Page images

upon the afflicted state of the Mission; The Rev. the Danish Missionaries, that he may be their heiper and pro- in a letter dated at Tranquebar; 27th tector; and supply his Church, in that of March, 1800, state, that their lacountry,

with able and faithful la- bours were continued as usual, and, bourers !

through the divine blessing, not withThe work of the Mission, by God's out effect. assistance, was carried on as usual, and they were about to make some regulations for the better education of girls belonging to the congregation, and The last accounts from the Baptist to erect chapels for the accommoda- Mission in India, state, that the New tion of Christians, resident westward of Testament, in the Bengalee language, Tanjore, particulars of which they pur- had been printed. A copy of it has posed to detail in a subsequent letter.

been received in this country,




DURING this month considerable fears have this country, and who, we humbly hope, will been entertained of the renewal of hostilities, continue to guide her councils, to enlarge her between Great Britain and France. These resources, to invigorate her spirit, and to unite fears owed their origin in some degree to the all ranks in the common defence of our king, unexpected, but probably not unreasonable our laws, our liberty, and our religion ; which protraction of the negotiations at Amiens; are, perhaps, no less exposed to danger in the but they have been strengthened by the sud. hour of peaceful intercourse from insidious den activity, with which our naval prepara. artifice, than in a season of war from open tions have been resumed. All the ships of violence. the line and frigates in a serviceable state, received orders to take on board from four to The annual renewal of one fifth of the six months provisions, and to be in readiness members of the Tribunate, appointed by the to sail at a moment's warning. These mea. Constitution, took place in the course of last sures may not have been occasioned by the month. The Chief Consul availed himself of discovery of any insincerity on the part of this circumstance, to remove from their seats France, but may be merely the effects of soli- many of those who, under the idea that discus. citude for the public safety, and of wise precau. sion was a part of their duty, had the pretion, guarding against every possible issue of sumption to oppose his project of a Civil Code. the existing conferences. The promptness It has been remarked, that those members and decision however with which they were both of the Legislative Body and the Tributaken, would seem to justify the popular nate, who voted for the death of Louis XVI., opinion, that some unnecessary delay or have been expelled on this occasion. evasive conduct on the part of the Chief Bonaparte, notwithstanding the congratula. Consul, had excited suspicions of his good tions with which he was received on his refaith.

turn from Lyons, seems to have had reason to The progress of the negotiations at Amiens, suppose, that the satisfaction excited by his is at present wrapped in impenetrable secrecy. elevation to the Presidency of the Italian Re. It would therefore be useless to forın any con- public was not universal. A new conspiracy jecture, either as to the particular points against his authority was announced about which have contributed to lengthen them, or the beginning of this month, in consequence of as to their final issçe, though that issue it is' which 50 or 60 suspected persons were apprenow confidently expected will be favourable; hended, and among them the famous journalist we would however remind our readers, that La Harpe, who, though now in his dotage, has peace in the present instance is not exempt become an object of Consular jealousy. The from its dangers, any more than war, and that charge preferred against them, is that of hav. the appointment of either the one or the ing maintained an habitual correspondence other, depends on more unerring councils than with the enemies of the state. those which guide any earthly cabinet. The The Consuls have decreed, that every year Christian Observer, therefore, while he ear: the Tribunal of Cassation shall depute 12 nestly prays for the permanence of peace, will members, to point out such laws as experience cheerfully acquiesce, should his prayer be de. shall prove either vicious or insufficient; tonied, in the wisdom of the divine dispensation. gether with the best means of preventing In either case, he will still place his implicit crimes, punishing offenders, duly apportioning reliance on that gracious Providence who has punishments, perfecting the different codes, so wonderfully watched over the fortunes of reforming abuses in the judicial administra


[ocr errors]

tion, and establishing a better discipline government is to consist of two Landamanns, among the officers of justice.

a Senate, and a Diet The Christian reli. Some additional vessels of war, with troops gion, according to the Catholic and Reformed on board, were despatched in the course of the communion, is to be the established religion; last month to the West Indies.

and it is to be regulated by the central admiThe price of bread ;s stated to have risen "nistration and the ecclesiastical authorities in throughout France, and the consequent dis

The Republic is styled one, and is tress of the lower classes of people to be very

to be divided into twenty-one Cantons, of great.

which the Valais will form one, Tie Moniteur of the 18th Feb. contains a Besides the Central Administration for the list of the births, dea-bis, &c. in Paris, during national sovereignty, there is to be an admi. the year 1801, and we certainly do not remem nistration in each Canton, The Diet, which is ber to have seen a document, exhibiting an of. composed of representatives from the cantons, ficial record of such shameless profiigacy of meets annually, and, at the proposition of the manners, or of so much public wretchedness. Senate, declares war and peace, ratifies treaWe think it a duty not to withhold the account ties, and adopts or rejects such laws as the from our readers

Senate has not procured the assent of two

thirds of the Cantons to, but yet persists in Legitimate Births, 14829 $

Being about
one fourth of proposing.
the whole.

The Senate consists of two Landamanns, Marriages

3826 Being about two Stadtholders, and twenty-six Counsellors. Divorces

720 one sixih of

It names all public functionaries. It appoints the whole.

a little Council of its members, to execute the Died in their own

laws, and propose regulations to the Senate,

to watch over the administration of justice, houses

12510 Dieci in poor houses

finance, and war; and, during the adjournand hospitals

ment of the Senate, to exercise the executive 8257 Being about Found dead in the

two-fifths of power in its plenitude, afterwards rendering streets 201

an account of its proceedings to the Senate. the whole.

Great uneasiness is said to have prevailed Let the people of Great Britain carefully in Switzerland, on account of some movecontemplate this horrid picture. Let those ments by the French troops in the Valais, and especially, if such there be, who have felt a

strong representations have been made to the secret complacency in the prospect of internal French government on the subject. rerolution, or Gallic invasion, vainly hoping. perhaps that the consequent equalization of The newly constituted Italian Republic beproperty would relieve the miseries of the gan the exercise of its powers on the 15th of poor, consider this onsophisticated exhibition February, when the Provisional Government of revolutionary misery, and say whether they resigned its functions, and Melzi, the vicewould exchange for it the distress of this coun. president, was installed in his dignity by Gen. try, great as it may be. Are not all the com. Murat. In the Proclamation which was issubined hardships in the case of the poor of ed on this occasion, great pains are taken to Great Britain, (which however we should re prove that the power of France, in 1788, was joice to see removed,) out weighed by this greater than what she now possesses; and the single circumstance, that two-fifths of those inference deduced from this reasoning, is, that who have died in the course of the year at Pa- France, having gained no new accession of inris, have died in hospitals and poor houses ? fuence, but oniy maintained her former rank, We wish it were possible to make every la no alarm or outcry ought to be excited by the bourer in these kingdoms acquainted with the increase of her power, in consequence of the fact. But above all, let every one, of whatever virtual annexation to her dominions of the ltadenomination, who wishes to promote the pre- lian republic. The circumstance indeed seems sent happiness or the everlasting well-being of to have excited much less sensation in the difhis fellow creatures, deeply reflect upon the ferent Cabinets of Europe, than might have moral state of France; and let them unite in been predicted. The king of Prussia has conrepelling those poisonous principles of infide. gratulated Bonaparte on his new assumption lity and anarchy, which have produced effects of sovereignty. The emperor of Russia bas so deplorable; while they bless God for hav. expressed no displeasure, but has sent cre. ing saved us, through the wisdom of our rulers dentials to his ambassador at Paris; and the and the valour of our fleets and armies, from House of Austria declares that it has viewed similar contamination ; and for having pre. his elevation WITH INTEREST. It is scarce. served to us entire those civil and religious in- ly possible, indeed, that they should view with stitutions, which, while they are continued to unconcern the preponderance of influence, us, will prove powerful bulwarks against the which the First Consul has acquired in the introduction of similar miseries.

Tuscan Sea, by tbe cession of Elba and the in

troduction of French troops into Tuscany. The New Constitution of the Helvetic Re The Pope has addressed a Brief to those public, has, at length, been announced. The Bishops of France who have given in their re.


[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]


signation, highly commending their conduct, Berlin, London, Madrid, Naples, Dresden, and expressing his lively gratitude for their Munich, and Lisbon, to unite with him in prompt compliance.

procuring an Establishment for the French GERMANY.

Princes of the Line of Bourbon suited to their The long-protracted business of the Indem- rank. nities is now said to have advanced near a con

TURKEY clusion.

The unfortunate inhabitants of Belgrade are The Envoy of Brunswic Lunenburg, in the still a prey to war and agitation. The garri. name of his Britannic Majesty, had delivered son, consisting of 5,000 men, is divided into to the First Consul, of France a note, the ob- different parties, and the streets of the city ject of which was, to prevent the seculariza. become the theatre of bloody combats betion of the Bishoprics of Osnaburg and Hilde. tween them. An apprehension of famine, sheim, and the appropriation of the State of which is said to exist, necessarily adds to the Corvey, and the Town of Hocksten, to the alarm. Six thousand Turkish troops have arpurpose of indemnity. This note, which is rived in its neighbourhood. written with great firmness, had also been The spirit of revolt would appear, by letters communicated to the Courts of Vienna, Pe. from various quarters, to increase daily in tersburgh, and Berlin. The Emperor of Ger some of the Turkish Provinces. many, and the King of Prussia, bave given answers expressive of their intention not to The Rebellion in the Carnatic continues interfere; but the Chief Consul's determina. with unabated violence, notwithstanding a tion is not yet announced.

succession of severe defeats which the InsurHOLLAND

gents have sustained. The Finances of this country appear to be We are happy to state the recapture of the at present in a most deplorable state, the In. East India Company's late ship

the Kent, and terest of the National Debt for the last year her arrival at Trincomalee. She is said to amounting to 26,658,488 florins.

have on board the cargoes of two vessels. To relieve its embarrassments, the Dutch The College which was to have been insti. Government has endeavoured to procure a tuted in Bengal, under the auspices of the voluntary loan of 30 Millions. The fund ap- Marquis of Wellesley, is now wholly abandonpropriated for the payment of the interest and ed, and the Students have returned to their the discharge of the principal in eight years, respective Presidencies. Another arrangeis an annual tax, during that period, of i} per ment is talked of, which is calculated to faciliCent. on Capital, and 2 per Cent. upon In- tate the knowledge of the Eastern languages, come. They have also sold, by anticipation, without the expense of a Collegiate Instituthe property expected from Batavia in au- tion. tumn.

Measures are stated to be under considera. We promised, in our last, to give the subtion, for procuring an indemnity for the Prince stance of the Message which the President of of Orange ; who has lately paid a visit to Pa- the United States addressed to Congress, on ris, where he was treated by the Chief Consul the 8th of December. with great attention.

He observes, that it is a circumstance of Notice has been sent to the Missionary So- sincere gratification, that the wars which have cieties, of the intention of Government hence- for so many years afflicted their sister-nations, forth to inspect their correspondence and pa. have at length come to an end; and that the pers.

communications of peace and commerce are

once more opened. Assurances of friendly We stated, in our last, the accession of Den- disposition had been received from different mark to our Convention with Russia. We find powers, and he hoped that the wrongs com. that his Danish Majesty has since annulled mitted by them during the war would now be the duties, which he established last year on repaired. the passage of the Belt.

Among the Indians a spirit of peace and

friendship generally prevailed, and the efforts The king of Sweden has issued an Ordi. to introduce among them the implements and nance, the purport of which is, that some No: the practice of husbandry, and of the houseblemen having renounced their nobility, and hold arts, had not been without success: they the rights connected with it, it is thought ex were becoming more and more sensible of the pedient to declare, that the laws neither can superiority of this dependence, over the prenor will allow any individual to arrogate a carious resources of hunting and fishing ; and right, which could not be exercised by all with already, instead of a constant diminution of out destroying one of the orders essential to their numbers, some of them began to experithe constitution; and that whoever does so for ence an increase of population. the future shall not be considered as a good To this stale of general peace, one only exsubject, nor be permitted to reside within the ception existed. Tripoli had come forward Swedish dominions.

with demands unfounded either in right or in

compact; but a small squadron of frigates was The Emperor Alexander is said to have sent into the Mediterranean. The Bey had made propositions to the Courts of Vienna, already declared war, but the arrival of the





[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

squadron dispelled the danger: neither was He recommends a revisal of the laws on their situation with the other Barbary States the subject of Naturalization; as, considerentirely satisfactory, as would appear from pa. ing the ordinary chances of human life, a depers laid before them. The Census lately ta- nial of citizenship under a residence of fourken of the inhabitants would shew, that the teen years, is a denial to a great proportion of increase of numbers during the last ten years, those who ask it, and controls a policy pursu. promises a duplication in little more than ed from their first settlement, by many of twenty-two years.

these States, and still believed of consequence Other circumstances, combined with the in- to their prosperity. crease of numbers, had produced an augmen. He observes in conclusion, “That all should tation of revenue, so that they could now dise be satisfied with any one order of things, is pense with all the internal taxes, comprehend. not to be expected; but I indulge the pleasing ing excise, stamps, auctions, licenses, car- persuasion, that the great body of our citizens riages, and refined sugars ; to which the post- will cordially concur in honest and disinterestage of news.papers may be added, to facilitate ed efforts, which have for their object, to prethe progress of information.

serve the general and state governments in These views, however, were formed on the their constitutional form and equilibrium ; to expectation, that a sensible reduction may maintain peace abroad, and order and obetake place in the habitual expenditure of the dience to the laws at home; to establish prin. Civil Government, and of the Army and Navy, ciples and practices of administration favouraThe organization of the state was too expen. ble to the security of liberty and property; and sive ; offices and officers had been multiplied to reduce expenses to what is necessary for unnecessarily, and injuriously. He had begun the useful purposes of government." the reduction of what was deemed unnecessa. The Government of the United States is ry. The expenses of diplomatic agency had said to have lately directed its attention to the been considerably diminished. The inspec- civilization of the Creek Indians, among whom tors of internal revenue, who were found to there existed several circumstances favoura

obstruct 'the accountability of the institution, ble to the hope of success. The vigorous t had been discontinued. Several agencies had mind of General Bowles* had already direct

been suppressed; but the great mass of pub- ed the attention of many of that nation, no less

lic offices was established by law, and there. by his arguments than by his example, to their & fore by law alone could be abolished. In short, true interests; and his recent return to his die

it behoved them to take off every surcharge; own country, after a tedious imprisonment to

that it never may be seen here, that, after which the Court of Spain, jealous of his proo leaving to labour the smallest portion of its gress in civilizing the Creeks, had shamefully

earnings on which it can subsist, government subjected bim, has probably given new activity į shallitself consume the whole residue of what to his sagacious plans. The breeding of cattle, it was instituted to guard.

the cultivation of the soil, and to a small degree of

In their care too of the public contributions, manufactures, are stated to have been substiit would be prudent to multiply barriers tuted, in a great many instances, for the for

against dissipation of them. He also recom mer precarious mode of life pursued by the c mends to their attention the placing the Creeks.

Militia on a respectable and efficient footing, The price of all kinds of provisions, as and the state also of the navy and fortifica. well as the rate of freights, have been much tions.

reduced in America since the Peace. Agriculture, manufactures, commerce, and By an order, dated the 25th of Dec., for is navigation, the four pillars of our prosperity,” which no reason is assigned, American and nt, he adds, "are then most thriving when left all Foreign vessels are prohibited from enter

most free to individual enterprise.” Protec. ing the Havannah. tion from casual embarrassments, however, Two very horrid attempts were made, in

may sometimes be seasonably interposed, and the month of January, to destroy the town of d their attention would be turned to relieve the Boston with fire, by which several buildings - pressure which the carrying trade would feel were consumed, but only one life lost. The and in consequence of the peace.

second time the town was set on fire in four The Judiciary system of the United States, different places, but combustibles having been ey and especially that portion of it recently erect- discovered in various parts of the town, the € , ed, would of course present itself to the con- supply of engines was so prompt, as to defeat

templation of Congress; and while on the ju. the purpose of the incendiaries. d diciary organization, it would be worthy their A partial insurrection of the


took of consideration, whether the protection of Ju- place in Virginia about the beginning of the

ries had been extended to the cases involving year, but it was discovered in time, some of the security of persons and property. Their the conspirators taken, and the rest dispersed

impartial selection also being essential to their in the woods. di value, they ought further to consider, whether The Legislature of North Carolina has

that is sufficiently secured in those States, .. where they are named by a Marshal depend. * We may amuse our readers, in some fu

ing on Executive will, or designated by the ture Number, with an account of this singular Court, or by the Officers dependant on them. and interesting character.

[ocr errors]



[ocr errors][ocr errors]

granted 30,000 dollars for building a College A Deputation of the Inhabitants of the Cape in Columbia, and 6,000 dollars a year for its then came ou board, to implore the General to support.

desist from bis purpose of landing, as they

would otherwise be massacred. The Gene. The arrival of the large armament, des. ral, however, was fixed in his resolution of patcbed from France for the subjugation of disembarking his troops. St Domingo, was made known at Paris on Intelligence was, in the mean time, brought, the 15th instant, and the detail of its opera- of Gen. Rochambeau having effected a landing tions has since been laid before the public. in the Bay of Mancenille, but not without an The official despatches of Gen. Le Clerc and obstinate resistance on the part of the Blacks, Admiral Villaret, are dated on the 10th of who exclaimed, “No Whites! no French !” February, at Cape François. The following while they fired on the boats. The French is the substance of them.

troops, however, made themselves masters of On the 29th of January, the fleet reached Forts Labouque and Ince, after a severe conCape Samana. The information which was flict; and, at last, of Fort Dauphine ; where there obtained, induced Gen Le Clerc to des- orders were found, written by Gen. Christopatch a part of his force, under Gen. Kerver phe, to the commander of the place, desiring seau, to Santo Domingo. The rest of the ar him to defend himself to the last extremity. mament was formed into three divisions ; one Gen.Leclerc, having directed Gen Rochamintended to disembark a body of troops, under beau to co-operate with him, proceeded to Gen. Boudet, at Port au Prince ; and another debark his division several leagues from the to proceed with Gen. Rochambeau's division, Cape ; with an intention of taking a circuit to the Bay of Mancenille, and attack Fort Dau on one side of the town, behind the Mornes, phine. The third was reserved to take pos- while Gen. R. should advance on the other. session, under the conduct of the Chief in A calm, and some other adverse circum. Command, of the Cape Town. On approach. stances, having obliged the Commander in ing the road of the Cape, Langes, a Mulatto, Chief, to postpone the execution of his pur. the Port Captain, came on board the Admi- pose tili tlie following day, he had to witness, ral's ship, and not only refused to pilot her, during the night, the flames of some of the but declared that the Black General Christo. settlements, and the conflagration of the phe, bad ordered him to give notice, that the town, without being able to yield the wretchWhites would be massacred, and the town ed inhabitants any assistance. set on fire, the instant the squadron should In the morning of the 5th of February, the enter the pass. The Commander in Chief squadron made for the harbour, and found wrote in consequence to Christophe, inclosing Forts, Piccollet and St. Joseph abandoned. the Chief Consul's Proclamation, and endea. The troops being disembarked, soon got posvouring to alarm him into measures of sub. session of two other forts, which had continumission. Christophe's reply contained an ab. ed to fire upon them; and proceeding on their solute refusal to receive the army, and an in- march, arrived in time to save a part of Cape flexible determination to burn the town and Town and the plains from conflagration. The fields, and not to receive orders from any but country between Fort Dauphine and the Cape, Touissaint; care was taken by him to pre. was taken possession of by Gen. Rochambeau. vert the Consular Proclamation from being A great number of houses had been destroydistributed.

ed at the Cape, but few, if any, massacres had taken place.

[ocr errors]


The First Consul to the Inhabitants of St. Domingo. INHABITANTS OF ST. DOMINGO,

PARIS, Nov. 8. Whatever your origin, or your colour, you are all French; you are all free, and all equal before God, and before the Republic.

France has been, like St. Domingo, a prey to factions, torn by civil and foreign wars. But all bas changed ; all people have embraced the French, and have sworn to them peace and amity; all the French have embraced one another also, and have sworn to be all friends and brothers. Come also, embrace the French, and rejoice to see again your friends, and your brothers of Europe.

The Government sends you the Captain-General Leclerc ; he has brought with him great forces for protecting you against your enemies, and against the enemies of the Republic. If it be said to you, These forces are destined to ravish from you your liberty; answer, The Republic will not permit it to be taken away from us.

Rally around the Captain-General. He brings you abundance and peace. Rally all of you around him. Whoever shall dare to separate himself from the Captain-General, will be a traitor to his country, and the indignation of the Republic will devour him, as the fire derours your dried canes.

Done at Paris, in the Palace of the Government, the 17th Brumaire, (Nov. 8,) year 10 of the French Republic.

The First Consul, (Signed) BONAPARTE.

By the First Consul,
The Secret. of State, (Signed) H. B. MARET.

« PreviousContinue »