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ful place of punishment for the wicked, tice to those professions will lead you which the Scriptures endeavour to ren- to insert it, in its present state, in your der the object of our serious terror,as an Observer. Sincerely wishing you more imaginary scene which is fitted to excite divested of a sectarian spirit, and all our mirth and divert our fancy. It ap- possible success in the cause of truth pears to me, Sir, that wit of this sort is and godliness, one of the best engines of infidelity, and

I remain, is much more likely to serve the cause

GENTLEMEN, which it is employed to attack, than Yours, respectfully in the Gospel. that which it professes to defend.

A. B.

To the Editor of the Christian Olsserver.

The very liberal way in which you The following letter is only one of promised to conduct your useful mismany of a similar description with which cellany, cannot fail of exciting attention we have been favoured, and which our and regard. - To avoid every thing desire of cultivating peace has induced that may tend to lessen Christian love, us to suppress. Finding however, that and to admit nothing harsh nor intemour forbearance has been so far misun- perate towards any sect of Christians, derstood, as to be construed into a tacit &c.” are sentiments that will ensure acknowledgment of the strength of the the approbation of every good man, reasoning contained in these letters, we whether he be a conformist or nonhave judged it prudent to give publicity conformist. to one of them, which, we can assure Now, Sir, permit me to say, that beour readers, furnishes a favourable spe- ing a constant reader of your Observer, cimen both of the temper and argu- I am in the habit of observing how ments of our assailants; being upon your professions and your practice, the whole, at least, as moderate as any your cover and contents; agree, or clash, we have received, and certainly more with each other. And here I must ably written.

say, it has pained me repeatedly to remark, that there appears an irreconcileable inconsistency. If I have any

“ Christian love," it has been wounded Tue following letter is not written and "lessened" by your ungenerous with a view of serving any party;* but remarks on Dissenters. I allude to to remind you, and your correspond several of your correspondents, besides ents, of your professions of candor and the illiberal and unmanly attack of good will to others. I hope that jus- W. R.

To the Committee of the Observer.


* It will be seen how well the professions ductors of the Christian Observer, attached to and practice, the cover and contents, of Secta- the Church of England, because they conceive RIUS PACIFICUs agree.

her doctrines and government to be agreeable † There are few things so calculated to im- to the apostolical institutions, and because pose on superficial thinkers, as that undiscri- they regard her establishment as the chief inminating cant of charity, which characterizes strument which God has pleased to employ the present day. On this subject, therefore, for maintaining, in this country, the cause of we beg leave to make a few observations. true religion ; feel it their duty to watch the

It will be readily allowed in the first place, proceedings of those who may be unfriendly that whenever a bare statement of facts ap- to her interests. Let it not be understood pears harsh, and wears the colour of invective, that we wish to involve Dissenters, generally, the narrator ought not to be blamed, (when in this imputation. Very far from it. But duty requires him to state the facis), even shall we be deemed uncharitable, if we cannot though he should happen to wouod the charity exempt from it, either SECTARIUS PACIFI. of the person who may be implicated in it. It CUS, or those, be they many or few, who con. will also be allowed that self-defence, and all cur in his views? He, as will be seen, deems those measures of repelling, pursuing and the Church of England to be a main branch of disarming an enemy, which self-defence may Antichrist. If, under these circumstances, he require, are perfectly consistent with charity. does not wish her downfall, and both pray If these general principles are kept in mind, and labour to effect it, we should think him they will obviate much misconception on this neither sincere nor consistent. Giving perfect subject.

credit, however, to him and to those who en. But how stands the present case? Tlie con- tertain similar sentiments with him, for sinceri.

However, waiving many things, I now jury sustained, either by Church or wish to recal your attention, to the re- State? The author's tears might have view of Owen’s Methodism unmasked, flown most plentifully: but I suspect in your number for July. I was much that your reviewer himself would not surprised you should have brought for- have shed one tear of commiseration. ward so contemp:ible a pamphlet ; and Yet I think I can discern the reason of concerning which, you can pay the au- publishing that review. Though your thor not the shadow of a compliment.t reviewer speaks against the author's Would it not have been better to have main design, coercion,

» his object consigned this "coercive" piece to the was to aim a blow at the Dissenters. isle from whence it came? And if soine It is the multiplication of dissenting coercive gust of wind had blown it over places of Worship, that gives him the board, where would have been the in- alarm, Ibi opprimit calceus.

ty and consistency in this particular, it ought Church and harmonious parish evidence the not to excite any surprise, that we should efficacy of his ministry. Let it further be feel alarm at their progress, and should wish to supposed, and this may also be done without see it obstructed, not by measures incompati. any breach of charity, that after years thus ble with Cbristian love or religious liberty, but passed, some itinerating preachers found their by an increase of holy zeal, activity, and way into his parish, and by their conversation watchfulness on the part of the appointed pas- in private, their discourses in public, and, per. tors of the people, and a care on the part of haps, by the plentiful distribution of the Reagovernment to provide ample means of in- sons of Dr. Gill, or of some serions which struction in religious truth for every part of we could name, converted the peace and unithe kingdom. On what ground is it deemed ty of the parish into division and discord, ununcharitable in (is, to wish that every new til, at length, order is disregarded and tramplace of worship erected in the land, were an pied on ; pride and conceit take place of lillepiscopal Church or Chapel, occupied by a mility and a teachable spirit; the pastor, unzealous and laborious clergyman, instead of a der whom the people had fouri-bed, is re. dissenting meeting-house?

garded by many as dark and igavrani ; the Let us now illustrate the principles we have Church itself is deemed a relic of popery : and laid down by an example. Some Dissenters the prevailing respect for the constituied authought it right, not long ago, to republish thorities, perhaps, greatly lessened. Shall we and disperse, with great assiduity," Dr. Gill's load W. R. with harsh epithets, because he Reasons for separating from the Church of does not view this unhappy change with perEngland," a work which it would not be very fect composure? or shall we call him unnianuncharitable to presume to have been repub. ly and illiberal, if, under these circumstances, lished with the view of serving a party, and and having known one or two, or, perhaps, promoting dissent from the Church. This twenty similar instances, he should form a conbook was answered by Mr. Hart, of Bristol, clusion to the prejudice of Dissenters in gewith great temper, but at the same time so neral? We cannot approve of indiscriminate satisfactorily, that many, especially of those censure, but we are of opinion, that one who who were concerned in editing it, we coubt undertakes professedly the cause of charity, not, felt what, in common with SECTARIUS might have framed some such excuse for W.R. PACIFICUS, they would call their Christian We would here remind our readers of the love, wounded by it. But was Mr. Hart, principle laid down at the beginning of this therefore, guilty of a breach of cbarity? Did note, with respect to the statement of facts. tot its violation rather attach to those who We mean not to impeach any one's motives : were the aggressors ?

they may be perfectly pure even in cases W. R. since the appearance of his first let- where the proceelings to which they lead are ter (Christian Observer, p. 161.), has been bigbly pernicious; neither do we mean to made the object of frequent attack. Secta. mike any general application of the case RIUS Pacificus considers him as uncharita which we lave supposed. That in some in. ble, tagenerous, unmanly, and illiberal. It is stances it will be found to apply, will scaicely not our present object to discuss his merits or be denied. to undertake his defence

But may we not † Would SECTARIUS PACIFIcus then liave ask, whether this advocate for Christian love us to review nothing wlich we cannot praise ? could have made no supposition which should the adoption of such a principle would, 110 greatly have softened the harshness of these doubt, have been convenient. It would have epithets? Let us state the possible case. W. Secued his own letter from all annotation. R. let it he supposed, a supposition to which † Allowing the represeBiation of SECTAcharity cannot object, is a pious, laborious, mis PACIFIC'S to be accurate, there is cerand useful minister of the Church of England, tainly nothing in his letter to diminish our who has been made the instrument of turning alarm. We cannot possibly be consistent many to righteousness, and whose crowded members of the Church of England, and yet

Your reviewer, Sir, believes, that the believe Christianity recommends to increase of Dissenters leads them “to government a free toleration to all its wish for a change in the ecclesiastical, subjects, without distinction; and re. and perhaps, even of the civil govern- quires of them a conscientious subinisment,'

;** and that “from the features sion to the powers that be. Receive of their Church government, a tincture ing that free toleration, we are satisfimay be given to their opinions respect- ed with our freedom, and candidiy, and ing civil government.” And though sometimes humanely, wish others might he pays a few individuals a compliment, enjoy the same liberty. But if our and offers some circumstances in favour brethren are happy with what we conof “ the general body," he returns to ceive would be a bondage to us, we are his point, “ with which he set out,” content, and bid them God speed. We and again, in almost the same language, are not unfriendly to the ecclesiastical charges them with having the latent system, because we do not touch for seeds of disaffection. If these reflec. handle those ordinances, which are after tions do not tend to blessen that Chris- the commandments and doctrines of tian love, that ought to unite the mem- men : nor do we wish to change the bers of Christ, I am at a loss to con- minds of our conforining brethren, who ceive what can do it." These insinu- are perfectly satisfied.* We do not ations would have become the most vi. aim at subverting the Establishment, olent member of Mr. Reeve's associa- though, as a cause of our dissent, we tion, at the time when every Dissenter believe that, with all its excellences, it was a suspected and marked character; is a main branch of the anti-christian but every way unbecoming a Christian system.t But our exertions are directreviewer, now the storm is over. As that ed another way. We leave the Church gentleman is assuming, allow me to be to stand, or fall, as it may; and, adopt. positive in denying, in the most express ing Gamaliel's advice on another occamanner, what he has advanced. I call sion,t “Refrain from these men,” &c. upon him, out of regard to the ecclesi

when speaking of the utility of establishments : astical and civil government, to esta

“ So have I seen a number of moles throwing blish his charge; or in the name of er

up their little hillocks of earth around a maery thing honest, and becoming a Chris- jestic edifice. What are you doing?" said a tian, to retract it.t

spectator. We are raising mounds of earth,' In the mean time, give me leave, Sir, (said the blind animals) to defend and sup.

port that noble building!!!"|| to state my opinion of the general body

* We commend the prudence of Sectari. of Dissenters. We believe that the / us Pacificus, in confining his attempts at Church of Christ was first established, proselytism to those whose perfect satisfaction not by the aid of civil power, but in with the establishment, has been previously opposition to it; that is, not against the impaired. principles of civil government, but this passage. We have already commented

† We wish our readers particularly to mark against the inclinations of the then ex. isting potentates. It never sought the | One would be led to fancy by this allusecular arm to uphold it; it never re- sion, that the Church of England was some quired its officious services. (a) 'We body of recent separatists, who, by their

schism, had disturbed the peace of the feel complacency in the increase of those who. Church. regard her as a main branch of antichrist.

* This is a misrepresentation of the passage !! The weakness of this reasoning is too palalluded to, as may be seen by comparing them pable to require being exposed. No one will together. (See Christian Observer, p. 447.) deny that the Almighty may accomplish his

† What we said upon the subject was 110 purposes without the intervention of govern. more than general reasoning, and contained ments, or any other human agency But is it no charge against Dissenters. But if we his ordinary method of proceeding to do so ? had preferred any charge of hostility to the Was not the secular arm made singularly inEstablishment against them, the letter of Sec. trumental in promoting the reformation ? And TARIUS PACIFICUS would furnish us with a does not SECTARIUS Pacificus owe to it convenient opportunity of substantiating it, at the right, if he chooses to exercise it, of publeast in one instance.

licly exposing, either by himself or his itine(a) This reminds me of a simile Sir G. Sa- rants, what he deems the anti-christian abomiville once made in the House of Commons, nations of the Church of England.

upon it.

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Acts v. 38, 9, we intranch ourselves Yet, Mr. Editor, your reviewer acin our own ground, save only when we knowledges that the origin of the evil go forth, with our itinerants, to attack of which he complains, • has its founthe common enemy, the god of this dation in the constitution of human na. world.

ture.** If so, who are so likely to wish We certainly have no tinct::re in our for a change in our ecclesiastical, and discipline that inclines us to seek a from that to the civil code, as those change in the civil government. We who are in the fetters of the Establishdo not indulge the spirit of equality and ' ment.t And have not the majority of independence. Our ministers, elders, complainants against both, been memdeacons, exhorters, &c. all know their bers of the Established Church ?! The places; and all things are done for the Dissenters are free from ecclesiastical

use of edifying, that brotherly love bonds: they need not, they ought not to may continue.' And here I might re. complain.S' But if this evil have its mind your reviewer, that if Scripture foundation in human nature; (and not authority is to be regarded, respecting amongst Dissenters merely ;) and if discipline, we conform to it more exact- human nature, in general, dislike all ly than the Church of England possibly government, then, the more heavy the can.

burden, the stronger the wish for a With another gentleman, (see Christ. change. Observ. p. 471) we are far from un- But, perhaps, many of the members dervaluing the benefits of a wise and of the Establishment have a kindred temperate reform ;' but then we would disposition to a certain animal, of whom be wise and temperate in obtaining it. it is said, the more he is loaded, so Let the silence of the general body of much the more steadily will he carry his Dissenters, in reference to petitions, burden.!! Nolens ipse esse asininus, I during the late war, prove the asser. leave your reviewer to apply the simile, tion. As we are not, then, Democrats, and remain, nor Jacobins, in our church govern

Mr. Editor, ment, we cannot be systematic enemies

Yours sincerely, to our civil constitution.t We know

SECTARIUS PACIFICUS. our privileges; we prize them; and we bless God for them. I could name them, nor will they expect that we should, on

We several dissenting ministers, whose account of what we deem their errors, compliance with the precepts of Scrip; will much approve of either the language or

believe that few, if any, of this description, ture, relative to civil government, I the sentiments of SectarIUS Pacificus. should not be afraid to oppose to that * This is another misrepresentation of our of any evangelical clergyman in the meaning: kingdom. It might, possibly, put many blishment? When disaffection to the Church

† Wbat is meant by the fetters of the Estaof them to the blush.I would recommend your reviewer, bonds will, no doubt, be as clearly seen, and as

has been once produced, the ecclesiastical indeed many of your correspondents, to sensibly felt as the tyranny of our civil govern. go occasionally to hear the Dissenters ment was by the members of the Correspondpreach, and visit them at their own, ing Society. But is the existence of fetters, in houses; and I am persuaded the can. the one case, more than tyranny in the other, dour, the talents, and piety of numbers proved by disaffection ? of that injured body, would astonish

$ But have they not complained ? them, and command their reverence || Had we made all the remarks which oc. and esteem. I

curred to us, we should bave swelled this

article to an enormous size. We have brought See the Epistle of Clemens Romanus, p. the above letter forward with great reluctance, 764, of this number.

after we had, in order to avoid dispute, adopt+ We made no such assertions, nor was it ed the resolution of suppressing it (fop it even in our intention to make them.

reached us early in September.) We now #We assure SectARIUS PACIFICUS, that publish it partly to save ourselves from an inwe have long been convinced of the candour, undation of similar communications, and partlalents, piety, and usefulness, of many Dis. ly to vindicate the Christian Observer from senters, whom we cordially reverence and the charges of uncharitableness and bigotry esteem; although we cannot compliment which have been so confidently preferred Christ. Obsery. No. 12.

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of Missions, in which he is assisted by Mr. MR. Gifford's History of France, from the Burder of Coventry.. earliest times to the death of Louis the XVth, On November 30th, being St. Andrew's forms four large volumes in 4tố; and is em- Day, the Royal Society held their Annibellished with portraits of the sovereigns, and versary meeting at their apartments in other distinguished characters, and with his. Somerset-Place ; when Sir Godfrey Copley's torical plates. The first part of the first volume gold medal was presented to W. Hyde Wolof the continuation of this work, or the Histo- laston, M. D. for his various papers printed ry of France, from the accession of Louis the in the Philosophical Transactions. Of the XVIth, to the peace of 1802, will be published old council, were elected for the ensuing next spring

year, the Right Honourable Sir Joseph Banks, A general AssoCIATION OF THE Book: Bart. K. B. Sir C. Blagden, Knt. H. CavenSELLERS, throughout the united kingdom, has dish, Esq. Edward Whitaker Gray, M. D. been formed for the purpose of establishing Right Honourable C. Greville, Right Hua and supporting a new daily Morning, and a nourable Sir W. Hamilton, K. B. Rev. Nevil new daily Evening Newspaper, to begin on the Maskelyne, D. D. George Earl of Morton, 1st of January, 1803; in which particular at- K. T. Joseph Planta, Esq. Benjamin Count tention will be paid to literary subjects. Rumford, and Samuel Wegg, Esq.-Of the

A work on practical Agriculture, by Dr. new council, Mark Beaufoy, Esq. Andrew Dickson, illustrated by about fifty copper- Douglas, Esq. Sir. M. B. Folkes, Bart. C. plates, will appear early in the next year. Hatchett, Esq. Everard Home, Esq. Thomas

M. Peltier has published, in London, a Barnard, Esq. Lord Bishop of Limerick, W. French edition of Denon's Travels in Egypt; Manden, Esq. Jos. de Mendoza Rios, Esq. containing, besides the work of Denon, a Se- Francis Earl of Moira, and W. H. Wollaslection of Memoirs upon different parts of ton, M. D.-The officers are, Sir J. Banks, Egypt, with plates. The price is six guineas; president; W. Manden, Esq. treasurer; Jos. and upon superfine paper, with first impres- Planta, Esq. and G. W. Gray, M. D. secresions, nine guineas.

taries. Six other Letters to Granville Sharp, Esq. The king's scholars, and the town boys of on the use of the definitive article in the Westminster School, have presented to Dr. Greek Text of the New Testament, are in the VINCENT, their late head master, the present press.

Dean of Westminster, two pieces of plate, Captain Walsh, of the 93d regiment and each of the value of 120 guineas, with inaid-du-camp to Sir Eyre Coote, has in the scriptions expressive of their esteem and press, in 1 vol. 4to, illustrated by numerous affection, and the high honour with which he engravings, A detailed Journal of the late Cam. had filled the chair. paign in Egypt, including descriptions of It is said, that a mixture, consisting of six Gibraltar, Minorca, Malta, and Egypt. parts of gold, and one of platina, gives a metal

A translation from the Greek is announced, of a beautiful colour, great malleability, and of the learned work of Eusehius Paniphilius, capable of receiving an exceedingly fine polish, Bishop of Cacoaria, in Palestine, on ihe Pre- and more unalterable than gold, when exparation for the spreading of the Gospel. It posed to the action of sulphurised hydrogen, will be published in monthly numbers, at one and other agents. shilling and six pence each.

M. ALDINI, Professor at the Institute of A new weekly publication, entitled The Lio Bologna, and nephew of the celebrated Gal. terary Fournal, will commence on the 6th of vani, after having made his experiments on January; and will be continued every Thurs. Galvanism, at the National Institute at Paris, day, price one shilling.

has visited London, and given an accurate A new and complete Collection of modern account of his experiments and discoveries to Voyages and Travels, with engravings, is now the Royal Society. He intends to publish a publishing in monthly pocket volumes, by Mr. large work on the subject, in this country, Blagdon.

before he returns to Italy. He has established Mr. Greatheed, of Newport Pagnell, has in the fact, that the metals are not necessary for considerable forwardness a General History the production of the galvanic fiuid; and that

it is excited, collected, or generated in the against it. If in doing this we should have bodies of animals, where it acts as the great wounded the charity of any, who are really cause or instrument of muscular motion, sen. entitled to the appellation which this letter sation, &c. He has succeeded in exciting writer has assumed, it will give us great con

muscular contractions, by the simple applicacern: anci we here protest against any infer. tion of the nerves to the muscles of a prepared ence which may be drawn from what we have frog. He has also given motion to the limbs said, to the prejudice of such persons.

of a small cold blooded animal, by the gal

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