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themas spoke comfort to the soul, come considerable degree, been influenced by pared to the horrible conclusion which the treatment which it has received must be drawn from it. "If none are from a periodical publication, in high to be saved but those who do their best, repute, as we are, nevertheless, willing all the sons of Adam, without a single to acknowledge, with many persons who exception, must be involved in undis. are friends of religion and social order. tinguished ruin, and consigned to ever- We complain, that in his review of Mr. Jasting destruction.” (pp. 287, 288.) F.'s Horæ Mosaicæ, the British Critic To prove the justice of this conclusion, has not observed his usual liberality. be inquires what must necessarily be The want of originality, so frequently understood by the phrase to do our best. objected against this performance, we Mr. F. then proceeds to vindicate the conceive to be a charge highly disingehonour of the Divine Law, and to de
The term itself is ambiguous. monstrate that it has in no wise relaxed There are works in which originality is from those claims which infinite justice essential ; but in works, the argument demands. In support of this opinion, of which is founded upon testimony, he ariduces the venerable authorities of originality in the materials could only Bishop Reynolds and Luther. In order, result from forgery and false citation. It however, to securc, at the same time, is in the selection, in the arrangement, the honour of good works, for which and in the disposition of those materials those who plead for the above-inention- that the originality of works of the lated relaxation are, in general, the most ter description must consist : and in strenuous advocates, Mr. F. afirms that, such originality we scruple not to deny, although neither wholly nor partly the that Mr. F.'s performance is defective. meritorious cause of our salvation, they We are not entirely unacquainted with are nevertheless « requisite, in order the labours of Jones, of Maurice, and of that the reality of our faith may be Bryant: we have not, however, found satisfactorily ascertained.” (12. 302.) the perusal of Horæ Mosaicæ superThe great object of the whole of this seded by those illustrious monuments masterly disquisition is, to shew from of human learning. The same may be the evident imperfection of all human said of other works, which, with a greaobedience, the utter insufficiency of hu- ter degree of probability, might be reman merit to procure our acceptance presented as depriving Mr F. of the or salvation ; and thence to prove the merit of originality. The want of oriabsolute necessity of the mode of justi- ginality, however, ambiguous as the defication supplied by the mercy of God fect evidently appears to be, has the gein the Gospel
, namely, Faith in the neral effect, whether accidental or inLamb of God which taketh away the tended, to depress in the mind of the sins of the world. In this representa- reader the value of the work to which tion of the affair, Mr. F. has the entire it is imputed. concurrence of many eminent divines Our most serious objection, however, of our church, of her articles, and of applies to the concluding remarks of her homilies. He concludes the whole the British Critic. 66 Truth compels with the following words:
us to remark,” says the Reviewer, « Our Church acts witb her usual wisdom
" that in ch. 3. sect, ii. as well as in ch. in deciding this momentous point, 'the relation
1. sect. iv. on the subject of regenera. of faith and good works with respect to pre- tion, the author seems to us to be incedence, guarding her sons, on the one hand, consistent with himself, requiring in against the destructive pride of self-righteous. the elect such a renovation of heart, as
which impiously places bunan merit in the same throne with the incarnate Jehovah; must be admitted by all thinking Chrisand, on the other hand, against the baneful tians (and is admitted by Mr. F. himheresy of antinomianism, which abuses the self, if we do not mistake his meaning) precious liberty of adoption to the worst spe- to be absolutely unattainable here below; cies of licentiousness, a licentiousness from
a doctrine surely leading to despair.” principle.” (p. 531.)
With what justice the doctrine of Mr. We are at no pains to dissemble, that F. is here represented, and inconsisten. our strietures upon this work have, in a cy charged upon him, the reader may
have been prepared to judge, from the then subsisting between persons of difaccount which bas been given above of ferent persuasions in the Church, he the obnoxious chapters. The Review- addsm" And the boldness of some er's reference to the articles of our among us, who have reflected in serChurch may receive a sufficient reply mons, or otherwise, on those who hold in the same way.
But surely, if it Calvin's system, has been much błambe allowed that our liturgy, our articles, ed, and often censured by those who, and our homilies, are in perfect unison, though they hold the same opinions and, to which no reasonable person can with them, yet are both more charitaobject, that the more concise and ob- ble in their thoughts, and more discreet scure expressions in these formularies in their expressions."S are to be explained by those which are more full and express, little doubt can
XLVII. The Articles of the Church of England remain whether the Church decides
proved not to be Calvinistic. By THOMAS for Mr. F. or for his opponent. If,
KIPLING, D. D. Dean of Peterborough, however, the foundation upon which the and late Fellow of St. John's College, CamBampton Lecturer has founded his doc bridge. pp. 91. Cambridge. 1862. trine, needed any additional strength, no A few observations will be sufficient trifling confirmation would accrue to it to ascertain the weight due to this from a passage in the sermons of Bi- pamphlet, upon the subject of which it shop Jewell, too long to be transcribed, professes to treat. Its principal argubut of which the substance is contained ment rests upon a certain rigid inin a quotation from Jerom: “Si merita terpretation of the term Calvinistic, nostra consideremus,desperandum est." which will allow it to signify nothing This eminent reforiner, and compilür less than a perfect identity with the peof our homilies, is affirmed by Bishop culiar sentiments of John Calvin, p. 7. Burnet to have been much the best wri. The epithet has been generally underter of Queen Elizabeth's time: and his stood to denote a certain degree of works, upon the same authority, are re- conformity, be it more or less, to the presented “as a very sure commentary peculiar tenets of this Reformer; or a on our Articles.”+ If the testimony of nearer approximation to those tenets, Arminius should have more weight, than to any other distinguished by a this celebrated Divine professes him- particular appellation.
The greatest self ready to subscribe whatsoever Cal. inconvenience, however, of the novel vin has written upon the subject of jus. interpretation of Dr. Kipling, will be tification, in the third book of his Insti- felt by himself. For if Calvinism be tutes. I
nothing less than a precise conformity We are unwilling to impute to the with the peculiar system of Calvin, it writer, whose misconceptions we have will be difficult to find any person who endeavoured to rectify, the low preju- contends for the Calvinism of our Ardices which are entertained by many ticies. Dr. Kipling has referred to the against those who differ from them on very passage in which Mr. Overton excertain points of divinily; although pressly denies such an agreement besuch differences affect neither the cha- tween the doctrine of our Church, and racter of the persons in question as the Creed of Geneva. (p. 47, note.) Christians, nor their talents as writers. The Doctor, therefore, will find himself It may not however, be totally foreign without an opponent; and his detailed to the purpose, to subjoin what the can- quotations from Calvin will fall to the did and pious prelate above referred to ground by the stroke of his own suici. has said upon this subject. After con- dal hand. It was we doubt not this gratulating himself upon the harmony view of the affair, and neither “igno
rance” “nor design,” that prevented Jewell's Works, Sermons, p. 215. Ed, the advocates for what is called the 1611.
Calvinism of the Church of England, + Burnet on the Articles, p. x. Oxford Edit. and for which any other name more
| Arminii Opp. p. 102. Ed. 1631. The part of the Institutes referred to is Lib.iii. c. 11- suitable may be substituted, from bring15.
Burnet on the Articles, p. 16.
ing forward the Institutes of Calvin to Burnet's Preface, however, to his Exdetermine the matter in debate. (p. 6.) position of the Articles, would furnish
Dr. Kipling as we conceive, has mis. him with some useful information. led his reader in another particular. The character of Dr. Kipling, for By selecting the Liturgy as the part of liberality would in no degree have sufour public forms, on whose conformity fered, had he abstained from the insinwith the precise doctrines of Calvin, he uation against Mr. Overton, for ascribproposes to rest the decision of the ing to Bp. Prettyman's Charge a quotacontest, it must be evident to the most tion not to be found therein. (p. 69, 70.) superficial reader, that the prudent as In the second edition of Mr. Overton's sailant has chosen that part of the for- work, the reference is to Bishop Horses mularies of our Church, which is ne- ley's Charge, 1800. See the True cessarily the most general, the most Churchmen, &c. p. 405. lax, and the most pliable ; in fact, that There are other remarks of the same part which is best calculated to favour kind, more worthy of the Author's resuch a Cause as stands in need of consideration, than of our notice. perversion to accomplish its object. Whereas, allowing, as at least every SLVIII. Consideration on the late Elections member of the Church of England for Westminster and Middlesex, with some must allow, that the different forms of
Facts relating to the House of Correction in our Church are in perfect unison with Cold Bath Fields. London, Hatchard. 1802. each other, it would be far the most rational procedure, to decide the ques. The writer of this pamphlet has contion of conformity between the Church cealed his name, but he appears to be of England and any particular tenets, by a man of more than ordinary candour, the more express and enlarged declara. moderation, and judgment. After tions of her doctrines.
making some just observations on the With respect to the opposition which mischievous tendency of the means Dr. Kipling bas endeavoured to exhi- frequently employed in securing elecbit between the doctrines of Calvin and tions, he censures strongly the language our Liturgy, and which, in some cases, used by Mr. Fox, in his late Address is not so successful as the Author could to the Electors of Westminster, touchwish, it may be sufficient to observe, ing at the same time on his general that had the Doctor been so inclined, character. But the Author's chief obhe might have found almost as great an ject seems to be to expose the falseopposition between different parts of hoods which were circulated by Sir F. the writings of Calvin bimself; for it Burdett's party during the late contest will be denied by no one, acquainted for Middlesex, and to deduce some gewith the works of this eminent man, and neral remarks, both moral and political; disposed to do him justice, that many from that extraordinary election. parts of his writings, especially his com Few persons are unacquainted with mentary, abound in doctrines of the the obloquy which Sir Francis Burdett most practical tendency. If Calvin lately heaped on Mr. Mainwaring, on saw no inconsistency between his more account of the part wbich he had acted rigid tenets and these practical parts, as a magistrate, in respect to Mr. Aris the cause may possibly be found in that the Governor of the prison in Cold Bath modesty, which may be recommended Fields : Indeed the election for Midto many of his opponents, of not imagin- dlesex appears to have turned upon this ing himself competent to comprehend point. In the pamphlet before ys it is a subject, upon which whatever opinion very satisfactorily demonstrated, by quomay be adopted, it is attended with tations from the most authentic docuinsuperable difficulties. The circum- ments, that there existed not even the stances, under which it may be allowa- shadow of a foundation for the charges ble to charge another with the apparent of in humanity, so confidently preferred consequences of his doctrines, is a sub- against Mr. Aris ; and that, therefore, ject which Dr. Kipling does not seem no blame could have attached to Mr. to have maturely considered. Bishop Mainwaring. By the industrious circu
THE FREEHOLDERS OF THE
lation, however, of these fabricated char “ Such have been the impositions practised ges, the passions of the populace, in
on the public.” (p. 46, 47.) and round this great metropolis, were The writer then introduces some inflamed to a very dangerous degree. brief remarks on the subject of the adThe following is a curious instance of mission of those 370 votes of the prothe iniquity of quotation, practised in a prietors of the Isleworth Mill, by which hand-bill, which was posted up and dis- the election was made at length to turn tributed in every quarter by Sir Francis
favour of Sir Francis Burdett. Burdett's party.
“On the 27th July, 1801, a number of The hand-bill is verbatim as follow's :
persons formed themselves into a society, unBASTILE.
der an agreement, to purchase a small piece Aris, the Governor,
of ground whereon to erect a mill for grindMAINWARING, the Magistrate.
ing corn, for the purpose of supplying the suh. scribers with bread and flour, at their own
houses, at prime cost; in consequence of COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX
which a piece of ground was some time after
found suitable for the purpose ; and on the ARE requested to peruse the following Ex
13th October, 1801, (riot before) an agreement tract from the Report of the Commissioners
was entered into between the owner of the appointed by the King, at the request of the House of Commons, to 'inspect the state of the ground, (which is less than a quarter of an above-mentioned prison.
acre) and a part of the society, that the owner, “We remark an accumulation of Acts in satisfaction, for payment of £360, should con
on being paid or security being given to his defiance of the laws, committed under the eye of Magistrates visiting the Pri vey the premises to certain persons on the part son ; Acts, which involve the ubole ad ment, made the 13th October, 1801, the soci.
of the society. In consequence of this agreeministration of the Prison in Criminality.” ety was suffered to take possession. BARKER, Printer, Russel Street, Covent Garden.
“The mill on the 30th of July was not “ The passage, purporting to be an extract from it; nor bad any conveyance then been
completed, nor had any profit been derived of the Report of the Commissioners, is found executed. The mill, it appears, by private in the 50th page of the Report, and has a re. ference to the conduc of the Cook of the divided into one thousand and two shares, at
agreement between the subscribers, is to be House of Correction. With its context it two guineas each, and every person so shar. stands as follows: “We heard no complaint from the prison. ing, claims a right of voting for the county of
Middlesex. ers against this officer, either in his capacity
“Of the persons entering into this comof cook, or in his trade as sutler, but we re. mark in the latter employ, as combined with pact, three hundred and seventy appeared to
vote for Sir Francis Burdett, and of course the former, an accumulation of acts in defiance took the prescribed oath, that they had ac. f of the laws quoted in the
Appendix, commit. quired a freehold property of the cleur annual ied under the eye of the magistrates visiting value of forty skillings, over and above all dethe prison ; acts which involve the whole admi- ductions, rents, and charges, payable out
of or in nistration of the prison in criminality; the Sur. geon, by his permission to admit liquors, which the actual possession or receipt of the rents and
respect of the same, and that they bad been in are sold for other than medical purposes, and without any order in writing, or name of the profits thereof for their own use, iwelve calendar
months.” (p. 50-52.) person for whose health he thinks them necessary; the Cook in selling the several liquors,
We have introduced this pamphlet and supplying the prisoners with articles of provision ; and the Governor, by knowingly to the notice of our readers, because permitting these acts to be done.'
we think it well calculated to produce “Let the public decide whether the ex. the moral benefit of teaching persons tract, as it ought to have been printed, con to examine well into the ground of vi. veys, in any degree, the impression made by olent accusations, before they judge; that actually printed in the handbill. “ The prisoners made no complaint against
and especially, to distrust the pretenthe Cook, and the deviations from the acts of sions to superior virtue, which are made parliament, which constituted the criminality by a certain kind of popular candidates. in the administration of the prison, are still, it The writer appears to be zealous for is to be observed, on the side of indulgence to the maintenance of civil liberty, and to the prisoners.
“But the truth would not have answered object to Sir Francis Burdett for reathe purposes of those who drew the advertise. sons which by no means apply to the ment.
general members of opposition.
XLIX Short Sermons, designed for the Use of has been at least, one large edition of those who have but little Time or Inclination
a Welsh translation of them; and seveto read longer Discourses. By T. T. BiDDELPH, A M. Minister of St. James, Bris. sal editions have been printed in Scottol. 8th edition. Mawman, and Matthews, land, and distributed by the Scotch clerLondon ; Hazard, Bath; and Bulgin, Bris- gy; some of whom have expressed
tol. Price 3d, or 20s, per hundred. great pleasure on observing the good The importance of a publication can, in which these Sermons have been instruno instance, be estimated from its bulk mental in effecting. or expensiveness. The political senti
We need not say more in recomments of a nation may, sometimes, be mendation of these Sermons; and those, more influenced by a ballad than a trea
whom this recommendation may
induce tise; and a diffusion of religious truth to purchase and disperse them, will not has often been accomplished by half- think that we have said too much. penny tracts, which could not have been produced by all the labouring volumes
L. A Letter addressed to the Hon. Charles of systematic theology. Experience
Fames Fox, in consequence of bis Speech in has proved the fact, and common sense the House of Commons, on the character of teaches us to account for it. That the late Most Noble Francis Duke of Bedford. which is soon read, has a chance of be
The Second Edition. To which are added, ing much read; and books which are
Observations on a Sermon preached in the Pa.
rish Church of Woburn, March 14, 1802, the easily purchased are likely to be boun
Sunday after the interment of the late Duke tifully distributed.
of Beilford, by Edmund Cartwright, 1. M. The inference arising from the cir Rector of Goadby Marwood, Leicestershire, cumstance which we have stated is, that and Prebendary of Durbam. 8vo. pp. 57. 1s. the critic, who aspires to the exalted Rivingtons. character of a guardian of the public The motives of the author of this letter interests of religion and morality, must (whom we understand to be Mr. Bowles) not be considered as exercising a too appear to be of the most laudable kind. great minuteness of observation, if he The intention of it is to counteract the sometimes selects, as subjects of his injurious tendency of Mr. Fox's paneexamination, such publications as are gyric on the late Duke of Bedford.* of a popular form, low price, and small The encomiast had represented his nosize.
ble friend as a “ perfect character;" We intend these remarks as general and informed the honourable assembly, ones; and as explanatory of our reasons
in which the eulogium was delivered, for sometimes noticing such publica- that the reason of his taking so extraortions as the present; and not because dinary and unprecedented an opportuthe present publication has any peculiar nity of strewing a few flowers over the need of such an apologetical introduc- grave of his lamented friend, was that tion into this department of our work.
the public may be impressed with his In appreciating the value of these great example; that men may see it; Short Sermons, we are not left to cal- that they may feel it; that they may talk culate their firobable utility, from an ex
of it in their domestic circles, and hold amination of their contents ; for we are it up to the imitation of their children enabled to determine it, by the accounts
and of posterity.” which we have received, of the advan The design of Mr. Bowles's letter is tages which have already attended the to give the public a just, though widely dispersion of them by clergymen, and different, impression of the character of others, who have rightly judged then the Noble Duke; to teach men the true well adapted to the comprehension of light in which it should be viewed; and the lower classes, for whose instruction how they should talk of it in their do. they were written. Their merits have mestic circles. And well does he dealso been attested by the great sale which
serve the thanks of all who feel the they have experienced. We under- importance of Religion, for the man. stand, that in addition to sixteen thou. ner in which he has executed that desand copies, which have been printed sign. by the Author, and disposed of; there
* See our number for March, p. 207.