Questions to exercise Multiplication and Division. 1. What will 9 tuns of hay come to, at 14 dollars a tun ? Ans. $136, 2. If it take 320 rods to make a mile, and every rod contain 51 yards ; how many yards are there in a mile ? Ans. 1760. 3. Sold a ship for 11516 dollars, and I owned of her ; what was my part of the money ? $8637. 4. In 276 barrels of raisins, each 3} cwt. how many hundred weight ? Ans. 966 cwt. 5. In 36 pieces of cloth, each piece containing 24 yards ; how many yards in the whole ? Ans. 873 yds. 6. What is the product of 161 multiplied by itself? Ans. 25921. 7. If a man spend 492 dollars a year, what is that per calendar month ? Ans. $41. 8. A privateer of 65 men took a prize, which being equally divided among them, amounted to 1191. per man ; what is the value of the prize ? Ans. $7735. 9. What number multiplied by 9, will make 225 ? Ans. 25. 10. The quotient of a certain number is 457, and the divisor 8; what is the dividend ? Ans. 3656. 11. What cost 9 yards of cloth, at 3s. per yard ? Ans. 278. 12. What cost 45 oxen, at gl. per head? Ans. £360. 13. What cost 144 lb. of Indigo, at 2 dols. 50 cts. Ol 250 cents per lo. Ans. $360. 14. Write down four thousand six hundred and seventeen, multiply it by twelve, divide the product by nine, and add 365 to the quotient, then from that sum subtract five thousand five hundred and twenty-one, and the remainder will be just 1000. Try it and see. COMPOUND ADDITION, Is the adding of several numbers together, having dif ferent denominations, but of the same generic kind, as pounds, shillings and pence, &c. Tuns, hundreds, quar ters, &c. RULE.* 1. Place the numbers so that those of the same denom. ination may stand directly under each other. 2. Add the first column or denomination together, as in whole numbers ; then divide the sum by as many of the same denomination as makc one of the next greater ; setting down the remainder under the column added, and car ry the quotient to the next superior denomination, continuing the same to the last, which add, as in simple addition. 1. STERLING MONEY, Is the money of account in Great-Britain, and is reck oncd in Pounds, Shillings, Pence and Farthings. See the Pence Tables. * Tire reason of this rue 18 evident: For, addition of this money, as 1 o the peace is equal to 4 N. he farthings; 1 in the shillings, to 12 in the pence; and 1 in the pounds, to 20 in the shillings; therefore carrying as directed, is the arranging the money, arising from each column, prop: erly in the scale of denominations : and this reasoning will hold good in the addition of compound numbers of any denomuidtion whatever. 12 $ d. qr: EXAMPLES. f. S. d. What is the sum total of 471. 138. 47 13 6 60.-191. 2s. 9£d.--141. 10s. 11 d. 19 2 91 and 121. Os. 13da Thus 14 10 11 9 Answer, £. 93 16 (4) 11 4 2 13 10 2 75 13 4 3 15 10 9 1 10 17 3 50 17 8 2 1 0 1 1 .8 7 20 10 10 1 3 9 8 3 Y. (7) f. 47 17 6 2 7 17 10 3 541 0 0 0 3 9 10 3 60 6 8 0 711 9 8 1 59 17 11 2 7 14 11 2 918 6 9 3 317 16 9 3 18 19 9 3 140 10 1 762 19 10 1 91 15 8 2 300 19 11 3 407 17 6 2 18 17 10 3 48 10 7 3 1 19 9 5 0 1 2 0 14 9 3 d. gr. d. qr. d. qr (10) £. S. d. 97 11 65 20 0 144 1 10 17 11 9 9 16 10 19 94 19 9' 4 234 11 101 180 14 6 421 10 31 341 10 16 9 D* £. $. d. 11. find the amount of the following $ums, viz. 421. 138. 5d.lll. 10s.--4l. 178. 8d.-131. Os. 70.-195.41d.–277. and 151. 6s. Ans. £. 115 7 01 12. Add 3041. 5s. and 0.1d.—-341. 198. 7..--71. 18s. 5d. 2471. Os. 11d.-19s. 6d. 1qr. and 45l. together. Ans. £. 640 38. 5 d. 13. Find the sum total of 141. 195. 6d.-11l. 4s. 9d.251. 108.-_41. Os. Od.31. 5s. 8d.--19s. Od. and Os. ód. Ans. £. 60 Os. 5d. 14. Find the amount of the following sums, viz. Forty pounds, nine shillings, d. Sixty-four pounds and nine pence, Ninety-five pounds, nineteen shillings, Seventeen shillings and 4;d. Ans. £. 2016 1} S. 15. How much is the sum of Ans. £. 10 Os. 101d 16. Bought a quantity of goods for 1251. 108. paid for truckage, forty-five shillings, for freight, seventy-nine shillings and six pence, for duties, thirty-five shillings and ten pence, and my expenses were fifty-three shillings and nine pence ; what did the goods stand me in? Ans. £. 136 48. 1d. 17. Six men took a prize, and having divided it equally amongst them, eachi man shared two hundred and forty pounds, thirteen shillings and seven pence; how much money did the whole prize amoumt to ? Ans. £. 1444 15. 60. |