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continued to Portsmouth and Southampton Wirksworth and Lea; another from Rother
ham to Sheffield; a third from the river A Canal is about to be made from Bake. Wear, near Picktree, to the Tyne, near Redwell, to join the Cromford Cut, at the aque. hugh : and a fourth from Taunton to the river duct which crosses the Derwent between Parrel.
Since the VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS went to Press, the Answer of the Swiss Cantons to Bonaparte has reached us, and it will be found to justify the general expectation which was formed of their firmness and moderation. It is as follows:
CITIZEN FIRST CONSUL,
“ It is not then, General First Con. “ The Proclamation which you did us sul, an affair of party, it is the sacred the honour to send to us on the 30th of cause of humanity; it is the general September, by Citizen Rapp, your Ad- wish of a whole nation, which has given jutant-General, arrived at Schwitz on us our power and our instructions ; of the 6th of October.
a nation which you yourself wished to “We could have wished that the let- free, and which has been ill-treated and ter we took the liberty of sending you, irritated, contrary to your intentions. General First Consul, on the 30th of “Yet that nation, we render ourselves September, could have reached you guarantees, will never abuse the libersooner: it contains a faithful exposition ty it claims. The Swiss have nothing of the present state of Switzerland. more at heart than to attain a state of Permit us to send you enclosed a dupli- repose, in which, under the shield of a cate of it, and to entreat you to receive mild and just government, each inhabiit favourably. It will prove to you, tant may enjoy his property and exist. that the movements which have taken ence. We are convinced that we place in Switzerland are not the result shall arrive at that essential object oi of a spirit of party, and that the Swiss all social order, from the moment our nation has no other object in view than will and our efforts shall be no longer to make use of the right which she fettered. claims of giving herself a central and “ General First Consul, all Europe cantonal constitution, founded on her admires in you the supreme head of an position and her wants a sacred and immense power and empire, which,withprecious right, which you deigned out doubt, according to your own views, yourself to ensure to her, by the Treaty will be directed to the good of humanof Luneville.
ity ; your magnanimity assures us, that “ Switzerland would long since have you will not make use of it against a been tranquil, if the members of the people who only desire what you have Helvetic government, those obscure made them hope, and who only wish metaphysicians, had consulted the real what they believe themselves authorizstate of affairs, instead of obstinately ed to do by yourself. attaching themselves to theoretic at “Penetrated with eternal gratitude, tempts, as erroneous as they are ex- the Swiss nation will do its endeavour pensive.
to deserve the good will of the French “ The violence with which they have government; and will fulfil all the dutried to impose their system upon the ties which are imposed upon it by the Democratic Cantons ; the civil war they desire of cultivating good neighbourhave organized to attain their end, di- hood. rected at first against those Cantons,
" It is with the most distinguished then against all Switzerland ; the un- respect that we remain, General First exampled severity with which they Consul, have done it, have produced a discontent equally general and just, and a de
"Schwitz, Oct. 8, 1802." termined and avowed will to sbake off The State Commission at Schwitz this unsupportable yoke.
also published a Proclamation, declaring
6 THE DEPUTIES OF THE HELVETIC DIET.
that Switzerland neither is, nor wishes to do, to preserve her ancient relations to be, at war with France ; but that she with that power. would do all that honour permitted her
For the Christian Observer.
“ Indeed, papa, I would be good, but BIOGRAPHICAL anecdotes of persons the devil will not let me.” deceased, who have exemplified the During the time which he passed at power of religion, though their lives a public school, a circumstance occurhave not been marked with any uncom- red, which I shall briefly relate, as it may mon events, are acknowledged to have afford some instruction to parents, and a beneficial tendency. The utility is others employed in the education of increased, when the subjects of these youth. A theft had been committed anecdotes have manifested the influence at the school, which was laid to his of divine grace during the season of charge by one of his school-fellows. youth. When the service of God is He declared that he was innocent of then preferred to the gratifications of the crime; but some things relative to sense, and the love of Christ predomi- the affair casting a suspicion upon nates amidst scenes of temptation, we him, though no proof of his guilt could cannot doubt that the heart is truly re- be adduced, his declarations were disnewed after the image of him that cre. regarded, and he was considered as ated us.
guilly. As soon as I heard of this afThe following narratives may not, fair, I desired a serious friend of mine therefore, be thought unworthy of a to make a strict inquiry into it, and replace in your useful Miscellany. It port to me his opinion. He concurred must be remembered, however, that with the master in thinking it proper they are the narratives of a father, to urge my son, by the most powerful whom it has pleased the all-wise God arguments they could devise, to make to deprive of four children in the bloom a confession of his guilt. He still deof youth. He wishes to divest himself nied the charge. But at last, being of parental partiality, and to give a urged with the assurance, that nothing faithful account of those whose conduct but a confession would ward off my he describes. He is aware, that true displeasure, the effect of which was rereligion is not to be estimated by sud. presented to himn in the strongest manden transports, or rapturous expres- ner, he confessed the fault laid to his sions; yet when it pleases God to af- charge. In his last illness, amongst ford comfort and holy joy, under try- other things, in which he opened bis ing circumstances, to those who have mind with great freedom, he solemnly fled to Christ for refuge under a deep declared, that he was wholly ignorant sense of their own sinfulness, and who of the theft which he had confessed, have dedicated themselves to the ser. and that he was induced to make this vice of God, we ought with thankful- criminal confession, by the terror ness to adore the divine goodness.
which the apprehension of my displeaMy eldest son, of whom I now pur
sure excited in his mind, and which he pose to give you a short account, had was assured could not be avoided but not manifested any remarkable reli- by a confession. He added with great gious impressions in his childhood, apparent humility, that it was right he though there was often evident in him should suffer by the false accusation of a strong contest between a sense of one, whose sinful example in another duty and the natural corrupt temper of instance, he had followed. his heart. This he expressed to me at If a digression on this subject will one time in striking terms, when I was not be thought tedious, I would beg reasoning with him on the impropriety leave to remark, that I conceive it to be, of bis frequent relapses into a fault of in general, an imprudent step, eagerly which he had often been warned. He to solicit a confession of guilt from replied to my remonstrances by saying, young persons, accused of any crime
which they deny, and which cannot be years of age) after full consideration proved. If they are guilty, they are and serious reflection, I do purpose to often hereby led to inhance their guilt read over and renew this covenant eveby strong asseverations of innocence. ry return of this day, as also every If they are innocent, their minds are Christmas-day, and every Good-friday hurt by a disregard to their declara or Easter-day. tions. It seems to them of less conse From the age of twenty-one to twenquence to obey, when obedience cannot ty-three he spent his time in London, insure the good opinion of their friends, in a diligent pursuit of those studies to nor prevent them from being classed which his profession called him. The with the guilty. In such cases, it may great quantity of manuscript observabe the most prudent method, to remind tions which he made there, afforded me them of the ail-seeing eye of God, and a clear proof of his industry. At the of the righteous unerring judgment same tinie he was diligent in his attenwhich will soon take place; and at the dance on the means of grace. I found same time to manifest a readiness to in luis port-folio, after his death, a scrap believe them free from that falsehood, of paper, on which he had written a which could only increase their con set of rules for regulating the manner demnation.
of spending his time while in London. But to return.-Soon after my son The following extract of a letter which had cornpleted his fifteenth year, he he wrote to me from thence will manireturned home, and remained at my fest the temper of mind, which at that house till he arrived at adult age. In time happily influenced his conduct. this period the happy change took It was written on the occasion of a displace, which was followed, after a few appointment, which he had just expeyears, by a triumphant death. I ob- rienced, relative to his future prospects served, when he was about nineteen, a
in life : manifest alteration in his deportment. " No doubt our merciful God,
A growing attention to the concerns whose most darling attribute, if I may of his salvation was then very apparent; so speak, is love, has seen perfectly and his whole conduct soon became de- wise reasons for ordering it. cidedly religious In his last illness, perhaps come to see how merciful a dishe attributed, in a considerable degree, pensation it is. But be that as it will, the powerful impressions made upon I know I am his creature, and therefore his mind at this period, to the perusal he may with strict propriety do with of Adams's Evangelical Sermons, of me whatsoever he pleases. But, dear which a pious friend had made him a father, I have solemnly given up mypresent.
self to serve him, and to be disposed of When he was twenty-one, he made as he sees fit; and he has graciously a solemn dedication of himself to God, promised, that if I seek first the king in the manner, and agreeable to the dom of God and his righteousness, all form proposed by Dr. Doddridge in his other needful things shall be added. Rise and Progress of Religion, a book Must I not then rest contented ? Shail which he read with great attention, and I not rather rejoice that he condescends which cannot be too strongly recom to order any of the circumstances of my mended. This transaction was, how life? Yes, father, and blessed be his ever, unknown to me, and to every one love, he does at this moment enable in my family, till after his death, which me to admire his goodness." did not happen till four years after After his return home, he continued wards. The form of self-dedication to enjoy a good state of health, till he was then found in a small port-folio, caught cold by being exposed in the which had been observed to be often in duties of his profession. The disease his hands during his sickness. It con- which proved fatal to him, came on in tained the following postscript after the most gentle manner, so that it was the signature." At my father's house. probably confirmed before he seemed -Signed and sealed this day of to have any serious ailment. His phy
(on which day I am twenty-one sician assured me, that he never before
saw such a case; that is, where the dis- of mind which he before possessed, temper proved fatal when accompanied (without much sensible joy) rose up to with such mild and favourable symp- a state of great consolation. On the two toms. I first learned that lie had a last days preceding that on which he cough, by inquiring why he left off the died, his mind seemed more strongly use of animal food, which I had observ- comforted, and his hope was full of imed him to do. After the disease was mortality. I wrote down, as soon as I fully confirmed, he was frequently out bad left his chamber, some of the things of bed for seven or eight hours without which he
said to me. coughing at all; his pulse, at that time, Wednesday. He told me he had being frequently as calm as in health: long since dedicated himself to God's yet. under the existence of these mild service; and that although his heart symptoms, a fatal abscess was formed had too often grown cold, he trusted he in his lungs.
had never relinquished his purpose. During a considerable time in the He said “ I have sinned greatly against disease, he spake little, as speaking God, but I trust I have sincerely l'ewas judged to be an improper exercise; pented of all my transgressions." He but when it appeared that no rational lamented the depravity of his heart in hope of his recovery could be main- strong terms, and said, “ Ó this foul tained, I informed him of his situation, heart !" adding, “ But it is the grace of and we then talked freely together. God that reigns.” He said, " he hoped He received my information of his dan- he did not deceive himself; but he ger with perfect composure, as far as I looked forward with joy, trusting that could judge. No expressions dropped he should shortly see God in his kingfrom him, but of submission to God's doin.” He begged of ine to read to will. He arranged his little affairs and him that passage in the Epistle to the divided his books among his nearest Philippians-To me to live is Christ; friends. He seemed sensible of the and to die is gain. I am in a strait begoodness of God to him, in granting tween two, having a desire to depart, him so much ease in his disorder, and, and to be with Christ; which is far indeed, he had little to complain of but better. He seemed much delighted his emaciation. This proceeded to such with these words. He begged I would a degree, that he could sometimes tell him, if I thought he deceived himscarcely bear the pressure of his bed. self. He spoke with great feeling of Yet he sat up about eight hours daily the sufferings of our Redeemer, as in his chair, till within two days of his described in the 53d chapter of Isaiah, death.
and said, “ That was his joy, that the When confined to his cliamber, he blood of Christ cleanseth from all sin." spent his time chiefly in reading the Thursday. Upon my asking him in word of God, unless when conversing the morning how he did, he replied, “I with us. He requested me to pray with grow weaker; perhaps my departure is him night and morning, as he could not not far off; and I trust to enjoy a gloattend our family worship. When read- rious immortality.” Looking round upon ing by himself became ioo fatiguing to his relations who were in the room, he him, he requested his sisters to read to said, “ God bless you all!" and farther him select passages of the Bible. He expressed his strong hope of approachaddressed his younger brothers, and ing bliss. other young friends who visited him, After a little rest he broke out in with great seriousness. He begged these words, “He was wounded for our that I would contrive, if possible, to set transgressions, and I have wounded him with him a little every day, that he might by my sins; but now he comforts me.” open his heart to me; and that I might After lying still for some time, he rcinstruct, and comfort him in his afflic- peated those words in our Saviour's tion. No communion I had ever before prayer, (Johin xvii.) Father, I will that had with him was so pleasing, as were those whom thou hast given me be with these private conversations. When his me where I am, that they may behold my departure approached, the tranquillity glory which thou hast given me ; and Christ. Obsery. No. 10.
added, “ This prayer, I trust, Christ is an hour, he lifted up his eyes as in an now making for me."
act of devotion, and cried out-" When Before I left him he said, " Father, I I wake up after thy likeness I shall be could like once more to receive the cup satisfied.” After this he spoke no more, of salvation, and call on the name of the except in asking for a little refreshLord;" alluding to the sacrament of ment, or the like; and in the evening, the Lord's Supper, which he had before when he seemed to be asleep, he exreceived in his chamber.
pired without the least emotion. In the evening we joined with him
Senex. in that holy ordinance, and as soon as his friends had left the room, he said
DEATHS. to me, “ with respect to the state of my of South Repps, Norfolk.
Aug. 21, the Rev. Charles Smith, Rector mind I cannot now say much, I am so
Lately, the Rev. John Roberts, Archdeacon very weak; but I trust I am going to of Mericneth. sing the song of Moses and the Lamb.” A few days ago, aged 85, Leader Cox, Esq. Then reposing himself a while, he ut
of Brixton Causeway, Surrey. tered these words with great emphasis,
Last week, at Bath, aged 71, Granado Pi. Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, nor
Oct. 2, in his 83d year, W. Tooke, Esq. of hath it entered into the heart of man, to Thompson, near Watton, in Norfolk, and of conceive the goodness his weakness the Temple, London. prevented him from proceeding:
Lately, at Brighton, Mrs. Pett, wife of PhiTo his cousin J. S. who came up to
neas Pett, D. D. Oxford.
Oct. 6, at Tottenham, in his 74th year, Tho. see him, he said, " Farewell, I shall
mas Gibson, Esq. late of White-Lion-court, see you no more. God bless you. May Cornhill. we meet in heaven."
Oct. 12, at Bath, the Rev. Mr. Penton, of FridayIn the morning he found Brinkworth, Wilts. himself extremely weak. Having usual
Last week, aged 78, the Rev. Thomas
Knowles, D.D. Lecturer of St. Mary's church, ly prayed with him morning and even
in Bury St. Edmund's. ing, I desired him, as I sat by his bed, Oct. 9, in Weymouth-street, Portland-place, to tell me if he found any interval in the Rev. Robert Skinner, Vicar of Kenilworth which he could wish me to pray with and Stonely, in Warwickshire. him. He answered, “ I cannot attend.”
Oct. 12, the Rev. Thomas Lane, Rector of
Handsworth. Upon my saying, “then we will pray
Oct. 18, at Clifton, in her 32d year, Mrs. G. for you;" he replied eagerly, “ Aye, Heineken, wife of the Rev. N. T. Heineken, of do.” He was not forgotten at our fami- Brentford, Middlesex. ly worship, and the Rev. Mr. who Oct. 19, at Stamford-Hill, in the 77th year happened to be with us, recommended of his age, Mr. Daniel Bell him to the protection of our heavenly dy; at Philadelphia, Mr. Hugh Kennedy; and
At St. Lucie, Jamaica, Mr. Angus Kenne. Father in that affecting form of wol
at Norfolk, Virginia, Mr. Archibald Kennedy, ship in our Liturgy, called the com sons of Mr. Daniel Kennedy, of Glasgow. mendatory firayer. (Visitation of the Mrs. Holt, of Whitstable, aged 101. sick.)
At Wherwel, Mrs. Iremonger, wife of the I sat by his bed the greatest part of Rev. B. Iremonger. the day; but his weakness did not per illness, George Gibbs, a pauper, aged 103
At Glasgow, after only two or three days mit him to hold any conversation. At
years. one time, after lying still for about half
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
CLERICUS LONDINENSIS we think ought not to make the Alteration he proposes in the Ver
sion of Scripture, appointed to be read in Churches: the precedent would be dangerous. We must apologize to J. G. D. for not inserting the notice he has transmitted. It was over
looked till too late. BIBLICUS, JUVENIS, Clericus SURRIENSIS, and S. O. Bush will appear.' J. W.; W.Y.; B.; J. H. C.; J. F. H.; are under consideration. L. R.'s Answer to the Inquiry of a Candidate for Holy Orders, will appear in our next. Since
it came to hand, we have been indebted for another Answer to CLERICUS. In the mean time