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Gen. Wayne's campaign of 1794.-Battle of the 20th of August, at the
foot of the Rapids.-Gen. Wayne's correspondence with the command-
ant of the British Fort.-Army return to Fort Defiance. From thence
to the Miami villages.-Fort Wayne built.-Kentucky volunteers dis-
charged.Residue of the army proceed to Greenville.—Note. The
number and tribes of the Indians engaged in the battle of the 20th of
August.-Aid furnished them by the British.-Influence of British
Weakness of the American army.-Intrigues of the English agents with
the Indians.—Communications to Gen. Wayne from Chiefs of different
tribes.- His answers.- Proposals for a conference at Greenville.- The
Shawanese propose to remove west of the Mississippi.
State of the American army and of the Indians, in 1794–5.—Indians
begin to collect at Greenville.—Preliminary conferences.
Commencement of the negotiations in full council.-Introductory speech
of General Wayne.-Speeches of the Chiefs of the different tribes.-
Progress of the negotiations.
Treaty of Greenville-concluded, signed and ratified.-Numbers of the
different tribes of Indians parties to the treaty.- Proclamation of Gen.
Surrender of the North-western posts by the British, in 1796.-Made to
General Wayne, appointed for that purpose.—Death of General Wayne.
-Sketch of his life.- Detroit.-Its Commerce and Society.-Their hos-
pitality.-Celebration of the king's birth-day at Sandwich.-General
invitation to the Americans at Detroit, including the General Court
and the Bar.-Note.—Gen. Wilkinson's charges against Gen. Wayne.-
Unfounded.-Contrast between the two men.—Their controversies.-
Their effect on the army.—The officers take sides.—Two parties form-
ed.-Note.-Canadian French at and near Detroit.—Their character.-
Their habits.—Their objections to free government.-Delays in admin-
istering justice.—Judicial decisions of the military commandants—Ac-
ceptable to the French inhabitants.--Pawnee Indians bought and sold
Five thousand white males in the Territory.--Proclamation of the Gov-
ernor-Delegates to the Assembly elected.-Second grade of Territorial
Government organized.—Members of the first Territorial Legislature.-
Their Character--Talents--Employments.--Movements of Colonel
Burr.-Mr. Smith implicated.-Probably without cause.—Burr's visit to
Cincinnati.-Notice taken of him.-War with Spain contemplated.-
May account, probably, for Burr's movements.—Principles of the Fed-
eral party.—Their agency in forming and adopting the Federal Consti-
tution.-Condition and character of the country improved by their
measures.-Origin of their name.-Have long ceased to exist as a party. 288
Legislature assemble at Cincinnati.—Their proceedings.—Harrison elected
Delegate to Congress.—His instructions.—His course in Congress ap-
proved - Territory divided.--Harrison appointed Governor.-- The Ordi-
nance of 1787.-Its provisions.—Liberty, civil and religious, secured.-
Territorial code defective.-Remedied by the Legislature.-French in-
habitants. Their common fields.-Burning of Prairies.-Injury result-
ing.–Regulated.—Jurisdiction on the Ohio River.-Claims of Ken-
tucky.-Inconveniences.-Act of the Legislature touching it.-Com-
pact between Virginia and Kentucky.—Legislation of the Governor and
Judges. Of the General Assembly.-Education encouraged.-Protec-
tion of the Indians.-Vetoes of the Governor.-- Property qualifica-
tion Limited slavery.–Attempt to introduce it.-Auditor's Certifi-
cates. Address of the General Assembly, complimentary to President
Congress remove the Seat of Government to Chillicothe..-Considered an
usurpation of power.-- Meeting of the Assembly.--Governor's ad-
dress.---Replies of the two Houses.—Proceedings of the Assembly.-
Law to protect the Indians.—Connecticut Reserve.-Controversy set-
tled.—Governor and Assembly differ in opinion.-His term of office
about to expire.—Power of the Secretary to act, in that case, denied.
Meeting of the General Assembly.—Their proceedings.-Mob in Chilli-
cothe.--Its object.-Omission of the police to interfere.--Seat of Gov.
Population of the Eastern Division in 1802. —Steps to obtain a State
Government.--Application to Congress for permission to call a Con-
vention.—Permission given on conditions. Their oppressive charac-
ter. Opposition to the measure.-On what grounds.—Right to tax pub-
lic lands relinquished.—Loss sustained by it.-- State of parties.—Note.
-Excitement at Detroit.—Opposition to the law for erecting a new
State.-Correspondence on the subject.— Note.—The friends of a State
Government become the majority.--The harmony formerly existing
broken up.-Causes of the change.--Origin of party spirit.-Ambitious
aspirants. Their misrepresentations.
Details of the State Convention.-Its members.—The formation of the
Constitution. The question of Slavery.—The Northern boundary.
Refusal to submit the Constitution to the people.-Reflections. 350
Sketch of the life of Gov. St. Clair.—His military services in Canada and
the United States.-Governor of the North-western Territory.—Disa-
greement with the Legislature.—His general character.--His embar-
rassments and poverty.--Annuity granted by Pennsylvania.--His death. 370
Character of the North-western Indians.-Misrepresentations refuted.--
Their intercourse with the white people. Its contaminating influence.
– Their degeneracy.--Their final expulsion from the land of their
Early land laws injudicious.-Sold in very large tracts.-Few purcha-
sers.-Settlement of the country retarded.-Laws modified.—Sales in
small tracts.—Population multiplied.--State improvements advanced.-
Commerce of little value for want of a market.—Produce of the country
consumed in the expense of transportation.--Miami Exporting Com-
pany got up.-Its objects.—Introduction of barges.-Schemes to im-
prove the navigation of the Falls.-Canal attempted on the Indiana
side.-Operations of the Branch Bank of the United States at Cincin-
nati.-Tyrannical proceedings of the Agent of the parent Board.-Im-
mense sacrifice of private property.
Contract of Judge Symmes with the Board of Treasury.--His propo-
sition to purchase two millions of acres, entitling him to College lands.
-Deposite of money on account.—Misunderstanding with Congress-
Contract closed by agents for one million of acres.- College lands
thereby relinquished.—Terms of sale and settlement established.-Pub-
lished at Trenton.-Progress of the Miami settlements. History of the
Ancient artificial structures in Cincinnati.-Articles found in them.-
Perpetuation of vegetable productions.-Alluvial deposit at Cincinnati.
-How produced.-Note.-Reflections on the Mosaic account of crea-
tion.—Probable change in the course of the Big Miami.—How produced.
-Navigation of the Mississippi river.-Intrigues with the Spanish offi-
cers.— The territory of Mississippi established.-Introduction of Ameri-
can Courts.-Suits at law multiply:-Practice profitable.
Sale of public lands on credit.--Debts due to Government from pur-
chasers.--Exceeding twenty millions of dollars.-Embarrassments in
the Western Country.-Purchasers unable to pay.-Lands on the eve
of forfeiture.--Resistance to the execution of the land laws apprehend-
ed.-A plan for relief concerted at Cincinnati.—Memorial to Congress
drawn.-Printed, and circulated through the entire West.-The law of
1821 passed, in conformity with the memorial.-Grant of lands to Ohio,
for Canal purposes.-Conditions annexed.-Not assented to.-Grant
lost.-In 1829–30, the conditions repealed, and a further grant made.
-Miami Extension completed.--Simon Kenton.-Biographical sketches
Mr. John Reily:-Serves in the Army of the South during the Revolu-
tion.—His claim to the gratitude of the country.-Removes to the
North-western Territory.--View of the Territory.--Pioneer life.-
Sketch of the services of Mr. Reily in the West.—His uprightness and
integrity.-Neglect of the pioneers to preserve accurate records.The