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Several Frenchmen, who had purchased embarked for America, and have been achouses and other national domains in the companied by many inhabitants from AlElectorate of Hesse, having been deprived sace, and others are still to follow. These of their property by the Elector, the Court poor creatures cannot even pay their pas. of France interfered, and instructed their sage without selling their persons for a term minister at Frankfort to protest against any of years. The situation of the inhabitants Frenchman being deprived of his property of the canton of the Glaciers is not less disacquired by bona fide purchase.
tressing. Five hundred and eighty of the An article from Vienna, published in the peasants of Argovia have taken their pasFrench papers, gives the following account sage from Amsterdam for America in a of a sect lately formed in upper Austria, single ship, finding no resource from facalled Petzelians, from the name of the foun- mine but in desertion of their native coun. der Petzel, or Peschel, a priest of Branau. try. Of this sect dreadful atrocities are related : they preach the equality and community of property ; they sacrifice men to purify others from their sins; and, it is added, that
Stockholm, Mar. 7.-Yesterday was cele
brated the solemn removal of the different several were thus sacrificed during Passion military trophies taken by the Swedes in Week, who died in the most horrible tor. ments. A girl of thirteen years of age was
the last 200 years, amounting to near 5000,
from the Saloon in the Royal Garden to put to death in the village of Afflewang on
the Retterholme Church. The deputies Good Friday. Seven men have been vic. tiins of this abominable faith. The author
of the army gave a grand entertainment on
the occasion, which the king and the Crown of the sect, Peschel, with eighty-six follow.
Prince honoured by their presence, and ers, have been arrested. Order is now re
their healths were drunk amidst the disa stored. Peschel is the clergyman
who ato charge of 286 pieces of cannon. tended the unfortunate bookseller Palm to
Letters from Stockholm announce, that the place of execution, when he was shot by several regiments have received orders to order of Bonaparte. He is now at Vienna, put themselves in march to approach the where he has been frequently examined by capital. This is in consequence of an atthe ecclesiastical authorities, but shows such signs of mental derangement, that it has tempt meditated against the life of the
Crown Prince, Bernadotte. It appears that been resolved, by the advice of the said au
the projected assassination was to have taken thorities, and on consulting several judicious physicians, to place him in some pious in place at a masqued ball, a scene of the
same description as that which proved fatal stitution to be taken care of.
to Gustavus III. The fete was held, but The marriage of Madame Murat with
the Crown Prince and his son chose to be General Macdonald has been celebrated at absent, having received a timely warning of Vienna. The ci-devant queen has just their danger. purchased the Lordship of Lottingbrom,
The marshal of the Court, Gyllerstrom, four leagues from Vienna, in the neigh- has been banished; and the Scandinavian bourhood of Baden.
Journal, and other publications of a tenSome disputes had arisen between the king of Wirtemberg and the States of his dency dangerous to the new dynasty, supkingdom, respecting the consolidation, desir. pressed. The son of Gustavus, who was
set aside to make room for Bernadotte, is ed by the king, of the representatives of the living at the court of Wirtemberg, the king ancient and new territories into one consti- being his cousin. He is also a nephew of tuent assembly. This measure had met
the Emperor Alexander. with much opposition, but has at length been acceded to by a majority of the diet.
A conscription is now making throughout the kingdom, including all the youths from
twenty to twenty-five years of age inclusive, The intelligence from the Grisons is dis- litia of about 300,000 men, from which,
to form a well disciplined and uniform mi. tressing in the extreme. A frightful aval- only in time of war, the regular regiments, anche destroyed, on the 6th, the village raised partly by recruiting, partly furnishof Nueros ; 'in this valley eleven houses ed and equipped by all the land owners, are and mills, with all their inhabitants and
to be reinforced and filled up. cattle, were overwhelmed. On the 8th, the
The king has issued an ordinance, in curate and ninety-four persons, all wound
which the importation of wine, rum, and ed, were dug out;-many dead bodies were also found, but the fate of twenty-eight der, as it is stated, to assist in bringing
cotton goods, are strictly prohibited, in orpersons is still unknown. From the Tyrol down the rate of exchange. the news is equally afflicting. At Nouders the snow is as high as a church-steeple. At Ichsgel, in the Pinzgau, twenty-one houses were destroyed. Six leagues from Inspruck The seaport of Odessa seems in a fair ten persons were killed. The course of the way to become one of the most considerable Inn is interrupted. Many hundred persons towns in the Russian empire. Its extraorof the cantons of Basle, Soleure, &c. have dinary trade in corn has, latterly, doubled
the number. of strangers, and its increase after embracing Christianity, shall join this proceeds in a manner beyond all conception. community, may leave the country when
The amount of goods imported into St they have paid their debts, and the legal Petersburgh last year was above 90,000,000 contributions for three years on the capiof roubles, and that of goods exported near- tals which they have acquired in Russia. ly 771, millions.
This regulation excites the more attention, St Petersburgh, April 12.On Easter because it is well known that our ambassaSunday there was published a very remark- dors in Germany are expressly ordered to able imperial mandate, in favour of the give no more passports to those who desire Jews who are converted to Christianity. The to emigrate. following are some of the chief articles :
1. All Jews embracing the Christian religion, no matter of which confession, shall The friends of humanity will lament to have privileges granted them, whatever pro- learn, that the German physician, Rosenfeld, fession they may adopt, suitable to their one of those persons who ventured to inoknowledge and abilities.
culate themselves with the plague, has fal2. In the northern and southern govern- len a victim to his generous devotion. ments, lands shall be assigned them gratis, Some movements on the Persian frontiers where such as please may settle at their own have taken place, occasioned by the conduct expense, under the name of Society of Jew- of Ibrahim Pacha, commander of the Turkish Christians.
ish fortress of Bejazid, who was discharged 3. This society shall have its own pri- from his office and had fled to Persia; but his vileges.
not returning at the desire of the neighbour. At St Petersburgh a Board shall be ing Turkish governors, has caused the Turks formed, of which Prince Alexander Golyzin to commit some excesses in the Persian vil. shall be president, under the denomination lages, for which the Persian crown Prince of “ Board for the affairs of Jewish Chris- threatens to exact reparation by force of tians;" on which, and on no other magis- arms. trates (except in criminal cases), the society The city of Constantinople has been again of Jewish Christians depends.
a prey to the ravages of fire, upwards of 5. This Board is bound to attend to every 300 houses having been destroyed. thing relating to the settlements, and to re- The Pacha of Smyrna, the richest in all port on it to the Emperor. In the settle. Turkey, has been beheaded by order of the ments of the Jewish Christians, which are Grand Signior, for forwarding recruits and given to them as hereditary property for assistance to the Dey of Algiers. ever, the society can carry on any kind of A private letter from Cairo mentions, that professions, build cities, villages, or single they had experienced a circumstance not dwellings; the lands are given to the whole remembered by the oldest inhabitant--four community, but not to individuals, and days of successive torrents of rain, which cannot be sold or mortgaged to strangers. had nearly destroyed whole villages. The In these settlements the Jewish Christians houses having been built of unbaked clay, and their posterity have entire religious li- scarcely, a dwelling escaped without injury, berty in the Christian confession of faith and had the rain continued a few days longwhich they embrace. The society is under er, the city of Cairo itself must inevitably the immediate protection of the Emperor, have been washed away: and depends entirely on the Board in St Petersburgh, to which alone it will give ac
America. count. No other local magistracy shall interfere with them; their preachers are only under the Board. The 'internal govern
UNITED STATES, ment of the society is under administration By the American papers, received 28 April, of the Society of the Jewish Christians, con- we see that the spirit of hostility to the insisting of two superiors and four adjuncts, troduction of British manufactures is still chosen by the Society from its own mem- manifested, by resolutions and proposals, bers, and confirmed by the Board. It tending to show the inveteracy of a portion manages the internal concerns, the police, of the people against every thing English. &c. and has a particular seal. It may ex- The celebrated Mr Randolph has retired pel improper members, and receive new from public life. ones, but must report on this to the Board. An address has been presented by the The members of the society obtain the rights citizens of Washington, to Mr Madison, on of citizens in the Russian empire. They his retiring from the presidency. His remay carry on trade at home and abroad, ply relates chiefly to the welfare of that conformably to the general laws ; establish city, and, amongst other matters, informs manufactories, &c. without being register. them, that ultimate good will follow from ed in any guild. In their settlements the the disaster which befel the capital. society may brew beer, distil brandy, &c. It appears the American Commodore, They are free from billeting of troops, and Chauncey, concluded a new treaty with for twenty years from taxes; are not bound Algiers on the 25th December, on the basis to military service, &c. Foreign Jews who, of the Treaty of June 1815.
Washington, March 5.The ceremony
BRITISH AMERICA. attendant on the entrance of the president A notification has been issued from the elect on the duties of his arduous station colonial department, to such as intend to was simple but grand. He was attended emigrate to Canada, informing them that it from his private residence by the vice-pre- is not the intention of government to prosident elect, and a large cavalcade of citi. vide any gratuitous means of conveyance zens on horseback, marshalled in due or- this season; and that no person can proceed der. The president reached the Congress to North America as a settler, with any Hall a little before twelve ; and after the prospect of success, unless he departs from vice-president had taken the chair, and had Europe early in the season, that is, before the oath of office administered to him, a the 1st of June. pertinent address was delivered by him on the occasion. This ceremony being ended, the Senate adjourned, and all the officers of April 7.The Portuguese government state, and judges, attended the president to having transferred to Brazil some seeds of the elevated portico erected for the occasion, the tea-tree, have succeeded in naturalizing where, in the presence of an immense con- this plant at Rio Janeiro. It is cultivated course of citizens and foreigners, the pre- at this moment with success by several sident rose and delivered a speech of consi. Chinese, who have gone there for that purderable length; wherein, after enumerating pose. all the advantages of the constitution, and The Independent general, Marino, has the flourishing state of their commerce and entered into a treaty with the governor of finances, he calls upon the assistance of all the island of Trinidad, granting a free trade his fellow citizens in support of that govern- to his Britannic Majesty's subjects with the ment which protects every citizen in the Independent districts of Venezuela, on con. full enjoyment of his rights, and is able to dition that the Independents shall have the protect the nation against injustice from same privileges at Trinidad. foreign powers. In regard to their manu- Most contradictory accounts
are still factures, he says, that as they have the raw received from this quarter of the globe. A materials—the production of their own soil letter purporting to come from an officer and industry--they ought not to depend, in connected with the revolutionary army, to the degree they have done, on supplies from his friend at Philadelphia, speaks of the other countries. He recommends that their most horrid cruelties, and disgraceful enor. great naval resources should be carefully mities, practised both by Independents and fostered in time of peace, and that their Royalists, particularly by the armed vessels, land forces should no be neglected; but without regard to age, sex, or country; that that it ought always to be held in view, that the streets of St Thomas were filled with the safety of these states, and of every thing refugees from the Main, who were existing dear to a free people, must depend in an on the charity of the island. Another eminent degree on the militia. He rejoices writes from the head quarters of the army that he enters on the discharge of his duties of the republic of Mexico : After exulting in the time of peace, and adds, that it shall be in their success both by land and sea, and his sincere desire to preserve it, on just prin- the excellent disposition of the inhabitants, ciples, with all nations, claiming nothing the letter concludes by saying, that “ We unreasonable of any, and rendering to each are already on our march-our army is what is its due.
After some well expressed daily increasing--and I have no doubt that compliments to his predecessor, he concluded I shall soon write you from the capital of a speech, replete with moderation and firm. Mexico, after having fixed the standard of ness, when the oath of office was adminis- liberty in every house of that populous and tered to him by the chief justice of the wealthy city.” United States. The oath was announced General Bolivar and Admiral Brion have by a single gun, and followed by salutes declared the whole coast of the Spanish from the naval yard, the battery from Fort Main in a state of rigorous blockade. Warburton, and from several pieces of ar- The West Indies, and the whole surface tillery on the ground. Mr Monroe was the of the Atlantic, is infested with privateer American minister in this country in the vessels under the flag of the South Ameri. year 1793, and afterwards in France. Не can Independents, which have committed served in the first American war, and lost a great depredations. leg in it.
He is supposed to be rather in- The Portuguese took possession of Monte clined to the Washington school.
Video on the 20th January, without firing The British consul at New York, in a shot, and have issued proclamations deconsequence of the misery and wretched claring oblivion of all past opinions ; that ness of those who had emigrated from Bri- the security of persons and property is guartain to the United States, has offered to anteed by the Portuguese army, and grantthem a settlement in the British dominions ing them a free trade with all nations. of Canada, or Nova Scotia, and issued a The quiet manner in which this transfer public notice to that effect. Passports have has been effected, proves that an amicable already been granted to 340 persons to pro. understanding must exist between the govceed to Upper Canada.
ernment of the Brazils and the Indepen
dents of that part of South America which
Imperial Decree, the Portuguese have invaded.
A British ship has been seized at the Dated the fifteenth Day of the seventh Moon Havannah-when the captain was deprived
of the twenty-first Year (6th September of his sword—the specie and stores taken
1816) of Kia-King, addressed to the Viceaway and the British colours torn down roy Kiang, and the Fuynen Jung of Can. and destroyed.
ton, and received the fifth of the eighth Moon (25th September).
The English Ambassadors, upon their Asia.
arrival this time at Tien-sing, have not observed the laws of politeness, * in return for
the invitation of the emperor. Reaching The Calcutta Journal, Nov. 6, states, that Tung-chow (four leagues from court), they a fatal rencontre took place between Cap. gave assurances of readiness to perform the tain Heaviside, with a part of the officers and prostrations and genuflexions required by crew of the Hon. Company's ship Elphin. the laws of good manners (of the coun. stone, and a party of Malays, in the month try). Arrived at the imperial country-house of September, ať Boroo, on the north-east (half a league from court), and when we of Sumatra. Mr Macdonald, surgeon, and
were upon the point of repairing to the hall the second officer, were killed on the spot, (to receive the embassy), the first, as well and several others left for dead. Captain
as the second ambassador, under pretence Heaviside was desperately wounded.
of ill health, would not appear. We, in The peace of the Peninsula is likely to consequence, passed a decree, that they be disturbed by the predatory excursions of should be ordered to depart. Reflecting, Ameer Khan, who, at the head of an army however, that although the said ambassadors of 80,000 Pindarrees, spreads terror and
were blamable in not adhering to the laws devastation around. As their only object is
of politeness, their sovereign, who, from an plunder, some of the Rajahs were desirous
immense distance, and over various seas, had of calling in the assistance of the Company's sent to offer us presents, and to present with troops, and a considerable force has been respect his letters, indicating a wish to shew ordered to assemble under the command of
us due consideration and obedience, had not Colonel John Adams, in the dominions of deserved contempt, such being also against the Rajab of Berar.
our maxim of encouragement to our infeWe understand the Prince Regent has
riors ; in consequence, from among the prebrought the most satisfactory accounts of the sents of the said king, we chose the most state of every part of India. Trade was trifling and insignificant, (which are) four brisk, and so far from there being a glut of charts, two portraits, and ninety-five engraBritish goods in our settlements, there was
vings ; and in order to gratify him, have actually a want of them.
accepted them. We, in return, give, as a reward to the said king, a Yu-Yu,+ a string
of rare stones, two large purses and four Accounts have been received relative to
small ones; and we ordered the ambassa. the mission to China. The embassy had dors to receive these gifts, and to return to returned to Canton; and though the pre
their country (we having so enacted), in obsents were not accepted by the emperor, yet
servance of the maxim (of Confucius), there was no reason to suppose that the
“ Give much, receive little:.” good understanding between the two coun
When the ambassadors received the said tries would be in any way affected. Trade gifts, they became exceeding glad, and was carried on as usual, and three China
ships evinced their repentance. They have alleft Canton after the embassy had returned ready quitted Tung-Chow. Upon their ar. from Pekin to Canton. This intelligence rival at Canton, you, Kiang and Jung, will was brought by the Prince Regent. Whilst invite them to a dinner, in compliance with she was preparing, March 12th, to weigh good manners, and will say to them as fol. anchor from St Helena for England, three lows :large ships came in sight, and these proved
Your good fortune has been small : to be the vessels so anxiously expected from you arrived at the gates of the imperial China, namely, the General Hewitt, the house, and were unable to lift your eyes to Castle Huntly, and the Cumberland. As
the face of Heaven (the emperor) The soon as they came to anchor, an officer from great emperor reflected that your king sighthe Prince Regent went on board the Ge
ed after happiness (China !!!) and acted neral Hewitt, in order to obtain the latest intelligence from China respecting British affairs. Part of the presents intended for * Previous to coming to table, the guest the emperor had been sold at Canton, and makes a profound inclination, or actual prothe remainder were put on board the stration, according to the rank of the host. General Hewitt, together with despatches + Insignia of honour (a long carved stone) for England. The three ships left Canton presented on days of fete to high mandarins. on the 5th January.
and foreign ambassadors.
NEW SOUTH WALES.
with sincerity; he therefore accepted some presents, and gifted your king with various The advertisements in the Sydney Gam precious articles.
You must return thanks zette are of considerable interest, in conveyto the emperor for his benefits, and return ing an idea of the great improvements in with speed to your country, that your king every description of European manufacture may feel a respectful gratitude for these of East India goods, West India produce, acts of kindness. Take care to embark the &c. They have their theatre, their Hyde rest of the presents with safety, that they Park, their races, and every description of may not be lost or destroyed.
amusement-England in miniature. A After this lecture, should the ambassadors
new governor has lately been appointed, supplicate you to receive the remainder of and it is said, it is no longer to be used as the presents, answer" In one word, a a depot for transported criminals, but that decree has passed ; we dare not, therefore, every encouragement is to be given to setpresent troublesome petitions ;” and with tlers, and that it is likely to become a this decision you will rid yourselves of the colony of the greatest importance to the embassy. Respect this.
PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.
SINECURES AND USELESS OFFICES.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
speedily for the relief of the people of Ire.
land. HABEAS CORPUS SUSPENSION BILL. Mar. 10.-Lord HOLLAND gave notice,
Mar. 3.-The order of the day being that he would, on an early day, move for read, for taking into consideration the copies of the instructions given to the goamendments made by the Commons on this vernor of St Helena respecting the treatbill, the Earl of ROSSLYN said, he disap- ment of Napoleon Bonaparte ; and moved proved of the original framing of the bill, that the Lords be summoned on Tuesday which placed the liberties of the people of se'nnight, which was ordered. Scotland in a very different and far more Mar. 11. The bill for the protection of precarious footing than it did those of Eng. the Prince Regent was read a third time land. In the former, an inferior magistrate and passed. was empowered to act under the bill; whereas, in the latter, a responsible minister, or Mar. 11.-Earl GROSVENOR called upsix privy councillors, only could act. So
on their Lordships to agree to a motion, far he approved of the amendments ; but of generally, for the abolition of sinecures or the measure generally he disapproved. Af- useless offices, to which he could not conter some discussion, the amendments were ceive any sound objection; and after a speech agreed to.
of considerable length, he proposed these Mar. 4. The royal assent was given, by four resolutions: 1st, That sinecures should commission, to the Habeas Corpus Sus- be abolished, after the expiration of the pension Bill, the Malt Duty Bill, and se- lives during which they were at present veral private bills. The Army Seduction held : 2d, That useless places should be Bill, and Treasonable Practices Bill, were abolished forthwith, or properly regulated : brought up from the Commons, and read a 3d, That places or offices should no more first time.
be granted in reversion : and then, 4th, He NAVY AND ARMY SEDUCTION BILL.
should propose a resolution in favour of Mar. 6...Viscount MELVILLE moved some reform. The Earl of LAUDERDALE the order of the day for their Lordships asserted, that there never was a period in going into a committee on the Navy and our history when men in office were less corArmy Seduction Bill, when Lord SHAFTES- rupt, and perhaps never a time when the BURY took the chair. The bill being gone public was more corrupt ; that the influence through, was reported without any amend. of the Crown in the House of Commons was ment, as was also the Regent's Protection far less than formerly, and abolishing these Bill. Adjourned.
places would be no relief to the public bur. TREASONABLE PRACTICES AND ARMY dens. After some discussion, the question
AND NAVY SEDUCTION BILLS. was put. Contents 5; non-contents 45; Mar. 7.- The Earl of LIVERPOOL majority against the motion 40. moved the third reading of these bills; but Mar. 13. Earl GROSVENOR presented on some ambiguities being pointed out by a petition from Chalford in Gloucestershire Lord HOLLAND, it was agreed to postpone against the corn laws, and praying for a the third reading of the Treasonable Prac- renewal of the property tax ; also one from cices Bill till Monday; and the Army and Southwark, praying for the abolition of Navy Seduction Bill, after some opposition sinecures. Laid on the table. by Lord GROSVENOR, was read a third time and passed.
Mar. 14. Earl DARNLEY presented a
petition from Belfast, praying for the stopThe Earl of DARNLEY pressed the ne- page of the distilleries, which was laid on cessity of adopting some measure very the table.
DISTRESS IN IRELAND.