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prisonment shall exceed six months for any one offense. Every person so committed to the workhouse, or such other place aforesaid, shall be required to work for the city, at such labor as his or her health and strength will permit, within or without said workhouse or other place, not exceeding ten hours each working day; and for such work the person so employed shall be allowed, exclusive of his or her board, fifty cents per day for each day's work, on account of said fine and costs.

Eleventh-To Protect Rights of City in CorporationsGrant, Regulate and Repeal Railway Franchises-Free Passes on Street Railways Prohibited.-To take all needful steps in and out of the State, to protect the rights of the city, in any corporation in which the city may have acquired an interest; to have sole power and authority to grant to persons or corporations, the right to construct railways in the city, subject to the right to amend alter or repeal any such grant in whole or in part, and to regulate and control the same, as to their fares, hours and frequency of trips, and the repair of their tracks, and the kind of their rails and vehicles; but every right so granted shall cease, unless the work of construction shall be begun within one year from the granting of the right, and be continued to completion with all reasonable practical speed, and it shall be the cause of forfeiture of the rights and privileges derived from the city, of any railroad company operating its road only within this city, which shall allow any person to ride or travel on its road gratuitously or for less than usual price or fare, unless such person be an officer or employe of such company.

TwelfthTo Examine Premises-Regulate Storage of Gunpowder, Etc.- Prohibit Wooden Buildings, and Enforce Precautions Against Fire-Inspection of Buildings, Etc.The Assembly through its officers or agents, may at all reasonable times, enter into and examine all dwellings, lots, yards, enclosures and buildings of every description, to ascertain their condition for health, cleanliness and safety; take down and remove buildings, walls, or superstructures, that are or may become dangerous, or require owners to remove or put them in a safe and secure condition, at their own expense; regulate the


storage of gunpowder, giant powder, dynamite, nitro-glycerine, and other explosive compounds and of all combustible and inflammable materials, the use of lights and candles in stables, shops and other places; remove, or prevent, the construction of any fire-places, chimneys, stove, oven, boiler, kettle or any apparatus used in any house, building, manufactory or business, which is liable to cause fires, or conflagrations; direct the safe deposit of ashes, or other dangerous rubbish or material, and order and regulate the building of partition, parapet and fire walls, partition fences, smoke flues, hot-air flues, smoke stacks, and the erection and cleaning of chimneys: shall provide for the safe construction, inspection and repairs of all private or public buildings within the city; regulate, restrain or prohibit the erection of wooden buildings within the prescribed limits and remove the same at the owner's expense when erected or suffered to remain contrary to law or ordinance; compel persons to aid in extinguishing fires, or in the preservation of property liable to be destroyed or stolen, and compel owners of buildings to have scuttles on their roofs and stairs or ladders leading thereto.

Thirteenth-To Provide for Insane Persons and Paupers, Assessments,Etc.,of State Revenue.-To provide for the support and maintenance and confinement of insane persons; and to make suitable provisions for the maintenance and support of poor persons; to exercise the same powers and perform the same duties in regard to the assessment and collection of the State revenue, within the City of St. Louis, as is now by law vested in the County Court of St. Louis County, in such manner as provided by ordinance.

Fourteenth-General Welfare Clause-General Authority to Pass and Enforce Ordinances—Census of Inhabitants.– Finally, to pass all such ordinances, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Charter, or the laws of the State, as may be expedient, in maintaining the peace, good government, health and welfare of the city, its trade, commerce and manufactures, and to enforce the same by fines and penalties, not exceeding five hundred dollars, and by forfeitures not exceeding one thousand dollars; to purchase, rent, or lease,


within the limits of the city or elsewhere, any real or personal property, and to control, manage, sell or lease, or otherwise dispose of the same, for such purposes and considerations as they may deem proper for the public welfare of the city, and to provide for the enumeration of the inhabitants of the city.

SEC. 27. Fires to be Guarded Against.–The Assembly shall, without unnecessary delay, enact stringent and efficient laws for securing the safety of persons from fire in halls and buildings let or used for public assemblies, and for entertainments or amusements.

Sec. 28. Numbering, Printing and Repeal of Ordinances.-Every ordinance when passed and approved by the Mayor, or when it shall have become a law, shall be sent to the City Register, and by him shall be numbered, printed, filed, and preserved in his office, according to ordinance; and no special or general ordinance, which is in conflict or inconsistent with general ordinances of prior date, shall be valid or effectual until such prior ordinance, or the conflicting parts thereof, are repealed by express terms.

Sec. 29. Revision of General Ordinances.-There shall be a revision of the general ordinances of the city once in every five years, to be provided for by ordinance.

Sec. 30. Remission of Taxes-Compromise of Claims Forbidden.-The Assembly shall not have power to relieve any citizen from the payment of any lawful tax, or to exempt him from any burden imposed upon him by law, or ordain the payment of any demand not authorized and audited according to law, nor shall the Assembly have power to ordain or authorize the compromise of any disputed demand, or any allowance therefor or therein, except as provided in the contract therefor, or the payment of any damages claimed for alleged injuries to person or property, except by ordinance and adopted by a vote of two-thirds of the members of each house taken by yeas and nays.

Sec. 31. Power to Compel Attendance of Witnesses.The Assembly or either house, shall have power to compel the attendance of witnesses, and the production of papers relating to any subject under consideration, and in which the interests

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of the city are involved, and shall have power to call upon any proper officer of the City of St. Louis to execute such process. The President of the Council and Speaker of the House, and the chairman of any committee of either house, shall have authority to administer oaths to witnesses.

SEC. 32. Power to Distribute Duties and Abrogate Offices.--The Assembly shall have the power, by a vote of three-fourths of the members of each house, to transfer and distribute the powers and duties, in part or in whole, of any office provided for in this Charter to another, or others, and in such case the performance of the powers or duties added to those of any office shall not entitle its officer to additional compensation, and in case the entire powers and duties of an office be so transferred and distributed, the compensation of the holder of such office shall cease, and he shall no longer be the officer thereof.

Sec. 33. Appropriations for Charitable Purposes.The Assembly shall not appropriate any money for charitable purposes, except such as shall be subject to its own supervision and administration, under a system of suitable arrangements to be established, whereby the partakers of the charity shall respectively earn what they receive to the extent of their ability.

SEC. 34. Restrictions as to Quarries, Etc.—No stone quarry shall be opened, or brick-kiln located, or soap factory, slaughter house, bone or rendering factory erected within the distance of 300 feet of any dwelling house built and inhabited before such opening, location or erection, without the consent, in writing, of the owner and of the occupant of every such house. The Assembly shall provide, by ordinance, for the effectual enforcement of this act.

SEC. 35. Restrictions as to Cholera Patients, Etc.—No person, association or corporation shall knowingly receive for medical treatment of the invalid or sick, any patient sick with small-pox, plague, or cholera, unless authorized by an ordinance therefor. Every violation of this section shall be punished by a fine not less than one hundred dollars, nor more than three hundred dollars, to be collected as shall be provided for by ordinance.

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SECTION. 26. Police Justices; to be conserv

ators of the peace, etc.; Justices of the Peace to have concurrent jurisdiction in certain

cases. 27. Municipal Assembly may increase

number of Police Justices and establish judicial districts ; courts of Police Justices,

where held. 28. Municipal Assembly to define

duties of city officers. 29. Commissioner of Supplies ;

his duties, etc.; contracts to

be affirmed by Mayor. 30. Inspector of Weights and Meas

ures; duties, etc. 31. City Marshal; duties, etc. 32. City Counselor ; duties, etc. 33. Board of Public Improvements;

meetings ; duties of. 34. Members of Board to be heads

of departments. 35. Street Commissioner ; duties,

etc. 36. Sewer Commissioner ; duties,

etc. 37. Water Commissioner ; duties,

etc. 38. Harbor and Wharf Commis

sioner ; duties, etc. 39. Park Commissioner ; duties, etc. 40. Gas Commissioner; duties, etc. 41. President of Board of Improve

ments to have supervision over other Commissioners, and authenticate special tax

bills. 42. Assembly may provide addi

tional duties for Board. 43. Oath for. city officers; bond of same ;


term officers de fined; officers failing to pay over money shall forfeit their

offices, etc. 44. Mayor settle disputes be


1. Elective officers and their terms.
2. Appointive officers and their

terms; first appointments un.
der Charter to be for

3. Board of Public Improvements,

how constituted. 4. Gas Commissioner; bonds of

officers. 5. Suspension and removal of of

ficers. 6. Suspension of elective officers

by Mayor; action of Council

thereon, 7. Removal of appointive officers

and filling of vacancies. 8. Appointed officers removed by

Council; Mayor to fill vacan

cies. 9. Appointments by Mayor to be

confirmed by Council; Coun

cil may elect officers, when. 10. Qualifications of elected and

appointed officers. 11. Officers to devote their entire

time to official duties; hours

for municipal business. 12. Removal of elected officers by

Council; removal of Mayor. 13. Vacancies in elective offices, how

filled. 14. Deputies and assistants; power

of Mayor to remove same;

offices to be in City Hall. 15. Qualifications of Mayor. 16. Duties of the Mayor ; may remit

fines, etc.; may appoint ex

aminers. 17. Absence of Mayor, how provided

for. 18. Special sessions of Municipal

Assembly. 19. Officers to reside within the city. 20. Duties of Comptroller ; official

bond, etc. 21. Duties of Auditor ; official bond,

etc. 22. Duties of Treasurer; official

bond, etc. 23. Duties of Register; official bond,

etc. 24. Duties of Collector ; official

bond, etc. 25. Police Justices; powers and ju

risdiction of.

tween officers. 45. Power of Assembly to create

officers. 46. Mayor

to enforce contracts ; officers to report violations of contract.


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