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ticisms on the meaning of a few doubtful our Reformers, (p. 69.)-CHAP. III. Ar
not proved at all. It is therefore especially -CHAP. V. The investigation continued
adherence pursued in respect to the doctrine of
cause the true principles of the Establislıment
The main question stated; and argued against the
Assailants, from their condUCT IN SUB-
SCRIPTION,_their own CONCESSIONS,--and
the COMPLAINTS OF SEVERAL EMINENT
both Church and State. For, without arraign author quotes, or refers to, passages in
trines of the Church, and that the rest
of the Clergy do. The persons cen.
Coulthurst, Mr. Romaine, Mr. Robin-
ed against the Assailants, from their Conduct Hawker, Dr. Knox, Mr. Wilberforce,
Mr. Scoit, Mr. Cecil, Mr. Goode, Mr.
, in- sweeping clauses draw in a far greater
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
WHOSE DOCTRINES ARE REALLY THOSE OF
FIRST DELIVERED BY OUR
bate. And, however trite our subject may from their literal and primitive meanbe, we are not, it appears, about to contend ing.” (p. 22.) with a shadow. The Evangelical Teachers, of the description here specified, certainly do
The leading patrons of this scheme pretend to adhere strictly to the Doctrines of are the late Archdeacon Powel, and the Church, and thus generally is their claim Dr. Hey, formerly Norrisian Profesdenied, and the opposite one supported. sor; after extracts from whose writ
The QUESTION therefore is, whose pre; ings, the author adds: tensions, in this matter, are best founded ?
While the rule of duty is preserved entire,
many degrees of deviation from it are compa. OUR ARTICLES, HOMILIES, AND LITURGY?
tible with hopes of a return, but who will adWHO, IN REALITY, TEACH THE DOCTRINES
here to its original strictness after the standCONTAINED IN THESE FORMULARIES, AS
ard of conduct is depressed? after they have
a free license to depart from it ?-And what REFORMERS? (p. 17.)
is all this but saying, in effect, We do not 2. “ Now," says he, "that the actual
even pretend to follow the interpretation of the opinions and teachings of many in the Reformers ; we do not acknowledge our. Church, do not coincide with the ex selves at all bound by their sentiments ; we press and obvious doctrines of our Ar. fiave a new sense of our own ; the opinions of
“ those we account learned and judicious ticles, appears from their conduct
men” of the present day, is our standard ? p. RESPECTING SUBSCRIPTION to these 26, 27.) Articles, and the methods they have “ A third class of Subscribers may recourse to, in order to reconcile them- be mentioned, who wholly disapprove selves to this measure."
of this UNLIMITED LATITUDE of inter“ By some then, the Articles of our pretation; but who nevertheless plead Church are considered as little more
for liberty upon, what they call, the than ARTICLES OF PEACE, which are “ mysterious and difficult doctrines ;" only not lo be contradicted in our public talk of retrenchment and alteration, and ministrations; as mere proscriptions of by other means discover, that there are certain sects and tenets which obtained
some things in the Articles to which at our first separation from Rome, and they do not cordially subscribe.” therefore unmeaning and obsolete in (p. 27.) proportion as these particular sects and “The Divines already noticed," tenets have ceased to be dangerous; Mr. O. remarks, “are unanimous in as a mere form of admission into the thus far expressing their dissatisfaction Church ;” (British Critic for Dec. with the Established Creed,” and sup1799, p. 610,) or, denominate them ports this by quotations from Dr. Balwhat they please, a something which guy, Dr. Hey, Dr. Ridley, and Bishop does not require from the Minister who Warburton ; to the writings of which subscribe them, the actual belief of the prelate we are referred by Mr. Lud. doctrines they contain.” (p. 18.) lam, Mr. Polwhele, Mr. Clapham, Dr.
Under this class, Mr. O. quotes Bp. Croft, &c., for correction and instrucWatson, Dr. Thos. Balguy, and Arch- tion in orthodoxy; and Dr. Crost him. deacon Paley; and he shews at the self expressly declares, that some of sentiments of Dr. Paley upon this sub- the Articles lean to the side of enthuject are so understood by Mr. Gisborne, siasm, and this is said, too, of the funand are applauded by Mr. Polwhele, damental Articles on Grace, Faith, anh and the British Critic, while they are Good Works. severely reprobated by the Anti-Jaco The writer thus concludes this part bin Reviewers.
of the chapter:“ By another class of these Divines, On whatever grounds then these various it is acknowledged, or all but acknowo modes of treating the established confessions ledged, that the established Confessions
are built ; such a procedure certainly does
not resemble the conduct of those who adhere have actually experienced what they to the express and obvious doctrines of these call, a TACIT REFORMATION. These formularíes. Will they pretend to believe and persons represent our formularies of teach the doctrines contained in the Articles, doctrine as having a new and acquired who do not consider them as propositions to sense;" and maintain, that in this be believed, but articles only not to be publicly sense they are conscientiously sub- Anabaptists, and Puritans? Can they be sup
contradicted ; mere proscriptions of Papists, sçribed, however different it may be posed to preach according to the primitive
signification of these Articles, who tell us ex. ops, and wish to charge us with a derepressly that they have a new and acquired sense, liction of our duty towards these Digin which they may be honestly subscribed ? nitaries of the Ciurch. (See Anti-Jac. Is it credible that they should “teach them as they were first delivered by our Reformers," Rev. April 1799. p. 364.)—Let us hear who lament, that in consequence of the errors the OPINION of some of our most active of those times, the Articles contain so many and eminent PRELATES on the subject things which are objectionable, and which we are discussing.” (p. 36.) want reforming? These are all methods of viewing and representing the subject which
On this subject the following importhey find no sort of occasion for, who really tant passage is quoted from Archbish. adhere to the plain and natural meaning of the op Secker, in one of his Charges to the Articles, as they are illustrated by the known Clergy :sentiments, and other writings of the Reformers, (p. 30.)
“ To improve the people effectually,—you
must be assiduous in teaching the principles 3. Mr. Overton proceeds to state not only of virtue and natural religion, but of various CONCESSIONS of the British Cri.
THE GOSPEL; and of the gospel, not as ALtic, of Dr. Hey, of Bishop Warburton, MOST EXPLAINED AWAY by modern refiners, of Bishop Shipley, of Arch". Paley, of but as the truth is in Jesus;' as it is taught Dr. Croft, and of the Anti-Jacobin Re- by the Church of which you are members ;
as you have engaged by your subscriptions viewers; in all which it is declared or
and declarations, that you will teach it yourimplied, that a defection from the pri. selves.—You must preach to them faith in mitive doctrines of the Church has ta. the ever-blessed Trinity ;-you must set forth ken place among many of her Minis. the original corruption of our nature; our reters. He, therefore, proceeds :
demption according to God's eternal purpose
in Christ, by the sacrifice of the cross; our Surely then, all these Gentlemen forget sanctification by the influences of the Divine themselves, when they so indignantly “re. Spirit, the insufficiency of good' works, and probate” and “ spurn” the mention of this the efficacy of faith to salvation.circumstance by others. (See Croft's Stric " The truth, I fear, is, that MANY IF NOT tures on Paley, &c. p. 145; Clapham's Ser. MOST of us have dwelt too little on these doc. at Boroughbridge, p. 28; Daubeny's Appen. trines in our sermons,--partly from not ha. dix, p. 622 ; &c.) If there is not a foundation ving siudied Theology deeply enough to treat for the charge, why are they thus guilty of of them ably and beneficialiy : God grant it slandering their brethren? Why, in all these may never have been for want of inwardly ways, do they contribute towards the support experiencing their importance.—But whatever and propagation of such an idea ? If there is be the cause, the effect has been lamentable.a foundation for it, and if this conduct is, as
Our people have grown less and less mindful, they here say, “ JUSTLY THOUGHT TO BE A first of the distinguishing Articles of their GREAT AND CRYING ABUSE,” why do they on Creed, then, as will always be the case, of other occasions so vehemently deny it? And that one which they hold in common with the why may not others, who view the matter in heathens ;-flattering themselves, that what this light, openly lament it as well as them. they are pleased to call a moral and harmless selves ? What constitutes that conduct weak
life, though far from being either, is the one ness, and enthusiasm, and reviling, in some thing needful.—Reflections have been made ministers in the church, which is not such in
upon nis-on account of these things, by Deothers? And if, in reality, they do not per ists, Papists, Bretlıren of our own, &c. (Ch. ceive a nearer resemblance between our doc- 1. p. 79, Watson's Tracts, Vol. 6.)" trines and those of the church, why do they thus characterise them by the same epithet?
Quotations from Bishop Horsley, And'why do they say, “ that the Articles lean from Bishop Horne, and from the Bishto our side of the question ?"
op of Durham, speak clearly and forciNor can our conclusion be evaded by say. bly the conviction of these eminent preing, that their observations are confined within lates, that the great doctrines of the much narrower limits. Some of our writers, doubtless, may have expressed themselves in Gospel have, with very pernicious contoo general terms. It was natural for men un. sequences resulting therefrom, been der their circumstances, and experiencing too much excluded from many of our their treatment, to do so The persons, how. pulpits. A quotation from the Bishop ever, censured in the passages just quoted,
of London implies the same conviction “ The Clergy,” “our ablest Divines.". “Our Preachers," " the English Divines," in his lordship’s mind; and another &c expressions which extend the conduct in from the Bishop of Lincoln implies, question far beyond what this work under that the Articles were not always dealt takes, (p. 35, 36)
with fairly and honestly, and, at the « 4. But, as the opposers of our doc same time, quashes, at a stroke, all the trines would be thought to have great casuistry employed to evade their plain respect for the judgment of our Bish- meaning, and to justify subscription
without actual belief, the Bishop decla ous state of affairs which existed at the ring that they are to be subscribed in commencement of the present century. their PLAIN AND OBVIOUS SENSE, and He points out our situation, as a nation assent is to be given to them SiMPLY defended by divine Providence from AND UNEQUIVOCALLY;" adding, that, the calamities which had overspread " NO SPECIES WHATEVER OF EVASION, the greater part of Europe ; adverts to SUBTER FUGE, OR RESERVE IS TO BE AL the blessings derived from a national LOWED, OR CAN BE PRACTISED, WITHOUT establishment of Christianity; a sysIMMINENT DANGER OF INCURRING THE tem of laws affording liberty and proWRATH OF GOD." (Elem. of Theol. tection to all; a succession of splendid Vol, ii. p. 22; 23.)
and important victories; anda monarch Our author thus concludes this chap- “ whose virtues have been the palla. ter :
dium of our internal peace and securiAnd is there after all no ground for this ty.” (p. 1, 2.) In tracing the origin complaint ? Do not these distinguished Heads of the revolutionary spirit, his Lordand Champions of the Church, after the ship regards Popery, considered as a most diligent view," understand the subject ? Or are they guilty of "gross misrepresenta corruption of Christianity, as the pertion ? Is this the raving of enthusiasm ? nicious source and spring of those wild Or will the British Critic and Mr. Daubeny opinions, which actuated the framers call this “the revilings of sectaries.” (Brit. and agents of the French Revolution ; Crit September, 1797, p. 302; Guide to the and hence he infers the “necessity of Church, p. 324, 378.) Men indeedlenses como cultivating the pure principles of the tradict at one time what they affirm at another. Gospel, and of studying the means of Thus however does it appear,
promoting, in ourselves and others, a
“Spiritual ing such a conduct, another in confessing it, and truly, spiritual religion.” our Bishops in lamenting it, conspire to esta
religion," says his Lordship," is a sinblish the fact, in opposition to our Assailants,
cere devotion of the mind to God; an that many of them have not adhered to the ob- humble resignation to all his dispensavious doctrines of the Articles ; or in other tions; an universal and unvaried obediwords, do not preach so evangelically as these
ence to his will.
That this is very far forms :- And thus, on the other hand, do we profess to adhere to their plain meaning ; thus
from the religion of the world, very is it confessed that the Articles lean to our side little experience is necessary to disof the question ; and thus do these eminent cover, and it is certainly no breach of Prelates recommend, with all their energy, charity to assert. Yet we know that it the very style of preaching by which we are characterized, for which we are calumniated, ought to be the rule of every Chris
tian's conduct; that it is the surest and which only we would here vindicate.
The importance of our subject, however, it source of every thing most dear and is presumed, may justify its more full discus- permanent in earthly happiness, and sion. Let the reader then only exercise a lit. the only security for happiness hereaftle patience, and he shall be fully satisfied on
ter,” (p..3, 4). A religion, thus ele. the question. (p. 42, 43.) (To be continued.)
vated in its object and holy in its end,
differing widely from the dreams of a II. A Charge delivered to the Clergy of tõe Dio- vain pbilosophy, and the inadequate
cese of Durbum, at the Ordinary Visitation of that Diocese, in July 1801, by SHUTÉ, Bish.
or erroneous representations of halfOP OF DURHAM, 4to. pp. 23. 1s.6d. - Hatch- taught moralizers, must necessarily ard, &c. 1802.
encounter much opposition from the It is with peculiar satisfaction that we world at large, and from the corrupt introduce to the notice of our readers, heart of the unrenewed man. at the commencement of our labours, The pious author of the Charge bea discourse, honourable to the piety and fore us, proceeds, accordingly, to lay, eloquence of the distinguished prelate before his Clergy some of those impewho delivered it, and well calculated diments, which tend powerfully to obto produce the happiest effects on the struct the progress and success of spiminds of those to whom it was addres- ritual religion. sed.
As the First of these impediments, The attention of the Clergy of the his Lordship mentions, “the weakness Diocese of Durham, is, first of all, di- of the religious principle, which in rected by his Lordship to the moment- other and in more scriptural language,
is termed want of faith." “ Faith," Durham here reprehends, have pre. continues his Lordship, “is the life vailed, and do still prevail, we most sin. and spirit of every thing which relates cerely regret; and we regard those to religion.-From faith, the Apostles who disunite faith from obedience, derived their power to work miracles. teaching that believers in Christ are To faith, the sick owed their recovery emancipated from all moral obligations, from the disorders of the body ; to as the most dangerous corrupters of the faith, we must owe our recovery from Gospel. Yet we cannot sorbear ex. the more malignant diseases of the pressing a hope, that good people may mind here, and our security from the have sometimes misunderstood one sentence to be denounced against them another, when discussing this subject, hereafter. Without a lively imprese and that the use of phrases ill-defined, sion of faith prayer becomes a mock- and of indeterminate expressions, have ery, and ordinances mere formality.” tended to widen the breach, and to an(p. 4, 5.)
imate the spirit of controversy. We quote these animated passages We trust that it will not be interwith pleasure, since it has been greatly preted into any want of respect for the the practice of unbelievers in general, venerable author of the Charge, if we and of many whose sacred character express a wish, that his Lordship had might have excited the hope of meeting given a more copious and explicit view with more correct notions of Chrise of the doctrine of a sinner's justificatianity, to treat the faith of a Christian, tion before God. The Antinomian erof which such excelent things are ror, which is opposed in the Charge, spoken in Scripture, as exercised upon prevails chiefly among the Sectaries; mysterious themes, or unimportant but a most important deviation from speculations. That a true and living the language of the Holy Scriptures, faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, as the and of the Articles and Homilies, is sole meritorious cause of our accep- strikingly apparent in the discourses of tance with God, is absolutely necessary too many of the Clergy of the Estabto the salvation of those to whom the lished Church, and well deserves the Gospel is preached, is one of the most animadversion of this pious and enlighprominent doctrines in the Holy Scrip- tened prelate. tures; and forms an important portion As farther impediments to spiritual of those invaluable truths, which our religion, his Lordship mentions, “ Igvenerable Reformers rescued from the norance of the Scriptures--the fear of corruptions of Popery.
singularity--a supine acquiescence in The faith, however, for which the the customs of the world the fear of Bishop of Durham contends, is not an being thought over religious prejuinactive, inefficient quality ; it is a live- dice-acquiescence in the customs of ly principle, conducting the possessor others, well reputed in the worldin a course of obedience to the precepts worldly mindedness.” (p. 7, 8, 9, 10.) of our Saviour, and making him " zea- “But," he proceeds, " I should ill dislous of good works.” “If,” says his charge what I owe to you, and to my Lordship, “ faith does not act as a prin- own conscience, if I did not add, that ciple of good works, it is not the true the force of all other impediments may faith." “ There cannot be an enemy be increased, perhaps in a tenfold demore hostile to Christ, than the advo- gree, by a want of spiritual instruction cate for faith without good works.” “It and conduct in him who should be their seems incredible, that any one, who is guide to truth, and whose example at all acquainted with the Scriptures, should give activity to their duties, and should maintain that we can be saved spirituality to their hopes and views.!! without good works; but as such a per- (p. 11.) nicious error has existed, as it may As the principal means of cultivatstill, and actually does exist, a zealous ing this spiritual religion, the Bishop pastor cannot too diligently inculcatė exhorts his Clergy to inculcate "the the vanity of all religious professions, first principles of the Oracles of God' without moral goodness.” (p. 5, 6.) They should not only be taught that
That such errors as the Bishop of the foundation of all true religion must