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A, D. 96.

REV. 1. 20.-11.1–5.

A. D. 96.

a The mystery of b the seven stars a See on Acts x. ver. 4. which thou sawest in my right hand, b These were more noble than those Cand the seven golden candlesticks. a The in Thessalonica, in that they received seven stars are the angels of the seven the word with all readiness of mind, churches : and the seven candlesticks and searched the Scriptures daily, which thou sawest are the seven churches. whether those things were so, Acts

a See on Matt. xiii. ver. 11. clause 2. xvii. 11. Beloved, believe not every b See ver. 16.

spirit, but try the spirits whether they c See on ver. 12.

are of God; because many false proUnto the angel of the church of phets are gone out into the world. Ephesus write, ii. 1. See also ii. 8 ; | i John iv. 1. 12; 18.; iii. 1; 7 ; 14. For the priest's

VER. 3. lips should keep knowledge, and they Και έβάστασας, και υπομονήν έχεις, και should seek the law at his mouth: for Dià tò öropa mou xexotsiaxas, xai ou réxhe is the messenger of the LORD of

unnas. hosts, Mal. ii. 7.

& And hast borne, and hast patience, e Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hid. and for my name's sake hast laboured, Neither do men light a candle, and

and hast not fainted. put it under a bushel, but on a can.

a See on Luke xxi. ver. 19. dlestick; and it giveth light unto all

VER. 4. that are in the house. Let your light so shine before men, that they may

'Αλλ' έχω κατά σου, ότι την αγάπην see your good works, and glorify your

σου την πρώτην αφήκας. Father which is in heaven, Matt. v.

a Nevertheless I have somewhat 14—16. That ye may be blameless against thee, because thou hast left thy and harmless, the sons of God with first love. out rebuke, in the midst of a crooked a See on Matt. xxiv. ver. 12. clause 2. and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world ; holding

VER. 5. forth the word of life; that I may re Μνημόνευε ούν πόθεν εκπέπτωκας, και joice in the day of Christ, that I have | μετανόησον, και τα πρώτα έργα ποίησον» εί not run in vain, neither labour in vain, dè pens, fpxouai oo taxù, xal xovnou tùy Phil. ii. 15, 16.

λυχνίαν σου εκ του τόπου αυτής, εαν μη CHAP. II.-VER. 1. μετανοήσης. . Τα αγγέλω της 'Εφεσίνης εκκλησίας Remember therefore from whence reáafer Táde aéysi ó nga tão TOùs ÉTTà thou art fallen; and a repent, band do αστέρας εν τη δεξιά αυτού, και περιπατών έν | the first works ; « or else I will come μέσω των επτά λυχνιών των χρυσών unto thee quickly, and will remove thy

Unto a the angel of the church of candlestick out of his place, except thou Ephesus write ; These things saith bhe repent. that holdeth the seven stars in his right

See on Matt. iii. ver. 2. clause 1. hand, who walketh in the midst of the

bGo and cry in the ears of Jerusaseven golden candlesticks;

lem, saying, Thus saith the LORD, I a See on chap. i. ver. 20. clause 4.

remember thee, the kindness of thy See on chap. i. ver. 16. clause 1.

youth, the love of thine espousals, VER. 2.

when thou wentest after me in the οίδα τα έργα σου, και τον κόπον σου, I wilderness, in a land that was not και την υπομονήν σου, και ότι ου δύνη βασ- | gown. Israel was holiness unto the rásai xaxouco xal lweigáow toùs párnov- LORD, and the first-fruits of his inTaç sivas & mortóous, xal oux siol: xad crease: all that devour him shall ofευρες αυτούς ψευδείς: .

fend; evil shall come upon them, - I know thy works, and thy labour, saith the LORD, Jer. ii. 2, 3. And he and thy patience, and how thou canst shall sit as a refiner and purifier of not bear them which are evil : band thou silver; and he shall purify the sons hast tried them which say they are apos- of Levi, and purge them as gold and tles, and are not, and hast found them silver, that they may offer unto the liars :

LORD an offering in righteousness.

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Then shall the offering of Judah and a See on Matt. xi. ver. 15. Jerusalem be pleasant unto the LORD, bSee on Matt. x. ver. 22. clause 3. as in the days of old, and as in former In the midst of the street of it, years, Mal. iii. 3, 4.

and on either side of the river, was c Repent; or else I will come unto there the tree of life, which bare thee quickly, and will fight against twelve manner of fruits, anit yielded them with the sword of my mouth, her fruit every month: and the leaves chap. ii. 16. Remember therefore of the tree were for the healing of the how thou hast received and heard ; nations, chap. xxii. 2. Blessed are and hold fast, and repent. If there they that do his commandments, that fore thou shalt not watch, I will come they may have right to the tree of on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not life, and may enter in through the know what hour I will come upon gates into the city, 14. And out of thee, iii. 3. They say unto him, 'He the ground made the LORD God to will miserably destroy those wicked grow every tree that is pleasant to men, and will let out his vineyard the sight and good for food ; the tree unto other husbandmen, which shall of life also in the midst of the garden, render him the fruits in their sea and the tree of knowledge of good sons. Jesus saith unto them, Did ye and evil, Gen. ii. 9. And the LORD never read in the Scriptures, The God said, Behold the man is become stone which the builders rejected, the as one of us, to know good and evil: same is become the head of the cor- and now, lest he put forth his hand, ner: this is the Lord's doing, and it and take also of the tree of life, and is marvellous in our eyes? Therefore eat, and live for ever; therefore the say I unto you, The Kingdom of God LORD God sent him forth from the shall be taken from you, and given to garden of Eden, to till the ground a nation bringing forth the fruits from whence he was taken. So be thereof, Matt. xxi. 41-43. But and drove out the man: and he placed at if that evil servant shall say in his the east of the garden of Eden cheruheart, My lord delayeth his coming; bims, and a faming sword which and shall begin to smite his fellow- turned every way, to keep the way of servants, and to eat and drink with the tree of life, iii. 22-24. the drunken; the lord of that servant d See on Luke xxii. rer. 43. clause 3. shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is

VER. 8. not aware of. And shall cut him Και τα αγγέλα της εκκλησίας Σμυρναίον asunder, and appoint him his portion | γράψον Τάδε λέγει ο πρώτος και ο έσχαwith the hypocrites : there shall be tos, ôc {yÉVETO vsupòs, rai incev. weeping and gnashing of teeth, xxiv.

And unto the angel of the church in 48-51.

Smyrna write ; These things a saith the VER. 6.

first and the last, which was dead, and 'Αλλά τούτο έχεις, ότι μισείς τα έργα | is alive; των Νικολαϊτών, ά κάγώ μισώ.

a See on chap. i. ver. 8. clause 1. a But this thou hast, that thou hatest b See on chap. i. ver. 18. the deeds of the Nicolaitanes, which I also hate.

VER. 9. a See ver. 15.

οϊδά σου τα έργα και την θλίψιν και

την πτωχείας, (πλούσιος δε εί,) και την VER. 7.

βλασφημίαν των λεγόντων Ιουδαίους είναι ο έχων ούς, ακουσάτω τί το Πνεύμα εαυτούς και ουκ εισίν, αλλά συναγωγή του λέγει ταϊς εκκλησίαις· τό νικώντι δώσω Σατανά. αυτώ φαγείν εκ του ξύλου της ζωής, και a I know thy works, and tribulation, έστιν εν μέσω του παραδείσου του Θεού. . and poverty, (1 but thou art rich) and

a He that hath an ear, let him hear I know the blasphemy of them which what the Spirit saith unto the churches; say they are Jews, and are not, a but are b To him that overcometh will I give to the synagogue of Satan. eat of the tree of life, which is in the a See on Acts x. ver. 4. midst of the paradise of God.

b See on Luke xii. ver. 21. clause 9.

Α. D. 96.

REV. Η. 9-15.

Α. D. 96.

. See on Rom. ii. ver. 28, 29. which hath a the sharp sword with two

d Behold, I will make them of the edges; synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie ; be

. See on chap. i. ver. 16. clause 2. hold, I will make them to come and

VER. 15. worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee, chap. iii. 9.

οίδα τα έργα σου, και που κατοικείς,

όπου ο θρόνος του Σατανά και κρατείς το VER. 10.

όνομά μου, και ουκ ηρνήσω την πίστιν μου, Μηδέν φοβού και μέλλεις πάσχειν. ιδού, και εν ταις ημέραις εν αίς 'Αντίπας ο μάρμέλλει βαλείν εξ υμών ο διαβολος εις φυ- τυς μου ο πιστός, δς απεκτάνθη παρ' υμϊν, λακήν, ίνα πειρασθήτε και έξετε θλίψιν όπου κατοικεί ο Σατανάς. ημερών δέκα γίνου πιστος άχρι θανάτου, * I know thy works, and where thou και δώσω σοι τον στέφανον της ζωής. dwellest, even where Satan's seat is: band

a Fear none of those things b which thou holdest fast my name, Cand hast thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall not denied my faith, even in those days cast some of you into prison, that ye wherein Antipas was my faithful marmay be tried; and ye shall have tribula- tyr, who was slain among you, where tion ten days: cbe thou faithful unto Satan dwelleth. death, dand I will give thee a crown

a See on Acts x. ver. 4. of life.

b See on Heb. iii. ver. 6. clause 3. a See on Matt. x. ver. 28. clause 1. c See on Matt. x. ver. 33. b See on John xvi. ver. 33. clause 2. c See on Matt. x. ver. 22. clause 3.

VER. 14. 1 See on 1 Cor. ix. ver. 25.

'Αλλ' έχω κατά σου ολίγα, ότι έχεις VER. 11.

εκεί κρατούντας την διδαχήν Βαλαάμ, ός ο έχων ούς, ακουσάτω τι το πνεύμα | πιον των υιών Ισραήλ, φαγείν ειδωλόθυτα,

έδίδασκεν τω Βαλάκ βαλείν σκάνδαλον ενώλέγει ταϊς εκκλησίας: Ο νικών ου μη άδε

και πορνεύσαι. κηθή εκ του θανάτου του δευτέρου. a He that hath an let him

But I have a few things against thee, hear what the Spirit saith unto the because a thou hast there them that holá churches ; He that overcometh shall not

the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Babe hurt of b the second death.

lac to cast a stumbling block before the

children of Israel, bto eat things saa See on Matt. xi. ver. 15.

crificed unto idols, and to commit forni• Blessed and holy is he that hath

cation. part in the first resurrection : on such the second death hath no power, but a Which have forsaken the right they shall be priests of God and of way, and are gone astray, following Christ, and shall reign with him a the way of Balaam the son of Bosor, thousand years, chap. xx. 6. And who loved the wages of unrighteousdeath and hell were cast into the lake ness, 2 Pet. ii. 15. Woe unto them! of fire. This is the second death, 14. for they have gone in the way of Cain, But the fearful, and unbelieving, and and ran greedily after the error of the abominable, and murderers, and Balaam for reward, and perished in whoremongers, and sorcerers, and the gainsaying of Core, Jude 11. See idolaters, and all liars, shall have also Numb. xxii. their part in the lake which bumeth b See on Acts xv. ver. 20. with fire and brimstone: which is the second death, xxi. 8.

VER. 15.

Ούτως έχεις και συ κρατούντας την διVER. 12.

δαχήν τών Νικολαϊτών: ο μισώ. Και τώ αγγέλω της εν Περγάμο εκκλη. σίας γράψον Τάδε λέγει ο έχων την ρομ

a So hast thou also them that hold the φαίαν την δίστομον την οξείαν

doctrine of the Nicolaitanes, which thing

I hate. And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he

a See ver. 6.

ear,

Α. D. 96.

REV. ΙΙ. 16-22.

Α. D. 96.

* See on Matt. xiv. ver.33. clause 3. VER. 16.

* See on chap. 1. ver. 14, 15. Μετανόησαν· ει δε μή, έρχομαί σοι ταχύ, και πολεμήσω μετ' αυτών εν τη ρομφαία

VER. 19. του στόματός μου.

οίδα σου τα έργα, και την αγάπην, και

την διακονίαν, και την πίστιν, και την υπο* Repent ; or else b I will come unto thee φuickly, and will fight

against them μογών σου, και τα έργα σου, και τα έσχατα

πλείονα των πρώτων. with the sword of my mouth.

a I know thy works, and charity, and a See on Matt. üi. ver. 2. clause 1. b. See on chap. i. ver. 16. clause 2.

service, and faith, and thy patience, and

thy works; and the last to be more than VER. 17.

the first. “Ο έχων ούς, ακουσάτω τι το Πνεύμα a See on Acts x. ver. 4. λέγει ταϊς εκκλησίαις· τω νικώντι δώσω αυτο φαγείν από του μάννα του κεκρυμμέ

VER. 20. νου, και δώσω αυτώ ψήφον λευκών, και επί 'Αλλ' έχω κατά σου ολίγα, ότι εάς την την ψήφον όνομα καινόν γεγραμμένον, και γυναίκα Ιεζαήλ, την λέγουσαν έαυτήν προουδείς έγνω ει μή και λαμβάνων.

φήτιν, διδάσκειν και πλαγάσθαι εμούς δούHe that hath an ear, let him hear | λους, πορνεύσαι και είδωλόθυτα φαγείν. what the Spirit saith unto the churches ; Notwithstanding I have a few things • To him that overcometh will I give c to against thee, because thou sufferest that eat of the hidden manna, and will give woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a him a white stone, d and in the stone a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my new name written, which no man know- servants to commit fornication, and to eat eth saving he thut receiveth it.

things sacrificed unto idols. a See on Matt. xi. ver. 15.

a For it was so, when Jezebel cut off b See on Matt x. ver. 22. clause 3. the prophets of the LORD, that ObacThey shall be abundantly satisfied diah took an hundred prophets, and with the fatness of thy house ; and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed thou shalt make them drink of the them with bread and water, 1 Kings river of thy pleasures, Psal. xxxvi. 8. xviii. 4. And Ahab told Jezebel all

d Him that overcometh will I make that Elijah had done, and witbal how a pillar in the temple of my God; he had slain all the prophets with the and he shall go po more out: and I sword. Then Jezebel sent a messen. will write upon him the name of my ger unto Elijah, saying, So let the God, and the name of the city of my gods do to me, and more also, if I God, which is New Jerusalem, which make not thy life as the life of one of cometh down out of heaven from my them by to-morrow about this time, God: and I will write upon him my xix. 1, 2. new name, chap. iii. 12. Even unto b See on Acts 17. ver. 20. them will I give in mine house, and within my walls, a place and a' name

VER. 21. better than of sons and of daughters : Και έδωκα αυτή χρόνον ένα μετανοήση I will give them an everlasting name, εκ της πορνείας αυτής, και ου μετενόησεν. that shall not be cut off, Isa. Ivi. 5.

a And I gave her space to repent of her VER. 18.

fornication; and she repented not. Και τώ αγγέλω της εν Θυατείροις εκκλησίας γράψον: Τάδε λέγει ο υιός του Θεού,

a See on Rom. ii.ver. 4. clauses 3, 4. ο έχων τους οφθαλμούς αυτού ως φλόγα

VER. 92. πυρός, και οι πόδες αυτού όμοιοι χαλκολιGάνων

"Ιδού, εγώ βάλλω αυτήν εις κλίνην, και And unto the angel of the church in μεγάλην, εάν μη μετανοήσωσιν εκ των έρ

τους μοιχεύοντας μετ' αυτής, εις θλίψη Thyatira write; These ihings saith a the

γι αυτών. Son of God, bwho hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like

Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and unto fine brass;

them that commit adultery with her into

A. D. 96.

REV. II. 22-24.

A. D. 96.

great tribulation, bercept they repent of daughters, and burn up their houses their deeds.

with fire. Thus will I cause lewdness

to cease out of the land, that all woa With whom the kings of the earth men may be taught not to do after have committed fornication, and the your lewdness. And they shall reinhabiters of the earth have been compense your lewdness upon you, made drunk with the wine of her for- and ye shall bear the sins of your nication, chap. xvii. %. For all na- idols : and ye shall know that I am tions have drunk of the wine of the the LORD God, xxiii. 45–49. wrath of her fornication, and the b It may be that the house of Judah kings of the earth have committed will bear all the evil which 1 purpose fornication with her, and the mer to do unto them ; that they may rechants of the earth are waxed rich turn every man from his evil way, through the abundance of her delica- that I may forgive their iniquity and cies, xviii. 3. And the kings of the their sin, Jer. Xxxvi. 3. Therefore I earth, who have committed fornica- will judge you, O house of Israel, tion and lived deliciously with her, every one according to his ways, shall bewail her, and lament for her, saith the Lord God. Repent, and when they shall see the smoke of her turn yourselves from all your transgresburning, 9. Behold, therefore, I will sions; so iniquity shall not be your gather all thy lovers, with whom thou ruin. Cast away from you all your hast taken pleasure, and all them that transgressions, whereby ye have transthou bast loved, with all them that thou gressed ; and make you a new heart hast hated ; I will even gather them and a new spirit: for why will ye die, round about against thee, and will 0 house of Israel? For I have no discover thy nakedness unto them, pleasure in the death of him that that they may see all thy nakedness. dieth, saith the Lord God: whereAnd I will judge thee, as women that fore turn yourselves, and live ye, Ezek. break wedlock, and shed blood, are xviii. 30-32. judged: and I will give thee blood in fury and jealousy. And I will also

VER. 23. give thee into their hand, and they

Και τα τέκνα αυτής αποκτενώ έν θανάShall throw down thine eminent place, τω, και γνώσονται πάσαι αι εκκλησίαι ότι and shall break down thy high. εγώ είμι ο ερευνών νεφρούς και καρδίας και places: they shall strip thee also of δώσω υμϊν εκάστο κατά τα έργα υμών. thy clothes, and shall take thy fair jewels, and leave thee naked and & And I will kill her children with bare. They shall also bring up a com- death; and all the churches shall know pany against thee, and they shall that bI am he which searcheth the reins stone thee with stones, and thrust and hearts ; C and I will give unto every thee through with their swords. And one of you according to your works. they shall burn thine houses with fire, and execute judgments upon thee in

a And I looked, and behold, a pale the sight of many women: and I will horse; and his name that sat on him cause thee to cease from playing the was Death, and hell followed with harlot, and thou also shalt give no

him: And power was given unto them hire any more, Ezek. xvi. 37–41.

over the fourth part of the earth, to And the righteous men they shall kill with sword, and with hunger, and judge them after the manner of adul- with death, and with the beasts of the teresses, and after the manner of wo earth, chap. vi. 8.

b See on Matt. ix. ver. 4. clause 1. men that shed blood; because they

c See on Matt. xvi. ver. 27. clause 3. are adulteresses, and blood is in their hands. For thus saith the Lord

VER. 24. God, I will bring up a company upon them, and will give them to be re Υμίν δε λέγω, και λοιπούς τοίς εν Emoved and spoiled. And the com- Θυατείροις, όσοι ουκ έχουσι την διδαχήν pany shall stone them with stones, ταύτην, και οίτινες ουκ έγνωσαν τα βάθη and dispatch them with their swords και του Σατανά, ώς λέγουσιν: Ου Θαλώ εφ' they shall slay their sons and their inãs aaao Bágosa

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