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and we would wait without dismay for sources, so long as we remain at peace, whatever events he may see fit-to send are continually increasing; her empire

is enlarged and consolidated; her naval We congratulate our country on the and military power is strong for every favourable state of our finances. Mr. purpose of self-defence, beyond the exAddington has stated that a permanent ample of former periods; and disconBritish peace establishment, scarcely tent and faction are greatly lessened. inferior to that which we now possess, Her rival, indeed, is also powerful, bemay be maintained out of our present yond all former precedent; and the acincome ; and he has also given notice, tions of the Chief Consul shew, that we that in order to defray the six or eight can place no confidence in his profesmillions of extraordinary expenses of sions. Our chief danger, however, is the present year, which the war has en- from ourselves; and there are vices in tailed, no loan will be necessary, the a state, which arise even out of its prosconversion of Exchequer Bills into perity. Let us cultivate a pure and Stock, being the measure intended to mild religion, as the best corrective, as be resoried to. In consequence of this, well as preventive, of every national the funds have risen rapidly, and omni- evil; a religion, out of which subordium is now at a discount of not more nation, order, and morality, grow as than from 2 to 3 per cent.

from their natural root ; a religion, The goodness of Divine Providence, which, though not of this world, leads in favouring us with a plentiful harvest, to every worldly benefit that is worth is another subject of comfortable re- possessing; and then, being strong in flection at the close of the present year. the favour of the Almighty, we shall be

On the whole, Great Britain has in little danger from our enemies; and abundant cause for thankfulness. Her may consider ourselves to be in poso, temporal prosperity is great; her trade session of real peace, happiness, and and manufactures are thriving; her l'e- security.



To the Christian Observer.

and reverence.” He received the great doc

trines of the Gospel, with all readiness of mind, As you seem ready to admit into your Obituary and uniformly acted under the influence of any authentic account of deceased persons, them, from early youth to the end of his days. who are eminently pious or useful in their ge A principle of religious reverence of faith and neration, I beg leave io transmit to you a love towards our Lord Jesus Christ, evidently character of this kind He was one of your appeared, not only in public and social worconstant readers, and a member of my congre. ship, but in every transaction and relation of gation during five and twenty years. The sad life in which he was engaged The diligence event, which has shed a gloom far beyond the and success with which he conducted his circle in which I move, was thus announced mercantile concerns, was not greater than that to the public, in one of the York papers. "On with which he served God and his generation, Friday, November 26th, died of a violent fever, His religious and social affections were always to the unspeakable grief of his family and in action. Every charitable institution, within friends, Mr. John Hepworth, merchant, one of his reach, enjoyed his countenance and libethe sheriffs of this city. He was a person of ral support. Not content, like many others, the most active benevolence and strict inte- with giving his money freeiy, he gave also, grity; a good husband and father; a generous what they are not disposed to give, his time friend; a loyal subject; a seful citizen and and his labour, and in one or more instances a sincere Christian. "The loss of such a man, rendered effectual service to a public charity, who had scarcely reached the 40th year of his by detecting abuses, and retrieving its finances age, will be long rerr embered and deeply re from the injurious effects of jobs and misapgretted.” This testimony is true. The loss plication. In all such exertions, as well as in sustained, not only by his family and friends, bis religious profession, he was undaunted but by society at large, will not easily be re. and persevering. No frowns or snecřs could paired. To me, whom he considered as his drive him from his purpose. He feared God spiritual father, and the guide of his youth, he and had no other fear. He was never weary was ever kind and attentive ; and I can say of in well doing whatever ungrateful treatment him what, I think, Dr Johnson said of his he met with frient Mr. 'Thrale, “those eyes are closed, His private deeds of mercy are fully known which never beheld me but with mingled love to him only, who will reward them at the last

day ; but the widow's tears that have been ed with this godly and faithful man, and is shed at his death, and the many poor families qualified to form a right judgment on the subwhich have risen up and called bim blessed, ject, will hesitate in pronouncing him to have shew that these charities were large and ex been a child of God and an heir of salvation. tensive.

W. R. Every call of duty he cheerfully obeyed, however it might hurt bis ease and interest. We are sorry to be obliged to defer the He gave a remarkable proof of this when lie joined some of his peaceable and loyal fellow insertion of a Letter from Senex, yivcitizens in arming for the maintenance of so. ing an account of the death of another cial order, during the late times of danger and son, but it will appear in our next. alarm. He was one of that respectable body of cavalry, which was formed in the city of York, and underwent the trouble and ex

DEATHS. pense attending it with his usual zeal and On Friday, Dec 10, at the house of the Rev. spirit. His religion had taught him not to James Bean, in Carshalton, Miss Higgins. meddle with thein that are given to change; This lady, though frequently in extreme dan. but to fear God, honour the King, and obey ger from babitual ill-liealth, was called out of every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake. The world at a time, when neither she, nor Hence his loyalty and attachment to the con those about her, bad any apprehension of the stitution of his country, both in Church and event. This circumstance deserres notice as State, remained unshaken, amidst the spirit of a particular warning to those sickly persons, faction and insubordination th appeared in who trom unexpected recoveries frequently this and other places of the land. He was a repeated, grow familiar with danger, and are steady and consistent member of the esta at last surprised by death, though often loudly blished Church, though without bigotry. He suminoned to prepare for their departure. loved all, in every denomination of Christians, Happy, however, will it be for all our readers, who appeared to love the Lord Jesus Christ if they be found as ready for the change, as in sincerity, without approving the divisions the person was whose unexpected end sugand scismatical proceedings that have dis- gests these serious reflections graced the late revivals of practical religion. At York, Hugh Robinson, Esq a Rear AdIn his temper he was generous, candied, and miral in the Navy. forgiving: for he had much of that excellent in the 68th year of his age, Mr. Sewell, grace of " charity, which suffereth long and is Bookseller, of Cornbill kind; which thinketu no evil, but hopeih all Nov 6. The Rev. Pell Akehurst, Rector of things, and endureth all things; which rejoic. Buckland. Herifordshire. eth not in iniquity but rejoiceth in the truth.” Aged 71, Mr. Allan, of Sloane Street. His death, which happened on the very day Nov. 9 At Cambridge, Rev. John Warter, when he had invited the leading members of M. A. of Shrewsbury. the corporation, and some of the principal in. Nov. 11. At Longworth, Berks, in the 90th habi'ants, to the usual feast given by the year of his age, the Rev. John Williams, Rec. sheriffs of York, affords a lesson of instruc- tor of that Parish. tion to the living, which may be disregarded Nov. 17. At Frostenden, in Suffolk, the Rev. but cannot be misunderstood. The fever Christopher Sincar. which carried him off, and from which no Lately, in his 913t year, Rowles Scudamore, danger was at first apprehended, soon increase Esq. a justice of the peace for Gloucestershire, ed to such an alarming height as to overwhelm and the oldest barrister in England. all bis mental faculties, and render him inca. Nov. 22. Mrs. Robertson, wife of the Rer. pable of expressing either his hopes or his A. Robertson, Savilian Professor of Geometry fears. Should we judge of his Christian cha. in the University of Oxford. racter and future doom by the dying sayings Dec. 15. Ai Shadwell, Thomas Dykes, which he uttered, we might consider both as Esq. of a sudden and violent spasın in his dubious. But no one, who was well acquaint, stomach.


A FRIEND, whom we highly value, having expressed an opinion, that our notes on Mr. Bogue's

Letter, pp 738 and 740, tended to establish in their full latitude, the doctrines of divine right and passive obedience, we think it right to say a few words on the subject, with a view of satisfying our respectable correspondent, as well as any other of our readers who inay have adopted a similar idea. The note, p. 738, is no more ihan a partial extract from our Review of Mr Bogue's Essay, pp 113. 114. By turning to pp 115 and 110, of the same review, it will be seen that several guards were interposed to prevent the inference which our friend has drawn. We wish, however, particularly to refer him to our Number for May, p. 322, where

Christ. Obsery. No, 12.

5 N

our next.

he will find our views expressed, with still more precision, by B. T. of whose sentiments we have testified our approbation. We shall only add, that in mentioning Acts v. 29, as affording the only scriptural limitation to the command of yielding submission to Civil Govern, ment, we meant to consider the duty of obeying God ratber than man, not merely as confined to that undisguised and compulsory alternative to which St. Peter was brought ; but as includ. ing all those cases, in which we may be required to depart from the general rule of submis. sion, by the will of God, either clearly expressed in scripture or fairly and legitimately deducible from it; for his will, we would strenuously maintain, must ever be the measure,

not only of submission or resistance to Civil Government, but of every duty whatsoever. The following communications have recently come to hand, viz. JUVENIS; J F H.; ECCLE.

SIÆ ALUMNUS; P.; CLERICUS Surriensis; T. S. F.; P. J.; J. S.; 0. E. A. ; E F. G.;

and JAMES. We are greatly indebted to the modesty and candour of S. R. O., and we avail ourselves of it. We recognise with pleasure the hand-writing and name of W. R. If T B. will read Archbishop Usher's Answer to the Challenge of a Jesuit, article “Of the

Limbus Patrum and Christ's descent into hell;" and also Pearson on the Creed, he will

probably meet with a satisfactory solution of his difficulties. J. P. N. if he turn to the 3rd chapter of St. Luke, will find, that not only was Joseph the reput

ed father of Christ, but his mother, Mary also, lineally descended from David. With the utmost accuracy, therefore, has that prophecy been fulfilled to which J. P. N. refers, Psalm cxxxii. ver. 11. " of the fruit of thy body will i set upon thy throne;" nor does it appear necessary to resort to the mude proposed by him of considering a mere alliance of affinity as a

sufficient fulfilment of it. F's communication contains some good things, but expressed in so quaint a style, that we can.

not with propriety insert it. We have replied by post to the favour of A CONSCIENTIous DEACON. The communication of a FRIEND, we shall insert with pleasure. Custos on the propriety of uniting the ministerial and magisterial functions, will appear in We are greatly obliged to a correspondent who subscribes himself O, for his friendly counsel,

which we take in good part, and shall endeavour to profit by. With some of his opinions, however, we do not cordially concur; and we take this mode of expressing our dissent, only because he has given us no opportunity of private communication. Our correspondent cen. sures us for recommending the writings of Dissenters, and he particularizes the sermons of Mr. Jay. If he could have shewn either that our commendation, in this instance, had been excessive or unjust, or that the sermons in question contained principles inimical to the Church of England, we should have stood corrected for our want of discrimination and vigilance. But if, whatever be their imperfections, they tend, in these degenerate days, to raise the tone of practical piety, without betraying any sectarian leanings, we think ourselves bound to recommend them. Even the Anti-Jacobin Reviewers have candour enough to yield their tribute of almost unqualified commendation to Fuller and Hall, some of whose writings we concur with them in wishing to be widely diffused. But upon our correspondent's principles, we must banish from our libraries not only Fuller and Hall, but Owen, and Baxter, and Leland, and Lardner, and Watts, and Dnddridge, unless a certain lapse of years is to be considered as divesting the writings of Dissenters of their power 10 injure either the Church or

We are hopeless of retaining the cordial support of any individuals, who think we ought to adopt such principles And if the pious, zealous, and useful clergyman, to whom our correspondent alludes, and for whose character we entertain a very profound respect, should execute his purpose of exchanging ours for a more congenial work, we may regret his determination, but we cannot, therefore, change our plan or recede from our principles. After the above censure, we were not greatly surprised that 0. should think the Christian Observer “not sufficientiy decided for the church," and that its conductors have been “ desirous to curry favour with Dissenters » On this point, he and SectARIUS PACIFICUS (see p. 806) are at issue. Had o perused the answers to correspondents in our last number, he

would, probably, have thought his remarks on our blue cover unnecessary The correspondent who has kindly pointed out what he conceives to be a mistake with respect

to Irenæuis and Polycarp, we apprehend has not reail the passage with sufficient attention.

(See p. 729, col. 1, line 1 to 24 ) We ought to apologize to the author of the Sunday Water Party, for the delay which has taken

place inserting it, and which was owing chiefly to its length. We hope to favoured with his future correspondence.


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577 China, Public Affairs

Abstracts of Sermons 150, 213, 214, 490


129, 610
Accountableness of Man
430 Christ, on Preaching

Advice to the Christian Observer


Christian Observer's Theological Senti-
603, 663, 719

Africa, Extracts from Barrow's Travels 361 Christianity, View of first Promulgation 1
Remarks concerning


Causes of supposed Extinc-
America, Lit. and Phil, Intelligence 127, tion, under Diocletian

397, 536, 668

Public Affairs, 133, 198, 402, 546, Christians, Hints to

616, 678, 814 Chronology, Hebrew and Samaritan, 83, 288
Mission to

539 Church, Primitive, Order of. See Primitive
Revival of Religion
670 Church of England, Anti-christian

American Religious Intelligence 812 Civil Government, Obedience to 113, 322,
Ancient Medals

Anecdotes of Alp Arsian
104 Clerical Office, Excellence of

of one of the United Brethren 2:6 Collections of Messrs Cripps and Clarke 811
of Jacobinism

302 book, &c. See Country
of Mr. Swartz

349 Clergyman.
of Diderot
366 Concordat, French

of Mr Walker

571, 630
Conduct, an Index to Heart

of Mr. Hume
650 Conversion, Query on

of Abraham Moivre

790 Co-operation, Remarks on the Term 646
of Mr. Betterton

790 Corn, barvesting in wet Weather 456
Answers to Mr. Daubeny 281, 343, 623 Coroner's Certificates

to Complaints of Unfairness 554 Corruption, Human . i3, 89, 169, 357

to Complaints of Advertisements 763 Country Clergyman's Common-place book
Anti-christian writers, candour of 300

100, 159, 299, 357, 429, 715
Anti-jacobin Review 176, 256, 325, 390

Remarks on

Anti-sectarian Sect

712 Country Squire's Letter respecting the
Articles of Religion, Subscriptior. to, 26, 92, Clergymen of his Parish

105, 294, 522, 531 Critical Review

Auricular Christianity
710 Cruelty to Brutes

Authority of the Scriptures

421 Customs, Religious, among the Common

155, 299 Cyclopaedia, Chambers's

Mr. Jones's View of, considered 767
Barbarv, Public Affairs 401, 467, 546 Deaf and Dumb Academy

Barrow's Travels in Africa
361 Death of an Idint, an Elegy

Beveridge, Bishop's Sermon
414 Deaths, Rev Mr. Swartz

Biblical Criticisms, 6, 350, 489, 559, 695,

Duke of Bedford

Lord Kenyon

Blagdon Controversy

Miss Thornton

Bleaching, new Method

Miss H B

Bonaparte's Election for Life

Senex's Son

Bray's, Dr. Association


British Critic
324, 453, 665 Definitive Treaty

Brutes, Cruelty to
504 Deists, Account of

Bull baiting
564, 405, 434, 548 Denmark, Public Affairs

131, 198
Burial Service

159, 298, 502
Lit. and Pbil. Inte!l.

45, 668
Descent into Crater of Vesuvius

Candles, Mode of increasing Light from 811 Dignity of Man

Candour and Charity, want of

4.25 Dissenter's

52, 161, 326, 809, 818
Canon 28,

6:9 Disuse of Scripture Language
Catechism, King Edward's, 10, 83, 150, 214 Docks, West India, &c.

473, 616
Causes of late War
611 Doctrinal Distinctions

Censuring the Translation of the Bible 651 Domestic Uccurrences

12, 136, 473, 752
Ceylon, Siate of Religion

330 Dreams
Chaldee Paraphrases,
34 Dry. Rot in Buildings

Charity, Cant of
806 Duties of the Great

15, 9

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East Indies, Public Affairs 132, 198, 275 Holy Resolutions

401, 545, 615, 754, 814 Horæ Vectenses

Lit, and Phil. Intelligence 606 Horses kept from foundering

128, 193, 540 Hottentots, Mission to

361, 609
Education of Clergymen
706 House of Commons, List of

Elation of Spirits
429 Human Guilt, universal

Election, General
276, 332, 469 Human Corruption

Elegy on the Death of an Idiot
168 Hume on Miracles, answered

Establishment, Mrs. H. More's, on
Excellency of
14 Impressions

Evangelical Magazine
455, 671 Inability, natural and morai

576, 718
Events of 18th Century
62 Indelible Ink

remarkable in 1801
64 Infidelity tried

Europe, State of

672 Introductory View of Public Affairs
Ireland, Public Affairs

31, 172, 234, 316. Italy, Public Affairs, i31, 197,

275. 466,
Flax-dresser's Letters

614, 675
Foreign Occurrences

70, 134, 468

Lit and Phil. Intelligence 128, 191,
Foreign Publications See Publications.

329, 459, 668, 746
Forgiveness of sins

France, Public Affairs 130, 196, 274, 333 Jacobinism, Character of 302, 433, 507
400. 465, 542, 612, 674, 752, 813 Jewell's Apology

Account of Lyceum

40 Jewish High Priest's Prayer 502, 577
National Institute 43, 126, 190, 396 Jones, Rev Mr. View of Baptism 767
Lit. and Phil Intelligence 38, 328, Journals, Literary, Origin, Uses, &c. 34, 120
396, 458, 536, 606, 666, 744 Judging others, Sin of

Re-establishment of Religion, 261, Justification, 153, 244, 357, 371, 442, 577, 698

State of Religion

748 King Edward's. Catechism--See Cate-

102 chism.
French Liberty contrasted with British 674 King's Speech

203, 757
Friendship, Principle of

Letters of a poor Flas-dresser

Gall's Lectures on Skulls

134, 191
if Bishop Horne

160, 503
127, 187, 327, 810 of an old Clergyman

General Election

276, 32, 469

of Mr. Adam and Mr. Walker 164,
335, 405

567, 638
Germany, Public Affairs 131, 198, 275, of P. O'Leary, on the Anti-jacobin
400, 545, 614, 677, 754, 814 Review

Lit. and Phil. Intelligence 43, 127,

of a Dissenter

191, 329, 396, 459, 606, 668, 745 to the Anti-jacobin Reviewers 390
Gibraltar, Public Affairs

of Mr Swartz

Godwin, Mary Woolstonecroft


of Clemens Romanus to Corin-
Gospel, peaceable Spirit of
495 thians

692, 764
Grace, on saying

of Mr. Bogue

Grain preserved from Insects

536 of a Country Squire, respecting
Great Britain, Public Affairs 53, 133, 202, the Clergymen of his Parish

276, 335, 404, 469, 547, 616, 679, 755,

of Sectarius Pacificus, with Notes 806
814 Leadings of Providence

State of Parties

815 Liberty, French, contrasted with British 675
Lit. and Phil. Intelligence 36, Literary Journals-See Journals.
122, 185, 259, 327, 394, 455, 585, 605, Literary and Philosophical Intelligence 35,

666, 742, 810 122, 185, 259, 327, 394, 455, 535, 605, 666,
Guadaloupe, Public Affairs 133, 201, 276,

742, 810
468, 546, 616, 678 Life of St. Stephen

Guiana, Public Affairs

814 of St Peter

144, 209, 282
Guilt, universal
576 of St. James and St. John

of St Paul

410, 482, 555, 627
Habit no Excuse for Vice
576, 718 of Clemens Romanus


53 List of New Books 45, 398, 459, 537, 606,
Harborne Penny Club, Account of 750

668, 746, 812
· Harvesting Corn in Wet Weather 456 Loan, Terms of

Hebrew Chronology
83, 288 Lord's Prayer versified

Hindoo Avatars
84 Lotteries, on

Hints to Christians
425 Love of Praise

Holland, Public Affairs 131, 198, 275, 401, Lucubrations, Clerical

466, 545, 677, 814
Lit. and Phil. Intelligence 192 Magi ztracy, Query respecting


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