Page images

Myers, C. Humphrey, H. H. Hoysington, A. H. Hoysington, M. D. Grossell, W. H. Karr, L. D. Karr, J. H. Karr, J. C. Ish, J. E. Jones, C. L. Parker, J. W. Crum, C. R. McKenzie, E. H. Sage, James Ritchie, 0. P. Robinson, D. Sipes, Landline Smith, W. K. Nye, L. E. Nye, George A. Nye, A. Harshberger, J. D. Shireman, Elkanah Sherman, E. Sherman, E. H. Shellhouse, D. Shell, Joseph Shane, Wellington Nesbaum, S. C. Williams, S. Y, Williams, H. Straham, Luther Stone, S. Harpster, O. Whipple, J. W. Harpster, B. F. Swartz, W. H. Straw, W. H. H. Williams, G. F. Wonder, D. Wonder, A. J. Wonder, S. R. Wohlgamuth, S. Wohlgamuth, S. A. Wisner, Asa Wis


Company E-Private, E. Young.

Company F-Privates, Jacob Baldwin, Robert Lindsay, Miles Bowsher, William Bowsher, Andrew Baldwin.

Company G–Capt., William Frank.
First Lieut. Howard Kennedy.
Second Lieut., S. H. White.

Corps., G. W. Clark, John Shrank, Allen Parker, R. L. Willard; bugler.

Privates, Thomas Emptage, James Emptage, S. B. Cook, Irvine Straw, J. W. Atkinson, J. W. Bowers, Theodore Kellogg, McGha, Jerry O'Neal, John J. Inglehart, Orrin Long, John Runels, T. B. Mount, Marshall Cozier, S. D. Holland, R. Parks, E. L. Parker, Joseph Worthington, Jacob Williams, Theodore Uncapher, D. H. Walker, W. A. Butler, John Campbell, D. D. Hildreth, William Hildreth, Robert Mitchell.

Company H–Capt., James A. Gibson.
Sergts., Samuel Phillips, T. B. Armstrong.

Privates, Clay Miller, John Milligan, J. W. Little, A. C. Hunt, J. W. Stinchcomb, W. H. Case, Alfred McCauley, Noble Emerson, G. W. Horrick, George H. Heistand, J. W. Shaffer, James Hibbins, Alva Bunn, T. A. VanGundy, G. W. Baldwin, Lewis Lupton, George Wilson, Benjamin Pontius, W. L. Clingman, J. O. Welty, H. C. Welty, T. C. Wood, C. C. Pancoast.

Company K—Corp., W. D. Cook; private, Joseph Seager.

Company not reported—Jeremiah Kitchen, captain; Aaron Kennedy, Sergeant; John Woessner, P. B. Oliver, Henry Karr, J. F. Myers, Ashford Nail, N. K. Eyestone, Vincent J. Flack, Warner Osborne, W. O. Phillips, W. J. Wilcox,

Vol. I-15

P. P. Wilcox, C. Henry, William Hoffman, T. J. Frazer, L. Bloom, Aaron Price, J. R. Willson, Levi Willson, D. Shafer, John Midlam, J. Puffenberger.


The men who composed this battery were enlisted at Cincinnati, and from Athens, Butler, Hamilton, Vinton and Wyandot counties, in August and September, 1861, and rendezvoused at St. Louis Arsenal, Missouri, where they were mustered into service on the 27th day of October, 1861, with one hundred and fifty-one men, rank and file.

The battery consisted of two six-pounder rifled guns; two six-pounder smooth-bore guns, and two twelve-pounder fieldhowitzers, with gun carriages and caissons complete, and battery-wagon and blacksmith shop. The uniforms for the men were made to order, from actual measurement, of the best material, and each man was furnished with a pair of superior buck gauntlets in addition to the regular uniform. The non-commissioned officers, in addition to their regulation saber, were armed with Beal's patent revolvers, and the privates with saber-bayonets.

On the 26th of October, the battery marched to department headquarters, and was reviewed by Major General Fremont, then commanding the western department, and was there presented by Mrs. Fremont with an elegant silk guidon. A few days later, the battery proceeded to Tipton, Missouri. Subsequently it marched to Otterville, where a few weeks were passed; thence to Boonville and St. Charles. From there it was taken on transports to Commerce, Missouri, where it joined a portion of General Pope's Army of the Mississippi, then organizing for operations against New Madrid and Island No. Ten. It participated in the Union victories at those points, and then moved with General Pope's command to the re-enforcement of Grant's and Halleck's forces in front of Corinth, Mississippi. During the siege, and in the battles and skirmishes resulting in the occupation of Corinth the battery bore its full share.

With other troops, it remained in the vicinity of Corinth throughout the spring and summer of 1862, participating in the Ripley expedition under General Rosecrans meanwhile. It was during this summer that the following incident oc

66 *

curred as narrated in a letter written by Lieut. Cyrus Sears at "Camp three miles beyond Corinth, Mississippi, July 2, 1862,” to his brother, John D. Sears, Esq., of Upper Sandusky.

Early Saturday morning last, Charles Rhodes and Robert Swegle, privates of our battery, were walking through the abandoned rebel camp, when having strayed incautiously too far, they suddenly came upon a couple of Secesh' sentinels armed with loaded double-barreled shot guns. Our men being unarmed were very unceremoniously taken prisoners and marched off toward the enemy's camp. Their captors proving very incautious, or mistaking the character of their prisoners, soon allowed them to get close along side. No sooner did they do this, than little Charley called out to Swegle to 'go in,' and suiting his actions to the words he grappled the gun of his man with one hand and, giving him a right-hander with the other, floored him. Meanwhile, Swegle, who is a big fellow, served his man in the same style, and disarmed him in short meter, and came to the rescue of Charley, who was having it rough and tumble, with his customer, among the bushes. The tables were now turned, and the ‘Butternuts' were marched into camp and turned over to Generals Buford and Hamilton, who declared that it was the best and bravest incident that had come under their notice, and that it should be properly mentioned.

About the 1st of August, the battery with General Hamilton's division moved to Jacinto, Mississippi, where it remained until 3 o'clock A. M., of the 16th of September, when it moved forward with the forces of General Rosecrans, for the purpose of co-operating with General Grant against the rebel General Price at Iuka. General Grant, with Ord's division, did not arrive in time. As a result, General Rosecrans' command of about eight thousand men, after a march of nineteen miles, met Price, who had 12,000 men posted on a densely wooded hill just southwest of the town of Iuka, at 4 o'clock P. M., of the 19th of September, and fought him single-handed. This battle, for the numbers engaged, was one of the most hotly-contested and sanguinary fought during the war. The steady blaze and roar of musketry, as the opposing forces struggled to obtain and hold the crest of the hill, continued unceasingly until 9 o'clock P. M. During the remainder of the night, Rosecrans was engaged making his dispositions to seize some adjacent heights at daybreak for his

[ocr errors]

artillery, and replenishing his ammunition. He had the men called to arms at 3 o'clock, and at daylight was moving. But meantime, Price had learned of the proximity of Ord's column of 6,000 men, and had hastily retreated, leaving his dead unburied, and his wounded either on the field or in hotel buildings, churches and dwellings in the town. The enemy's loss in this engagement was 1,078 prisoners, dead and wounded, left on the field, with 350 more wounded estimated to have been carried away. The Union loss was 782 killed, wounded and missing.

The Eleventh Ohio battery went into this action 102 strong (three commissioned officers and ninety-nine enlisted men), under the command of First Lieut. Cyrus Sears. During the engagement, it was charged on three different times, suffering a loss of two officers and fifty-five men killed or wounded, eighteen being killed on the field and others dying afterward. Not a man flinched and numbers were killed or wounded after the rebels, in their advanice, had passed the muzzles of the guns, some of them nobly dying in the attempt to spike their pieces. More than sixty of the horses belonging to the battery were killed or disabled during the action, with the entire loss of harness and equipments. The assaulting rebel column suffered terribly, having received over a hundred rounds of canister and other shot, while moving forward less than a hundred yards. They (the rebels) made several attempts to drag off the guns by hand, but were thwarted each time by the hot fire of musketry poured in upon them by the Union regiments.

Although the battery suffered severely in the battle at Iuka, in the loss of men and equipments, it was, in a very short time again ready for the field and took a prominent part in the battle of Corinth on the third and fourth days of October following (a battle in which eighteen thousand Union troops, under Rosecrans, signally defeated more than twice their number of rebels) nobly maintaining its reputation for efficiency and gallantry. On the 4th, after the first line in the center had given way, and when the rebels flushed with temporary success were pressing the second line with exultant shouts the battery poured a destructive and continuous fire upon the advancing rebels, who, although coming within fifty yards, could no longer withstand the murderous discharge of canister from scores of Union guns, but broke and fled.

Subsequently the battery participated in various movements in Northern Mississippi and West Tennessee. In January, 1863, it was moved to Memphis, where its corps—the Seventeenth, under Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson—was preparing for the Vicksburg campaign. After a futile effort to reach the immediate vicinity of Vicksburg via the Yazoo Pass, the command to which the battery was attached steamed down the Mississippi to Milliken's Bend, Louisiana, where it remained a short time, and then started with the army, under General Grant for the rear of Vicksburg. In the battles of Raymond, Clinton, Jackson, and Champion Hills, the battery bore a prominent part. Also throughout the siege of Vicksburg.

In the many changes consequent upon the re-organization of the arh.,' after the capture of Vicksburg, the battery was transferred from its old command—Seventh division, Seventeenth army corps—to a provisional division, and soon after moved with its new command to Helena, Ark. Marching with Major General Steele's command—the Army of Arkansas—from Helena, about the middle of August, for Little Rock, the battery passed through all the vicissitudes of a long and tedious campaign. In a short but decisive engagement fought near the capital of Arkansas on the 9th of September, 1863, the battery expended about one hundred rounds of ammunition, and both officers and men received the commendations of the general commanding for the ability with which the guns were handled, and for accurate firing at both long and short range. With this battle the active campaigning of the battery may be said to have ceased. It remained at Little Rock until the spring of 1864. About the 1st of April, with other troops, it proceeded to Pine Bluff, Ark., intending to co-operate with Banks in the Red river expedition, but Banks was defeated, and a portion of Steele's forces were halted at Pine Bluff, where the battery remained until its departure for Ohio, to be mustered out. It arrived at Columbus about the 1st of November, 1864, and on the 5th of that month its members were mustered out of service.

Lieutenant Sears, already mentioned in the foregoing sketch, was, several months before the battery's term expired, appointed Colonel of a colored regiment. The men whom he enlisted at Upper Sandusky, and with whom he proceeded to St. Louis in September, 1861, joining “Constable's," soon

« PreviousContinue »