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FOR THE WAR.

Officers allowed one third, in adTo a Colonel,

5000 acres dition to former bounty, by act of Lieutenant colonel, 4500 October, 1780, ch. 27, sec. 4. (See

Officers and soldiers, allowed one 4000 vol. 10. pa. 375.)

Soldiers, who serve to the end of sixta, in addition to former bounties, Captain, 3000

for every years service over six.
Subaltern,

2000
Non-commissioned

the war, allowed 300 acres, in lieu May 1782, ch. 47, sec. 9.

of former bounty, by act of October,
officer,

400 1780, ch. 3. (See vol. 10, pa. 331.)*
Soldier or sailor. 200
Non-commissioned
officer,

200

For three years.
Soldier or sailor, - 100
To a major general, 15,000

By act of October, 1780, ch. 27, sec, 4.
Brigadier general. 10,000
This allowance of 300 acres of land, to soldiers, who should serve to the end of the war, having been overlooked, in practice
has given rise to many conjectures. It has been supposed either that the law had been repealed, or that as the provision contained
in the same clause, for granting a negro, or sixty pounds at the option of the soldier, ltad never been demanded, some other law had
been passed, which superseded this act. Vo these objections, it may be answered,

1. That no law repealing that of October 1780, ch 3, giving the bounty of 300 acres of land, ean be found on our statute book.
On the contrary, an act of the next session (March, 1731, eh 2,) expressly recognizes it as being in forse, and gives further time for
carrying so ne of its provisions, which were executory, into effect. Indeed it cannot be conceived how a law vesting such absolute
rights, could be repealed 2. The depreciation of paper inoney was so great, at this period, that it was no longer an inducement to
offer it. The negro, or the sixty pounds was intended to make good the pay; the land was a gratuity, a bounty By a subsequent law
(November 1781, ch. 19) reciting the depreciation of paper money, and expressing the disposition of the legislature to do. justice
to the officers and soldiers, their whole pay is made good from the 1st of January, 1777, thus superseding the act of October, 1780
as to the pay, but not as to the bounty.

Cession of Cession of North Western territory. ern territory.

Oị this important subject, a number of papers were inserted at the end of the tenth volume. The resolution of Virginia, for ceding the north-western territory to the United States, commences on page 564.

This resolution was printed verbatim from the original manuscript, preserved in the clerk's office of the house of delegates. In a note to page 565, the editor has expressed his conviction, that the words "and upon their own state establishment," which are in the original, were accidently omitted in the copy, sent to the governor, ør in some subsequent proceedings founded upon it. He is now satisfied that the mistake originated in the first copy of the resolụtion, made for the governor, in the clerk's office of the house of delegates. In the original manuscript, the word “establishment occurs in the first and last word of the line, as in the following extract, which is printed, word for word, and line for line with the original.

That in case the quantity of good lands of the

south-east side of the Ohio upon the waters of Cumberland river and between the Green river and the i'enissee riper which have been reserved by laro "for the Virginia Troops' upon continental establishment and upon their pun state establishment should (from the North Carolina line bearing in further nyon the Cumberland lands those was excepted) prove insufficient for their legal bounties the deficiency shall be made up to the said troops in good lands to be laid off between

the rivers Scioto and tittle Miamis on the north west side of the river Ohio in such proportions as have been engaged to them by the laws of Virginia."

The eye of the copyist, after writing the word Westablishment," where it first occurs, glanced at the original, and seeing the same word again at the end of the line, passed on to the next line; a circumstance which frequently occurs in copying.

The following résolution of congress, of the 13th of September 1783, which professes to recite all the conditions of our resolụtion for ceding the north western territory, omits the words and upon their owo state establishment," which is conclusive proof that those fords were not contained in the copy sent by the gover

nor, to our delegates in congress, because all the other Cession of conditions being truly recited, that stipulatiog the reser

north-west

ern territory. vation of laod for the officers and soldiers, would also have contained the words sand upon their owo state establishment” had they been in the copy...

BY THE UNITED STATES in CONGRESS ASSEMBLED.

September 13th, 1783. Congress resumed the consideration of the report of the committee on the Virginia cession and the same being amended, to read as follows:

* The committee, to whom were referred the act of the legislature of Virginia, of the 2nd of January -4781, and the report thereon, report, that they have considered the several matters referred to them, and observe that the legislature of Virginia by their act of the 2d of January, 1781 resolved that they would yield to the congress of the United States for the benefit of the said states, all right, title and claim which the said commoawealth hath to the lands north-west of the river Ohio, upon the following conditions, viz: Sini

- 1st. That the territory so ceded should be laid out
and formed into states, containing a suitable extent of
territory, not less than one hundred, nor more than one
hundred and fifty, miles square, or as near thereto as
circumstances would-admii; and that the states so form-
ed should be distinct republican states, and admitted
members of the federal union, having the same rights
of sovereignty, freedom, and independence as the other
states.
-2d. That Virginia should be allowed and fully re-
imbursed by the United states, her actual expences
in reducing the British posts at the Kaskaskies and
St. Vincents; the expence of maintaining garrisons and
supporting civil goveryment there since the reduction
of the said posts, and in general all the charge she has
incurred on account of the country on the north-west
side of the Ohio river since the commencement of the
present war.

3. That the French and Canadian inhabitants, and other setulers of the Kaskaskies, St. Vincents and the neighbouring villages, who have professed" themselves citizens of Virginia, should have their possessions and

Cession of titles confirmed to them, and should be protected in the north-westoro territory, enjoyment of their rights and liberties, for which pur

pose treops should be stationed there at the charge of the United States, to protect there from the encroachments of the British forces at Detroit, or elsewhere, unless the events of the war'should render it impracticable.

4th. As colonel George Rogers Clarke planned and executed the secret expedition by which the British posts were reduced, and was promised, if the enterprize succeeded, a liberal ġratuity in lands in that country, for the officers and soldiers who first marched thither with him; that a quantity of land not exceeding one hundred and fifty thousand acres, should be allowed and granted to the said officers and soldiers and the other officers and soldiers that have been since incorporated into the said regiment, to be laid off in one tract, the length of which not to exceed double the breadth in such place, on the north-west side of the Ohio,' as the majority of the officers should choose; and to be afterwards divided among the said officers and soldiers in due proportion, according to the laws of Virginia.

5th. That in case the quantity of good lands on the south-east side of the Ohio, upon the waters of Comberland river, and between the Green river and Tenessee river, which have been reserved by law for the Virginia troops upon continental establishment; should from the North Carolina line bearing in further upon the Cumberland lands than was expected, prove insufficient for their legal bouncies, the deficiency should be made ap to the said troops in good lands; to be laid off between the rivers Seioto and Little Miamis, on the north-west side of the river Ohio, in such proportions as have been engaged to thein by the laws of Virginia.

6th. That all the lands within the territory so'ceded to the United States, and not reserved for, or appropri"ated to any of the before mentioned purposes, or disposed of in bounties to the officers and soldiers of the American army, should be considered as a common fund for the use and benefit of such of the United American States as have become or shall become members of the confederation or fæderal alliance of the said -states, Virginia inclusive, according to their usual res*pective proportious in the generał charge and expenditure, and should be faithfully and bona fide disposed

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of for that purpose, and, for no other use or purpose

Cession of whatsoever.

north-west

ern ters tory. - 7th. And therefore that all purchases and deeds from any ludiau or Indians or from any Indian 'vation or nations, for any lands within any part of the said territory, which have been or should be made for the use or benefit of any private person or persons whatsoever, and royal grants within the ceded territory, inconsisteni with the chartered rights, laws and customs of Virgioia, should be deemed and declared absolutely void and of no effect, in the same manner as if the said terrim tory bad still remained subject to, and part of the commonwealth of Virginia."

8thThat all the remaining territory of Virginia included between the Atlantic ocean' and the south-east side of the river Ohio, and the Maryland, Pennsylvania and North Carolina boundaries should be guaran teed to the commonwealth of Virginia by the said United States. - Whereupon your committee are of opinion, that the first condition is provided for by the act of congress of the 10th of Octaber 1780. That in order to comply witb the second condition so far as has been heretofore provided for by the act of the 10th October 1780 it is agreed that one commissioner should be appointed by congress, one by the state of Virginia, and another by those two commissioners, who ar a majority of whom, should be authorized and empowered to adjust and lia quidate the account of the necessary and reasonable expences incurred by the said state which they may judge to be comprized, within the true intent and meaning of the said recited aci..

With respect to the third condition the committee are of opinion, that the settlers therein described, should have their possessions and titles confirmed to them and be protected in the enjoyment of their rights and liberties.

Your committee are further of opinion that the fourth, fifth, and sixth conditions being reasonable, should be agreed to by congress.

With respect to the seventh condition your committee are or opinion, that it would be improper for congress, to declare the purchases and grants therein mentioned, absolutely void and of no effect, and that the

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