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To the Editor of the Christian Observer.
that period smuggling was almost uniANECDOTES OF THE REV. MR. WALKER, OF TRURO.
versal in Cornwall; and was in general SIR,
scarcely considered, even by respectable The works of the late Reverend Mr. characters, as criminal. Mr. Walker, Walker of Truro, are probably known was struck with the conscientiousness to many
your readers, and, I appre- displayed in this affair, and was curious hend, that few are acquainted with his to know whether the same strictness of writings, who would not wish to be in. morals manifested itself throughout the formed of any particulars respecting his whole of Mr. Conon's conduct. He life. The generation of those amongst cultivated, therefore, a close acquainwhom he lived, and who could describe tance with him; he observed him narthe piety and excellence of his conduct, rowly; and the result was a high veneis almost passed away, and with it will ration for a man who appeared to be soon be lost to the world the knowledge actuated by principles of greater purity, of many circumstances respecting him, than any other person with whom he which might minister much instruction had been acquainted. In the course of and edification. I wish this considera. an interesting conversation with him on tion might influence the remaining few, the nature of true faith, Mr. Walker who were personally acquainted with perceived the source of that excellence him, (and of these I know some are which was visible in his friend. He numbered ainongst your readers) to en- learned that true faith was such a lively rich your Miscellany with select anec- apprehension of the goodness of God in dotes of that good man, whose works Christ Jesus, as wrought an entire no Christian can peruse without becom- change of sentiments, pursuits, and con: ing more humble by the exposure of duct in the man, such as made him a the depravity of the human heart, more new creature, He was convinced, that grateful for the pardon so freely offered hitherto he himself had professed only a by Christ, and more earnest to obtain barren and dead faith ; and he was deterthe grace communicated through the mined, by the grace of God, now to seek influence of the Holy Spirit.
that faith which gives abiding subsisMr. Walker was first impressed with tence in the mind to things hoped for, a sense of the importance of vital Chris- and communicates, as it were, a pretianity, as distinguished from what is sence and reality to things invisible. merely nominal, by means of his ac That this determination was the fruit quaintance with Mr. Conon, Master of of true piety, and accompanied by the the Grammar School in Truro. His divine blessing, soon appeared. The knowledge of him originated in the fol- style of his preaching was changed. As lowing circumstance. Mr. Conon sent he felt the powerful influence of true a letter to him, enclosing a sum of mo. faith on his own soul, he described in ney, which he requested Mr. Walker to his discourses its operation with perpay to the proper officer of the custom- spicuity, and strongly asserted its unihouse, as an act of justice to the revenue. versal necessity.
His views on this The letter contained an apology for subject, were clearly unfolded in the giving that trouble to Mr. Walker, but adınirable sermons afterwards publishstated, that his public character would ed, entitled, The Christian a new Creature, prevent the suspicion which might have the substance of which was delivered attached to the writer, had he employed about that period.
The impression one of his own friends on the occasion. made by those sermons was so striking, It also explained the nature of the trans- that, as a by-stander remarked, the action which caused this application; whole congregation, then an exceedingviz. that Mr. Conon having been in the ly large one, seemed to retire from the habit of drinking French wines for his Church in profound meditation, and with health, could obtain none in that neigh- secret conviction that if such a change bourhood for which the duty had been of heart was necessary to constitute the paid. He took this method, therefore, Christian character, they could scarcely of paying custom to whom custom was lay claim to it. due. It is necessary to remark, that at Such preaching could not long be
relished by those who were living in a disposal. She was also eminently pious, vain, sensual, and dissipated manner, or and distinguished for her fine underwho were building their hopes upon a standing. A common friend suggested formal course of external religion. Ace to Mr. Walker the great probability of cordingly those, amongst whom were obtaining her consent to aħ union, if he comprised some of the principal inha. made proposals for that purpose : addbitants of Truro, complained to his Rec- ing, that he well knew her partiality tor of the strain of his preaching, and for Mr. Walker to be such, that she solicited his dismission. The Rector would prefer him to any man in the promised to comply with their wishes, world. Mr. Walker made no reply at and waited upon Mr. Walker with the the time; but a few days after took an intent of giving him notice to quit his opportunity of addressing his friend to cure. Mr. Walker received him with the following effect. “ You spoke to much politeness and respect, and soon me lately about Miss ; I never took occasion, from something which yet saw a woman whom I thought comoccurred in the course of conversation, parable to her, and I believe I should to explain his views of the importance enjoy as much happiness in an union of the ministerial office, and the manner with her, as it is possible to enjoy in in which its duties ought to be fulfilled. this world. I have reason also to think The high tone of virtue which appeared that my suit might not be rejected. in his sentiments; the weighty reasons But,” with a pause, he added, " it must he advanced in support of thein; the never be. What would the world say solemn manner in which he appealed to of me? How could they be persuaded his fellow-labourer in the church, so that the hope of obtaining so rich a confounded that gentleman, that he went prize has not influenced me in my reliaway without being able to effect his gious profession? It is easy, they would purpose. Being still urged to dismiss say, to preach self-denial and heavenlyhis curate, he endeavoured a second mindedness; but has not the preacher time to execute his intention ; but was himself been studious to enjoy as much again so awed by the superiority of Mr. of this world's good as he could possiWalker's piety and excellence, that bly obtain ? No, Sir, it must never be. I he could not bring himself to open his will not suffer any temporal happiness mouth upon the subject of his visit. whatever to be a bar in the way of my Being afterwards pressed by one of the usefulness. Whether this instance of principal persons in the place, he re- self-denial be thought well-judged or plied, “ Do you go and dismiss him if not, it affords the strongest proof of you can, I cannot. I feel in his pre- the power of religion over his mind, sence, as if he were a being of a superior and in this point of view may justly be order, and am so abashed, that I am un ranked with that self-denial which was easy till I can retire from it."
displayed by the primitive martyrs. Let Some time afterwards, his Rector us not hastily or lightly censure those being dangerously ill, sent for him, who possess themselves of enjoyments begged his prayers, acknowledged his which are lawful in their own nature; excellence, and promised, if he recover. but we cannot too highly extol the Chris. ed, to give him his hearty support.*
tian disinterestedness and zeal of othMr. Walker's disinterestedness and ers, who, out of holy love to their Saconscientiousness were manifested in viour and their fellow-creatures, are conhis resignation of the living of Talland, tented to sacrifice the greatest tempoas related in the account of his life, ral advantages. prefixed to his Sermons on the Baptis
(To be continucd.) mal Covenant. Another circumstance will place those qualities in a still more conspicuous point of view.
PERMIT me to solicit, from some of a young lady in that neighbourhood, of your correspondents, an explanation of accomplished manners and striking beau- certain difficulties, which have embarty, possessing a large fortune at her own rassed me, with regard to what are cal-
* Did he act accordingly? Ed. led calls of Providence.
To the Exlitor of the Christian Observer.
To the Editor of the Christian Observer.
And here it is to be observed, that they were only fulfilling the divine will. the question is not, whether every event On the contrary, men of a melancholy in the world is under the direction of and scrupulous turn are so struck with God; nor whether we are bound to obey awe by it, lest they should resist the God's will, by whatever means that will command of God, that they are unable be made known to us; but the inquiry to make a proper use of their judgment is, in what sense the events of life may to direct their conduct. This I have be considered as furnishing us with a myself experienced. In the early part rule of conduct ?
of my life having been connected with Both in the choice of the ends which those who held this doctrine of Provi. we pursuc, and of the means to accem- dence, it has made a sufficient impresplish them, attention must always be sion on my mind to prevent the exerpaid to circumstances and events. That cise of judgment, and to embarrass me attention is what I should call pru- in every step which I have to take; and dence. That we are bound always to I even now experience evils which I exercise prudence is evident; but it may attribute to this source. may be doubted whether, in any other It is therefore desirable, that the subview, the events of life furnish us with ject should be fully investigated; and a rule of action.
as many of your correspondents must, They, however, who talk of calls of in their intercourse with the religious Providence, do not seem 10 mean by world, have met with a variety of inthem the exercise of prudence. When stances of its pernicious effects, it is to a question arises respecting any step in be hoped that some of them will endealife; as the engaging in any new rela. vour io correct the mistakes which it tion or employment, or removing to a occasions.
S. D. R. new situation, they do not appear to determine it by a fair and full consideration of all the circumstances on both sides, but by some particular circum- You have probably known, within the stance, which is understood by them as circle of your acquaintance, some young indicating the will of God. Such a cir- persons, apparently of real piety, who, cumstance, they seem to think, resem: contrary to the sober sense of their own bles the command which God gave to mind, have been induced, by some inAbraham, to leave his father's house, sufficient motive, accompanied, peror to Jonah, to go and preach to the haps, with a delusive hope of doing Ninevites. They suppose that if they good, to form connections with those do not act according to the interpreta. who were not, with regard to religion, tion which they put upon that circum- of like sentiments with themsclves. As stance, they shall be resisting the com- it is to be feared that such marriages mand of God, and committing such a are not upfrequently contracted; as sin as will draw upon them a train of they are contrary to the plain direction dreadful consequences. The evils which of Scripture_" Be ye not unequally attend the step which they take in con- yoked together with unbelievers : for sequence of this opinion, are not re. what fellowship hath righteousness with garded by them as of the nature of pu- unrighteousness ? and what communion nishments for their imprudence, but as hath light with darkness?" and as they sufferings in the path of duty.
are generally productive of much injuThis notion of the calls of Provi- ry or unhappiness to the pious characdence appears to disqualify the mind ter, rather than of benefit to the oppofor such a consideration of circum- site one; it may be useful to introduce stances as is necessary to a just deci- to your readers some judicious advice sion of every practical question. It upon this subject, which I have met enables men of a sanguine disposition with in the writings of an old Divine. to regard whatever they wish as their To this Divine the following quesduty; and it is a fact, that they have tion was proposed-Whether a Protesoften been led by it into dreadful mis- tant lady, of strict education, might martakes, yet imagining all the time that ry a Panist, in hope of his conversion,
ke promising not to disturb her in her re may be tried and accomplished first. ligion ?" The answer he gave, (as he There are enow of us who are ready himself suggests) will apply almost to meet any man of the papal'way, and equally to the question of such a per to evince his errors. If reason, or Scripson's marriage with an ungodly Protes- ture, or the Church, or sense itself, tant; with an irreligious or unconvert may be believed, we shall quickly lay ed man of the world.
His reasons that before him which hath evidence (which I shall give you in his own lan- enough to convince him; but if none guage) for thinking that in all ordinary of this can do it before hand, how can a cases a marriage of this kind is impro- wife hope to do it? She ought not to per and sinful, are these:
think a husband so fond and weak, as in o 1. A husband is especially to be a the matters of his salvation to be led by meet-helper in matters of the greatest his affections to a woman, against his moment; and this help is to be daily reason, his party, and his education ; or given, in counselling in the things that if she can do more than a learned man concern salvation, instructing in the can do, let her do it first, and marry him Scriptures, exciting grace, subduing after. I had rather give my money, sin, and helping the wife in the constant or my house and land, in charity, than course of a holy life, and in her pre- to give myself in charity, merely in paration for death and the life to come.
hope to do good to another.
It is a And a humble soul that is conscious of love of friendship and complacence, its own weakness, will find the need of and not a love of mere benevolence, all this help; which, how it can be which belongeth to this relation. More. expected from one who only promiseth over, error and sin are deep rooted not to disturb her in her religion, I things, and it is God only that can cannot understand. I should as soon
change such hearts, and women are advise her to take a physician in her weak, and men are the rulers; and sickness, who only promiseth not to therefore to marry, if it were a vicious meddle with her health, as a husband ungodly Protestant, merely in hope to who only promiseth not to meddle change him, is a course which I think with her in matters of religion.
not meet here to name, or aggravate “ 2. A husband, who is no helper in as it deserveth. religion, must needs be a bindrance !
" 4. Yea, she may justly fear rather For the very diversions of the mind to be changed by him ; for he hath the from holy things, by constant talk of advantage in authority, parts, and inother matters, wili be a very great im- terest; and we are naturally more pediment! And as not to go forward prone to evil than to good. It is easier is to go backward, so not to help is to to infect twenty men than to cure one ; kvinder, in one of so near relation. How and if he speak not to her against her hard it is to keep up the love of God, religion, enow more will
. and a delight in holiness and heavenly “5. Or if she be so happy as to esdesires, and a fruitful life, even under
cape perversion, there is little hope of the greatest helps in the world, much her escaping a sad calamitous life ; more among hindrances, and especial- partly by guilt, and partly by her grief ly such as are in our bosom and con for a husband's soul, and partly by fatinually with us, I need not tell a hum- mily disorders and sins, and also by ble and self-knowing Christian. And daily temptations, disappointments, and of what importance these things are, I want of those helps and comforis in shall not declare till I am speaking to the way to heaven, which her weakan infidel or impious person.
ness needeth and her relation should “ 3. And as for the conversion of afford; so that if her soul escảpe, she another, marriage is none of the means must look that her great affliction be that God hath commanded for that the means; and yet we cannot so conend (that ever I could find:) preach- fidently expect from God, that he will ing, or conference with judicious per- sanctify to us a self-chosen affiction as sons, are the means of such conver
another." sion; and, if it be a hopeful thing, it Our author, it will be seen, has not
spoken of the hindrances which would, mony, the office of a Bishop may be the probably, arise to the pious education same, though he is not distinguished by of the children of such parents, a point the name of an Apostle. Part of our which should be well weighed, and confusion of ideas may, perhaps, have considered as of great importance by arisen from the different manner of every serious person. But what he translating the terms. The original has said deserves much attention; and words, which we translate apostle and should his remarks, Mr. Editor, assist angel, signify also a messenger. Are any of your readers to form their sen our brethren inquired of ? says St. Paul. timents, and to order their conduct They are the apostles of the churches aright in a matter so intimately con- and the glory of Christ. (2 Cor. viii. nected with their present and eternal 23.) That the Apostles had originally welfare, they will, doubtless, thank you the government of the Church of Christ for allowing them to be transplanted will not be denied. In all the ordinafroni the page of an old folio into that tions which are recorded or alluded to of the Christian Observer.
in the New Testament, after our Lord's ascension, at the least one of the Apos.
tles, or a man with apostolical autho. For the Christian Observer.
rity, was present. Timothy was orIn the New Testament, the words dained by the hands of the Presbytery. which we translate bishop, priestor (1 Tim. iv. 14.) Nothing can be inferelder, and deacon, are often used indis- red from the name, except that they criminately one for another. They ap. were persons in the ministry who orply generally to persons in the ministry, dained him; and St. Paul expressly aswithout specifying their rank or their sures us that he was one of the numorder. A man of the highest rank in ber. (2 Tim. i. 6.) The Apostles rethe Church is sometimes termed a ceived accusations against ministers, Minister or Elder, and one of an infe- and issued out censures against such as rior order a Bishop. It is necessary to were guilty. And so considerable was keep this idea in mind, if we would ob- the labour of this charge, that St. Paul tain a complete view of the Primitive felt very sensibly that which came upon Church. There is no arguing from him daily, the care of all the churches. the identity of the name to the identity (2 Cor. xi. 28.) of the office. The ministers of the
As the Church multiplied, and some Church of Christ had their different of the Apostles finished their course, appointments and distinct labours; but the survivors appointed others, with when they are mentioned with discrim- apostolical authority, to assist. Titus ination, they are not always called by was sent for a time into Crete, and Time the names which we use in latter ages. mothy to Ephesus, to Theodoret, a writer who lived in the be.
At Philippi was Epaphroditus, ginning of the fifth century, gives us a whom St. Paul styles the apostle or rational account of this matter. His
messenger of the Philippians. (Phil. words are these. “Formerly the same
It is natural to suppose that persons were called both Presbyters these men would be multiplied, as the and Bishops, and those now called Bi. necessity of the churches increased. St. shops were then named Apostles. But John, when he was an old man, writes in process of time, the name of Apostle to the angel of the church of Ephesus, was left to those Apostles strictly so of Smyrna, of Pergamos, of Thyatira, called, and the name of Bishop ascribed of Sardis, of Philadelphia, and of Laoto the rest.”* According to this testi- dicea. The word Angel is equivalent
to that of Apostle, and signifies a mes* Τες αυτους εκαλ8ν ποτε πρεσβυτερες και
senger. Τους δε γυν καλουμενους επισκοπους,
And to suppose that there
, αποστολους ονομαζον. Του δε χρονου πεο ιοντος,
was only one individual minister in each το μεν της αποστολης ονομα τοις αληθως αποσ. of these churches, is contrary to all the
Την δε της επισκοπης προσηγ- ideas that we are taught to form of the ορίαν τοις πάλαι καλουμένοις αποστολoις επιθησαν.
success of the Gospel in the primitive Theodoret, in 1 Tim. iii. 1.
ain and to go