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two joints ; so that, as the sides of rivers the expense of raising them will proba are generally sloping, the two extremi. bly be not more than one-fifth part of the ties of the rod may lie on either bank, money. while the central part keeps its horizon Saturday, the 10th ult. Mr Moir extal position on the bed of the river. To hibited a model of a machine before the this road are attached a number of creep. Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, ers, at the end of small chains, about a foot for impelling a vessel against the stream, asunder. This instrument, towed by a without the application of sails, oars, or small boat, will, it is conceived, completely steam. search the bed and banks of any small Bath Literary and Philosophical So. river.
March 17.-Mrs Grose favoured African Expedition. Accounts have been the Society with some specimens of the received from Lieutenant Campbell, on Cicada mannaferens, or locust of New whom devolved the command of the ex South Wales, and likewise of the wild pedition for Exploring the Joliba or Niger honey or manna deposited by that animal River, on the death of Major Peddie, stat on a large Forest tree called the Eucalyping his arrival at the head of the river Nu. tus. This insect continues but a short nez, whence he intended proceeding across time in its winged state; it was first oba the mountains towards "Bammakoo, the served in November 1800, by Colonel place at which Mr Park embarked ; on the Paterson, in the pupa state, and on the surface of which Lieutenant Campbell and same day it appeared with its wings his companions are in all probability at this through an opening in the back of the time.
outer covering; it was then in a very Earthquakes. The following is an enu. weak state, and slowly left its original meration of earthquakes felt in different abode. The rapidity with which the inparts of the world since the first of January sect enlarges after this is surprising ; in last :
the course of a few hours it can fly to the Jan. 13. In the Gulf Stream.
top of the tallest eucalyptus, which gene17. At Chamouny, in Switzerland. rally grows to the height of sixty or se19. At the same place.
On this tree Colonel Pater20. At the same place, and also at son first discovered the manna in great Alcocer, in Spain.
quantities, apparently produced by these Feb. 11.
It may be collected both in a 13. At the same place.
liquid and in a saccharine state : the in14.
habitants gathered it, and used it for some 18. At Madrid, Barcelona, Lerida, time as sugar, but soon discovered that and Saragossa.
in some degree the quality of March 11. At Lyons.
The extraordinary noise these 15. At Chamouny, and Messina, in little creatures make is deserving of noSicily.
tice: the males first begin with a note 18. At Madrid, Pampeluna, and similar to that of the land-rail, and re
several other parts of Spain, peat it for several times ; at length the 22. At Pampeluna.
females join, when the combination of At Frascati, Gensano, and notes exactly resembles the noise of grind. 25. other adjacent places in Italy. ing knives or razors ; and hence the in
One shock particularly vio sect is popularly known by the name of lent.
It makes its appear: 28. At Chamouny.
ance about the end of November, and 30. ditto.
early in January deposites its eggs in the 31. ditto.
ground. The larva is perfect in SeptemApril 1. ditto.
ber, when it is formed into the pupa, in 2. ditto, very violent, direction which state it remains until November. from north to south.
There is a species of the insect in New (Day not mentioned) At Palermo.
South Wales of the same appearance, and A gentleman at Blackheath has found which make the same sort of noise, but that alcohol and snow, or ice mixed to produces no manna. gether, form an absorbent of such capa. The university of Cambridge has recity, that the temperature of snow, when cently received a gift of £20,000 from an the alcohol is not very strong, is reduced unknown individual, who is stated to be from 320 to 17o.
on the verge of concluding a century, and Orders_have gone down to Plymouth who has adopted this plan in preference for the Resolute bell-vessel to repair to to a testamentary bequest, as the legacy Portsmouth, in order that the state of duty is thereby saved. The gift is exthe Royal George may be ascertained, pressly to St Peter's College; the Maspreparatory to the removal of her hull, ter and Fellows of which, it is said, ineither together or in pieces. Her remains tend to expend the interest of the sum in are estimated to be worth £56,000, while founding some new. Scholarships, and
augmenting the income of some of the poor of these agents, the action of the other two er fellowships.
is paralysed. M. Fouque, jun. of Paris, The Rev. Robert Tyrwhitt, of Jesus Col. is said to have succeeded in effecting this, lege, Cambridge, has bequeathed to that by producing a vacuum in an apparatus, university £1000 navy five per cents, for simple, easily used, and not expensive. the promotion of Hebrew learning.
He has made his apparatus of two sizes. The Rev. Dr Charles Burney, and the One, which is intended to be kept in the Rev. John Cleaver Banks, trustees of a kitchen to receive the dishes to be preserved, certain fund appropriated to the use of the is made of a square piece of flat stone, thirlate Professor Porson during his life, have teen inches in diameter. In this stone a conferred to the university of Cambridge, circular groove is cut, and furnished with £400 navy five per cent. stock, the interest mastic (or lute); a cast-metal is fixed into of which is annually to be employed in the the groove, and a hole is pierced in the top purchase of a book or books, to be given to of the bell of one line in diameter. The the resident under-graduate who shall make other safe consists of a large earthen pot the best translation of a proposed passage of a thin consistence, round the mouth of in Shakspeare, Ben Jonson, Massinger, or which a luted groove is cut, and a casto Beaumont and Fletcher, into Greek verse. metal bell, with a hole in the top fitted into -The passage fixed upon for the present it, in the same manner as in the other safe. year is the second part of Henry IV. act When the substances, which it is desired to third, scene first, beginning with “ O preserve, have been placed in either of Sleep,” and ending with “ Deny it to a these safes, a little spunge is dipped into King.'
spirit of wine, of 33 degrees, then placed in The List of Publications entered at Sta. a sauce upon the eatables, and afterwards tioners' Hall, has made its appearance, set fire, to by means of a match. A conin 26 folio pages, for the year since June siderable dilation immediately takes place, last. Above three-fourths these have which expels the atmospheric air ; and in been demanded by the ten Universities, order to prevent its return into the apparaand Libraries entitled thereto. It appears tus, the hole in the top of the bell is quickthat Trinity College, Dublin, and the Scot- ly stopt with common wax. A small quantish Advocates' Library, are the only two tity of atmospheric air may perhaps get institutions which do not demand novels and again into the bell; but not more, it is music.
probable, than the combustion of the spirit We may soon expect to be gratified by of wine, not yet finished, will suffice to dethe commencement of the Grand National compose, and convert into carbonic acid monument, which is finally determined on, gas, the preservative property of which is upon the design of Mr Wilkins, author of well known. the Antiquities of Magna Græcia, and M.A. A new census has been taken of the popuof Cambridge. There was a choice of two lation of Paris, which has been found to hundred designs, and the expense is estima- 'exceed 860,000 being 20,000 more than ted at £200,000.
London within the bills of mortality.
Dr Esquirol has read to the Academy of Sciences of the Institute, a memoir on the kind of mental derangement to which
he gives the name of hallucination, a new A translation into French of the “ Tales' term, denoting a species of insanity, in of my Landlord” has just been published which the patient receives, through one or at Paris, in 4 vols 12mo.
more senses, those impressions which sight Les Archives des découvertes et inventions alone otherwise conveys. In support of the pendant l'année 1816, lately published at principles and considerations which he Paris, contain accounts of the discoveries has developed, he adduces some very cuof M. Gay-Lussac on the combinations of rious facts, and among others, the case azote and oxygen, and on prussic acid : of of a person almost the only sign of whose those of M. Poisson on the theory of the derangement consisted in his hearing secret tides ; and of M. Biot on light. M. Biot, voices, which incessantly reproached him it appears, is making rapid advancement in with something that he had done. the career of the illustrious Malus ; and his M. Laugier, who was the first that disinvention of the fine instrument to which covered the presence of sulphur and of he has given the name of colorigrade, chronium in aërolites has subinitted to the proves how eagerly he seeks to turn the Academy of Sciences a memoir, in which results of his discoveries to purposes of he proves, by the details of chemical
analysis, the identity of the elements of It is a well established principle, that those substances with the enormous masses three united agents concur in the destruc
of iron found in Siberia by Pallas, and tion of alimentary substances--air, heat, which seem, in their composition and and water; and that, by neutralizing one
origin, to be like other masses found in
different parts of the world, in the midst 432 cubic feet, in the space of six or seven of vast plains from all the fossils of which minutes with five to eight men, or with
one horse power. It equally works at the Perpetual Motion. To the many sup- borders or edges of rivers, the same as in posed solutions of the problem of perpe.
the deep middle stream, clearing all away, tual motion, another has just been added or deepening as required.
Also, a mill for by a M. Louis of Valence, formerly cap- draining marshes, overflowed lands, &c. tain in the Neapolitan service. He has which it performs with such celerity, that, found, he says,
means to raise a co for example, in 1770 acres, there are lumn of water strong enough to force an 77,101,200 square feet, which, multipli. other to the same height. Thus, when the ed by four, the depth given, .contains impulse is once given, this machine will 308,404,800 cubic English feet, for the
mass of water to be drained ; this can perpetually retain its action, if there exists a fluid which does not lose by, evaporadays, whatever the wind may be ; and
be done with ease by one mill in 359 tion, or a material indestructible by use.
an instance has been known of its emptyOne may however employ a quantity of water sufficient in play for several years. ing the amazing quantity of 320 tons per
· minute. This same machine may be employed as the impelling power, for the production of various kinds of regular motions. The inventor proposes to adapt a clep.
GERMANY. sydra to it, and he is convinced, that, by means of a basin or reservoir, a private
It has been recently ascertained, that house might derive various advantages fogs contain a great portion of water, but from it."
not in a condensed state, being kept susAncient Tombs. There has just been pended by the opposed powers of the elecdiscovered at Baslieux, near Longwy, a tric fuid with which it is charged. A considerable number of ancient tombs con
convincing proof of this was lately affordcealed under broad stones, the removal
ed by a curious meteorological occurrence of which uncovers square compartments in Westphalia, where the fog being driven of brick-work. In each tomb was found by a gentle north-east wind against the a skeleton, rarely two, and several parts trees, the electric fluid was attracted, conof arms, such as sabres, swords, javelins, densation and congelation took place, and arrows, daggers, axes, &c. An iron head
the largest trees were torn up by the roots, of an arrow placed in the centre of a skull, by the preponderating weight of ice upon is doubtless the sign of a combat. No their branches. sign of christianity has been found among
Messrs Kauffmann, senior and junior, the numerous articles that have been col.
of Dresden, have exhibited four instrulected. On a bas relief some persons think
ments composing an orchestra, which they recognise the principal Gallic Di. they call the Belloneon, the Cordalaudion, vinity, Mercury Teutates. According to
the Automaton Trumpeter, and the Har. appearances, it is thought that the time of monicord. The upper part of the Bellothe event which gave rise to these inhuma
neon exhibits a trophy of arms, in the tiọns, may be fixed about the first irrup- midst of which are placed twenty-four tions of the Vandals, in the beginning of
trumpets reversed; and the lower part the 15th century:
encloses two kettle drums with their No less than five new epic poems are an sticks. It executes flourishes and march nounced as being soon to enrich the litera
es with extraordinary perfection. If it ture of France. Their titles are Philip- it contained other wind instruments, it Augustus, by Mr Perceval Grandmaison; might be compared with Mälzl's PanThe Maccabces, by Mr Raynouard ; The harmonicon, exhibited some time since Holy War, by Mr Fontanes ; Tasso, by in London and Paris. The Cordalaudion Mr Campenon ; and Richard, by Madame produces together and separately the de Stael.
sounds of the piano-forte, and of four flutes, which play with such precision and accuracy,
that the illusion is complete. The Automaton gives out notes with double sounds. But these instru
ments, though highly curious, are surAn ingenious mechanic in Holland in passed by the Harmonicord. It is shaped vented, some years ago, a machine for sike an upright piano-forte ; a cylinder deepening, and scouring canals, rivers, is adapted to it, and turns at a very small , docks, ports, &c. which, at the depth of distance from the strings, which are the 12 or 20 feet, cuts up all sand, mud, or same as those of the piano. By pressing hard clay, with the greatest case. This down the keys, which embrace four ocmachine can fill a mud-boat, containing taves and a half, the friction is effectedy
Two pedals serve to make the rotation of the ruins of the Temple of Castor. It corthe cylinder quicker or slower, and to ren- responds with the tables that were found der the vibration stronger or weaker. Un some time before, and deposited in the Cader the hands of Messrs Kauffmann this in- pitol. They contain the names of eight of strument gives out sweeter tones than the the Decemvirs, who were the authors of the Harmonica, and produces a truly celestial law of the twelve tables. harmony.
The following account of the manuMr Menke of Berlin has invented a pro- scripts lately discovered, and published by cess for converting Mahogany saw-dust into Mr Mai of the Ambrosian Library at Mia soft paste, which becomes harder by ex lan, we give in his own words : -“ A. posure to the atmosphere, and is suscep- mongst the Bobian MSS,” says he, “ I tible of receiving and retaining the forms found one which contains the works of the given to marble, wood, and bronze. This Christian poet Sedulius; and, while I was substance takes the most beautiful gilding, examining it very closely-O immortal as well as the colour of bronze. It is made God! on a sudden I exclaimed, . what is into candelabra, lustres, lamps, vases, sta it that I see? Behold Cicero ! behold the tues, and all kinds of ornaments for fur. light of Roman eloquence buried in unniture, which equal in elegance the finest merited obscurity! I recognise the lost oraworks in bronze, and cost only one-eighth of tions of Tully, I perceive his eloquence
flowing with godlike force from these founThe Catalogue of the late Leipsic Easter tains, abounding with sonorous words and Fair occupies 330 octavo pages, being consi noble sentiments.' By degrees the titles derably thicker than of late years, a proof also of the works disclosed themselves in of the favourable influence of the pre the margin of the MS. Judge with what sent pacific state of affairs upon the branches rapture I was filled, when I detected large of trade connected with literature and the unpublished fragments of three orations of sciences.
Cicero, to wit, pro Scauro, pro Tullio, and pro Flacco. They are written in large and beautiful characters, each page being divided into three columns. The oration pro
Scauro, is surrounded with elegant scholia, ITALY.
of which some are written in very ancient, Sculpture, fc.-Rome, 27th March. though minute, capital letters ; others in a The digging up of the very ancient Urns ruder hand, but still ancient, and, as it apand Sarcophagi about Albano, is diligent- pears, from the same author. The writer of ly continued. Their form is rude, re
these scholia I suspect to have been Asconius presenting sometimes little towers, some
Pædianus. For the style and complexion, times strange little houses, in the shape and kind of writing, seem to point him out. of an oven. These are found, of every
The MS. is in octavo, because the monkish variety of size, filled with ashes and transcribers of Sedulius doubled the quarto bones; and the opening is closed by a
leaves. The character of the Sedulius is of lid, which is fastened with brass pins.
a very ancient form, but very different from Round about, and also within some of that of the Cicero. It is the opinion of se. them, are pieces of amber, little shields, veral antiquaries, that the former may be swords, lances, and clasps of metal, pots, referred to the eighth century of the Chrislamps, and tripods.
The material of tian era ; and the latter to the second or which these sarcophagi or urns are com
third. The four books of Sedulius are posed, is not burnt earth, but, according mentioned in the ancient catalogue publishto appearance, a mixture of earth and mi ed by Muratori, and this Codex continues neral pitch, or coals. What is most re
them, gh in a mutilated state.” These markable is, that in order to find them, manuscripts formed part of the library of a one must dig first through a layer of Pe convent at Bobio, in the Appennines, which perino, and then a thick stratum of earth ; had been purchased in the seventeenth censo that it is evident that they have been tury, and brought to Milan. buried under a stratum of lava, like Herculaneum and Pompeii. Now since, according to the tradition, Ascaneus founded his new city on the Lake of Castel Gondolfo, (the extinguished volcano of the place,) the antiquity of these things must Madrid, April 29.The king has conbe placed further back than the Trojan sulted the academy of St Ferdinand on war, however averse one may be to allow the best means of checking the inundation this. The Archæological Society at Rome of ludicrous engravings, in which picturehas already begun to examine all these sellers carry on a traffic humiliating to the remains; and we may expect very divided arts, and even to the nation. Objects the opinions, and violent disputes, on the sub most sacred, the King, all the august memject.
bers of the Royal Family, are made the A fragment of the Consular Annals was subject of such engravings, and are even found at Rome, on the 29th of March, in transformed into caricatures. To avoid this
profanation, and on the report of the aca. the academy, and not wishing to take the demy, it is ordered
title of the same, shall be fined fifty ducats 1st, That individuals even of that body, (about £6 sterling), in case they should or of whatever class they may be, shall not presume to paint, engrave, or in any other in future publish any work of art, or of li manner give to the public the representaterature, without having the same first sub- tions of sacred objects, or portraits of his mitted to censors, and obtaining the appro- Majesty, or of the persons of the Royal bation of the academy.
Family, without having previously obtained 2d, That those who are not members of the consent of the academy.
LONDON. Annals of the Fine Arts.-The Fourth great increase of matter, is expected to apPart of this work, which has been delayed pear in July. beyond its usual time in consequence of the Capt. C. Clarke of the Royal Artillery, death of one of the proprietors, will be pub- has in the press a Summary of the State of lished early in June, and the succeeding Spain at the Restoration of Ferdinand VII. parts as regularly as heretofore.
A new work, in one volume 8vo, will Dr Jackson is preparing for publication shortly appear, entitled, “ Authentic Mea Sketch of the History and Cure of Febrile moirs of the Revolution in France, and of Diseases ; more particularly the Febrile the Sufferings of the Royal Family;" deDiseases of the West Indies, as they ap- duced chiefly from accounts by eye-witnesspear among the Soldiers of the British es, which will exhibit, besides information Army.
from other sources, a combined narrative of Mr Nichols will publish, in the course of details from MM. Hue, Clery, Edgeworth, the month, a Journal of a voyage to New and the lately published and interesting Zealand in company with the Rev. Samuel Journal of the Duchesse D'Angouleme. Marsden; with an account of the state of Thomas Walter Williams of the Inner that country.
Temple, Esq. is printing a continuation of A work on the Ruins of Gour is an his compendious Abstract of all the Public nounced, which will be represented in 18 Acts, on the same scale and plan as the acts Views, with a Topographical Map; the passed anno 1816, which will be published whole compiled from the manuscripts and immediately after the close of the present drawings of the late N. Creighton, Esq. Session of Parliament.
The ninth volume of the Poetical Regis. We are extremely happy to hear that Miss ter, containing above three hundred original Edgeworth has another work immediately and fugitive poems, and numerous criticisms forthcoming, consisting of two tales, Haron poetic and dramatic works, will appear rington and Ormond, forming, together, this month. The tenth volume is in pre- three volumes. paration.
The third volume of the new edition of The Lady's Receipt Book, containing a Wood's Athena Oxoniensis, with great adcollection of valuable miscellaneous receipts ditions, edited and continued by Mr Bliss, and choice secrets, in useful, elegant, and will be published the end of this month, ornamental cuts, by Wm Pybus, author of closely printed in royal 4to. The fourth a Manual of Useful Knowledge, &c. will volume is in the press. speedily appear.
A small work of much utility will be Lectures on Scripture Doctrines are pre- published in a few days, entitled, Errors of paring by Dr Wm Bengo Collyer.
Pronunciation, and Improper Expressions The Hon. Wm Herbert has nearly ready in current use, chiefly by the inhabitants of for publication, a new and corrected edition London ; to which are added those in simi. of the Musæ Etonensis, with additional pieces. lar mis-use by the inhabitants of Paris.
Dr Montucci has in the press an Account A new Spanish and English Dictionary of the Rev. Robert Morrison's Chinese Dice will be published within a few days, in tionary, and of his own. It will form a which the number of additional words in4to volume, containing about 200 pages, corporated exceeds 50,000. It will be the on superfine vellum paper, with above 1000 most complete dictionary of any two lanengraved Chinese characters.
guages extant. · The Rev. T. F. Dibdin's Bibliographical Mr Colburn has in the press a TranslaDecameron, which has been delayed by the tion of the very interesting Narrative of the