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ilar associations, with similar views iquity, which may well make every head will be formed in other parts of the of a family, and every conscientious kingdom. We are assured, that in keeper of a school, tremble for their severai instances the suggestions of the charge. We should rejoice if, through society have already put an end to prac- the efforts of this society, something tices, which grossiy violated the sanc- could be done to prevent the general tity of the sabbath. A prosecution, dissipation which Hyde Park exhibits commenced at their instance against a on a Sunday afternoon, during the time vender of obscene books and prints, has of divine service, and which is certainterminated in the conviction of the of- ly an outrage on public decency, while fender, and has laid open a scene of in- it reflects no honour on our police.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
It formed, at one period, a fruitful sube to be at this time under an arbitrary ject of debate, whether Great Britain government, and conceiving Great or France were the aggressor in the Britain to exhibit a pattern of that late war ; but we supposed that the liberty which belongs, as a matter of able work of Mr. Marsh had laid that right, to all countries, were to pubiish question to rest, and had forced all, who a proclamation (ordering it also to be were not absolutely incorrigible, to ac- translated into all languages) in which knowledge, that the aggression belong. they should declare their purpose “of ed wholly to France. Some paragraphs affording fraternity and assistance to all however, which have recently appear. nations which should be willing to reed in the French journals, particularly cover their liberty; and charging the in the official paper of the government, executive power to give to the British being calculated to revive and give generals and admirals the necessary currency to a contrary, and we think a orders for affording succour to those very unfounded opinion, we shall be nations, and protecting those citizens excused, we trust, by our readers, if who either had been, or might be trouwe examine the subject at some length. bled for the cause of liberty. "* It appears to be one of the duties of
Let us next suppose, in proof of the the Christian Observer, to expose any intention of applying this proclamation insinuations which may be unfairly distinctly to France, that certain delemade to the disadvantage of our nation- gates from various French societies, illal character.
affected to Luonaparte, should arrive It is much to be wished that Bona- here, and be allowed to present adparte, and his present friends in France, dresses at the bar of our houses of parcould be persuaded to form their liament, in which they should declare, opinion of the justice of the late war, by that “ Britons are free, and that the asking themselves, What would be French are preparing to be so; and that their present line of conduct, supposing there is no doubt that the majority of them now to receive from us exactly the French nation will shew themselves the same provocations which we re- animated by the same sentiments with ceived from the French in the year the petitioners, if the public opinion in 1792 and 1793 ? “ Do unto others," in France were consultel, as it ought to be, l'espect to the judgment which you in a national convention."'t Let us next form of their moral and political conduct, “as ye would think it reasonable * This quotation is an extract from the dethat others should do unto you,” is the cree of the French National Convention of Christian maxim which we would here November 19, 1792 ; the term French being incuicale.
altered to that of British, and the word admi
rals being added. Let us then put the very same case, ť This passage is copied from an address muiatis mutandis, which occurred in the presented at the bar of the National Convencommencement of hostilities. Let it tion by a disaffected British society; the terms be imagined, that the King and parlia. French and British, and France and Britain, ment of this country, deeming France
figure to ourselves the Speakers of the memorial of the British minister, (a house of lords and of the house of con- memorial, moreover, which should give mons standing up, and openly replying, no satisfaction on the other topics of in the name of those houses, “The de- complaint, and which should contain a fenders of our liberties will one day direct threat of an appeal from Bonabecome the defenders of yours; and parte to the French people ;) “that without doubt, the moment is approach- he perceived that Great Britain," acing, when the people of Great Britain cording to the very terms of her explawill come to offer their congratulations nation, reserved to herself “the right to the French national convention." of mixing in the internal affairs of
For the sake of rendering the paral- France” when she, herself, should lel more complete, let it also be ima- judge it to be proper; and that by maingined, that the French Consul, having taining her manifesto, she also "declarthought it necessary to arm (in imita. ed to the promoters of French sedition, tion indeed of the English, who should in what cases they might count, before antecedently. have provided a great ar. hand, on British assistance.”! And mament) and also having asked some then let us, in the last place, suppose explanation on these subjects, as well that Bonaparte, presuming that he as respecting some British acts of vio- ought, under all the circumstances of lence against his allies, and other Bri- the case, to continue armed, the British tish measures of an equally hostile parliament, indignant at the excessive aspect; the British minister should presumption of his conduct, after some reply after the following manner: “That talk of exporting a hundred thousand Great Britain meant not to espouse the caps of liberty to the French coast, cause of a few seditious persons ;” and should vote, by acclamation, a declaratherefore, that “the decree was appli. tion of war against France: on which cable only to those, who” might be said side, we ask, would the blame of the to have “already conquered their liber- war be most fairly said to rest? There ty, and who should request British cannot exist a doubt upon the subject. assistance by a solemn and unequivocal expression of the general will;' that sedition certainly cannot exist, where
The dispute between Bonaparte and the there is this expression of the general ble termination. A French squadron appeared
Dey of Algiers has been brought to an amicawill;"! " that it would be doing injury before that place on the 5th of August, which to Great Britain, to ascribe to her the carried a letter from the Chief Consul to the plan of protecting seditions commotions Dey, complaining that a French officer had which may arise in any corner of a
been beat by one of his Rajies; that the French state : and of thus making the cause of but could not obtain it; that two sloops of war
agent had demanded satisfaction for the ivsult, a few individuals that of the British had been taken by his pirates, and carried into nation; that sedition is, and only can Algiers : that the French territory had been be, a commotion of a small number violated by the capture of a Neapolitan vessel against the majority of a nation ; and in the Bay of Hieres; and that 150 men this commotion would cease to be se
wrecked on the African coast, were still deditious, if all the members of a society tion of these wrongs; and requiring, that in
tained there: demanding also prompt reparashould arise at once, either to correct future the Dey would distrust such of his initheir government, to change its form nisters as were inimical to France, and that be entirely, or to accomplish any other would make the French Aag, and that of the object.”+
Italian Republic, respected. And to enforce Let it be further supposed, that Bo- standing with me can alone secure you in that
these claiins, it is added, “a good undernaparte should reply to this theoretical rank and prosperity which you now enjoy : for
God has determined that all those shall be pu* This is a quotation from the reply of the nished who prove unjust 10 me.” The Dey is President of the French Convention to the said to have received the bearer of the Chief Delegates from the disaffected British socie. Consul's letter with great respect, and to have ties, mutatis mutandis.
manifested a cordial disposition to live in + These are quotations from the memorials of M. Chauvelier, presented to Lord Grenville, * This is a quotation from Lord Grenville's mutatis mutandis.
answer to M. Chauvelin, mutatis mutandis.
peace with France. In his reply, he states, “ Citizen First Consul, the French People that he had ordered the Rajie complained of have conferred on you the Consulship for life: to be put to death, and that his life had only they could do nothing more for your glory; been spared at the request of the French they could do nothing more for their
own hapCharge l'Affaires; that he had delivered up piness. Their happiness, Citizen First Conthe crew of the Neapolitan vessel ; that he had sul, you alone could undertake; you alone displaced the officer who had stopped the could accomplish: your genius embraces two French ships of war; that none of the every thing; your activity accelerates every 150 men asked for were in existence ; that the thing; your wisdom consummates every thing; French and italian flags should be respected ; and, as you have been already told, your name and that he would protect the French in their alone is power. What imagination can assign coral fishery. He intimates that Bonaparte the boundaries where the hopes inspired by ought to have given bim 200,000 piastres as your supreme magistracy ought to stop, and an indemnifiation for the losses he bad sus. fix the degree to which the public prosperity tained; but " whether you give them to me may be elevated by it? Ah! Citizen First or not we shall always remain good friends.” Consul, there is only one wislı to be formed,
In the first sitting of the Conservative Se- which is, that you may be immortal, like nate, after the organic Senatus Consullum gave your glory; and the French people will then to the constitution its new form, the first be certain of being always the happiest of Consul presided. He repaired to the senato- people, as they are the greatest and the best.” rial palace with great magnificence, similar to In another address it is remarked: that which attends the visit of our monarch to “Like Augustus, you have shut the gate of the House of Peers. Several plans of the Se. Janus; Europe owes her repose to you. More natus Consulta, chiefly relating to matters of happy than Titus, you have not to regret the formy, were presented on the occasion. One loss of one day: all of them are signalized by of them, which is termed organic, is of some great benefits conferred on mankind!" In this importance; it decrees the union of the Isle piece of flattery, the comparison between Boof Elba to the French Republic, and that it naparte and the founder of the Roman monarshall send a representative to the legislative chy is significant. body.
in some of the French papers Bonaparte is English newspapers continue still to be a represented as having shewn the most batterprohibited article in France. And here we ing marks of attention to Mr. Fox, who is now would take occasion to remark, that while we at Paris ; and particularly to have paid him disapprove of the violent invective and per- many compliments on the strenuous opposisonal abuse employed by some of these papers, tion which he had made in parliament to the in speaking of the First Consul, we rejoice to war with France. We do not know to what find, that the general sentiment in this coun- degree of credit these reports are entitled ; try is unfavourable to the present system of but allowing them to be strictly accurate, we the French government. We conceive that sys- are of opinion that they afford very equivocal tem, as we have already stated, to be the natu- proofs of the Chief Consul's approbation of ral result of those extravagant theories of Mr. Fox's general conduct. Mr Fox, it is to liberty, which so many persons, both French be remembered, objected not only to the war, and English, at one time indulged ; and we but likewise to all the measures taken by the disliked those theories, among other reasons, late administration for the suppression of inbecause we dislike the consequences produced surrection and rebellion. Does Bonaparte by them. For we consider the late eneral deem him to have been, in this respect also, a war in Europe, as well as the intestine trou. true patriot and an enlightened statesman? bles of France, of Switzerland, of Ireland, and Bonaparte is, indeed, too polite a courtier to of so many other countries, and also the pre- express his disapprobation of any part of Mr. sent constitution of France, to have all had Fox's conduct on such an occasion; but he is, their origin in the folly and madness of certain doubtless, also too cautious a politician to popular and atheistical French demagogues, commend those parts of it, which miglit be who were connected, no doubt, with evil justly considered as furnishing a dangerous minded men of somewhat similar character in example to disaffected Frenchmen. other nations.
To praise Mr. Fox's opposition to the war, A long arrete has been published, directing would be agreeable to all the various parties the Prefects how to raise the 60,000 conscripts in France, a few emigrants alone, perhaps, exwhich were ordered to be levied in order to cepted. But to have approved of his opposicomplete the army.
tion to the Treason Bill, to the Bills for prePeople of all parties and persuasions seem renting Seditious Meetings, to the Alien Bill
, to vie with each other, who shall be most for to the steps taken against the Irish Rebels, ward and fervent in their expressions of' feli. &c. would have been to condemn measures city on Bonaparte's assuming the Consulate against Jacobinism, unspeakably short of those for Life. We think it may amuse our readers which the Chief Consul has himself adopied, to see a specimen of the style in which he is on the ground of their being found necessary frequently addressed. In one address we find to the reace of France and to his own personal the following passage.
The Morning Chronicle, aware of that dif
GERMANY. ference which we have stated to exist between The affairs of this empire have taken an the views of the First Consul and those of Mr. unexpected and very interesting course durFox, on the subject of the internal polity of ing the last month, in consequence of a cona state, has made light of the French enco- vention entered into between France and Rus. miuins heaped on this celebrated leader of sia, for the purpose of concluding the tedious opposition; and has remarked, that Bonaparte difficulties of the question of the indemnities, would, no doubt, have equally complimented and fixing the new proportions and powers of Mr. Pitt on the score of his zeal against Jaco. the Princes interested in that affair. Accordhinism, had the ex-minister been presented to ing to the plan of this convention, the secuhim,
larizations are very general, the only ecclesi
astic left in the College of Electors being the The French Ambassador at the court of Arch-Chancellor of the Empire, a title formerLisbon, General Lasnes, being greatly offend- ly annexed to the Electorate of Mentz. The ed at some steps taken by the officers of the electoral dignity will be conferred upon the Portuguese government to prevent the prac. Duke of Wirtemberg, the Landgrave of tice of smuggling, which, under cover of his Hesse Cassel and the Margrave of Baden, privilege, was carrying on to a considerable' who being a near relative of the Emperor of extent by persons in his suite, abruptly took Russia, appears to have been greatly favoured bis leave, and returned to France. Bonaparte in the allotment of territory. The King of is said to have disapproved of the hasty con- Prussia has also a large portion; but the duct of his representative, and to have re- Prince of Orange does not obtain his witbout quired him to return the large presents which the incumbrance of some French claims. The he had received from the Portuguese govern. Grand Prior of Malta has some indemnity as
The circumstance, therefore, is not signed; and it is proposed that the Bishopric likely to give birth to any misunderstanding of Osnaburgh shall belong in perpetuity to between the two countries.
the Elector of Hanover, provided he abandons
his claims upon Hildesheim, Corvey, and HoThe Provisional government of Genoa, now termed the Ligurian Republic, having invited A declaration founded on this convention, Bonaparte to choose, in the first instance, and embracing a variety of minute details, has their Doge, and the other members of their been presented, by the ministers of Russia senate, he appointed Citizen Durazzo to be and France, to the several members of the Doge. His installation took place on the 10th Diet of Ratisbon. It commences by assigning of August. The letter which: Bonaparte ad. the delay of the Germanic body in fulfilling dressed to the Ligurian Senate on the occa- the intentions of the Treaty of Luneville as sion, strongly recommends it to them to culti- the ground of interference of these powers, vate unity; to cherish respect for their con- and it contains an intimation that its contents stitution and their religion; and to bring up must be discussed en masse by the deputation; their children in the love of the great people. and that if in two months, from the 17th of Au. He also advises them to substitute good ships glist, the Convention shall not be approved ot' war in place of their present wretched gal- and ratified by the Diet, all the Princes and leys; a measure, the tendency of which is by States of the empire shall be authorized, of no means equivocal.
full right to take possession of the districts The quiet seizure of the territory of Pied. which he allots to them. mont, which has lately taken place, and its an- Two such mighty powers having undernexation to the Republic of France, furnishes taken to dictate the measures to be adopted, an additional proof of the overgrown power it is not to be expected that any resistance to
their wishes will prove effectual, especiaily as
their determination has received the unequiThe Cantons of Underwald and Schwitz, vocal sanction of the Court of Berlin. The have not only refused submission to the newly house of Austria, however, shews extreme formed Helvetic government, but have taken reluctance at submitting to the terms which up arms against it. Their first efforts having France and Russia wish to impose upon been attended with success, the cantons of her; and the Imperial Minister has complainUri, Appenzal, and Zug, and the country of ed of their proceedings, and expressed great the Grisons, it is said, have been induced to surprise that a free and independent nation join them, so that the pariy of the insurgents should permit two foreign powers to prescribe increases daily; but after all it is not likely to it peremptory terms respecting the regula. that they should be able to make a protracted tions of its own internal concerns. M. Talleyresistance to the government of the Republic, rand has endeavoured to quiet the Emperor's supported, as it will probably be, by France. alarm, by assuring him that the declaration When the last accounts came away, a cessa- is no more than a projet which is submitted tion of arms had been agreed upon between to the Diet, not with a tone of authority, but the contending parties, in the hope of being as a counsel respecting the means which are able amicably to accommodate the points in best calculated to satisfy all parties. The Emdispute.
peror, however, cannot but feel that ihis is no
of that country
more than the language of evasion, as the late treaty between Turkey and France. The powerful combination of France and Russia, navigation of the Black Sea is thrown equal backed as they are by Prussia, must necessa- ly open to the English and French Nations ; rily give to counsel the tone of command, and and as the advantages to be derived by each regulate the affairs of the continent. The of them from this concession will be in proeffects of this union are already visible in the portion to their ability and dexterity in conconduct of the Elector of Bavaria, who with. verting it to the purposes of commerce, the out any previous notification to the Emperor, superior capital and industry of this country or the sanction of the Diet proceeded to seize cannot fail to secure to it a decided superion the Bishopric of Passau, which had been al. ority. lotted to him by the convention. On this the Passwan Oglou, who has for so long a Emperor sent a body of troops to take posses. time been spreading terror and alarm through sion of the Bishopric, and to protect it from the Turkish dominions, is stated to have efforeign intrusion, until the determination of fected an amicable adjustment of his difierthe Diet respecting it should be known; a cir. ences with the Porte, on terms highly favourcumstance which is caused a considerable able to himself. sensation in Germany, particularly as the The English troops are said to have enmovements of the Bavarian troops would tirely evacuated Egypt. seem to indicate that the Elector was insti. gated by the greater powers to assert his Letters fiom Bengal state, that a treaty of claims by force; and as the Emperor, who perpetual and defensive alliance bas been concertainly also has right on his side, manifests cluced between the Honourable East India a disposition to maintain his authority as head Company and his Highness the Subahdar of of the empire. But however justifiable the the Decan. The annual revenues of the counpretensions of his Imperial Majesty may be, try ceded by this treaty to the Honourable prudence must suggest to him the necessity Company amount to 62 lacks 74,262 rupeesof yielding, should the Bavarian interest be 781,1581. espoused by so formidable a confederacy as Accounts from India to the 3d of June that of Russia, Prussia, and France; one of state, that the rebel, China Madoo, who had whose objects a pears to be to humble the rendered himself greatly formidable to the House of Austria, and who may, therefore, Madras Government in the neighbourhood of avail themselves of this dispute to effect their Madura, has been routed, and driven for repurpose. Much impetuosity has character. fuge into the Hill Country, by the army under ized the conduct of both parties in this affair, Colonel Agnew, which has taken from him all but it has been hitherto unattended with his stores, and several small brass field-pieces. bloodshed.
A number of very important papers has Since the above was written, accounts have lately been laid before the public, on the subbeen received, that the Diet of Ratisbon has ject of the revolution which has taken place adopted the plan of the indemnities proposed in the Carnatic. it is already known to our by Russia and France, a circumstance which readers, that the Governor and Council of will probably determine the dispute respect. India having been convinced, on the ground ing Passau. The terms of the Conclusum ap- of certain documents found in the palace of peared to be highly unfavourable to the inter- Tippoo Sultan, that the late Nabobs of the ests of the House of Austria ; but the Em. Carnatic, Mahomed Ally and Omclut ul Omperor will scarcely be induced to resist it, at rah, had maintained a secret intercourse with the risk of having again to measure his sword the tyrant of the Mysore, the object of which with that of Bonaparte.
was ulteriy subversive of the British power in Disputes are said to run high between the India ; determined, on the death of Omdut Emperor and the Hungarian Diet assembled ul Omrahı, to require his son Hussein Ally to at Presburg
relinquish, in favour of the Company, such a
share of his power and resources as would The Treaty of Peace between this Coun- deprive him of the means of being dangerous try and France has, at length, been made to the stability of the British empire. With public. It stipulates, that there shall be these terms Hussein Ally refusing to comply peace for ever between the two states ; that was displaced, and Azuin ul Dowlan elevat. all former treaties 'shall be renewed ; that ed to the Musnud in lois stead, he having the parties shall mutually enjoy all the ad- agreed to the conditions imposed by the Com. vantages and privileges granted to other na- pany, by wbich the whole of the government tions ; that the French ships shall, in conse of the Carnatic may be considered as transferquence, navigate the Black Sea; that the red into their hands. The grounds on which Treaty of Amiens shall be assented to ; and these proceedings have been censured, are that the parties shall mutually guarantee the the equivocal nature and dubious tendency of integrity of each others possessions. the proofs produced in support of the charge
By an official note delivered by the Reis of faithlessness and hostiliiy alleged against Effendi to the British Chargé d' Affaires it the deceased Nabobs. We stail forbear at appears, that the interests of the English in present entering into the merits of the questhe seas under the immediate influence of the tion, which appears to us a very weighty one ; Ottoman Porte will not be afiected by the not only because we have not sufficient means