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being thereby like to be freest from particular sir Griffin Markham, he willed him to tarry dependencie vpon any noblemanı, counsellors, there will he returned. or others, their friends or allyes. Next hee Last of all, he went for the lord Cobham, resolued, to send a man of no extraordinarie who hauing al:o ended his deuotion to God, ranke, because the standers-by should not ob- and making himselte ready to receiue the same serue any alteration, nor the delinquents them- blow, the Sherifle finding the time come to pubselves should take any apprehension of such a Tishi he king's mercie to the worlde, and to reman's being there at ihat time: this being bis ueale his mysterie, he caused both the lord majesties speciall desire, that euery one of Gray and sir Grifin Markham to be brought them (being senerally brought vpon the scaf- backe to the Scaffold, and there, before them fold) might quietly breath foorih their last all three that were condemned, and in the wordes, and true Confession of his secretese hearing of all the company, nouitied his majesconscience. And s.), to be short, his majestie ties Warrant, by which he was authorised to made choice of Mr. Jolin Gibb, a Scottisiiman, stay the Execution. Which strange and vnas aforesaid, a man that had never dealt with deserved grace and mercie, proceeding from a any counsellor, or other, for suite or businesse, prince, so deeply wounded without cause, or but one that had, within short while after the colour of cause giuen by himselfe toward them king's first entrie, bene sent backe into Scoi- in any thing, but meerely contrary (to boch land, from whence he was but freshly arriued the lords especially) bred in the hearts, as well at Wilton, some fewe daves before.
of the offenders as of the standers-by, such This party being by the king approvued for sundry passions, according to the diuers tenan ancient, trustie, and secret seruant, as a pers of their minds, as to some that shall regroome of his majesties bed-chamber, and a ceiue those ibings by report, which others did man, as is said before, little knowen, and less behold with their eyes, iny relation may rather bound to any subject in England for any bene. seenie to be a description of some ancient Hisfit, receiuing the Warrant secretly, on Thurs-tory, expressed in a well-acted comedy, than day, from the king's owne hand, and telling his that it was euer possible for any other man to fellowes (who would otherwise have missed represent, at one tiine, in a marter of this conhin) that he must lie that night at Salisbury sequence, so many lively figures of justice and vpon some priuate businesse of his owne, he mercy in a king, of terror and penitence in ofrude directly to Winchester, and there, keeping fenders, and of so great admiration and aphimselfe priuate all night, rose earely in the plause in all others, as appeared in this acmorning on Friday, and went obscurely to the tion, carried only and wholly by his majesties Castle-greene, where the peuple flocking in all owne direction. the morning, as the time drewe neere,
The lord Cobham (holding his hand to heahimselte with the throng, close by the Scatlold, uen) applauded this incomparable mercie of so and there leaned till the Sheriile brought up gracious a sourraigne, aggrauating his owne sir Griffin Markham to the place, who was the fault, by comparing it with the princes clemenman appointed first to die.
cie, wishing confusion to all men aliue, that There the sayd sir Grillin arkham, hauing should euer thinke a thought against such a ended his prayer, and made himselfe readie to prince, as neither gave cause of orience, nor kneele do Mr. Jobo Gibb findin it fit tooke reuenge of ingratitude. time, while the axe was preparing, to giue some The lord Gray, finding in what measure this secret notice of his charge, called to my cousin rare king bad rewarded good for euill, and forTichbourne, the Sheriffe, to speake with him, borne to make him an example of discourageand then delivered him (privately) his majesties ment and rerror to all men that hercatter might Warrant, with further directions uerbally, how attempt to break the bonds of loyalty, ypon he should vse it,
the passions of any ambition, began to sob and Hererpon the Sheriffe, perceiving fully lois weep for a great while, with most deep contri. majesties intention, so warily and discreetly tion, protesting now, that such was his zeale marshalled the matter, as hee onely called sir and desire to redeeme his fault by any meanes Griffin Markham vnto bim on the Scaffold, of satisfaction, as he could easily sacrifice his and told bim, that he must withdraw himselfé life, to preuent the losse of one tinger of that into the Hall, to be confronted (before his royall hand, that had dealt so mercifully with death) before those two lords, that were to him, when he least looked for it. follow him, about some points that did concern Sir Grifhn Markham (standing like a man his majesties seruice ; and so carrying Mark- astovished) did nothing but admire and pray. ham into the Hall, he left him bere, and went The people that were present witnessed, by invp hastily, tor the lord Gray, to the Castle, finite applause and shouting, the joy and comwho being likewise brought vp to the Scaffold, fort which they took in these wonderfull effects and suffered to powre out his prayers to God, of grace and mercy, from a prince wbome God at great length, and to make his last Confes- bad inspired with so many royall gifts for their sion, as he would answere it upon his coule, conseruation, and would conserue for his owne when he was readie to kneele downe, to receiue glorie. the stroke of death, Master Sherifle caused The crie being carried out of the Castlehim to scay, and told him that he must goe gates into the town, was not onely sounded with duwoe for a while into the Hall, where finding acclamation of all sexes, qualities and affection,
but the true report, diuulged since in all partes, upon the point of Execution, aire for thair bath bred in the woorst disposed mindes, such treasonable practices condemuid by the lawe, remorse of iniquitie, in the best such incouriye and adiudgit worthy of the Execution thaireof, ment to loviltie, and in those that are indif- to the examp'o and terror of otheris; the one ferent such fi are 10 oflend, and generally such of thaim bauning filthily practised the ouerafiction to his majesties person, ils perswades “throw of the quhole kingdome, and the other the whole world, that Sathan himselfe can nener ' for the surprise of our own personne; yet so far prevail with any, as to make them lift up . in regaird that this is the tirst yeere of our their hearts or hands against a prince, from raigne, in this kingdome, and that neuer king whom they receive such rue effecis of justice was so farre oblisheid to his people as ve have and goodness.
bene to this, by our entrie bieere with so Tu conclude, therefore, I haue now done * bairrie and generall an applause of all sorts; my best to satisfy your desire, though I feele among quhou all the kinne, friendis, and allies to my griele, how short I come to my own wish; of the saidis condemnid personnis vaire as because I would hauc expressed to the life, if | forduart and duetifull as any other our good it had been possible, both the matter and the subiects, as also that at the very time of thair forme of this proceeding; of both which the arcaineinent none did more freely and reddily wisest inen, that haue seene and vnderstoode giue thair assent to their conuiction, and to all particular circunstances, are at the ende of Jeliuer thaim into the handis of iustice, then their wits, to giue an absolute censure, whether so many of thair neerest kinsipen and allies of them both deserue greater recomiendation : (as being peeris) vaiere vpon thair jurie; as this being most assured, that there is no record likeuaise in regard that iusrice hath in some extant, wherein so great wisdome and under sort gottin course alreadie, by the execution standinge, so solid judgement, so perfect a re of the tuo priestis, and George · Brooke, that solution, to giue way to no request, or media 'vaire the principall plotteris and intisairs of tion: so inscrutable a heart, so royall, and all the rest, to the embracing of the saiddis equal a tempered mercie, asier so clear and treasonabill machinations; vee thairfore (bepublile justice, haue euer concurred so de ing resoluid to mix clemencie with justice) monstratiuely as in this late action, wherein aire contented, and by these presentis cointhis blessed king hath not proceeded after the mand you, our sheriffe of Hampshire, to swmanner of men and of kings, Sed cælestis, Ju-perscide the execution of the saidis tuo nobledicis, æternique Regis more, whereof he shall men, and to take thaim backe to thair prison be most assured to reape these lasting fruites, againe, quhile our further pleasure be knowin. of being beioued and feared of all men, obeyed . And since vee vill not have our lawis to baue with comfort, and serued with continuall joy respect to persounis, in spairing the great, and and admiration. And so forbearing to hold strikking the meaner sort; it is our pleasure, you any longer at this time, I end. Froin niy that the like course be also taken with Markhouse, neere Salisbury, the 13th of Dec. 1603. ham, being sorry from our hairt, that such is, Your loviu cousin and friend, T. M.
not only the heynous naiure of the saidis con
demaid person is crime, but euen the corrupIlis Majesties Warrant, written with his own
. tion is so great of thair naturall disposition, as hand.
• the care vee baue for the safety and quiet of • Although it be true, that all vell gouernid our state, and good subiectis, vill not permit and nourishing kingdomes and
vs to vse that clemencie tovardis Thaim, 'vealthis are established by justice, and that • qubich, in our owin naturall inclination, vec these tuo noblemen by birthe, that aire nou micht very easily be persuadit vnto.'
76. Proceedings in a CONFERENCE at Hampton Court, respecting
REFORMATION of the Church :* i Jac. A. D. 1604. [Fuller's
Church Hist. 673. 2 Neal. 5. 2 Kennett's Compl. Hist. 665.] AND now, because there was a general ex nisters to a petition, which they intended seapectation of a parliament, suddenly to suc sonably to present to the king and parliament. ceed, the Presbyterian party, that they might Mr. Arthur Hildersham, and Mr. Stephen Egernot be surprised, before they had their tacklington, with some others were chosen, and chiefly about them, weut about to get hands of the mi-intrusted to manage this important business.
This was called The Millenary Petition,* as, Bishop Kennett says, “ This Conference One of a thousand, though indeed there were at Ilampton-Court was but a blind to introduce but seven hundred and fifty preachers bands set Episcopacy in Scotland, all the Scotch noble-thereunto : but those all collected only out of men then at Court being designed to be pre- five and twenty counties. However, for the sent, and others, both noblenuen and ministers, being called up from Scotlaud to assist at it, by # The Petition is inserted at the end of the the King's Leiter.
proceedings at this Conference.
more rotundity of the number, and grace of the where I sit amongst grave, learned, and reve. matter, it passeth for a full thousand; which, rend men, not as before, elsewhere, a king no doubt, the collectors of the names (if so without state, without honour, without order, pleased) might easily bave compleated. I dare where beardless boys would brave us to the face. not guess what made them desist before their - And I assure you, we have not called this number was finished; whether they thought Assembly for any innovation, for we acknowthat these were enough to do the deed, and lege the government ecclesiastical, as now it is, more were rather for ostentatiou than use; or, to have been approved by manitold blessings because disheartened by the intervening of the from God bimself, both for the increase of the Hampton-court Conference, they thought, that Gospel, and with a most happy and glorious these were eveu too many tv petition for a de- peace. Yet because nothing can be so absonial. It is left as yet uncertain, whether this lutely ordered, but that soinething may be added Conference was by the king's favour graciously thereunto, and corruption in any state (as in the tendered, or by the mediation of the lords of body of inan) will insensibly grow either through his council powertuilly procured; or by the bi time or persons; and because we have received shops, as confident of their cause, voluntarily many complaints since our first entrance into proffered; or by the ministers importunity ei- this kingdom of many disorders, and much disfectually obtained.
Each opinion pretends to obedience to the laws, with a great falling away probability, but the la most likely. And, by to popery; our purpose therefore is like a good what means soever this Conterence was con- physician, to examine and try the complaints, passed, Hampton-court was the Place, the 14th and fully to remove the occasions thereof, it of January the time, and the following Names scandalous; cure them, if dangerous; and take the persons which were employed therein. knowledge of them, if but frivolous, thereby 10
FOR CONFORMITY.— Archbishop of Canter cast a sp into Cerberus's mouth, that he bark hury, Whitgift. - Bishops of London, Bancroft; no more. For this cause we have called you Durham, Mathew; Winchester, Bilson; Wor- bishops and deans in, severally by yourselves, cester, Babington; St. David's, Rudd; Chi not to be contionted by the contrary opponents, chester, Watson; Carlisle, Robinson; Peter- that if any thing should be found meet to be reborough, Dove.—Dean of the Chapel;* Christ- dressed, it might be dove nithout any visible Church; Worcester; Westminster, Andrewes; alteration.- Particularly there be some special St. Paul's, Overall; Chester, Barlow; Salisbury, points wherein I desire to be satisfied, and which Bridges; Wivdsor.-Drs. Field; King. may be reduced to three heads: 1. Concerning
Moderator, king James.--Spectators, All the the Book of Common-prayer, and divine serLords of the Privy Council, whereas some at vice used in the Church. 2. Excommunication times, interposer a few words.--Place, A with in ecclesiastical courts. 3. The providing of drawing room within the Privy chamber. fit and able ministers for Ircland. In the Com
AGAINST Cox For MITY, Doctors Reynolds; mon-prayer Book I require satisfaction about Sparks.—Messrs. knewstubs; Chaderton.- three things:--First about Confirmation : For These remaining in a room without, were not the very name thereof, if arguing a Conti ming called in the first day.
of Baptism, as if this sacrament without it were To omit all gratulatory preambles, as neces of no validity, is plainly blasphemous. Fur sury, when spoken, as needless, it now repeated, though at the first use thereof in the Church, it we will present only the substance of this day's was thought necessary, that baptised intents, Conference, his majesty thus beginning it : who formerly had answered by their patrini,
Ilis Vejesty. It is no novel device, but ac. should, when come to years of discretion, arier cording to the example of all Christian princes, their profession made by themselves, bé conforbings to take the first course for the establish-firmed with the blessing of the bishop, I abhor ing of the Church, both in doctrine and policy. the abuse wherein it is made a sacrament, or corTo this the very Ileather related in their proverb, roboration to Baptisin.--As for Absolution, I a Jive principium, particularly in this land, king I know not how it is used in our Church, but Henry the 8th, towards the end of his reign, il have heard it likened to the pope's pardons, tered much, king Edward the 6tı more, queen | There be indeed two kinds thereot from God : Mary reversed all, and lastly, queen Elizabeth, One general, all prayers and preaching import(of famous memory) settled religion as now it ing an Absolution. The other particular to standeth.--Herein I am happier than thies, be- special parties, having committed a standal, and cause they were fain 10 alter all things they repenting: otherwise, where Excommunication
found established, whereas I see yet no such precedes not, in my judyinent i here needs no | cause to change, as confirm what I find well Absolution.- Private Baptisin is the third thing
settled already. For blessed be God's gracious wherein I would be satisfied in the Commongoodness, who hath brought me into the pro- prayer: I called private fiom the place, I think inised Land, where religion is purely professed, it agreeable with the use of the primitive Church;
but if termed privaloma that any, besides a laws • Though all these Deans were suinmoned ful minister, may bapuise, I utterly dislike it. by letters, and present in the Presence-cham- | [And here his Majesty grew somewhat earnest ber; yet only five, (viz. of the Chapel; West in bis expressions, against the'laptising by wominster, Paui's, Chester and Salisbury) on the men and laicks. ] hirst day nere called in.
" In the second Head of Excommunication,
I offer two things to be considered of: first the the administration thereof by women and layMatter, secondly the Persons. For the first, I persons is not allowed in the practise of the would be satisfied, whether it be executed (as' Church, but enquired of, and censured by it is complained of to me) in light causes, and bishops in their visitations. that too commonly, which causeth the under His Maj. The words of the Book cannot Faluing thereof. For the Persons, I would be but intend a permission of women and private resolved, why Chancellors and Commissaries, persons to baptise. being laymen, should do it, and not rather the Bp. of Worc. The doubtful words inay be bishops themselves, or some minister of gravity pressed to that meaning; yet the Compilers of and account, deputed by them for the more ive Book did not so intend them, as appeareth dignity to so high and weighty a censure. As by their contrary practice.
But they profor providing ministers for Ireland, I shall refer pounded them ambiguously, because otherwise it in the last days Conference to a consultatiun. (perhaps) the - Book would not (then) have
Abp. of Canterbury. Confirmation hath passed the parliament. been used in the Catbolic Church ever since Bp. of Lond. Those reverend men intended the Apostles; and it is a very untrue suggestion not by ambiguous terins to deceive any, but (if any hare informed your bigliness) that the thereby intended a permission of private perChurch of England holds Baptism imperfect sons to baptise, in case of necessity. This is without it, as adding to the virtue and strength agreeable to the practice of the ancient Church, thereof.
Act. ii, when three thousand being bapused in Bishop of London. The authority of Con- a day, (which for the Apostles alone to do, firmation depends not only on antiquity, and was (at the least) inprobable) some being the practice of the Primitive Clrurch, but is an neither priests nor bi-hops, must be presumed Apostolical Institution, named in express words, employed therein, and some Fathers are of the Heb. vi. 2. and so did Mr. Calvin expound the same opinion. Here he spake much, and ear. very place, earnestly wishing the restitution nestly about the necessity of Baptism. thereof in the reformed Churches. [The bishop His Maj. That in the Acts was an act exof Carlisle is said gravely and learnedly to have traordinary, and done before a Church was urged the same, and the bishop of Durham settled and grounded, wherefore no sound reanoted something out of S. Matthew for the im- soning thence to a Church established and position of hands on children.]
Rourishing. I maintain the necessity of BapThe conclusion was this, For the fuller explanatism, and always thought the place Jolin ii. 5. tion that we make Confirmation, neither a Sa “ Except one be born again of water," &c. crament nor a Corroboration thereof, their was ineant thercof. It may seem strange to lordships should consider whether it might not you, my lords, that I think you in England give without alteration (whereof his majesty was too much to B:ptism, seeing fourte en months still very wary) be intituled an Examination ago in Scotland, I argued with my divines with a Confirmation.
there, for attributing tov little unto it; InsoAbp. of C. As for the point of Absolution much that a pert ininister asked me, il I thought (wherein your majesty desires satisfaction) it is Baptism so necessary, that, if omited, ihe child clear from all abuse or superstition, as it is used should be damned. I answered, no : But if in our Church of England, as will appear on you, called to baptise a child, though privately, the reading both of the Confession and Abso refuse to come, I think you shall be damned. lution following it, in the beginning of the Com- But, this necessity of Baptism I so understand, Innion book. [Here the king perused both, that it is necessary to be had, if lawfully to be and returned)
had, that is, ministered by lawful ministers, by His Mj. Ilike, and approve them, finding whom alone, and no private person in any case, it to be very true what you say.
it may be administered: though I utterly disBp. of Lond. It becometh us to deal plainly like all Re-baprization on those whom women with your Majesty. There is also in the book or laics have baptised. a more particular and personal Absolution in Bp. of Winch. To deny privale persons to the l'isitation of the Sick. [Here the dean of baprise in case of necessity, were to cross all the chapel turned unto it and read it.] antiquity, and the common practice of the
Bp. of Lond. Not only the confessions of Church, it being a rule agreed on amongst Augusia, Bohere, and Saxon, retain and allow divines, that the minister is not of the essence it, but Mr. ('alvin also doth approve,
both such of the sacrament. a general, and such a private (for so he terms His maj. Though he be not of the essence of it) Confession and Absolution.
the sacrament, yet is he of the essence of ihe His Maj. I exceedingly well approve it, right, and lawful ministry thereof, according to being an Apostolical and Godly Ordinance, Christ's commission to his disciples, given in the name of Christ, to one that desireth pre:ch and baptise," &c. it , upon the clearing of his conscience.
The result was this, To consult, whether in The conclusion was this, That the bisliops the rubric of Private Baptism, which leaves it should consult, whether unto the rubric of the indifferently to all, these words, Curate, or law. general Absolution, these words, Remission of ful Minister, may not be inserted.--For the , Sins, might not be added for explanation sake. point of Excommunication, his majesty pro
Abp. of C. To the point of Private Baptism, 1 pounded, whether in causes of lesser moment
the name might not be altered, and the same | Turkey-gowns, not in your scholastic liabits, accensure retamed. Secondly, whether in place cording to the order of the universities. thereof another coercion, equivalent thereunto, His Majesty. My Lord Lishop, something might not be invented? Which all sides easily in your passion I may excuse, and something i yielded urto, as long and often desired; and must mislike. I may excuse you thus far,
was the end of the first day's Conference. That I think you have just cause to be moved, On Monday Jan. 16, they all met in the in respect that they traduce the well-settled gosame place, with all the deans and docturs vernment, and also proceed in so indirect a above menioned ; (l'atrick Galloway, ininister course, contrary to their own pretence, and the of Perth in Scotland, admitted also to be there) intent of this meeting. I niislike your sudden And hopeful prince llenry sat on a stool loy bis interruption of doctor Reynolds, whow you father. The king made a pithy Speech to the should have suffered to have taken his liberty; same purpose which he made the first day, dit- For, there is no order, nor can be any effecfering only in the conclusion thereof, being an tual issue of disputation, if each pariy be not address to the four opposers of conformity, there suffered, without chopping, to speak at large. present, whom he understovd the most grave, Wherefore, either let the doctor proceed, or learned, and modest of the aggrieved sort, pro- fraine your answer to his motions already made, fessing himself ready to hear at large what ibey although some of them are very needless. could object, and willed them to begin.
Bp. of Lond. Upon the first motion conDr. Reyn. All things disliked or questioned, cerning Falling from Grace, may your majesty may be reduced to these four beads;
be pleased to consider how inany in these days i. "That the Doctrine of the Church might neglect boliness of life, presuming on persisting be preserved in purity, according to God's in Grace upon Predestination, " If I shall be Word.-2. That good pastors mighi be planted saved, I shall be saved.” A desperate doctrine, in all Churches to preach the same.-3. That contrary to good divinity, wherein we should reathe Church-government might be sincerely son rather ascendendo than descendendo, frum ministered according to God's Word.-4. That our obedience to God, and love to our neighthe Book of Common-Prayer miglit be fitted to bour, to our election and predestination. As more increase of piety. - For the first, may
for the Doctrine of the Church of England, your majesty be pleased, that the Book of Ar- touching Predestination, it is in the very next ticles of Religion concluded on 1562, may be paragraph, viz. “ We must receive God's proexplained where obscure, enlarged where de- mises in such wise as they be generally set forth fective, viz. Whereas it is said, Art. 16. “ Af to us in Holy Scripture, ard in our doings the ter we have reccived the Holy Ghost, we way will of God is to be followed, which we have depart from grace." Those words inay be ex. expressly declared unto us in the Word of plained with this or the like addition, Yet nei- God.” ther totally, nor finally. To whichend it would His Majesty. I approve it very well, as do very well, if the nine orthodoxal Assertions, consonant with the place of Paul, “Work out concluded on at Lambeth, might be inserted your salvation with fear and trembling." Yet into the Book of Articles. Secondly, whereas | let it be considered of, whether any thing were it is said in the 23rd article, “ that it is not meet to be added for clearing of the doctor's lawful for any in the congregation to preach, doubt, by putting in the word often, or the like. before he be lawfully called " these words | Mean time, I wish that the doctrine of Predesought to be altered, because implying one out tination may be tenderly handled, lest on the of the congregation may preach, though not one side God's omnipotency be questioned by lawfully called. Thirdly, in the 25th article impeaching the doctrine of bis eternal Predesthere seemeth a contradiction, one passage tination, or on the other side a desperate prethere'n confessing Confirmation, lo be a de- sumption arreared, by inferring the necessary praved imitation of the Apostles, and another certainty of persisting in Grace. grounding it on their example.
Bp. of Lond. The second Objection of the Bp. of Lond. May your majesty be pleased, doctor's is vain, it being the doctrine and practhat the ancient Canon may be remembered, tice of the Church of England, that nove but a Schismatici contra Episcopos non sunt audi- licensed minister may preach, nor administer endi. And, there is another Decree of a very the Lord's Supper. ancient council, That no man should be ad His Majesty.
As for Private Baptism, 1 mitted to speak against that whereunto he hath have already with the bishops taken order for formerly subscribed. And as for you doctor the same. Reynolds, and your sociates, how much are ye Then came they to the 2nd point of Confirmbound to his inajesty's clemency, permitting ation, and upon the perusal of the words of the you contrary to the statute 1 Eliz. so freely to Article, his njajesty concluded the pretended speak against the Liturgy, and Discipline ésta- contradiction a cavil. blished. Fain would I know the end you aim at, Bp. of Lond. Confirmation is not so much and whether you be not of Mr. Cartwright's founded on the place in the Acts of the apostles, mind, who affirmed, that we ought in ceremio but upon Heb. vi. 2. which was the opinion, nies rather to conform to the Turks than to the besides the judgment of the Fathers
, of Mr. Papists. I doubt you approve his position, be- Calvin, and doctor Fulk; neither needeth there cause here appearing before his majesty in any farther proof, seeing (as I suppose) he that