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24. How did the Israelites of old act towards God's Holy Spirit?
They rebelled, and vexed his Holy Spirit. (63 Is. 10.)
25. What did Stephen say of their continuing this sin ;and how was he supported ?
* Ye do always resist the Holy Ghost : as your fathers did, so do ye.-He, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God. (7 Ac. 51, 55.)
26. What cautions are given to guard against offending the Holy Spirit ?
Grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption. (4 Eph. 30.)
Quench not the Spirit. (1. Thes. 5. 19.)
27. How does the wilful sinner dare to act towards the Holy Spirit?
And hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace. (10 Heb. 29.) 28. Did the Holy Spirit speak by the ancient prophets ?
Well spake the Holy Ghost, by Esaias the prophet, unto our fathers. (28 Ac. 25.)
29. What did the Holy Spirit reveal unto Simeon ?
It was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death before he had seen the Lord's Christ. (2 Lk. 26.)
30. Did Christ promise his disciples the aids of the Holy Spirit to assist their memories ?
* The Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance whatsoever I have said unto you. (14 Jn. 26.)
31. What weapon is employed by the Holy Spirit ? The sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. (6 Eph. 17.)
32. Does the Holy Spirit invite us to receive salvation ?
And the Spirit and the Bride say, Come. And let him that heareth, say, Come. And let him that is athirst, come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.. (22 Rev. 17.)
VI. OF SIN.
Entrance of sin-- Universality of Power over the heart
and mind-Aggravations and effects of God observes sin -His holy law-Confessions of sin.
1. How did God create man?
God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. (7 Ec. 29.)
2. How did sin enter into the world ?
By one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned. (5 Ro. 12.)
3. How did the Psalmist acknowledge his original depravity ?
Behold I was shapen in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me. (51 P. 5.)
4. Is this depravity soon manifested by sinners ? They go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies. (58 P.3.)
5. Is there any one that sinneth not ?
There is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good and sinneth not. (7 Ec. 20.)
There is none righteous, no not one. (3 Ro. 10.) 6. Is every individual in all the world guilty before God ?
The Lord looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand and seek God. They are all gone aside; they are altogether become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no not one. (14 P.2,3.)
All have sinned, and come short of the glory of God. (3 Ro. 23.)
The Scripture hath concluded all under sin. (3 Gal. 22.) The whole world lieth in wickedness. (I. Jn. 5. 19.)
7. What was the character of the Ephesians when unconverted ?
Who were dead in trespasses and sins. (2 Eph. 1.)
8. Does God particularly censure the sins of his professing people?
I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me. The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib; but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider. (1 Is. 2, 3.)
9. What is the character of the human heart?
The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked : who can know it? (17 Jer. 9.)
10. Does God notice the wickedness of man's heart?
God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. (6 Gn. 5.)
11. What sins arise out of the heart ? From within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness í all these evil things come from within, and defile the man. (7 Mr. 21, 22, 23.)
12. What is the carnal mind ?
The carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. (8 Ro. 7.)
13. What are the world's pursuits ?
The last of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life. (I. Jn. 2. 16.)
14. Is it the tendency of sin to deceive and harden ?
He that, being often reproved, hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy. (29 Pr. 1.)
Lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. (3 Heb. 13.)
15. Does the love of sin blind the mind ?
This is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. (3Jn. 19.)
15. Are the wicked happy?
The wicked are like the troubled sea when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt. There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked. (57 Is. 20, 2
, 21.) 17. Will sin be certainly discovered ? Be sure your sin will find you out. (32 Num. 23.) 18. Does God observe our most secret sins ?
Thou hast set our iniquities before thee: our secret sins in the light of thy countenance. (90 P.8.)
19. Is sin the transgression of God's law ?
Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law, for sin is the transgression of the law. (I.Jn. 3.4.)
20. What sentence does God's holy law pass against sin? The soul that sinneth, it shall die. (18 Ezk.4 and 20.)
Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. (3 Gal. 10.)
21. In what situation does the holy law of God place
That every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. (3 Rom. 19.)
22. Is the true penitent desirous of acknowledging his sins?
How many are mine iniquities and sins! Make me to know my transgression and my sin. (13 Job 23.)
23. How do those act who deny or conceal their sins ?
If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgiye us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us. (I. Jn. 1. 8, 9, 10.)
He that covereth his sins shall not prosper; but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy. (28. Pr. 13.)
24. How did Job acknowledge his sinfulness?
If I justify myself, mine own mouth shall condemn me: if I say, I am perfect, it shall also prove me perverse. (9 Job 20.)
Behold, I am vile: what shall I answer thee? I will lay mine hand upon my mouth. (40 Job 4.)
25. How did David confess his sins?
I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid: I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the Lord: and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. (32P:5.)
26. What did Daniel confess? O Lord, righteousness belongeth unto thee; but unto us shame and confusion of faces. (9 Dan.
1.7.) 27. Does sin separate between God and man?
Behold, the Lord's hand is not shortened, that it cannot save; neither his ear heavy, that it cannot hear: but your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear. (59 Is. 1, 2.)
vii. OF THE PARDON OF SIN.—THE ATONEMENT OF CHRIST.-REPENT
Mercy undeserved-We are unable to save ourselves-God willing to save-Christ and his atonement-Repentance
-The pardoned Penitent blessed.
1. Has God treated us as our sins have deserved ?
He hath not dealt with us after our sins, nor rewarded us according to our iniquity. (103 P. 10.)
If thou, Lord, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand? But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared. (130 P.3, 4.)