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and Versification; or descriptions of the Letters to Lieutenant-colonel Mudge, different species of English Verse, with on the inferior State of the Studies in Exercises in Scanning and Versification, that Institution. gradually accommodated to the various. Dr. FARRE and Mr. BENJAMIN TRA. capacities of yotth, at different ages, and VERS will commence in January next, at calculated to produce correctness of ear the London Infirmary in Charterhouseand taste, in reading and writing poetry; square, a Course of Lectures exhibiting the wliole interspersed with occasional the changes induced by disease in the remarks on Ecyınology, Syntax, and Pro, several organs of the huinan body. The nynciation, and accompanied with a Key, medical department of the Course will for the convenience of teachers, or of be conducted by Dr. Farre; the surgical those who wish io learn without a teacher. by Mr. Travers. The whole will be il * A new French work will shortly appear, Justrated by preparations and original entitled “Conies a ma Fille," par Bouilly, cases. A prospectus, including parliIn these tales, which are expressly adapted culars of attendance, will be publisbed for young persons under the age of 15, in a few days. the various difficulties of the French lans. The Rev. Archdeacon Cox Etias nearly guage are purposely introduced.

completed a Life of Stillingfeet. In consequence of the demand for Mr. Mr. Robert KERR, of Edinburgh, is Brown's two American novels, Wieland, preparing for the press, in two octavu or the Transformation; and Ormond, or volumes, Meinoirs of the Life, Writings, the Secret Witness; uniforin editions are and Correspondence of the late Mr. Preparing, and will speedily be published William Smellie, printer, of that city, by Mr. Colburn.

secretary to the Society of Scotish An.'"Ball-room Votaries, or Canterbury and tiquaries, F.R.S. &c. This work will its Vicinity." A second edition of this comprise a view of the literary history of popular satirical poein will shortly av. Scotland from 1758 to 1795, with nu. pear, with the addition of several new merous anecdotes of learned Scotsmen characters.

of eminence; and accounts of many im. An interesting novel, entitled “Julia portant publications in which Mr. Smellie de Vieiine," from the pen of a lady was either directly coucerned as sole or nearly related to a fannily of distinction, joint author, or which derived material · is published by subscription. It is in- aid from his acute critical skill and scribed, by permission, to his Royal Highe correct taste, in their progress through ness the Prince of Wales, who has, with the press during the above-mentioned his accustomed liberality, generously con- period.' descended to patronize the undertaking. Mr. JOHN WILLIAMS, of the Tuner Mr. Colburn, of Conduit-street, is ap- Temple, is preparing for publication, in pointed to receive the subscriptions. an octavo volume, an Epitome of the • Mr. Joun NELSON, of Islington, is pre- Laws relating to Commerce ; with a paring for the press, a quarto volume on sketch of the present state of Mercantile the History, Topography, and Antiquities, Practice and Customs, and the Duties of that parish, illustrated by several en- of Consuls and Supercargoes, graved views of antient buildings yet re. Mr. MicuAEL FRYER, secretary to maining there, and others long since re, the Bristol Philosophical Society, intends moved, together with an old Plan of the to publish by subscription, a General village, and several miscellaneous plates, History of the Mathematics, from the &c.

earliest ages to the close of the 18th Mr. STEVENSON, of Great Russel century, in three octavo volumes. street, Blooinsbury, who as pupil, is inti. A translation of the Institutes of the mately acquainted with the practice of Christian Religion, by the celebrated the late Mr. Saunders, is preparing a JOIN CALVIN, in three volumes octaru; "practical work on a frequent Disease of may be shortly expected to appear. the Eye.

The Copenbagen medal for last year A translation of Brectkopf's Remarks has been adjudged by the Royal Society, on the History of the Invention of Print- to Mr. EDWARD TROUCH'TON, for the ac. ing, together with a Summary of the count of his method of dividing astrono. contents of an enlarged work on that mical instruments, printed in the last subject, will speedily appear..

volume of the Philosophical Transactions, Mr. SAINT, late one of the mathe. It appears, by some recent experimatical masters in the Royal Military ments, that tiles are greatly improved, Acadeiny, is about to publish his four and rendered iinpervious to water and

frost,

frost, by being rubbed over with tar several sorts of charcoal. Ile found that before they are laid on the roof.

Cornish plumbago, burned iù oxygen gas, To take out Writing. When recently yields nothing but carbonic acid gas, and written, ink inay be completely removed oxide of iron, without any mixture of by the oxymuriatic acid, (concentrated water, or of hydrogen gas. The purest and in solution.) The paper is to be washed charcoal next to pluinbago, is that prom over repeatedly with the acid; but it duced by decoinposing the essential oil will be necessary afterwards to wash it of rosemary'in a red hot tube. In its also witli lime water, for the purpose of combustion, it did not form any notable neutralizing any acid that may be left ou quantity of water; but it gave out some the paper, and which would considerably oxicarburetted hydrogen, though in too weaken it. If the ink have been long small a quantity, for the composition of written, it will have undergone such the acid gas to be sensibly modified by change as to prevent the preceding pro- it. From this experiment it appeared, cess acting. It ought therefore to be that 100 parts of carbonic acid contain washed with liver of sulphur (sulphuret 27.11 of carbon, and 72.89 of oxigen. of ammonia) hefore the oxymuriatic acid The combustion of anthracite, previously is applied. It may be washed with a exposed to a red heat, furnished too hair pencil.

perceptible a quantity of water and of Professor LESLIE, of Edinburgh, has hydrogen for the results of this process discovered a new mode of producing ar- to be calculated with accuracy, and tificial cold. Without any expenditure coinpared with the preceding. The of materials, he can, by means of a sini- combustion of box charcoal ton, dried ple apparatus, in which the action of by long incandescence, furnishert an apcertain chemical powers is coinbined, preciable quantity of water and oxicar. freeze a mass of water, and keep it for boretted hydrogen. an indefinite length of time in a state of Soine experiments having been transa ice. In an hour, he has thus formed mitted to M. DELAMETHERIC, on the a cake of six inches in diaineter and action of the electric fluid, by which an three quarters of an inch chick; with iron cylinder an inch and half thick, very little trouble, he can produce a per- filled with water, was torn asunder, that manent cold of 90 degrees of Fahrenheit, gentleman asks, Whether these effects of below the temperature of the air, and miglit electricity, in rupturing inasses of so easily push it to more than 100 degrees. much tenacity as iron cylinders, do not

The following has been published as give some probability to the idea of those an account of livings in England and German astronomers, who have thought Wales under 501. a-year :

that the four new planets, Ceres, Juno, Not exceeding 101. a year - 12

Pallas, and Vesta, are fragments of a From 101. to 2012 incl.

larger planet formerly situate between · From 201. to 301.

191

Mars and Jupiter, and broken by some From S01 to 401.

353

unknown cause? Suppose, for instance, From 401. co 50l. .

433

that the centre of this planet was a mass From 501. to 601.

407 From 604 to 701.

376

of metal, similarly circumstanced with From 701, co 801,

319

the author's cylinders; and that a ine. • From 801. to 901,

309 tallie veiu, or any other conducting suh. From 901. to 1001.

315 stance, acted like the lenden wire, and · From 1001. to 1101.

283 conducted the electricity of the atmosFrom 1101. to 1201.

307 phere into the inetallic mass, might not Fron: 1201. to 1301.

246

a great number of strong discharges, From 1901. to 1401.

205

such as occur in violent thunder-storms, From 1401. to 1501, excl.

170

burst this metallic muss asunder, anul

project the different parts to a distincer

Total $998 Of these rery small livings three are in

· The experiments of Pictet, made with

two mirrors, in the focus of one of which the diocese of Lichfield and Coventry, three in that of Norwich, two in shat of

- he placed a burning body, and thus set

fire to combustible substances in Bt. David's, one in that of Llandaff, one

the

ficus of the other, had been made inore in ibat of London, one in that of Peter

than a hundred years before. Lambert, borough, and ope in that of Winchester,

in his Pyrometry, says, on the authority PRAXCE.

of Zalın, that the experiment of collect. M. DE SAUS SURE lately made a series of experiments on the combustion of my he

ing heat frog a charcual fire by a inire

tor

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ror of eighteen inches diameter, and re- duced by the attraction of the inoon, flecting it to the distance of twenty or and 1372 times greater than any effect twenty-four feet, to a smaller mirror of produced by the sun.. nine inches, which so concentrated It is now a little more than five years, the rays, that tinder and inatches were since a number of German families, style kindled by them, had long ago heen ing themselves " the Harmony Society," made at Vienna. The work of Zahn went to the United States, with the view was published in 1665. Pictet's expe. of forining a distinct settlement. They , riment with ice, which surprised him so soon planted themselves in the wilderunuch, is described in the same work. ness of Butler County, in the north The author continues thus, “ If, insiead western corner of Pennsylvania. 'The of fire, I placed cold water in the focus following account of the origin and proof the mirror, it diffused an agreeable gress of their settlement is copied from coldness even in the height of suinmer: The Mirror, a paper, published in the and if, instead of water, I used ice, very neighbourhood of this thriving people. considerable cold was produced at the “ The Association of Harmony bad its distance of ten or twenty paces.

origin in Germany upwards of twenty years

ago, and feeling themselves much oppressed · AMERICĄ.

on account of their religion, they concluded ! Mr. Wood, of Richmond, Virginia, to seek a country whose they could exercise Pas published a new Theory of the Dis their religion without hinderance or oppres. 'ornal Rotation of the Earth, demon- sion. They chuse the United States of Amestrated from the proderties of the Cycloid rica. In the year 1804, in December, about and Epicycloid; with an Application of the

aplirarionorili twenty families arrived in Zelinople, in the Theory to the Explanation of the Pheno-"

he neighbourhood of which Mr. George Rapp, · mena of the Winds and Tides. Two :

with some others, 'bought about four thov. gentlemen in Richmond having laid a

Osand seven hundred acres of land, and during

that fall built nine log- houses. wager on the question, Whether the top. year 1805, in the spring, the society

In the and bottom of a cart, or carriage wlieel, consisted of about Afty families; they laid jn motion, move with equal or unequal out the town of Harmony on their own velocities? the consideration of it lcd land, and in that spring built twelve logMr. Wood to consider, that every point houses, 21 feet by 18, built a large bain, of a carriage-wheel moving along a right cleared 25 acres round the town, and. 151 line in a horizontal plane, describes a acres for corn, and 50 acres for potatoes; a cycloid. a leading property of which grist miil was built this year, the race 3-8 of curve is for the generating point to de

point to de. a mile long, and 15 'acres cleared for meascribe unequal arcs in equal times, and

ů dow; the other ground sowed with wheat that any point in the upper semicircle

and rye: in the tall and winter, thirty houses

more were built in the year 1806, an ina of the wheel, must therefore move with

was built, two stories high, forty-two feet by 'greater relocity than the corresponding thirty-two feet, and some other houses ; 300 and opposite point in the under semi- acres cleared for cura, 58 acres for vcadow; circle. This he applies to the motion an oil mill was built, and a tannery, a blue of the earth; the motion of any point on dyer's shop, and a frame barn 100 feet long, the earth's surface, with the exception in the year 1807, 360 acres were cleared for of the two poles, being compounded of grain and a meadow, a brick store-bouse two) motions, a rotary motion round the built, a saw-mill and beer brewery erected, axis of the earth, and a progressive mó. and four acres of vines planted : in this year tion along the plane of the ecliptic, will

the society sold- 500 bushels of grain, and also describe a curve of the cycloidal, or

3000 gallons of whiskey, manufactured by

themselves of their own produce. In the rather epicycloidal species, possessing a

year 1808, a considerable quantity of ground similar property with the common cy- cleared, a meeting. Douse built of brick, 70 cluid, ver.crated by a carriage-vlieel. feet long, and 55 feet wide ; another brick The cycloidal motion on the points of house built, soine other buildings and stables the earthi's surface being established, for cattle, potash, soap. boiler, and candie several important consequences obvi. drawer shops, erected ; a frame barn of : 80 on-ly present themselves iclative to the feet long built. Of the produce of this year tuills which cucompass the earth, the was sold 2000' bushels of grain, and 1400 phenomena of rides, trade-winds. &c. bushels were distilled. In the year 1809, The effect which the difference in the

sce in the fulling mill was built, which dues a great giarity of bodies produces upon the mat

deal of business for the country; also a hemp. toř and Auids on the surface of the globe,

mill, an oil-mill, a grist-mili, a brick ware

house 46 feet by 36, and another brick is 306 times greater than the effect pro- bu un building of the same dimensions, one of which

bat azs a cellar completely arched under the of land cleared, 203 acres whereof are in whole, for the purpose of a wine-celiat. A meadow, and possess at present 6000 acres of Considerable quantity of land cleared this land. There are different tradesmen memyear. The produce of this year was 6000 bers of this society, who work for the counbushels of Indian corn, 4500 bushels of try as well as the society ; tu wic : twelve wheat, 5000 bushels of oats, 10,000 bushels shoemakers, 6 taylors, 12 weavers, 3 wheel of potatoes, 40001bs. of hemp and fax, 100 wrights, 5 coopers, 6 blacksmiths, 2 nailbusiels of barley brewed into beer, and 50 smiths, S rope makers, 3 blue dvers, 10 car. gallons of sweet oil, made from the white perters, 4 cabinet-makers, % sadlers, & wag. poppy. Of the produce of this year will be gon-makers, 12 masons, 2 potters, one soapsold 3000 bushels of corn, 1000 bushels of boiler, a doctor and apothecary; and, in a short potatoes, 1000 of wheat, 1200 bushels of rye time, a hatter and a tin-plate worker is exwill be distilled. In the year 1810, will be pected. During the last year, the shoce erected a barn 90 feet long, a school-house makers alone worked for the country to the 50 feet by 44 wide, a grist.mill with three amount of 112 dollars, and 8 cents.; che pair of stones, one of which will be burrs, and coopers to the amount of 207 dollars; and some small brick houses for families. The sadlers to the amount of 739 dollars, 54 cents.; society now consists of 780 persons, comprie che tannery 675 dollars; the blacksmiths sing 140 families; chey have now 1600 acres 180 dollars.

REPORT OF DISEASES, Under the Cure of the late Senior Physician of the l'insbury Dispensnry, from the

201h of August to the 20th of September, 1810. THE disease denominated cholera, tuse pain below the ribs on the riglie

T has been observed by physicians to side, with a troublesoine flatulence or mark the decline of the hot season as acicity in the first passages are reasonable faithfully as the appearance of the swal- grouids of apprehension. When a bone low announces the spring. It has not vivant, whose habits of life it should be as yet prevailed to any very great extent; observed are in this country by far the nor, in the few cases which have come inost frequent exciting cause of liver within the Reporter's observation, has it complaints, begins to be conscious of any exhibired any unusual degree of virulence of these symptoms, and cannot lie with

or malignity. The medical treatinent of ease on the left side, jo time ought to • it is sufficiently simple; but when neglect- be lost in reforming his regiinen, as well

ed or mismabaged, this disorder is re- in having recourse to those inodes of remarkably rapid in hastening towards a covery which the medical art may atford. fatal termination. The patient not un. On a close interrogation of invalids with frequently dies within twenty-four hours disorganized livers, we shall often fud from its first attack.

that They can recollect the exact time Diseases of the hepatic system, are by since which, and not before, they always no means confined to any particular sea- found theinselves on the right side og .son of the year; throughout every section awakening. It is probable, that inward of it, although more properly belonging sensations during sleep, unconsciously lo warmer climates, they form a large incline the patient to take this position. proportion in the mass eren of English We should, however, be aware that an maladies. It were to be wished that the equal case in lying on either side is no Commencement of disease in an organ renonstration of the liver being in a $0 important as the liver, should also sound condition. A sallowness of skin, munce itself by some obitrusive charac- and particularly a light yellow colour of ler. But this essential viscus has often the forehead, mav ofien be interpreted been found after death to have been into as notices of hepatic disorganization : 9 durated without any marked indication may likewise a pain under the right of disease during the life of the subject, shoulder blade; and what is particularly but dyspepsia or simple indigestion. worthy of notice, an habitual morning Fortunately, however, in the greater cough, followed by the ejection of a lintia notuber of cases, less equivocal signs of froth from the mouth. The liver may this disorder shew themselves before it occasionally he felt hard or enlarged, Le too late to avert its wost lamentable but there is no one, it is to be boped, consequences. A sense of heaviness in who wonid defer his apprehensions une the upper part of the abdomen, an ob- til they are fo.ced upon bin by this

palpable

palpable completion of evidence. After of the frame. There are, no doubt, am all, a large proportion of what are called ticles of the materia medica, which de cases of diseased livor, may, perhaps, not in general rank with tonics or corro. more properly be called cases of broken borants, that have a decidedly and emis up habits, or exhausted stamina. The con- nently favourable operation on hepatic stitution is not so often, perhaps, affecte disorders. Of these caloinel is the most ed in the first instance by a disease of the distinguished and conspicuous; but caliver, as the liver by the disease or decay lomet, powerful and beneficial as this of the constitution; on which account it drug unquestionably is, wlien seasonably is not altogether by the remedies which and discreetly administered, bas perhaps seem to have a more particular and spe- of late been extolled with a somewhat iscific operation upon this organ, that its temperate zeal, and appears to the Re. irregularities are to be corrected, or its porter at least to have been einployed, in obstructions removed, but in a great certain cases, with too little reserve and measure by those medicines and methods discrimnination, of treatinent which are calculated to re- September 25, 1810, J. REID. store lost tone to the general fibre or Grenville-street, Brunswick-square. prop, for a period the tottering pillars

STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN SEPTEMBER.

Containing official Papers and authentic Documenta

SWEDEN.

successor on the Swedish throne, provided in ON the 18th of August his Majesty pro the event of his being chosen by the Srates,

pused the Prince of Ponte Corvu to the Dier, he will, pursuant to the fundamental laws of as a proper person to be chosen Crown Prince the kingdom, before he arrives on Swedish of Sweden, in the following speech: "When' ground adopt the tenets of the pure Evangelic the last Diet finished a laborious session, the Creed, and also sign a declaration similar to fairest prospects presented themselves to Swe. that proposed by the States to the late Crown den, and lasting tranqnillity terminated a long Prince." series of misfortunes. Three treaties of This speech is stated to have been received peace had secured the dominions which re, with general approval, and after half-an-hour's mained to us at the end of a destructive war, deliberation, the Diet confirmed che nomina. and a generous Prince, placed near che throne, tion. promised powerfully to support that institu.

TUPKEY. tion which the wisdom of the States had form. The report of the Russians having gained ed, and by future prosperity to secure an in- decisive advantages over the Turks, and comdemnification for past misfortunes. His Ma. pelled the latter to retreat to Adrianople, after jesty, who shared in the pleasing hopes of his having interposed a corps between that cits people, participated in their grief, when one and the retreating army, appears to be whoily of those unexpected blows, by which Provi. unfounded. The Ottoman Empire, though dence manifests to men their weakness and greatly declined from its priscine splendour, is their dependence on his will, called the yet capable of efforts, not indeed sufficiently Crown Prince Charles Augustus to himself, · vigorous to resuscitate its former grandeur but and shrouded the destiny of Sweden in a powertul enough to retard its declension and dreadful gloom."

to inspire even its foes with adiniracion. The His Majesty continned to observe, “ that supplement to the Petersburgh Court Gazette the inmediatè appoialment of a successor to of the 17th ult. gives the details of a gallant the throne was necessary to maintain the tran. attack made on the 8th by 19,000 Turks, unquillity of the State, and that he had scen der the Nyzer of Brailow, in front of Schumwith pleasure that the Empire joined with la. They were opposed by the main body of him in thinking the Prince of Ponte Corvo the Russians under Count Kamenskoi, and most worthy of their choice.” After an ani. finally repulsed. It does not appear that the mated panegyric on the military and political former had any other object beyond that of talents and private virtues of the Prince, he beating up the enemy's quarters. The Grand added, " that he having a son, would remove Vizier, the account adds, viewed the progress in future, times that uncertainty of succession of the battle from a hill at some distance, to the tbrone, the removal of which some where he was attended by a numerous relate lameutable events have rendered still tinue. more important to the country." He concluded

PORTUGAL. by proposing to the assembled States of the Proclamation of the French Commarder.in. Empire, " his Serene Iligliness John Baptiste

Cbief. Julien Bernadotte, Prince of Ponte Corvo, as «PORTUGUESE!-The armies of NapoCrown Prince of Sweden, and his Majesty's icon the Great, are on your frontiers, and we

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