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Mr. B. discovers no malignant wish
disposed to think almost indissoluble; the to detract from the real value of the late great were taught the instability of that gran.
deur by which they are so apt to be dazzled ; Duke of Bedford's character; but with
and all, of whatever age, rank, or condition, a zeal truly worthy of the Christian, and were reminded of the insignificance of temby forcible and convincing arguments, poral concerns, in comparison with those of he shews how little that character de- eternity, and of the necessity of living in such serves to be considered as perfect, of a manner as to be, at all times, fit to die. which it is notorious, that Religion the death of the Duke of Bedford, which
“ But there was a peculiar circumstance in formed no constituent part.
tended to impress the mind still more forci, It is not a little affecting, that so high bly, than any suddenness of dissolution could a strain of panegyric on one who lived
do. Between the commencement of his fatal and died without manifesting any re- complaint, and the time of his decease, he gard to God, or expressing the smallest had four days for reflection, contrition, and concern about a future world, should work which must remain to be done, at the
prayer; a term dreadfully short for the great have been heard with apparent satisfac- close of an irreligious life; but, nevertheless, tion in a Christian Senate. But who an inestimable treasure at such a period. can sufficiently deplore, that an equally This treasure the poor unfortunate Duke, as high tone of encomium, on the same
Mr. Fox informs us, most improvidently
threw away. Instead of employing the incalcharacter, should have been heard from culably precious moments in imploring the the lips of a clergyman, in that place sa- forgiveness of his sins, and an interest in the cred to religious instruction, the House great atonement, without which, unless Chris. of God! This outrageous departure tianity be a fiction, the best of us can have no from the duty of a Christian Minister, well-founded hope of future happiness; he
was, if the narrative of his eulogist be corMr. Bowles has marked with the se
rect, regardless of these important concerns, vere reprehension which it deserved, in insensible of the great defects of his past life, the latter part of his pamphlet, entitled and indifferent to his future state. What an “Observations, &c.” We are persuad- awful lesson does such an example inculcate, ed that our readers will be much grati
not merely to those who are openly pursuing fied by the following extract from this those who disregard the ordinances of Reli.
a course of vice and profligacy, but also to well-timed publication.
gion, who are guilty of an habitual violation
of the Sabbath, who neglect the indispensable “ While every instance of mortality is a duties of public worship and private prayersolemn warning to all the living to prepare those, in short, who live without God in the for death, there are some cases which pro. world!-How forcibly does this example warn claim that warning with peculiar solemnity, such persons to beware, lest their irreligious and which sound the general knell, in tones habits be so confirmed as to render them, like remarkably deep and impressive. One of the noble Duke, incapable of being roused, those cases was the death of the late Duke of even by the near and visible approach of death, Bedford. A nobleman of the highest rank- to a sense of their danger, and to an improveof princely fortune in the prime of life-in ment (as far as so apparently inadequate an the bloom of health-is suddenly cut off by occasion is capable of being improved) of the that fatal scythe, which is constantly at work few hours or days which may be allotted in the fair field of human existence. One week them, when their summons to another world beholds this nobleman walking erect amidst shall have been delivered ?" his vast possessions and numerous dependents, feasting his eyes on the bright pros
We hope that this pamphlet will have pect before him, which seemed to promise an extensive circulation ; being adinithe long enjoyment of whatever can stimulate rably calculated to operate as an antiambition, or excite envy; the next sees him a dote to the pernicious tendency, both stretched-out corpse: with which the wretchin a political and religious view, of Mr. edness of beggary, and the decrepitude of Fox's speech, as well as of Mr. Carlage, would scorn Considered merely as a striking instance of wright's sermon. The remarks on the uncertainty of human life, and of the vani- the prevalent violation of the Sabbath ty of human greatness, such an occurrence are particularly entitled to attention. was calculated to produce the most useful im. We should inform our readers, that pressions; while the conspicuous character of the individual tended to make those in the second edition is preferable to the pressions universal. The young were hereby first; the first not containing the “Obemphatically called upon to consider the frail servations” on the sermon abovementexture of that thread of life, which they are tioned. Ghrist. Observ. No. 9.
LI. A Brief Explanation of the Church Cate he that doeth the will of my Father, which is
in heaven. Matt. vii. 21. cbism, wherein is given a plain account of1. The Christian Covenant. 2. The Chris
“Q. Why do you call the state, into which tian Creed. 3. The Christian Duty. 4. The Baptism
admits you, 'a state of Salvation ? Christian Prayer. 5. The Christian Sacra- the Church of Christ, I enjoy all the means
“ A. Because being hereby .grafted into mnents, with an Appendix, containing a short Statement of the Baptism of Infants ;
necessary to salvation. Rite of Confirmation; the Government of the
“Q. Why do you ascribe this benefit to Je. Christian Church; and the Inspiration of the
" A. Because there is none other name un. Holy Scriptures, arrar.ged by way of Question der heaven given among men, whereby we and Answer By BASIL WOODD, M. A. of
must be saved.-Acts iv. 12. Trinity College, Oxford, and Chaplain to
“Q. Why do you pray unto God for grace the Right Hon. the Earl of Leicester. Ri
to continue in the same unto your life's end ?' vington. 40. or 3s. 6d. per doz. or 10s. 6d.
"A. Because from God 'all holy desires, for fifty. p. 50.
all good counsels, and all just works do proThe title page contains'a complete ceed.'-Liturgy. p. 9, 10. summary of the contents of this little “Q. What is repentance ? tract, for which we conceive the public from sin to God.
“A. A godly sorrow for sin, and a turning to be much indebted to Mr. Woodd.
“Q. What is faith? Our purpose in noticing it is, not to "A. Believing the record which God hath give a detailed analysis of its contents, given of his Son, and receiving him as our but to acquaint those who are anxious. Lord and Saviour-1 John v. 10. ly inquiring for helps in the important repentance and true faith?
“Q. What are the fruits of an unfeigned work of catechetical instruction, that
"A. Hatred of sin, love of holiness, and di. we have no hesitation in recommend. ligent practice of every known duty to God ing to their attention this useful com- and man.—2 Cor. vii. 11. pendium of Christian knowledge. The “Q. What are the Scripture characters of following specimens will shew how true faith?
“A Faith purifies the heart ; overcometh happily Mr. Woodd has availed him- the world; worketh by love, and maintains self of appropriate texts of Scripture, good works.—1 John v. 4. Gal. v. 6. Tit. as well as of suitable passages from the iii. 8. public formularies of our Church, for
“Q. What blessings are immediately conthe purpose of communicating just and nected with repentance and faith? accurate views of religious truth.
“A. All the blessings of the everlasting
Gospel. God pardoneth and absolveth ail * Q. To what duty are you engaged by lieve his holy Gospel'-Liturgy:
them, who truly repent, and unfeignedly be. Baptism? • A I was thereby enlisted under the ban- fication of man.
“Q. Repeat the XIth Article, on the justi. ner of the Lord Jesus Christ, and engaged to “A. We are accounted righteous before renounce and fight manfully against the world, God, only for the merit of our Lord and Sa. the flesh, and the devil.-Baptismal Service. “Q. What is the second duty to which Bap. own works or deservings! - Art. xi.
viour Jesus Christ by faith, and not for our tism engaged you?
“ Q. Doth the Gospel of Christ encourage “ A. To believe all the articles of the every man, however abandoned, to repent and Christian faith.'
turn to God. “Q. What are the articles of the Christian
“ A. Let the wicked forsake his way, and faith?
the unrighteous man his thoughts,and let him “ A. All the holy scriptures, which are return to the Lord, and he will have mercy given by inspiration of God, and are profil. upon him, and to our God, and he will abunable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction dantly pardon.- Isa. lv. 7. and instruction in righteousness.—2 Tim. iii. "Q What is the general nature of bap. 15.
tism'? “Q. What is the third duty to which Bap. tism engaged you?
"A Baptism is not only a sign of Christian “ A. To keep God's holy will and com.
profession; but also a sign of regeneration, or
new birth.'-- Art. xxvii. mandments, and walk in the same all the days
“Q. What benefits are derived from bapof my life.
tism? “Q. Can you prove this from the words of
“A. They who receive baptism rightly, are Christ?
grafted into the Church ; and the promises of " A. Not every one that saith, Lord, Lord, forgiveness of sin, and adoption, are visibly shall enter into the kingdom of Heaven; but signed and sealed. -- Art. xxvii.” p. 31–38.
To the Editor of the Christian Observer. SIR,
REVIEW OF REVIEWS, &c. &c.
rant your imputing to him the notion
of acis of disobedience causing us to apI was greatly pleased with the Review pear just in the divine presence.” I am of Mr. Fellowes's “Religion without not indeed very much surprised at your Cant,” which appeared in your last having misrepresented the meaning of Number. It ably exposes the danger. the above strange and confused passage. ous errors into which that gentleman Its fair and proper signification howhas fallen; and into which he labours ever, though I acknowledge it to be still so very strenuously to lead others. You
reprehensible in no small degree, is have, however, omitted one circum certainly not so remote from common stance which deserves to be pointed sense, as that which your Review has out, and which I beg leave to notice; I assigned to it.
S. L. mean the agreement of sentiment, on
We willingly acknowledge the jusevery point of theology, which seems to tice of S. L.'s remonstrance, the necessubsist between Mr. Fellowes and the sity of which, previous to our receiving Monthly Reviewers. You have alredy .his letter, we had determined to obriate, taught your readers to form so just an by informing our readers, that upon estimate of the divinity inculcated by farther consideration, we were persuadthese gentlemen, that their approbation ed that we had fallen into a mistake of an author's theological principles will with respect to the meaning which Mr, of itself be apt to generate some suspi- Fellowes really meant to convey in the cion of his orthodoxy. Their commen- words above quoted. We therefore redation, however, of Mr. Fellowes is so quest our readers to understand, that the cordial, (See Monthly Review for July absurdity which struck us on the first last) and they express so strongly their
view of the passage in question seems wish that his opinions may become uni- chiefly imputable to confusion and inversally prevalent, that we may pre- accuracy of expression. sume, without any great violation of charity, that their sagacity must have discovered in his pages a tolerably near
We readily give the following well approximation to the Socinian hypothe. meant and temperate expostulation a sis, and a disposition to unite with them place in our Miscellany. The sugges.
tions contained in it convey a very saluin divesting the Gospel of Christ of all its distinguishing characteristics, and tary caution; but we greatly doubt reducing it to a mere system of ethics.
whether they are practicable, or even After having said thus much, I shall expedient, to the extent for which the not be suspected of being particularly writer contends. We do not mean, howpartial to Mr. Fellowes, when I give it ever, to prejudge a question, which we as my opinion, that in one place you and on which we shall be glad to be
acknowledge to be a very important one, have censured him far more strongly favoured with the opinion of any judithan the case requires. The passage to which I allude stands in the first co
cious correspondent, who may have lumn of the 527th page. Mr. Fellowes turned his aitention to the subject. The had said, “ How many particular acts of question may be thus stated, “What obedience or of disobedience will cause
are the most safe, and at the same time
the most effectual means, in the present us, through the mercy of God operating
circumstances of the world, of counterin the atonement of Christ, to appear acting, in a work like ours, the influjust in bis divine presence on the one band, or will occasion our exclusion ence of those publications which are from bis favour on the other, we can
employed in disseminating infidelity and not ascertain, nor does it become us to
irreligion ?" inquire." This is indeed, as you observe, a very extraordinary sentence:
SIR, yet I think it will not by any means war. When the Christian Observer was UA
To the Elitor of the Christian Observer.
dertaken, I apprehend one end proposed formal refutation of the error, or by a in its publication, (and a very valuable plain and effectual establishment of the one) was to supersede those periodical truth. The advocate for truth may dewritings which have too successfully, it scend into the field of controversy, he may be feared, scattered the seeds of may engage every adversary that comes infidelity and immorality, even in the in his way, he may pursue and expose interior of religious families. In con- every single error. sequence of the known principles and " But error possesses a wide and professed intentions of the Editors, dark domain; and he who undertakes many persons, who have carefully ex- the conquest of the whole, undertakes a cluded Reviews of every description labour that is almost infinite. Error is from their houses, chiefly because they various and changeable, a circumstance feared the quotations they made from of which a skilful adversary. will avail infidel, or unprincipled writers as much himself; when his weapon is ready to or more than their encomiums or criti. be wrested from him, he will take encisms; readily opened their doors to tire possession of it again under anothe Christian Observer. Some of these ther shape. He who engages in conpersons, as heads of families, now ear- troversy will find himself surrounded nestly wish to draw the attention of the by,a net, where, though he may think conductors of the work to the subject of it easy to break each single thread, yet quotations. Parents, who conscientious- it will prove an endless labour to break ly watch over the cultivation of their them all; and whilst he is thus engaged, children's minds, will wish, as much as his opponent, if skilful, will not forget possible, to prevent the approach of to weave the web anew. evil till views of truth and habits of vir. “The other way of removing error is tue have gained the ascendency, Some by a clear and full exposition of the quotations, though meant to be censur. truth. It is for want of being furnished, may do more harm to a young mind ed early with its principles, that so than the criticism can possibly do good; many amongst us are ever fluctuating the imagination receives a taint, which and unstable, and ever ready to follow no address to the intellect can efface. A some new seducer. He who sets up malicious misrepresentation, a bold and truth to public view, brings the rising impious assertion, will, like an enven- sun-beam to chase away those imaginaomed dart, fix in the memory, and be• ry forms which owe their existence oncome associated with a sacred truth: ly to darkness. The mere removal of like a caricature of a respectable cha- crror is a negative benefit, and though it racter, which no wise man would intro- be true that error can hardly be refuted duce to his children, in order to point without advancing and presenting to out its want of resemblance to the origi. the mind some truths, yet these being nal. What has induced this expostu- only casual and random, not digested lation, is some quotations which have into order, or supported by their proper lately appeared in the Christian Ob. collateral truths, are easily withdrawn server from authors who will pass again and lost. To give truth a lasting swiftly to their native obscurity, if not establishment, it must be fixed on its impeded in their progress: the light of first principles as on a basis: truth criticism, whilst it detects their errors, must rise upon truth in due proportion prolongs their existence, and introduces and order, and all the parts must be them where otherwise they would have strongly united. Against a mind thus remained unknown.
prepared, the seducer will in vain waste Permit me to conclude with the his feeble efforts; and even such as words of an ingenious and sensible * have been enslaved by error, will, at writer, as better suited than my own, the approach of truth thus manifested, to express the sentiments I wish to feel their chains drop off, as at the bidconvey.
ding of an angel." « When error prevails, there are two I am, Sir, with great respect, ways by which the cause of truth may
Yours, be maintained; either by a direct and
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
by order of the French Government, in 2 vols. A new general Survey of Great Britain is an. 8vo. with maps and views; translated from the nounced, illustrated with maps, plans, engrav. French of M. Golberry; a work which is said ings of antiquities, &c. by the Rev D. Lysons, to develop the views of the French Governand Mr. $. Lysons. At the same time will be ment with respect to Africa.- Travels through published, referring to the several pages of Denmark and Sweden, by Louis de Boisgelin, the above work, Britannia Depicta; a series Knight of Malta, in 2 vols 410. with 12 views, of views of the most interesting and pictur- by H. C. Parry, Esq.-A Journey into South esque objects in each county, engraved by Wales, in 1799," by G. Lipscomb.-Travels in Mr. William Byrne, from drawings by the Iceland, performed by order of his Majesty the most eminent artists.
King of Denmark, by Mr. Olofsen, a native of An interesting account of the natives of that that country, and Mr. Povelsen, first physician part of the western coast of Africa, which to the Danish Government in their settlelies in the neighbourhood of Sierra Leone, ments in that country, in 5 vols. Svo. with an by Dr. Winterbottom, late physician to the Atlas, containing a map of the island, and 60 Sierra Leone Company's settlement, will soon plates; translated from the Danish. be published by subscription. An inquiry into The Rev. Mr. Bingley has in the press a the state of medicine, in the same region, will work in Natural History, entitled Animal Bi. be subjoined to the account; the whole to ography, in 3 vols. 8vo.consisting of Anecdotes form two volumes in 8vo.
and Facts on the Manners and Economy of A translation is in the press, of the Life the whole Animal Creation. and Postbumous Works of J.C, Lavater, from A new edition in 4to of the Georgics of Virthe German of G Gesner, his son-in-law. gil, is announced for publication, by Samuel
In the press, in 8 vols svo the whole Works Hopkinson, B. D. late Fellow of Clare Hall, of Thomas Chatterton, now first collected ; Cambridge, with copious English notes ; and including those attributed to Rowley. Dryden's Translation subjoined, in the same
Mr. T. F. Dibdin, of Gloucester, B. A. late manner as Dr. Clarke's Latin Version is printof St. Jobn's College, Oxford, has just com- ed under the Greek Text of Homer. pleted a small bibliographical work, embrac. Next year will be published, the History ing the most rare and valuable editions of the and Antiquities of the County of Surrey, hy the Greek and Latin classics, which is to be con. late Owen Manning, B. A. Vicar of Godalsidered as a classical vade mecum. If this ming, and Rector of Pepperharrow, in the small work succeed, it will be followed by a said County: larger in 4to. comprehending a variety of im An historical and philosophical Sketch of the portant matter from bibliographical authors. Discoveries in Africa, by John Leyden, Esq. is
Dr. Robert Townson has undertaken the preparing for publication, in 2 vols. 8vo. County History of Yorksbire, in 3 vols. 4to. illus. Elements of Natural and Experimental Phitrated by maps and engravings.
losophy, in 4 vols. 8vo. with Engravings, by TiDr Crombie, of Highgate, has nearly ready berius Cavallo, Esq. will soon appear. for publication, in 1 vol. 8vo. a work entitled, A Journal of the Transactions of the Forces The Etymology and Syntax of the English Lan- under Sir Ralph Abercrombie, in the Mediterraguage explained and illustrated.
nean and Egypt, with Engravings, in 1 vol. 4to. Dr. Wittman, of the royal artillery, who ac- is announced for publication. By Æneas Ancompanied Brigadier-general Koehler's mili- derson, Lieutenant 40th regiment. tary mission from Constantinople into Syria The author of "Evenings at Home," has in and Egypt, and who acted occasionally as phy. the press, the Woodland Companion, or a brief sician to the Grand Vizier, and had the medic description of British Trees, with some ac. cal care of the mission, is preparing to publish count of their uses, illustrated by 28 plates. an account of his interesting Travels in Tur Mr. William Smith proposes to publish by key, Syria, and Egypt, including a Meteorolo. subscription, in 1 vol. 4to. accurate Delineations gical Journal, and Remarks and Observations and Descriptions
of the Natural Order of the vaon the Plague, and on other Diseases of those rious Strata in England and Wales. Countries, accompanied with plates.
Mr. Nicholson bas in preparation, a transThe following voyages and travels are also lation from the new and enlarged edition of in the press :- A Voyage in the Indian Ocean the French original, lately published at Paris, and to Bengal, in 1789 and 1790, in 2 vols. 8vo. which includes the whole of the Modern Diswith plates, and a plan of Calcutta, translated coveries of Fourcroy's System of Chemical from the French of M. de Grandpre.- Travels Knowledge, and its application to the phenomin the United States of America, from 1793 to ena of nature and art. 1797, in 1 vol. 8vo. by William Priest.-A An indelible ink is prepared by Mr. T. short view of a Fourney through the Western Sheldrake, in the Strand, from a solution of Countries of Africa, between Cape Blanco and asphaltum in spirit of turpentine; to which is Cape Palmas; performed during three years, added so much of the solution of amber as