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in original.] An act lo vest the estate of Robert
1. WHEREAS it is represented to this present ge
Estate o neral assembly, tijat James Freeland had cohabitation Robert Wil.
liams vested with a certain Mary Williams, and by her had issue
in Mace Robert Williams, after which he intermarried with the Frecland, said Mary: That the said James Freeland, by his last Spice Pen will and testament, bearing date the fourteenth day of
Elizabeth Marchi, one thousand seven hundred and seventy, de-Jones. vised to his said wife, his whole estate real and personal, for her life or widowhood, and the remainder after her deaih to the said Robert Williams, his natural son, in fee; that the said Robert Williams hath lately become felo de se, leaving neither "wife nor legal issue of his body, whereby the estate of the said Robert Willians in lands, slaves and personalities, whether in possession or remainder, is escheated and transferred io the commonwealth: And whereas application hath been made by Mace Freeland, brother of the said James Freeland, and uncle and heir on the part of the fatlier to the said Robert Williams, to vest the whole estate so devised by the said James Freeland to the said Robert Williams, equally among the said Mace Freeland, Spice Pendleton his sister, and Elizabeth Jones, to the latter of whom the said Robert Williams was engaged to be married, and by her left issue, and it is judged expedient and just so to do:
II. Be it therefore enacted, That the whole estate, real and personal, devised as aforesaid by the said James Freeland to the said Robert Williams, whether in possession or remainder, shall be, and the same is hereby vested equally among the said Mace Freeland, Spice Pendleton, and Elizabeth Jones, and their res spective heirs and assigns,
Chapter LXXIX in original.]
[Chan. Rev. p. 163 ) See November 1781, c. 40.
An art to amend the act for ascer
taining certain taxes and dulies,
1. WHEREAS from the late cruel ravages of the enemy and destruction of private property, together with the great burthens already borne by the good people of this state, it is necessary to give them every possible alleviation in the payment of taxes required
for the support of the war; Be it therefore enacted, Collection of taxes divid.
half of the taxes imposed by an act intituled, ed.
"An act for ascertaining certain taxes and duties, and
well dressed and fitted for the purpose of making
ception of other specifics, and at the price of eight shilNew places lings per pound for every deer skin, and that the towns
of Manchester, Dumfries, Harrodsburg, and of Falspecifics.
mouth, be, and the same are hereby added to those ap-
failure may happen, shall appoint one or more collec-
rity and do the duty required of the sheriff by the said
act inflicts a forfeiture of one hundred pounds on any ced. proprietor er proprietors of land, his, her or their ten
ant, attorney or overseer; or in case of infants, his, her
V. And be it further enacted, That iostead of a list Explanation
VÍ. And be it further enacted, That all duties and Duties on
VII. And be it further enacted, That the sheriff or Sheriff to
Allowanceto VIII. And be it further enacted, That in future the pay
and allowance to the commissioners for assessing ers. lands, shall be the sum of seven shillings and six pence. each per day, and no more.
How lands & IX. And be it further enacted, That so much of in goods dis
said act as declares, that where any distress shall be trained shall be sold,
made pursuant to the said act, and ihe lands, goods or chaitels will not sell for three fourths of their value, in the opinion of the officer making such distress, the same shall be sold for three months credit, in the same manner as goods taken by fieri facias, shall be repealed: And in all such cases as aforesaid, the officer making such distress, shall sell the lands, goods or chattels só distriined, for one inonth's credit, and shall take sufficient security residing in the county, 'for the payment thereof; and in case the saine shall not be paid within the said one month, such officer is hereby authorized and required to make immediate distress on the lands, goods or chattels of such purchaser or purchasers, his. her or their security or securities, and proceed to sel? the same for the best price that can be got in ready money.
X. And whereas the mode prescribed by the said recited act for recovering the duties bonded with the
collectors will admit of great delay in the collection; Bonded du- for remedy whereof, Be it enacted, That it shall and able on mo. may be lawful to and for the said collectors to recover tion. the said duties so bonded, by motion made in the gen
eral court, or the county court wherein the principal or either of his securities respectively reside, and such court shall give judgment for the sum due on sucii bonds, with costs, and interest of five per centum on the same until paid. Provided always, Ten days previous notice in writing shall be given by such collector to the person or persons so to be moved against.
XI. And be it further enacted, That the court of Power to of. ficers in Wil: hustings of the city of Williamsburg, and the serjeant liamsburg
for the said city, shall have the same power to proceed in the execution of the said recited act as the county courts and the respective sheriffs.
XII. And whereas Robert Morris, esquire, superinMorris's tendant of the finances of these United States, hath by notes to be his letter bearing date the twenty-ninth day of April received.
last, given assurance to this state, that his potes of the following tenor, to wit: “At sight pay to the bearer
dollars, for which this shall be your sufficient warrant;" signed Robert Morris, and directed to John Swanwick, Philadelphia, shall be received at the treasury of the United States in discharge of any debt due
from this state, and hath therefore requested that the same may
be taken in payment of taxes: And whereas the receiviog such notes in the present circumstances of the country will lend greatly to the relief of the peo.. ple in the payment of their taxes; Be it therefore enact: ed, That the sheriffs and collectors shall receive all bills of the above tenor that may be offered them in discharge of taxes due, or which may become due in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, by virtue of an act intituled, " An act for ascertaining certain taxes and duties, and for establishing a permanent revenue,'
," which bills or notes the sheriffs or collectors shall account for and bona fide páy into the treasury. And in case any sheriff or collector shali fail to account with and pay to the treasurer for the time being, all the notes or bills of the above description he may receive for taxes, he shall forfeit and pay double the amount of the said notes he shall have so collected, to be sued for and recovered in the manner directed by the above recited act, for the recovery of other penalties therein mentioned.
XII. And whereas the practice of granting certifi- Militia or micates for militia service, and of issuing treasury re- litary çertifi: ceipts thereupon anticipating the revenue bath obtain-cates when ed to the great prejudice of the public and the derange- ed for taxes, ment of the finances, and it is necessary and essential to the public interest that every anticipation of the pubļic revenue should be most explicitly forbidden and prevented; Be it therefore enacted, That no certificates, receipts or warrants for militia or military service, except receipts given under the act for supplying the south. ern army with waggons and horses, and except also certificates granted for money advanced agreeable to a requisition of the governor and council of the twentyeighth of February, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, for recruiting soldiers, shall be received in disebarge of the taxes imposed by the act “For ascer. taining certain taxes and duties, and for establishing a permanent révenue;" and that the several sheriffs or collectors of taxes or duties in this commonwealth, shall not be allowed to discount any such certificates, receipts or warrants issued by virtue of any former law, and by them received or to be received for their respective collections; but judgment shall be given in manner directed by the said recited act against the
to be receive