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Upper Sandusky; T. E. Grisell was an early clerk of the courts, while other members of the profession held other and various offices within the gift of the people.

While some of those mentioned above continued to practice in the courts of said county until a later date than that given above, the membership of the bar since then is as follows: Robert Carey, Elza Carter, James T. Close, D. C. Parker, George Goodrich, Joel W. Gibson, A. E. Walton, Geo. J. Stecher, W. P. Rowland, H. H. Newell, L. M. Bowers, F. J. Stalter, John T. Carey, Benjamin Meck, R. E. Carter, E. B. Carter, A. M. Brown, James G. Miller, T. D. Lanker, W. C. Hare, Chas. F. Close and W. R. Hare while those practicing here and living in other parts of the county are, M. B. Smith and H. G. Chambers of Carey, Ohio, H. L. Goodbread of Nevada, Ohio, and R. R. Kurtz, of Sycamore, Ohio.

It has been said by those who are in a position to know and whose experience covers a wide field of observation and practice, that the bar of this county is equal and in many respects superior to the bar in other parts of the state, especially in respect to its promptness in dispatching the business brought before the courts and the fair and gentlemanly manner towards all those having business to transact therein.

What has been said relative to the earlier members occupying high positions of trust and public office can well be said of those who are now engaged in the practice of law, and it can be said in their favor that the same degree of integrity and devotion to duty that stimulated the older members still prevails among the present practitioners and that they have always fully and faithfully responded to all calls of duty, and that in no instance has there been a failure of any confidence or trust reposed in them.

COURT ITEMS

Auditor Peter Frank has completed the abstract of the tax duplicate for this county for the year of 1912 and it shows an increase of a million and twenty thousand dollars over the duplicate for 1911.

The duplicate shows that there are 765,350 acres of land and that the value of this is $19,640,790. The value of real estate in cities and villages is $4,580,180. The total value of personal property is $14,675,680. This makes a total value of $38,896,650.

The state tax amounts to $17,542.39. The county tax is $98,836.50. The township tax totals $82,067.92. The township special and school tax is $92,025.43.

Special taxes amount to $18,760.56. City and village taxes total $41,271.75. Miscellaneous, totals $3,099.62.

The total taxes levied in 1912 for all purposes except per capita tax on dogs were $353,604.17. Delinquent taxes on real estate and forfeitures amount to $1,459.08. The delinquent taxes of 1911 and of former years on personal property are $13,382.40. The total taxes, except dog tax, amount to $368,445.65. The male dog tax at $1 each amounted to $1,709. The female dog tax at $2 each totaled $226.

The sum of $108,555.67 was expended for school purposes in Wyandot county for the year ending September 1, 1912. Every township and corporation has a nice balance on hand, these balances totaling $68,622.65. The board of education of this city spent $17,051.57 last year.

For the same period the 138 teachers received salaries in the sum of $73,020.93. Of this amount the teachers of this city got $11,354.64. Sixty-seven men and seventy-one women are employed as teachers. The total receipts for school purposes from taxation were $112,465.81.

WYANDOT COUNTY AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS

The official bulletin of the state department of agriculture shows that for December, twelve reports were received from Wyandot county.

The condition of wheat compared with an average was .93, the amount of wheat crop of 1912 sold as soon as threshed was .63, the damage to the growing wheat crop, by the Hessian fly was .5, the damage to the growing wheat crop by the white grub, .0.

The area of corn planted in 1912 as returned by the township assessors was 41,164 acres, the estimated average yield per acre of shelled corn, 43 bushels. The total estimate product of corn for 1912 was 1,770,052 bushels. The per cent of corn-crop of 1912 put into silo, .7. The cribbing of corn began sixteen days after October 1.

The per cent of area of clover sown in 1911 cut for seed, .31. The average yield of clover seed per acre 1.25 bushels.

The probable total yield of apples compared with last year, 85 per cent.

The number of cattle being fed for spring market compared with an average, 65 per cent.

The number of sheep being fed for mutton compared with an average, 72 per cent.

The price of wheat per bushel was, $.98; corn, $.42; barley, $.25; oats, $.30; rye, $.73; potatoes, $.45; hay, per ton, $11.90.

MEMORIAL DRINKING FOUNTAIN

The Stevens Memorial Drinking Fountain is located at the west edge of the pavement in front of the courthouse. In speaking of this fountain, a local writer says:

“This beautiful fountain has been called a sermon in stone. It is the imperishable embodiment of one of the most beautiful sentiments in the world—the undying reverence of a daughter for her father.

“Situated before the portal of the Wyandot county temple of justice, it represents the tribute of Miss Laura Stevens, the last surviving member of her family, to the memory of her father, Samuel Wesley Stevens, a former resident of Carey. It was formally dedicated with appropriate ceremonies, October 11, 1907.

“The memorial is of granite, in the purely classic style of art-a section of a portico of a Greek temple. It is indeed a thing of beauty that bears out the fine sentiment to which it owes its origin. Built of the most enduring materials, it will continue to exist for all time, as a visible evidence of that sentiment."

CHARLES DICKENS AT UPPER SANDUSKY

Charles Dickens passed through Upper Sandusky in 1842, as he was en route from Columbus to Sandusky City, from which place he took a steamer for Buffalo. He was traveling by stage coach and stopped for the night at a tavern in Upper Sandusky, near the old Indian spring, the present site of the Elks elegant new home, on the bluff overlooking the historic Sandusky river. In his “American Notes," after describing the roughness of the traveling by stage coach, the painful experience of jolting over corduroy roads, and through forests, bogs and swamps, the team forcing its way cork-screw fashion, he says:

“At length, between ten and eleven o'clock at night, a few feeble lights appeared in the distance, and Upper Sandusky, an Indian village, where we stopped for the night, lay before us. They were gone to bed at the log inn, which was the only house of entertainment in the place, but soon answered our knocking, and got tea for us in some sort of a kitchen or common room, tapestried with old newspapers pasted against the wall. The bed-chamber to which my wife and I were shown was a large, low, ghostly room, with a quantity of withered branches on the hearth, and two doors without fastenings, opposite to each other, both opening on the black night and wild country, and so contrived that one of them always blew the other open; a novelty in domestic architecture which I do not remember to have seen before, and which I was always disconcerted to have forced upon my attention after getting into bed, as I had a considerable sum in gold for our traveling expenses in my dressing case. Some of the luggage, however, piled against the panels, soon settled the difficulty, and my sleep would have not been very much affected that night, I believe, though it had failed to do so.

“My Boston friend climbed up to bed somewhere in the roof, where another guest was already snoring hugely. But being bitten beyond his power of endurance he turned out again, and fled for shelter to the coach, which was airing itself in front of the house. This was not a very politic step as it turned out, for the pigs scenting him, and looking upon the coach as a kind of pie with some manner of meat inside, grunted round it so hideously that he was afraid to come out again, and lay there shivering until morning. Nor was it possible to warm him, when he did come out, by means of a glass of brandy; for in Indian villages the legislature, with a very good and wise intention, forbade the sale of spirits by tavern keepers. The precaution, however, is quite inefficacious, for the Indian never fails to procure liquor of a worse kind at a dearer price from travelling peddlers.

“It is a settlement of Wyandot Indians who inhabit this place. Among the company was a mild old gentleman (Co). John Johnston), who had for many years been employed by the United States government in conducting negotiations with the Indians, and who had just concluded a treaty with these people by which they bound themselves, in consideration of a certain annual sum, to remove next year to some land provided for them west of the Mississippi, and a little way beyond St. Louis. He gave me a moving account of their strong attachment to the familiar scenes of their infancy, and in particular to the burial places of their kindred, and of their great reluctance to leave them.

“He had witnessed many such removals, and always with pain, though he knew that they departed for their good. The question whether this tribe should go or stay had been discussed among them a day or two before in a hut erected for the purpose, the logs of which still lay upon the ground before the inn. When the speaking was done, the ayes and noes were ranged on opposite sides, and every male adult voted in his turn. The moment the result was known the minority (a large one) cheerfully yielded to the rest, and withdrew all kind of opposition.

“We met some of these poor Indians afterward riding on shaggy ponies. They were so like the meaner sort of gypsies that if I had seen them in England I should have concluded, as a matter of course, that they belonged to that wandering and restless people.”

THE MEDICAL PROFESSION

The early physicians of Wyandot county shared the hardships and privations of the early settlers, joined them in their joys and their sorrows. No class of men have done more to promote the good of mankind and develop the resources of a country than the physicians, and wherever they are found they are uniformly on the side of order, morality, science and religion. It is impossible for us to fully appreciate the primitive manner in which the earliest of these men practiced medicine. They had to be in a degree pharmacists and practical botanists. Roots and herbs were an important part of their armamentarium. Infusions and decoctions were the order of the day. The sugar-coated pill was then unknown. In fact the life of the modern physician is sugar coated when compared with that of the pioneers. These men were obliged

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