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BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS.

MARRIAGES.

BIRTHS.

ces Jane, fifth daughter of W. Douglas, May 1. At Brighton, the lady of Gen. Esq. of Sloane Street, Chelsea.- William Sir David Baird, Bart. G.C.B. a still-born Kerrie Amherst, Esq. to Maria Louisa, child.—2. Lady Harriet Paget, a daughter. second daughter of Francis Fortescue Tur.

-3. At Walton Park, Mrs Major Camp- ville, Esq. of Bosworth Hall.-Mr Donabell, a son.

1.-In Grosvenor Place, London, van to Miss Vanneck, eldest daughter, and Viscountess Milton, a son.-5. Lady Eliza. Mr Lovelace to the youngest daughter, of beth Pack, a son and heir.---The lady of the late Lord Huntingfield.At Gibraltar, Capt. Charles Grahain of the Hon. Com. Major Robert Henry Birch, of the royal arpany's ship William Pitt, a son.–12. At tillery, to Georgiana, second daughter of Cambray, in France, the Right Hon. Lady Major Skyring of the same corps.-5. At James Hay, a daughter.–17. The lady of Sunninghill, Berks, Capt. Charles P: Ellis, Charles Robertson, Esq. younger of Kin. of the grenadier guards, to Juliana Maria, deace, Captain, 78th Highland Regt. a son. daughter to the late Admiral C. Parker. -At Condé in France, the lady of Colonel At Brighton, William Scott, Esq. to AnHugh Halket, C. B. a daughter.-19. At nabella, second daughter of E. L. Hodgson, Roehampton, Surrey, thc lady of Andrew Esq. Portman Square, London.-6. At H. Thomson, Esq. a son.--In Arlington London, the Rev. Spencer Rodney DrumStreet, London, the lady of J. Leslie Foster, mond, rector of Swarraton, Hants, to CaEsq. a daughter.-24. At Paris, the Right roline, only daughter of the late Montagu Hon. Lady Fitzroy Somerset, a son.-27. Montagu, Esq. of Little Bookham, and In Lower Seymour Street, London, the Rt niece to the late Earl of Buckinghamshire. Hon. Lady Catharine Stewart, a daughter. -10. At Dublin, Major Clayton, eldest

-28. In Cavendish Square, London, the son of Sir Wm Clayton, Bart. to Alicelady of Admiral Sir George Cockburn, a Hugh-Massey O'Donel, daughter and heire daughter.-29. The lady of the Rev. Charles ess of the late Colonel O'Donel, eldest son Lane, a daughter.-30. At Evington, the of the late Sir Neal O'Donel, Bart. of Newlady of Sir John C. Honywood, Bart. a port-house, Mayo.-At London, Paul Bieldaughter. Lady Campbell of Aberuchill, a by Lawley, Esq. youngest brother of Sir daughter.

Robert Lawley, Bart. to the Hon. Caroline
Neville, youngest daughter of Lord Bray-

broke.-13. At London, Thomas Ryder, March 18. At Twickenham Park, Ja. Esq. to Isabella Maxwell, eldest daughter maica, Michael Benignus Clarey, Esq. of the late Thomas Nasmyth, Esq. of Ja. M. D. Physician-General of that island, to maica.-18. At London, the Hon. C. LowMargaret, eldest daughter of Lieut.-Colonel ther, major of the 10th Royal Hussars, seGraham, Deputy-Governor of St Mawes. cond son of the Earl of Lonsdale, to the At Vienna, General Macdonald, to Madame Right Hon. Lady Eleanor Sherard, sister Murat, Ex-Queen of Naples. Rev. John to the Earl of Harborough.-20. At LonPaterson of St Petersburgh, to Miss Greig, don, David Francis Jones, Esq. of Lincoln's sister to Admiral Greig of the Russian ser Inn, recorder of Chester, to Anne Margaret, vice.

second daughter of James Topping of WharApril 24. At Stutgard, the Hereditary croft Hall, Cheshire.-21. At Westbury, Prince of Saxe Heildburghausen, to the near Clifton, the Hon. Wm Middleton Noel Princess Amelia, second daughter of the of Ketton, to Anne, only child of Joseph Duke Louis of Wirtemberg, uncle to the Yates, Esq. of Sneedpark.-24. At Lon. king.–26. At Wigton, George Ross, Esq. don, Sir Robert Wilmot, Bart. of Chaddes. of the Inner Temple, barrister-at-law, to den, Derbyshire, to Mrs Crauford, widow Jane Charlotte, daughter of W. M-Con- of Daniel Crauford, Esq. son of the late Sir nell, Esq. of Culbae.—Lately, at London, Alex. Crauford, Bart.-27. At Ulverston, John Innes, Esq. Bedford Square, to Mary, Lancashire, North Dalrymple, Esq. captain second daughter of Andrew Reid, Esq. of of the 25th light dragoons, second son of Russell Square.-28. At London, John the late Sir John Dalrymple, Bart. to MarCarmalt, Esq. formerly of the island of St garet, youngest daughter of the late James Vincent, now of London, to Miss Potts, Penny, Esq.-- 29. At London, Augustus eldest daughter of Potts, Esq. of the James Champion de Chepigny, Esq. to Caisland of Jamaica.-30. At Giese, Caith. roline, daughter of Sir William Smyth, ness-shire, Lieut.-Colonel John Sutherland Bart. of Hillhall.-30. At Mavisbank, RoWilliamson, C. B. of the royal artillery, to bert Lockhart, Esq. of Castlehill, to Miss Miss Maclean of Giese.

Charlotte Mercer. May 1. At Plymouth, Captain George Jackson, R. N. to Elizabeth; youngest daughter of Thomas Miller, Esq. agent Octobcr 27, 1816. At Prince of Wales's victualler at that port.-H. T. Oakes, Esq. Island, aged 68, the Hon. William Petrie, eldest son of Lieut.-General Oakes, to Fran- governor of that island.

DEATIIS.

March 24, 1817. At Edinburgh, John to the late Admiral Sir R. Kingsmill, Bart. Prentice, only son of Richard Prentice, Esq. 9. At Longtown, James Walker. Esq. solicitor-at-law.

principal clerk of session.-10.

At Gargrave, April 3. At Madeira, Miss Elizabeth near Skipton, aged 67, Mrs Parker, relict Esther, eldest surviving daughter of the of John Parker, Esq. of Browsholme Hall, late Sir Alexander Macdonald Lockhart, and sister of Lord Ribblesdale.-11. At Bart.-25. On board the Europe Indiaman, Bristol, Jarvis Holland, Esq. son of Peter, on his passage from India, Major William Holland, Esq. of that city, merchant..-13. Hedderwick, of the 24th regiment of foot. In Duke Street, St James's, London, aged -28. At Rozelie, Lady Hamilton Cath. 74, Mr James Daubigny, wine merchant in cart of Bourtreehill and Rozelie, aged 77 ordinary to the Prince Regent.-14. At years, relict of the late Sir John Cathcart of Edinburgh, Mr Henry Biggar, advocate.Cathcart.

At Turin, where she had gone for the reMay 1. At Croxton Park, the lady of covery of her health, Mrs Allan, wife of Sir George Leeds, Bart.-At Clifton, Right Thomas Allan, Esq. banker in Edinburgh. Hon. Lady Edward O'Brien, daughter of -At Glasgow, Mrs Balfour, wife of the the late Paul Cobb Methuen, Esq. of Cors. Rev. Robert Balfour, D.D. one of the miham House.--At Aston Hall, Lady Mary nisters of Glasgow.-16. At Buckland, near Foljambe, sister to the Earl of Scarborough, Gosport, aged 106 years, Charles F. Gorand relict of the late Francis Ferrand Fol. don, Esq. late surgeon of the royal hospital, jambe, Esq. of Osberton Hall, Wilts.-2. Haslar.-17. At Kendal, Barbara, relict A. Campbell, Esq. of Hallyards, merchant, of Thomas Lake, Esq. of Liverpool, and Glasgow. At London, D. Caddel, Esq. of youngest daughter of the late Fletcher FleSalisbury Square. At Paris, M. de Urquijo, ming, Esq. of Ragrigg, Westmoreland. prime minister of Spain under Charles IV. 19. At Ostend, Mrs Macdonald, wife of and during the government of Joseph.-_At Col. Macdonald, commandant of that fore London, George Drummond, Esq. only son tress.--21. At Glasgow, James Dunlop, of Mrs Drummond of Upper Gower Street, jun. Esq.-24. At Acrehill, Margaret BanLondon.-3. At Bath, William Thomson, natyne, wife of Daniel M-Kenzie, Esq. Esq. of Jamaica, in his 70th year.-John merchant, Glasgow.-25. At Edinburgh, Macgill, Esq. of Kemback.--Drowned, Miss Watson of Tower.—27. At his scat, while angling in Pishiobury Park, Rev. at Great Melton, Norfolk, Sir John Lombe, John Lane, vicar of Sawbridgeworth, Herts. Bart. aged 86.-28. At Bath, the Rev. The body, after some hours search, was Philip Yorke, youngest son of the Hon. and found with the fishing-rod in his hand.- Right Rev. Dr Yorke, late bishop of Ely. 4. At Dunfermline, James Douglas, Esq. —29. At Edinburgh, Lawrence Craigie, -At London, aged 79, James Butler, Esq. Esq. advocate.-30. At Enfield, William late of the province of Georgia, North A Saunders, M.D. late of Russell Square, merica, an American loyalist.-At Poulton London, aged 84..-Lately, at Inverness, House, near Marlborough, in his 86th year, after a short illness, at an advanced age, R. Lieut.-Col. Baskerville; who, after serve Macdonald, Esq. This gentleman, who ing with distinguished reputation in the 30th was a cadet of the Keppoch family, was a regiment, under the Marquis of Granby in subaltern in Keppoch's regiment in the Germany, and afterwards in Ireland and year 1745, and was present at the battles of the West Indies, retired to Wiltshire, where Preston, Falkirk, and Culloden. At Culfor upwards of thirty years he fulfilled the loden he was made prisoner ; but, owing to duty of an upright and most impartial ma. his youth, he was allowed to transport him. gistrate. Lieut.-Colonel Baskerville was self to Jamaica, where he commenced plan, descended from one of the most ancient ter. Having by his industry acquired an families in Wiltshire, who have been resi- independent fortune, he returned to his nadent there ever since the time of William tive country, where he settled. Mr Mąc the Conqueror.--5. In Grosvenor Row, donald was one of the young gentlemen Chelsea, Philip Dixon, Esq. of Strombollo who, with drawn swords, attended Andrew Cottage -6. At Killenure House, near Cochrane, provost of Glasgow, in proclaimAthlone, the lady of Major Alex. Murray, ing the Pretender by the name of King Cringletie.-At the Deanery House, Dublin, James VIII. and III.-Lately, at Exeter, Rev. J. W. Keating, Dean of St Patrick's. Mrs Penrose Cumming, widow of Alex.' -7. At Dunglass, Helen, eldest daughter Penrose Cumming, Esq. and mother of the of Sir James Hall of Dunglass, Bart.-At late Sir A. P. Cumming Gordon, Bart. of Cowhill, Mrs Margaret Johnston, wife of Altyre and Gordonstoune. Lately, at Case George Johnston, Esq. of Cowhill.-8. At sel, three old men, who for a series of years London, of a consumption, in the 25th had passed their evenings together in play, year of her age, Susan Boone, only daugh. ing at cards, died on the same day. They ter of John Deas Thomson, Esq. one of the were, General de Gohr, aged 86 ; the Coun Commissioners of his Majesty's navy.---At sellor of Legation d'Engelbronner, aged Stirling, James Duthie, Esq. some time of 89; and the Count Gartener, Schwar-eskup! the island of Jamaica.--At Clarence Cot- aged 83. A fourth friend, M. Voelkel, tage, Ruthwell, Joseph Richardson, Esq. died within a year ; and a fifth, the Privy in the 82d year of his age. At London, in Counsellor Schminke, aged 86, had precedhis 85th year, Major A. H. Brice, brother ed them by some months.

Oliver & Boyd, Printers, Edinburgh.

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CIALLY ON THE SOURCES OF THE
PLEASURE WHICH IT
CATES.

CURSORY REMARKS ON MUSIC, ESPE- portance of which are commensurate

with those of our intellectual and COMMUNI- moral powers and habits.

The inquiry, respecting which I

have no higher purpose than that of The pleasures which are interwo- offering a few hints to serve as the ven with the constitution of our na basis of an evening's conversation, reture, and which, under proper regula- gards a class of pleasures which all tion, become important sources of civilized nations, in all ages, have our happiness, may be divided into thought worthy of cultivation. In three classes :-1stly, Those which those records of remotest history, the arise from the gratification of the sacred writings, we find repeated menbodily senses; 2dly, Those of which tion of the cornet, the trumpet, the the exercise of the imagination is the psalter, the cymbal, and the harp, chief, if not the only quality ;-and and always in connexion with their lastly, Those of a mixed mature, in power of exciting pleasant trains of which the intellectual faculties are feeling, or of contributing to some moral excited into agreeable action by ime effect. Among the Greeks, music was pressions made on the animal senses. practised by those who had attained The first class cannot require, and the highest distinction as warriors or indeed do not admit of, illustration. philosophers, and was thought not un, All that can be affirmed respecting worthy the countenance and encourthem is, that certain objects in the agement of one of the wisest and least surrounding world are adapted to voluptuous of ancient legislators.* The excite pleasurable sensations with suf- Hindûs, also, the high antiquity of ficient universality to entitle them to whose records appears to be established be called naturally agreeable. We are by sufficient evidence, have possessed, gratified by certain tastes and smells, from the earliest period to which and can give no explanation of the their history extends, a music, concause of our enjoyment. It is of a fined indeed to thirty-six melodies. kind which lasts no longer than the In modern times, none, I believe, but impression itself, and terminates with absolutely barbarous nations, are enthe removal of its object. But the tirely destitute of music. Among the higher classes of our pleasures, being North American Indians, we are inrenewable by voluntary efforts of the formed by Mr Weld, that nothing mind, and depending on the exercise resembling poetry or music is to be of its various faculties (of perception, found; but among the more gentle of association, of judgment, of imagi- and civilized inhabitants of some of the nation), become fit objects of that Society islands, a sort of music (rude, branch of science, the dignity and im- it must be confessed, and little calcu

lated to please an European ear) was Read to a Literary and Philosophical Society in the country.

* Lycurgus.

ascertained by Captain Cook to be the more be explained than we can acaccompaniment of dancing, which, for count for the inability to discriminate the grace of its movements, would not particular colours, which has been have discredited an Italian opera. ascertained to exist in certain indivi

Pleasures so universally felt as duals, or the insensibility to some those of music, may be inferred to odours, which has been observed in have their foundation in some quality other persons. Aąmitting them to common to human nature, and inde exist, they do not warrant the conclupendent of local or temporary circum- sion, that the pleasure derived from . stances. It may be inquired, whether music consists solely in the gratifithis pleasure is to be referred merely cation of the organ of hearing. A certo the gratification of the ear as an tain perfection of the physical strucorgan of sense, or whether it is not

ture of the eye is necessary to render entitled to the higher rank of an in- it an inlet to those impressions from tellectual enjoyment ?

the surrounding world, which, when In the discussion of this question, afterwards recalled by the mind, and it must be acknowledged at the outset, variously combined, constitute the that a structure of the ear, distinct pleasures of imagination. But no one from that which adapts it to the quick would contend, that the enjoyment perception of ordinary sounds, proba- derived from a contemplation of the bly exists in those individuals who charms of external nature is a sensual are distinguished by an aptitude to pleasure, of which the eye

alone is the derive pleasure from music. The ob- seat and the instrument. servation of children, in early infancy, It appears, moreover, to be consistaffords sufficient evidence of the par- ent with observation, that, even in tial endowment of what has been the same individual, the capacity of called a musical ear. Among children being affected by musical sounds adof the same family it is common to mits of considerable variety; and that meet with the most striking differences it is modified, especially by the state in the power of catching and repeating of the nervous system, independently tunes-differences which bear no pro- of the influence of those moral causes portion to the degree of sensibility, which will be afterwards pointed out. as indicated by other circumstances. Dr Doddridge has related a remarkable Nothing is more usual, also, than to instance of a lady, who had naturally find persons who, in the course of a neither ear nor voice for music, but long life, have never been able to ac who became capable of singing, when in quire a relish for music, though fre a state of delirium, several fine tunes, quently thrown into situations where to the admiration of all about her." to hear it became matter of necessity. And I remember a young gentleman, And this defect is observed, not in the addicted to somnambulism, and radull and insensible only, but in per- ther insensible than otherwise to pleasons alive to all that is excellent in

sure from music, who has repeatedly poetry, in painting, and in other polite found himself leaning from an open arts. Pope, who has perhaps never window during the night, and listenbeen surpassed in the melody of ver- ing (as he imagined till awakened) sification, is recorded by Dr John

to delightful music in the street. son to have been incapable of receiving Another fact, which may safely be pleasure from music. And it is still assumed as the basis of our reasoning more remarkable, that the exquisite on this subject, is, that there are cerart of modulating the voice, which tain sounds which are naturally agreeenables it to express all those delicate able to all ears, and others which are shades of emotion and passion, that so naturally unpleasant, independently powerfully affect us in the eloquence of all casual associations. The soft of the stage, the bar, and the senate, tones of a flute, the notes of certain has been practised by individuals insensible even to the charms of a simple melody. Garrick was a striking in

* A friend, to whom this essay was shewn, stance of wonderful command over the pointed out to the author a gentleman distones of the voice in speaking, united, tinguished by a fine musical ear, which he we are told, with the total deficiency loses, without any degree of deafness, when

ever he is affected with a severe cold in the of a musical ear.

head. These defects of the ear can no of Phil. Transac. for 1747.

66 that

birds, the swelling sounds of the and can overcome the painful memory Eolian harp, and the melody of the of the past, or extinguish gloomy forehuman voice, have some quality in- bodings of the future, by inducing a herent in them, which would render frame of mind adapted to the brighter them, even if heard for the first time, visions of hope and cheerfulness. Its universally delightful.* But the creak- powers indeed have not been exaggeing of a door, or the jar produced by rated by the eloquent description of the filing of a saw, can convey plea- the poet : sure to no one, and must excite, on

“ Hear how Timotheus' varied lays surprise, the contrary, universal antipathy and And bid alternate passions fall and rise ; disgust. * All the sounds," says While, at each change, the son of Lybian Cowper in one of his letters,

Jove nature utters are agreeable, at least in Now burns with glory, and then melts with this country. I should not, perhaps,

love. find the roaring of lions

in Africa, or of Now his fierce eyes with sparkling fury glow, bears in Russia, very pleasing; but I Now sighs steal out, and tears begin to flow.

Persians and Greeks like turns of nature know no beast in England, whose voice I do not account musical, save, and And the world's Victor stood subdued by

found, except always, the braying of an ass.

sound.” The notes of all our birds and fowls please me, without one exception; It is to be observed, however, of the and as to insects, if the black beetle, emotions occasioned by music, that and beetles indeed of all hues, will they are referable only to a class ; and keep out of my way, I have no ob- that they have never that distinct apjection to any of the rest ; on the con- propriation which belongs to the creatrary, in whatever key they sing, from tions of the sister arts of poetry and the gnat's fine treble to the bass of the painting. When we listen for the humble-bee, I admire them all. Se- first time to a simple melody, it is its riously, however (he continues), it general character only that we are strikes me as a very observable instance able to perceive. We are conscious of providential kindness to man, that that it kindles cheerful or melancholy such an exact accord has been con- feelings, without being able to refer trived between his ear, and the sounds them to any individual object. Now, with which, at least in rural situa- I believe, there is no way in which tion, it is almost every moment visit our sensibility can be thus affected, ed.”+

except by the association of certain The source of the pleasure derived ideas with sounds, or successions of from music must be investigated, not sound, which we have formerly heard, by an examination of that which pre- not perhaps precisely the same in vails in polished society, complicated, kind, but belonging to the same class. as it is, with various refinements that And if we seek for the original proare not essential to it; but as it exists, totypes of those tones, which, by their in its simplest form, in those melodies rhythm and cadences, become capable which delight an untutored ear, and of exciting emotions, they will be which powerfully affect the eart, even found, I apprehend, in natural sounds, when they do not recall to the fancy as well as in natural expressions of scenes in which they have been heard, feeling, that were antecedent to all or events with which they have been oral language, and are universal to associated.

human nature. Cheerfulness naturally That music has the capacity of ex- disposes to quick and sudden changes citing lively emotions, must be decid- of tone and gesture; and melancholy ed by an appeal to the experience of has the effect of weakening the voice, those who are sensible to its pleasures. and of producing low and slowly meaFrom minds thus constituted, it can

sured accents. The gentle and tender often banish one train of feelings, and feelings of pastoral life find a natural replace them with another of opposite expression, in tones corresponding complexion and character, especially with them in delicacy and softness. when the transition is made with skiíl And the idea of sublimity is almost and delicacy. It can sooth the an- necessarily annexed to sounds, of guish of sorrow and disappointment, which loudness is one, but not the

only element, and which, though they * See Knight on Taste. + Letter cxvii. may have no strict analogy with the

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