Page images
PDF
EPUB

racter of his own species of poetry more pure. The approach to prose in Horace's verse is seen, for instance, in his freedom with vegard to elision, particularly that of the monosyllabic particles nam, dum, cum, si, which is contrary to the epic usage; in some cases of synaeresis, as prout, quoad, vindemiator; in syncopes, as ealdior, soldum; and contractions, as divisse, surrere. In the construction of the verse, also, we observe an intentional accumulation of spondees, whereas the well-framed epic line delights us by a tasteful variety of dactyles and spondees.

It seems proper to add to this introduction a table of the metres used by Horace in his Odes and Epodes. The strophes which he employs are of two kinds. In the Epodes, one somewhat bong line is followed by a shorter one-the two forming a metrical whole or strophe; from which fact, as already mentioned, the word "epode' takes its origin. The Odes consist all of stanzas or strophes of four lines each, with either the same or similar rhythm :

I. STROPBA ASCLEPIADEA PBIMA, which consists of the follow ing, four times repeated. See Zumpt, $ 861.

-- --up II. STROPBA ASELEPADBA SECUNDA, which consists of a Gly. conian line (Zumpt, $ 859), and an Asclepiadean. These two, vepeated, form the strophe of four lines.

د-بابا-بابا-

۔۔۔۔۔ |-۔۔۔۔ ب- ا - ب ب |-

l-vHI. STHOPAA ASCLEPIABEA TERTIA, which consists of tbree consecutive Asclepiadean verses, and a Glyconian.

--luu-vo IV. STROPHA ASCLEPIADEA QUARTA, which consists of two Asclepiadean lines, a Pherecratean (Zumpt, $ 859), and a Glyco mian. .

[ocr errors]

--|:པ-e

V. STROPHA ASCLEPIADEA QUINTA, which consists of a greater Asclepiadean line repeated four times.

--14-1 Low-Local VI. STROPHA SAPPHICA. Zumpt, 8 865.

L

[ocr errors]

ここっこ

ここに VII. STROPAA SAPPHICA MAJOR, which consists of two pairs of lines, each containing a .so-called versus Aristophanicus, and a choriambic trimeter. Zumpt, $ 862.

これ ---LW

-VIII. STROPHA ALCAICA. Zumpt, $ 866.

ここ

ここにこ - Laule

L.H.ニーこ IX. STROPHA ARCHILOCHIA PRIMA, which consists of two lines repeated — the one a heroic hexameter, and the other a versus Archilochius minor. Zumpt, $ 847.

にこにこにこにこここ

[ocr errors]

X. STROPHA ARCHILOCHIA SECUNDA, which consists of two lines repeated - the one a heroic hexameter, and the other made up of an iambic diameter and a dactylic trimeter .catalectic (versus iambelegus.)

にこにこにこにこここここ

ここまーーーー!! XI. STROPHA ARCHILOCATA QUARTA, which consists of two verses repeated--the one a versus Archilochius major, the other an iambic trimeter catalectic. Zumpt, $ 834.

L

ここーーーーーここ XII. STROPHA ALCMANFA, which consists of two lines repeated - the one a heroic hexameter, the other a dactylic tetrameter catalectic.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

XIII. STROPKA IAMBICA PAIMA, consisting of a pair of iambio senarij. Zumpt, $ 837.

--------XIV. STROPEA IAMDICA SECUNDA, which consists of two lines --the one an jambic” senarius, the other a versus iambicus quaternariss. Zumpt, $ 838.

こ U-Huesca

ここで、ここに XV. STROPBA PITWIAMBICA, which consists of two lines heroie hexameter, and an iambic senarius.

----------vu's

ここここここここ XVI. STROPH. TROCHAICH, which consists of two lines repeated the one a trochaje dimetei catalectic, the other an iambio trimeter batalectie.

Dook.
I.

Book
I.

Wetre.
I.
VI.
11.
XI.
III.
XII.
VII.
VI.
V.
VI.
IV.
III.
VIII.
VIII
V.

Ode.
29
30
31
32
34
35
37
38
1

[ocr errors]

Metre.
VIII.
VI.
VIII.
VI.
VIII.
VIII.
VIII.
VI.
VIII.
VI.
VIII.
VI.
VIII.
VIII.
VI.
VIII.
III.
VIII.
VI.
VIII.
XVI.
VIIL

[ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

IV.

12
13-15
16

17

III.
VIII.
VIII.
XIE

27 28

18 19-20

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Ipoches

Carmen Saeculare,
Metre.

[graphic]

1-10

Epode.
XIV.

16
17

Metre
XV.

Apollo Musagetes.

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »