters already Juge de moi par le regret,

enıployed throughout civilized Asia ? Qu'eut la Mort de m'oter la vie.

Were they those of which the Jewess UNION OF THE MEDICAL AND ECCLE

Maria (Syncelli Chronographia, anno SIASTIC PROFESSIONS.

5058, page 218), taught the use to DeAmong the Egyptians, and among the

mocritus of Abdera? If so, they would Jews, it was of old a regular thing for the

throw light on the hieroglyphs of the

Egyptians, and derive historic elucida. clergy to study medicine. Accominodations for the sick were attached to the

tion from them. temples; and Alexander the Great, when

DEAF AND DUMB. he sent for advice to the priests, offered Three writers have lately published to go and sleep under their care at the concerning the instruction of the deaf Serapeum. The E-senes, in like manner, and dumb: at Paris, the abbé Sicard; at employed, in behalf of their patients, both Berlin, professor Eschke; and at Lonmedicine and prayer.

don, Dr. Watson, 'i'hey all agree in Much of this usage passed over to the considering attempts at articulation as Christian inonks, insomuch, that as soon needless for the purpose of associating as the education of the clergy came to together the ideas of words and things.' be undertaken in the north of Europe, it A picture-dictionary of rare objects, and was held vecessary to provide for them the exhibition of common objects, is medical instructors. In the Capitulary found to be the best medium of provi. issued by Charlemagne at Thionville, in ding that fund of nomenclature for visual 805, it is enjoined, that in every cathe- ideas, which is afterwards extended to dral school medicine should be taught.

the abstract ideas. If the curious obIn this country there is no deficiency servations of these experienced men be of medical instruction; but there is per. correct, it is clear that apes, and indeed haps of medical patronage. In a thinly, all animals that can guide a pen, might peopled neighbourhood, a country sur be taught to use written human language, geon cannot earn enough to repay the with as much correctness as the deaf value of a liberal education. Why not, and dumb. The Turks are fond of in every hundred or wapentake, set apart founding hospiials for dumb animals: one central ecclesiastic benefice, to be would it not be worth while to attempt held by a medical tenure; to be made their literary instruction? How much the successive reward, tbe pension of re- the anunals could tell us of the nature of treat, of the most active and skilful sur. instinct and thought ! geons of the district?

Rembrandt, being in want of money,

One of the uses of painted glass, is reand finding his works of heavy vent, put corded by a French satiris : into the newspapers that he was dead, Si pour votre noblesse il vous manque des and advertised a public sale of the finish

titres, ed and unfinished paintings in his house. Il faudra recourir à quelques vieilles vitres, Crowds flocked to the auction, eager to!

eager to Où nous ferons entrer d'une adroite façon possess one of the last efforts of so great

Une devise antique avec votre écusson. a master. The meanest sketch sold at The love of heraldic distinction is a fit a price, which entire pictures had never basis for bringing back the art of paintfetched before. Afier collecting the ing on glass. It is indeed content with, proceeds, Rembrandt came to life again; splendid colouring and unshaded delibut the Dutch, who resent improbity neation, and is indifferent about truth of even in genius, never would employ him contour, and bea:ity of execution; but in after bis resurrection,

this, it typefies its nature, which covers CHINESE CHARACTER.

rather praise than justice, illu-ration The same flourish, or character, of the than definition, conspicuity than appro Chinese, stands for an adulterous woman, bation. And as the pedigrees of the and for traitorous correspondence. It is herald prepared the chronicles of the curious, that the Jewish prophets should historiani, so blazonry can insensibly give continually employ this very nietaphor; rise to the art of picturesque delineand describe, as the adultery of Jeru. ation,

MONTILY Mag. No. 205.



must formerly have been so called; for Much has been written about the as. Martial says, Lucet sic per bombycina sertion of Burke, that 'vice lost half its corpus. The other passage, Panniculus evil, by losing all its grossness. The bombycinus urit, decides nothing; it expression is borrowed from Diderot's might be understood of modern bomCode de la Nature. Speaking of Rous. bycine. seau's Dissertation against the Utility of

STYLE OF ADDISON. the Arts and Sciences, this phrase is Godwin's attack on the style of Ad. used: “Il a pris pour corruption de dison, extends from page 437 to page meurs des vices devenus moins grossiers, 443 of his Enquirer. Surely the point moins d'hypocrisie, moins de cette fa- has been there established, that Addison rouche et pedantesque morosité, qui se is but a secondary writer, full of solegène pour acquerir le droit de censurer cism and vulgarity, and exuberance of le reste des hommes." This sentence diction; of triflirg playfulness, which furnishes at once the source, and the misses its aim at wit; and of feeble think. apology, of Burke's.

ing, which is mistaken for argument, be. BOMBYCINE,

cause employed in the support of trivial A stuff composed of silk and worsted notorieties. He may fair-sex it (as Swift now bears this name, which is commonly says) to the world's end; but he must died black, and worn by widows in remain content with his public of woRourning. A nuore transparent texture men.



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Thy spirit speaks in it, and is low mur. Written efter obe Death of a young Lady on ...

muring accents, the point of Marriage, in a sweet Dalı, wbicb Sighs in mine ear "Farewell, dear love! she kad visised, and admired.

farewell." WORROBSLIB. HERE, in this dell, lovely in loveliness "Here, where the breeze, low murmuring DIFFERENT SPECIES OF DRUNKINNESS. o'er the leaves,

W HEN George was poor as poor could be, Steals, scarcely stirring them;

Drunk as a beggar still was he; Where, even the wanderer's step, slow and

Espousing then a wealthy dame, unequal,

Sudden a fortune to him came :
Loiters and lingers; and the noisy world,

To drink he now could well afford,
Its busy, bustling, triflers-all are forgotten, And daily got--drunk as a Lord.
Or thought of with disgust! bere I had hoped,
In such a night as this, twining wine arm in

To view thy swimming eye, to Heaven up-

W HAT pow'r inspires the soldier's breast turned, Beaming, beneath yon white moon's stream

Like heav'cly woman's charms ?

What lulls the coward's fears to rest, ing light,

And stills his timid soul's alarms, With mute, adoring, reverence ; and to feel,

Like Beauty? like thee, A sacred calni move o'er my swelling heart. Full oft by powerful Fancy's aid, Oh! in such rapt, such hallowed moments, The sajior, at the midnight hour, Gazing on that half-sainted countenance,

The image of his well-lov'd maid I bave felt, most sure, the hope,

With rapture views, and owns the power The dear warm hope, of an immortal soul!

Of Beauty. But chou art gone, my love! Heaven willed The sordid wretch first taught to melt, thee hence,

No more delights bis gold to view;
And I am lone and cheerless in the world! Glows with desires before unfelt,
Yet bere I wander still-- Thou once wert And joyful pays the tribute due

To Beauty. And this green path thy living foot hath

The untaught savage, rough and wild, Then do strange fancies haunt me; and I

To woman breathes his tender vows; scop, and think,

And, soften'd by the influence mild, As through the wood the passing gale sweeps

No longer ficrce, he humbly bows

To Beauty solemn,

R. F. E.


ODE, TO EURILLA IN ADVERSITY. With sweet Mimosa be her temples crown'd, A LONE and pensive in those wilds I stray, By patient Prudence let her lips be bound,. Where, save the feather'd choir, who Of all thy griefs let her have felt the smart, carol gay,

And shew where once they rankled in her No sound obtrudes; where Silence rears her heart; throne,

Let her (rare gift!) possess the skill to know By dull Oblivion's poppies overgrown; When to check tears, and when to bid them And with such sway despotic rules the soul,

flow; As e'en the starts of Sorrow to controul;

Thus will her hand be competent to spread As e'en to bid the tears of Friendship cease, Comfort's soft roses o'er thy thorny bed.' And make me fancy all thy cares at peace. But, once again, dear suff’ring saint, take Yet, wheresoe'er my wand'ring footsteps

heed tread,

This friend be deck'd with Caution's choicest My thoughts, by some spontaneous impulse meed, led,

For Grief unlocks the soul, and brings to view Fly fast to thee: nor will I pause to own Each thought, each merit, and each failing Thou most art with me, when I'm most alone.

too. But if my Muse, 100 sedulous l'impart Seek then a friend, sage, cautious, faith, The balm of comfort to thy anguish'd heart,

ful, kind: Hath oft disgusted by officious zeal,

But hold! I know the temper of thy mindAnd widen'd wounds she fondly hop'd to heal, If some good angel such a friend bestow'd, More irksome now thou'lt deem thi obtrusive To rescue thee from Grief's o'erwhelming load, lyre,

Thy soul would doat on heros--and shou’dst Whose notes I waken with encreas'd desire

thou lose Thy woes to soothe. Forgive the advent'rous This first of blessings Hold! Ah, hold, my strain,

Muse! Which dares the rigours of thy fate arraign; Nor paint a scene which Nature could not Which dares bewail (0, grant me pardon,

bear Heav'n!)

Yes, seek a friend, a firmer friend than 'e'er That Peace to selfish Apathy is giv'n; Inspir'd our mortal clay; a friend, whose Whilst peerless Worth, with lamb-like Meek

mind ness join'd,

Not all the malice of this world combin'd To dire, infuriate Warfare seems consign'd. Can e'er wean from thee : a celestial guard, Full well I know reproach were vainly Who, from thy breast each stroke of Fate to hurl'd

ward, Against th' unfeeling baseness of this world; O'er Fate herself presides, o'er time, oʻer Full well I know how impotent each art

· space, To melt, with Pity's drops, the finty heart: And all the myriads of the human race; To check the bitter taunts of scowling pride, Who knows no change, whose love will never Make ranc'rous Envy throw her snakes aside, cease, Compel curst Falsehood at Truth's shrine to Whose voice is comfort, and whose paths ara kneel,

peace : Or rob the hand of Malice of its steel : O, turn to him, to God! the only friend, Yet, tho' thy woes, with my upbraidines On whom thou may'st, without a fear, dependi

And learn, that 'mid Adversity's dark maze, In pain would strive to meliorate mankind, Or gay Prosperity's seductive blaze, Still are there means all potent to confound He only knows our erring steps to guide The iron breasts thy sufferings fail to wound; Where spotless Truth and deathless Joy pre. Still to their pow'r superior thou may'st rise,


M, STARKE. And ev'ry arrow of their wrath despise. Too just, too ample, is thy cause for woe,

CARD-TABLE EPITAPH. Then check not tears, but freely let them flow;

On a beautiful Woman, whose ruin by a great A Miction's tide, by constant force represt,

frequenter of Clubs occasioned ber premature And closely pent within a single breast,

Death. There rages fierce, with direst mischiefs rife, CLARISSA reign'd the queen of bearts, Dethroning Reason, and o'erwhelming life : Like sparkling diamonds were her eyes; Then yield it scope, and to some kindred But through the knave of clubs' false arts, heart,

Here bedded by a spad: she lies. J. B. Thy ev'ry care, thy ev'ry thought, impart; For Sympathy, blest instinct of our kind, Is purest opium to the tortur'd mind.

FROM ANACREON. Seek then, some friend, who early learnt NIGHT her sable pall has spread is grieve

+ O'er each weary mortal's head; At others' woe, who lives but to relieve; Morpheus, friend of human kind, Some breast so much in concert with thy own, Bathies in Lethe's stream the mid; As, when thou smil'st, or weep'sino joy, or Whilst i alone, cundemned tit po groan;

Vaiply tourt balsamic sleep.


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