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the conversion of sinners! We learn tian will decline them? Our’s, in that from our Saviour's reply, that no man case, be the cross and reproach on thus assisted by him will lightly vilify earth! our's the fellowship of the man the power by which he is supported. of sorrows! In any and in every way God, who is amenable to none, is best may we be conformed to Christ, so able to estimate the good and the evil that we may have a name in his kingresulting from irregular ministrations; dom, and behold his glory! and it may be his pleasure at times to In our Lord's last journey to Jerucountenance them, in order to reprove salem, as he passed through a village the negligence and wake the zeal of of the Samaritans, their national hatred any of his churches. He teaches us to the Jews betrayed itself, by refusing to judge of principles by their great, to Jesus and his Apostles, the common obvious, and immediate consequences. refreshment due to the weary traveller. Upon the whole, therefore, if the Stung by the indignity offered to their milder methods of argument and per. Lord by these Samaritans, against suasion fail to reclaim irregular men, whom, as schismatics, they probably we are bound neither to persecute gloried in indulging the most violent their persons, to stab their characters, resentment; the sons of Zebidee said, nor to anathematize their souls. While Lord, wilt thou that we should command we lament the evils which do, or may fire from heaven to consume them, as arise from their irregularity, and en- did Elias ? But Jesus answered, Ye deavour by every Christian means to know not what manner of spirit ye are obviate them; we are taught to hon- of. The Son of man is not come to deour their good will, their zeal and law stroy men's lives, but to save them. Let bours, and to bid them God speed, 80 not this violence be deemed characterfar as they follow Christ.

istic of these Apostles; but let us at The next act of the brother Apostles least learn from it to beware of cheis a more direct and open avowal of rishing unhallowed tempers, and holdtheir worldly and ambitious views, than ing proud and threatening language, is recorded of the rest. Salome came under the specious veil of love to to Jesus with her sons, worshipping Christ, and zeal for his glory. We him, and requesting that they might sit, turn with disgust from the execrations the one on his right hand and the other of the profane ; but when good men, on his left, in his kingdom. To this and even ministers of the Gospel of Jesus answered, Ye know not what ye Peace, launch vindictive anathemas ask. Are ye able to drink of my cup from the pulpit and the press in the and to be baptized with my baptism? name of the Lord, we are filled with Prompted by love and fired with am fear and grief. O that before they enbition, they answered boldly, We are vour to excite the flame of perseable-we are ready to share thy for- cuting zeal, they would so far curb tunes. Our Saviour, through this dark their spirits as to inquire with the sons cloud of ambition, perceiving the in- of Zebidee, into the pleasure of him tegrity of their hearts, replied ; ye whom they profess to serve. shall drink, indeed, of my cup, and be When our Saviour was apprehendbaptized with my bafitisin ; but to sit on ed, James and John forscok him and my right hand and on my left is not inine fled, like the rest of the Apostles; but to give by partial favour, and much John soon returning, followed him to less to those who are actuated by the the palace of the High Priest ; probamotives yo now betray; but it shall be bly attended him to the judgment hall given to them, for whom, in the perfect of Pilate ; and took his post near the harmony of grace and justice, wisdom cross of his expiring master. In that and holiness, it is prepared of my Fa- dreadful moment, when our Lord was iher. If to drink of the Saviour's cup, 'enduring for our sakes the extremity and to be baptized with his baptism, of suffering, John received an affecting be the path appointed to the honours testimony of his peculiar love ; for of his kingdom ; what sincere Chris. looking on his mother and the disciple

whom he loved, (whose kind arm, per From St. John we now return to the haps, sustained the venerable woman, martyrdom of his elder brother, styled while a sword, as good old Simeon had by the Church, James the Great; to prophesied, was piercing through her distinguish him from another Apostle soul) he said, Woman, behold thy son! of the same name, called James the and to the disciple, Behold thy mother! Less, the son of Alpheus, and the brothand from that hour, that disciple took er of our Lord. Ten years were now her.10 his own home. No comment elapsed from Pentecost, and yet the can impress the heart which is insen. Scriptures record no transaction of sible to the force and beauty of the James, nor of any of the Apostles extext.

cept Peter and John; yet were they all On the morning of the resurrection, of the same spirit, and mighty in their John, first of all the Apostles, reached conversation and ministry. The conthe grave of his Lord; and there it is duct of St. James in particular was, no remarked to his honour, that on view- doubt, consonant to the name of Boaner-' ing the evidences of Christ's resurrec- ges, and such as justified the peculiar tion, while Peter reasoned, John be- honour shewn him by our Lord; but lieved. On the banks of Gennesareth, probably the sphere of his labours was in the person of a venerable stranger, confined to Jerusalem, and to occasional he was the first to recognize his Lord. visits to the rising churches of Judea, On that occasion our Saviour used an Samaria, and Galilee. From the sword expression which was construed by of Herod Agrippa first striking at him, the Apostles in such a manner as we may infer bis authority in the Church, might have injured a mind less pure and the efficacy of his testimony among than that of St. John; for they appear the people. St. Luke records his marto have conceived the idea that he tyrdom without detailing any circumshould not die; an idea which, at the stances of it, or adding one remark to time St. John wrote his Gospel, had throw light upon his character, or as probably gained ground in the Church the eulogy of his virtues. Why was from his advanced age, but which he

so great an Apostle as St. James taken evidently discourages; observing, that away in the prime of life, in the midst Jesus did not say, he shall not die, but of his successful labours? and why are if I will that he iarry till I come, what the particulars of his life and labours is that to thee?

unrecorded? God knoweth, though we After the day of Pentecost we find know not. Incapable as we are of rethe beloved John always associated with conciling apparent difficulties, we may Peter in every important transaction: rest assured, that the works of nature they stand conspicuous in the front of and the dispensations of Providence, that immortal phalanx, which conquered proceeding from the grand source of the world, and taught us to conquer it; wisdom and order, have all a fitness and the first brave confessors and joyful harmony which escape our limited facprisoners of the Pacificator and Libera

ulties. Hereafter what we deem a tor of mankind. Did they formerly blemish will appear a beauty; and we contend for worldly pre-eminence? Á shall learn to adore what now we quesbaptism of fire has pointed out to them tion. Some noble blood might be wantthe pursuit of nobler dignities, to being to witness to the infidelity of the attained by nobler 'means.

Neither world, and to invigorate the zeal of the wealth nor honour were now the ob. Church. And what victim could have jects of their ambition, but the glory of been selected more proper, than he who their God and Saviour: and correspond. had declared his readiness to be baping fears, hopes, and affections united tized with the baptism of his Lord; or them, and shall for ever unite all who what blood more precious than that of are actuated by the same motives,

this Son of Thunder? His life and lathough it may be with some intervening

bours, unrecorded on earth, are emblaclouds of occasional minconstruction; in zoned in the annals of eternity, and bonds of amity, which neither life nor

shall be hereafter published to an asdeath shall sever.

sembled world.

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After the martyrdom of his brother, churches. Jerusalem was now rased St. John is thought to have continued from its foundation, after having shed in Judea, until about the fifteenth year much Christian blood, especially that of after the death of our Lord; discharging two Apostles, James the Great, and every office of filial duty to the pious James the Less the brother of our mother of Jesus until she was admitted Lord. Nothing more could be done to the glorious presence of her Son and for the beloved city, and for that once Saviour. By her decease being free to favoured, but now rejected, nation. In discharge his apostolic office to the Rome Christ had been fully preached world at large, he appears to have quit. by St. Peter and St. Paul, and glorified ted Jerusalem, and to have entered on by their faithfulness unto death. St. the work of converting the Gentiles to John also had borne his testimony there. the faith of Christ. Where first he The divine wisdom is therefore seen in exercised his office is not recorded; but reserving to the Asiatic churches, a after the death of St. Paul, who first station from which his peaceful minisplanted the Gospel in those parts, we try might, with most advantage, be exare authorized to say that he was much tended on every side, as the necessiconversant in the Lesser Asia. The ties of the Church should require; the churches of Smyrna, Pergaños, Thya- lengthened labours of this only survivLira, Sardis, and Philadelphia, are said to ing Apostle. In this blessed service have been planted by him. These he continued, until full of years labours cities, with the addition of Ephesus and and every good work, the weakness of Laodicea, were the most flourishing of nature put a period 10 his life, in the the Asiatic churches; and from the cir- midst of his Christian friends, and in the cumstance of the seven epistles in the ninety-eighth year of his age. Eusebius. Revelations being addressed to them, tells us that his remains were interred we may conclude that they stood in a at Ephesus. peculiar relation to St. John. From The character of this holy man is Ephesus, as a central situation, St. John delineated, and his eulogy given us is said, for many years, to have exercis. by the Holy Spirit, in one emphatic ed his ministry with indefatigable labour line: He was THE DISCIPLE and great success in various parts of the JESUS LOVED. What can man or angel East and West.

say more of human character? and St. In the reign of the Einperor Domi- John himself seems to have valued this tian, long after Peter, Paul, and most, distinction above all others, and to have if not all, of the Apostles had rested dwelt upon it with honest delight. He from their labours; he was sent a pri- mentions it thrice, with complacency, soner to Rome, as a subverter of the in the close of his gospel; and while religion of the empire, and an assertor he declines the subscription of his of atheism. By the command of that name, to give authenticity to his testibarbarous prince he is said to have been mony, he concludes, This is the Discia thrown into a cauldron of boiling oil, ple which testifieth and wrote these from whence the Lord delivered him things ; and we know that his testimony uninjured. The truth of this iniracle is true. Heavenly charity, in other we neither affirm nor deny, referring words, the love of God in Christ; which the curious reader to the disquisitions purifies the heart, and binds all the afof the learned upon the subject. It is, fections to truth, purity, and peace; however, uncontroverted, that Domitian which clears, expands, and invigorates banished this Apostle to the Isle of the understanding; tranquillizes the Patmos; where he received from our mind; gladdens the spirit; softens the Lord those Revelations which close the manners; humbles the soul beneath the testimony of Jesus and the canon of meanness of pride, and exalts it beyond Scripture.

the littleness of created enjoyment; A few years after his exile, Nerva, which gives meekness to wisdom, and recalled the persecuting edicts of his temperance to zeal; the darling attripredecessor, and St. John was permit. bute by which Jehovah chooses to be fed to return to the service of the Asiatic known; the generous principle by


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which he requires to be served; seems further particulars respecting the late to have formed the basis of St. John's Reverend C. F. Swartz, in addition to temper, breathes through all his writ- the interesting account of his death, ings, and gives him those gentler shades extracted in your Second Number, of character, in which he appears pe- from the Report of the Society for Proculiarly to resemble his divine master. moting Christian Knowledge.

That Every honour of the Church was ac- Society has, indeed, conferred a singucumulated on his favoured head. He lar favour upon their subscribers, and alone united the characters of Evange- upon the Christian world at large, by list, Prophet, and Apostle; and in each giving, in detail, a narrative of the he maintains a pre-eminence which dying behaviour of this truly apostolic marks the beloved disciple. The divini- man, written in a strain of pathetic ty of Jesus, the doctrines of atonement simplicity and unaffected piety. and regeneration, union and fellowship Mr. Swartz was born in Germany, with the Saviour, the work and offices in the year 1726. On the 17th of Juof the spirit, the deepest and most ener, ly, 1750, he arrived at Madras, at the getic truths of Religion, are displayed age of twenty-four, to preach “to the in his Gospel with peculiar felicity. A Gentiles” of Indostan “the unsearch. richer vein of piety, and a sublimer able riches of Christ.” That he spirit, seems to characterize it. The might be more extensively useful, he simplicity of his diction, the sublimity made himself master of four different of his thoughts, and the temperate wis.


His labours were various dom of his mind, prove him to have and immense. He preached much, been formed upon the strictest model

very often several times in a day. of his Lord.

He frequently visited the different The character of St. John's Epistle Churches planted on the soutbeast is nearly similar to that of his Gospel.

coast of India. He instructed the The divinity of Jesus, and fellowship schools of the Malabar children. He with Father and Son; the faith which visited the sick; and he was often emtriumphs over the world ; the love of ployed in secular transactions of a difGod and man, evidencing itself in the ficult and confidential nature for the genuine fruits of a holy and beneficeni

government and for individuals. * Even life; and the anointing of the Holy in his sixty-eighth year, when on a Spirit; are the important subjects of visit to the Churches of Cuddalore and which he treats. His Revelations, Negapatnam, he commonly preached which carry us beyond the limits of three times every day, in English, Porhumanity and the end of time, in a suc

luguese, and Malabar. In this “labour cession of illustious prophecies, clothed of love” he was actuated by the purest in the boldest and most splendid im- motives. Salvation by grace, through agery; exhibit him as the greatest as

the atonement of Christ, embraced by well as the last of the prophets. His faith, and evidenced by a life of holiextensive age seems to have given ness and devotedness to God, was the him a double Apostleship; and as Je- theme on which he dwelt with pecusus had before intrusted to his care his liar pleasure, energy, and effect. He venerable mother, so to the same be

was himself a shining example of primloved disciple, in a peculiar manner, itive Christianity, and might justly he appears to have committed the Church have said, “Be ye followers of me as purchased with his blood.

I am of Christ." So established was his character for integrity, that he was honoured with the confidence, not on

ly of the Europeans within his extenWith the view of cherishing the dis- sive sphere, but also of the native positions and exemplifying the quali- princes and their subjects. When fications necessary for those who un- Tanjore was besieged, and the garridertake the arduous service of Mission

* See the Society's Report for 1795, and the aries, I send for your insertion a few testimony of the Marquis Cornwallis, p. 114.

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To the Editor of the Christian Observer.

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I am,

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son perishing with hunger, and when God whom Christians worship is Mamthe Rajah solicited and promised in mon, a Swarız has been raised up vain ; Mr. Swartz, by merely giving there, the excellence and lustre of his own personal promise of payment whose Christian character and conto the country people, prevailed on duct have subdued prejudice, and enthem to bring in corn by night, and forced conviction; have filled the peothus saved that important fortress. ple with love, the Bramins with admiThe late Rajah of Tanjore, though a ration, and the Rajah with reverence. heathen, frequently consulted Mr.

&c. Swartz on affairs of magnitude, and

PHILOCHRISTOS. also committed to the care of Mr. Swarız his adopted son, the present Rajah; a young Prince who favours To the Editor of the Christian Observer. the Christians in consequence of the SIR, impressions made upon his mind by Having mentioned some instances his revered guardian.

which I had not before seen noticed, The labours of Mr. Swartz were not of Scripture history receiving confirconfined to the instruction and con mation and illustration from ancient version of the Hindoos; but with remains and modern travels, I beg equal earnestness and fidelity he ex leave to add some further observations horted nominal Christians, whenever on the same subject. they came in his way; English, Por The word Tattoo, and the custom tuguese, and German; to "repentance of tattooing among many rude tribes towards God, and faith in our Lord or nations of the East, is certainly coJesus Christ,” in order to forgiveness eval with the Hebrew Scriptures. and salvation. After near half a cen The word itself is Hebrew, and occurs tury of uninterrupted and excessive in Ezekiel, chap. ix. ver. 4, both as a labours and self-denial in the service verb and a noun, which we translate, of Christ, I find him, in a series of “ Set a mark upon the foreheads of the confidential letters, which are now be men that sigh:” but Grotious on the fore me, exulting, at the close of his place, renders it, “ Et signa Thau, &c. days, in the prospect of a happy eterni. not,” says he, “any sign or mark, but iy; not building, however, his hope of the letter Thau is understood here by acceptance with God upon his own la- the Chaldee interpreter: and the letbours and merits; but on the unde ter T, he observes from Jerome, in his served grace of God, and the merito- commentary on this place, according rious sacrifice of his beloved Son. to the more ancient method of writ.

It must afford sincere gratification ing among the Hebrews and Samari. to the Christian, that whilst adventur- tans, was of the form of a cross.” ers will cheerfully expose themselves Isaiah has a reference to a similar to the multiplied dangers of distant practice to that of tattooing, chap. xlix. voyages and unhealthy climates in pur ver. 16, “I have graven thee in the suit of gain

palms of my hands; thy walls are con

Parkhurst obquem

"neque fervidus æstus tinually before me.” Demoveat lucro, neque liyems, ignis, mare, serves on the word here used by the ferrum

Prophet (p) that it is an allusion to Nil obstet," sibi; “dum ne sit” se “ditior the eastern custom of tracing out alter:".

sketches on the hand, and then rubMen are not wanting, who are ready bing them with the powder of henna, " to forsake all," and freely and volun or cyssus, and thereby making marks tarily to encounter as greal dangers perpetual.-See Michaelis on Lowth and greater hardships, for Christ's sake Prælection. p. 399; and Russel's Alepand the Gospels.

po, p. 103, 4. But what I wish chiefly It is a great consolation that, whilst to observe is, that the word expressive the conduct of many Europeans might of this custom being strictly Hebrew, induce the Gentoos to suspect that the and as such used by Ezekiel, gives

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