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talent—Be content with honest work—Life of a banker's clerk

—On entering the professions—Square men in round holes—The

delusivenessofa young man's wishes—Mozart—Handel—Bach—-

Take care that your aim in life be a noble one—Trifles sometimes

decide a young man's destiny—Examples—Thomas Clarkson—

The ruling passion in youth—Examples—Influence of external

causes — Influence of mothers — Randolph's mother—Oliver

Cromwell's—Ary Scheffer's—Examples—Michelet's saying—

Influence of friends—Example—Paley—The inspiration of ex-

ample—Instances drawn from biography—Emerson and Dr.

Mozley quoted—Tennyson and Arthur Hallam—Examination

of other external influences—Effect of the "natural instinct"—

Examples—Mistakes frequently made in the choice of a career

—A strong genius breaks down opposition—Examples—Warn-

ings for the young—Against vacillation—Against despising

any honest calling—The watchword "Duty," . . . 29-55

CHAPTER III.

A STEADY PURPOSE.

Disastrous consequences of instability—Example from the career of

Lord Brougham—A blur on the photograph—Men in earnest—

Fowell Buxton and Rothschild—"Stick to your brewery"—

Lawson's start in life — A man's power should be mainly

directed towards a single object—Good and evil of versatility

—Examples—Avoid the foppery of universality—Fowell Bux-

ton's words—Concentration of aim—The great want of the

present time—Successful men of business—Astor the free-

trader and his steadfastness of purpose—The late Mr. Brassey's

rule—Secret of Faraday's success—A Scotch anecdote—Men

of one aim; what they have accomplished—Distinction be-

tween one aim and one idea—Adhere to one purpose, but

gather knowledge everywhere—Examples—Lord St. Leonard's

and his secret of success—Admirable Crichtons—Mental dissipa-

tion a cause of failure, S7~73

CHAPTER IV.

THE THREE P'S—PUNCTUALITY, PRUDENCE, AND

PERSEVERANCE.

In what sense the young man may deserve success—In what way he
may hope to win it—Three leading principles must regulate his
conduct—These are specially necessary in business—Examples
—Mr. Astor, Saul Alley, and Cornelius Lawrence—Girard and

John Smith—Perseverance illustrated by the life of Walter
Powell—The patience of genius—Examples—What has been
accomplished by patient resolution—Value of persistent effort—
Example—Story of Sebastian Gomez—Early career of Lord
Eldon—Heroic perseverance of Euler—Henry Fawcett—Talent
versus energy—Thomas Erskine—Palissy the potter—Long-
fellow's "Keramos "—Work should be done in Palissy's spirit—
Mrs. Butler's advice to young men—Bishop Temple on the way
to study—Lessons from the lives of great lawyers—Examples
from other professions — Dr. Adam Clark — Samuel Drew—
Honore de Balzac—Frederick Perthes, the German publisher
and patriot — An American politician's 'account of his early
struggles—The thirst after knowledge as an incentive to effort
—Examples—Combined influence of perseverance and patience
is irresistible—Story of Hippolyte^Flandrin—What it teaches—
Importance of punctuality—A disregard of it dishonest to others
—Examples and anecdotes 75-103

CHAPTER V.

BUSINESS HABITS.

In the battle of life we must preserve our self-control—What Robert

Ainsworth said—What Thomas Carlyle said—Self-control is

never in a hurry—The Cashmere Gate of Delhi—Lord Beacons-

field—Lord Lytton—Self-control a support in the hour of trial—

"In the reproof of chance lies the true proof of men "—Clear-

ness of judgment essential to success—What is "luck"?—Men

make their own "luck"—Illustrations—Erskine and Taine re-

futed— Gray's well-known lines examined — An inquiry into

supposed instances of "luck "—The strong mind independent

of circumstances—Doing the right thing at the right time—The

prudent man seizes his opportunity, as Lundy Foot did—The

New York merchant—Never find fault with your tools—Mix

your colours "with brains"—Examples—Self-reliance: what it

means and does—Benvenuto Cellini—Heaven helps those who

help themselves—James Halford—Learn to stand alone—The

teaching of sorrow and suffering—Value of effort—Defect of

modern educational systems—Each one of us has his place and

work — Examples — A story from real life — The New York

florist—Self-reliance illustrated in the career of Thomas Brassey

—Mr. Grigg, the Philadelphia publisher—His advice to young

men—Learn to be thrifty—Do not take too much advice—Be

punctual — Attend to details—Eschew selfishness — Accustom

yourself to think vigorously—Some remarks upon tact—Tact

and talent contrasted—Tact and common sense—Men who

have succeeded through tact—Mistakes of men who have no

tact—Tact is practical talent—An illustration—Value of tact

in business operations—Decision an important business quality

—Illustrations of its usefulness—How far it is a physical'quality

—How far a habit of prompt resolution acquired by cultivation

—All other business qualities neutralised by its absence—Put

your foot down—Illustration from the life of Napoleon—Irre-

solution the sign of a weak mind—Power and promptitude—

Remarks of Dr. John Brown—Dr. Reid of Peebles—Decision

of a great surgeon — Anecdote of Mrs. Robertson — George

Moore, the London merchant—His success due to decision of

character — Contrast between the Earl of Chatham and Sir

James Mackintosh — The man of decision versus the man of

promise—Upon force of character—Men without a backbone

—Story of the life of George Wilson—Business habits—The

power of habit illustrated and enforced—Necessity of forma-

tion of good habits—Regular habits a portion of the discipline

of life—Greatness results from the cultivation of good habits—

Examples — Habit of accuracy — Quotation from Sir Arthur

Helps — George Washington — Habit of minding one's own

business—Illustrative anecdotes—Men of business as men of

letters, poets, historians, statesmen, and the like—John Jacob

Astor— Observing the Lord's day — A sea-captain's story—

Habit of gentle manners—Effect of courtesy in the ordinary

relations of life—Manners and morals—The essence of courtesy

expressed by Wordsworth—Anecdotes and examples—Faraday

—Herbert Ingram—Mr. Winans of Philadelphia—Orators and

their manners—Emerson on a "beautiful behaviour"—Cour-

tesy a safeguard against egotism—Merit and modesty—Con-

cerning the avoidance of originality—Think over "a line for

yourself"—Genius and sense defined—The difference between

servile imitation or copying and catching up a suggestion from

the work of others—limits within which originality is now-a-

days practicable or possible — Examples — Literary imitative-

ness, . . 105-181

CHAPTER VI.

BUSINESS MEN AND BUSINESS NOTES.

Shop rhetoric—The mendacity of business denounced—Illustra-
tions—Douglas Jerrold on the English tradesman—A plea for
honesty of dealing—Story of Lafitte — Fowler the Scotch
brewer—Honesty is the best policy—On the acquisition of
money as a means—A warning against avarice—The generosity
of commercial men—Business and piety—Joshua Watson, a
Christian merchant—William Cotton the engineer—Sir Wil-
liam Brown of Liverpool—Dr. Robert Chambers—The colossal
prosperity of the Rothschilds—The secret of their success em-
bodied in two principles—Anecdotes of Nathan Meyer Roths-

CONTENTS.

PAGE

Fichte—3. On spiritual training.—Necessity of prayer and
fasting—S. Francis of Sales quoted—Helps to a devout life—
A constant study of the Bible advised—Duty and importance
of prayer—Examples and quotations, .... 245-271

CHAPTER VIII.

SELF-HELP.

What is meant by self-help — Man makes or mars himself—The
young adventurer must fight for his own hand—Gradual ex-
pansion of our faculties and desires—Self-help the condition
of successful labour — Examples — Danger of over-help from
others—The career of a man who helped himself: Lord Ten-
terden—His early years—He embraces the legal profession—
Becomes Lord Chief Justice—His life an argument in favour of
self-help—A great reformer—William Henry Smith — Intro-
duces expeditious despatch of newspapers—Railway bookstalls
—The present First Lord of the Admiralty—George Bidder—
Remarkable illustrations of the "calculating faculty "—Calcu-
lating boys make commonplace men — Not so with George
Bidder—His eminence as an engineer—The late Sir Gilbert
Scott a self-made man—His success as an architect—Remarks
on the purpose of a noble mind—Matthew Arnold quoted—A
Scotch naturalist—His pursuit of knowledge under difficulties

— Charles Edward Mudie — Reformer of circulating libraries

— His perseverance and self-reliance — George W. Childs of
Philadelphia — George Moore, the London merchant — Early
display of courage and resolution—His great success as a com-
mercial traveller—His inexhaustible energy—Its reward—His
wide-reaching and well-directed philanthropy—Wordsworth's
poem of "The Leech-Gatherer," and its moral—The pleasure of
self-help—D'Alembert the mathematician—Norman Macleod
—A fine character—Things to be aimed at by a true soul—
Contrast between "The Pilgrim's Progress" and its author—
Bunyan's bitter experiences—In the valley of the shadow—A
literary masterpiece—Struggling into the light—Carlyle's wise
words — On recognising our duty — The law of service — An
anecdote of Sir Matthew Hale—Material successes of self-help
—Examples—Bussey, Cassell, Denison—George Peabody the
philanthropist—Phipps and his search for the wrecked treasure-
ship—Success crowns his perseverance—Romance of self-help

— Instances given — Self-help not to be confounded with
churlish independence—Noble life of Joseph Marie Jacquard
—Gerard the French painter — The late Lord Palmerston—
Remarkable career of Count Rumford—Lord Dalling's advice

—Self-respect and self-knowledge—Lord Bacon quoted, *73-3J9

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