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Browning; and nearly all from Knowles, Croly, Horace Smith, and others, together with the comic dialogues from Morton, Mathews, and Coyne, having been selected or adapted for this collection.

It will be seen that the oratory of the ancients has supplied an unusual number of exercises. A certain novelty has, however, in many instances, been imparted here, by original translations. We have had little, in modern times, to surpass the Philippics of Demosthenes or the fiery invective of AEschines. The putative speeches from Livy, Tacitus, and Sallust, have been newly translated or adapted. In two or three instances, the translation has been so liberal that a nearer relationship to the original than that of a paraphrase has not been claimed. The speeches of Brutus, Caius Marius, Canuleius, Virginius, and others, have been expanded or abridged, to serve the purpose of declamation. The two speeches of Spartacus, that of Regulus, with several others, are now, for the first time, published. The extracts from that strangely depreciated work, Cowper's Homer, have the vivid simplicity and force of the original, and are among the most appropriate exercises for elocution in the whole scope of English blank verse.

Throughout the present volume, in deciding upon the insertion of a piece, the question has been, not “Who wrote it!” or, “What country produced it!” but, “Is it good for the purpose?” Like other arts, that of eloquence is unhedged by geographical lines; and it is as inconsistent with true culture, to confine pupils to American models in this art, as it would be in sculpture or painting. While exercising great freedom of range in selection, however, it has been the editor's study to meet all the demands of a liberal patriotism; to do justice to all the noblest masters of eloquence, and to all schools and styles, from which a grace may be borrowed; and, above all, to admit nothing that could reasonably offend the ear of piety and good taste.

The Introductory Treatise embodies the views, not only of the editor, but of many of our most experienced and distinguished teachers, in regard to the unprofitable character of those “systems” which profess to teach reading and speaking by the rule and plummet of sentential analysis or rhetorical notation. Of these attempts the pupil may well exclaim, in the words of Cowper, —

“Defend me, therefore, common sense, say I,
From reveries so airy, -from the toil
Of dropping buckets into empty wells,
And growing old in drawing nothing up !”

The preceptive portion of the Treatise presents no particular claim to origimality; the object being merely to give a summary of all the discoveries and hints that can be serviceable to the student, in the development of his vocal and elocutionary powers.

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I. Onatory, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Quotation from Holmes, . . . 25, 26

Eloquence, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Distinctness to be Studied, . . . . . . 26

Rhetoric, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Unemphatic Words, . . . . . . . . . 26

Oratory among the Ancients, . . . . . 15 Solemn Reading, . . . . . . . . . . 26

The Art in Greece, . . . . . . . . . 15 Modulation of the Voice, . . . . . . . 26

Homer, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Good Practical Rule, . . . . . . . . 26

Demosthenes, . . . . . . . . . . . 15 The Different Keys, . . . . . . . . . 26

His Speeches prepared, . . . . . . . 15 Low Key, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Oratory in Rome, . . . . . . . . . . 15 Illustration from Milton, . . . . . . . 28

Cicero, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 ki. from Shakspeare, . . . . 28

Superiority of Ancients, . . . . . . . 16 Middle Key, . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Modern Oratory, . . . . . . . . . . 16 High Key, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Effect of the Press, . . . . . . . . . 16 Illustration from Shakspeare, . . . . 29

Oratory in Republics, . . . . . . . . 16 Curious Fact in Sound, . . . . . . . 23

Mirabeau, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Burke's Voice, . . . . . . . . . . . 29

English Oratory, . . . . . . . . . . 16 Chatham's Woice, . . . . . . . . . . 29

European Oratory, . . . . . . . . . 16 Monotone, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

American Oratory, . . . . . . . . . 16 Illustration from Shakspeare, . . . .30

Patrick Henry, . . . . . . . . . . . 16 44 from Talfourd, . . . . . . 30

Daniel Webster, . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Time, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Power of Oratory, . . . . . . . . . . 16 Imitative Modulation, . . . . . . . . 30

Mr. Webster's Opinion, . . . . . . . 16 Illustration from Pope, . . . . . . .30

Success in Oratory, . . . . . . . . . 17 Pauses, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

How to achieve it, . . . . . . . . . 17 Emphasis, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Quintilian's Opinion, . . . . . . . . 17 Illustration from Milton, . . . . . . . .31

Divisions of Oratory. . . . . . . . . 17 44 from Shakspeare, . . . . . 32

II. Elocution, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 | III. Gesture, . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

Among the Ancients, . . . . . . . . 18 Fenelon's Directions, . . . . . . . . 32

olodern Theories, . . . . . . . . . . 18 Austin's Chironomia, . . . . . . . . 32

Steele's Measure of Speech, . . . . . . 18 Oratorical Attitudes, . . . . . . . . .32

“ System of Marks, . . . . 18, 19 Engraved Representations, . . . . . 32

Walker's Elements, . . . . . . . . . 19 Matters for Mirth, . . . . . . . . .32

Inflections of the Voice, . . . . . . . 19 General Rules, . . . . . . . . . 32, 33

Rules of Inflection, . . . . . . . 20, 21 On Timing Gestures, . . . . . . . .33

Illustration from Pope, . . . . . . . 21 Walker's Direction, . . . . . . . . .33

** from Shakspeare, . . . . . 21 Illustration from Shakspeare, . . . . .33

Rush on the Voice, . . . . . . . . . 21 Whately's Theory, . . . . . . . . .33

:ial Rules, . . . . . . . . . . 22 Attitude, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Insufficiency, . . . . . . . . . 22 Quintilian on the Hand, . . . . . . . 34

ily's Objections, . . . . . . 22, 23 Practical Hints, . . . . . . . . . . 34

re of Walker's Method, . . . 22, 23 Awkward Habits, . . . . . . . . . . 35

wn Admission, . . . . . . . . . 23 Dress and Manner, . . . . . . . . . .35

ind Kean, . . . . . . . . . . . 23 The Countenance, . . . . . . . . . 86

tion the Secret, . . . . . . . . 23

ical Hints, . . . . . . . . . . . 24 IV. STRENGTHENING THE Voice, . . . . . .35

Quincy Adams, . . . . . . . . 24 Management of the Breath, . . . . 36

ions of Elocution, . . . . . . . . 24 A Good Exercise, . . . . . . . . . . 36

ulation, . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Reading Aloud, . . . . . . . . . . .36

unciation, . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Its Physical Benefits, . . . . . . . . 36

• ‘ts in Pronunciation, . . . . . . 24 Andrew Combe's Advice, . . . . . . 36

- rtance of Dictionaries, . . . . . 24 Explax Arony MAREs, . . . . . .

. Man’s Material
. Fortitude, . . . . . .
. The United States of Europe, .

. The Spirit of the Age, .
. Moses in Sight of the Promised Land,

P A RT FIRST.

MORAL AND DIDACTIC.

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Death is Compensation, Rousseau, 69

Fate of Charles XII., . . . Johnson, 70

Our Duties, . . . . Story, 71

Love of Country, . . Montgomery, 72

Nature a Hard Creditor, . . Carlyle, 73

Time's Midnight Voice, . . . Young, 74

The Common Lot, . Montgomery,

True Source of Reform, . . Chapin, 76

The Beacon Light, . . . . Pardoe, II

Cleon and I, . . . . . . . Mackay, 77

* blem for the U. States, Boardman, 78

American Experiment, . . Everett, 78

The Ship of State, . . . . . Lunt, 79

Lines, . . . . . . . . Longfellow, 80

Art, . . . . . . . . . . . Sprarue, 80

The Pilot, . . . . . . . . . Bayly, 81

Death Typified by Winter, Thomson, 82

Religious Inducements, . . . James, 83

Never Lespair, . . . . . . . Lover, 84

Charity, . . . . . . . . Talfourd, S4

The Battle-field, . . . . . Bryant, 85

Dizzy Activities, . . . Everett, 86

The Good Great Man, . . Coleridge, S7

Taxes, . . . . . . . Sydney Smith, 87

The Press, . . . . . . Eliot, 88

Defence of Poetry, . . . . . Wolfe, 89

Great Ideas, . . . . . . Channing, 89

England, . . . . . . . . . Elliot, 90

Hallowed Ground, . . . . Campbell, 91

Nature Proclaims a Deity, Chateau-

briand, 92

What we owe the Sword, . . Grimke, 92

Abou Ben Adhem, . . . . Hunt, 93

Polonius to Laertes, . . Shakspeare, 94

,Where is he, . . . . . . . . Neele, 94

International Sympathies, JWayland, 95

Worth of Fame, . . . . . . Bailfie, 96

Frivolous Pleasures, . . . . Young, 97

Forgive. . . . . . . . . . Heber,

Science Religious, . Hitchcock, 98

Triumphs of the English Language,

Lyons, 99

The Water Drinker, . . E. Johnson, 99

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34.

35.

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

. Public Spirit of Athenians, . . .

- Dernosthenes not Wanquished, .

. Catiline Denounced, . . . .

. Catiline Expelled, . . . . . . .

3. Necker’s Financial Plan,

. Disobedience to National Assembly, Id., 173

3. Reply, . . . . . . . . . . . .

3. On being Suspected, . .

. Eulogium on Franklin,

. Church and State,

9. To the French, . . . .

. Morality the Basis of Society,

. Practical Religious Instruction, Hugo, 186

. Necessity of Religion, . . . . .

. Universal Suffrage, . . . . . .

33. The End of Government,

55. Battle IIymn, . . . . .

Werres Denounced, . . . . . .

FROM THE FRExch.

Against the Nobility, &c., Mirabeau, 171
. . . Id., 172
Id., 174
Id., 175
Id., 177
Id., 177

. Pergniaud, 178

Id., 179

Robespierre, 180

Id., 181

Last Speech, . . . . . . . . . Id., 182

To the Peers, . . . . . . . . Trelat, 183

The Republic, . . . . . Lamartine, 185

Democracy adverse to Socialism, De

Tocqueville, 185

Terrorism of Jacobins, .
Against War, .

Id., 187
Id., 188
Id., 189
Id., 190
Id., 191

Liberty of the Press,

A Republic or Monarchy, . . .

The Two Napoleons,

- - - - -

ERitism.

. . . Pym, 192

Defence, . . . . Earl of Strafford, 193

Reducing the Army, . Pulteney, 195

Against Richard Cromwell, . . Pane, 196

How to make Patriots. . . . Walpole, 196

Against Pitt (Earl of Chatham), . Id., 197

Reply to Walpole, Earl of Chatham, 198

Reply to Grenville, . . . . . .

*-

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41. Reconciliation with America, Chatham, 201

42. Repeal claimed as a Right, . . . .., 202

43. Lord North's Ministry, . . . . Id., 203

45. On Employing Indians, . . . . Id., 204

43. Ruinous Consequences, . . . . Id., 205

48. America Unconquerable, . . . . Id., 206

47. Frequent Executions, . . Meredith, 207

48. Parliamentary Innovations, Beaufoy, 20s

49. Religious Persecution, . Compilation, 209

50. America's Obligations, . . . . Barre, 210

51. Reply to Lord North, . . . . . Id., 211

52. Bold Predictions, . . . . . Wilkes, 212

53. Conquest of Americans, . . . 1d., 213

54. Reply to Duke of Grafton, Thurlow, 214

55. Present Popularity, Lord Mansfield, 214

56. Magnanimity in Politics, . . Burke, 215

57. American Enterprise, . . . . . Id., 215

58. American Taxation, . . . . . Id, 217

59. Despotism Unrighteous, . . . Id., 218

60. Impeachinent of Hastings, . . Id., 219

61. Peroration against Hastings, . . Id., 220

32. To the Bristol Electors, . . . . Id., 221

to. Marie Antoinette, . . . . . . 1d., 222

64. Irish Rights, . . . . . . . Grattan, 223

65. Reply to Flood, - - - - - - - 1d., 224

to. National Gratitude, . . . . . Id., 225

67. Catholic Disqualification, . . . Id., 226

68. Heaven on the Side of Principle, Id., 226

69. Against Corry, . . . . . . . Jil., 227

70. Union with Great Britain, . . Id., 223

71. The Catholic Question, . . . . Id., 229

72. Religion Independent, . . . . Id., 230

73. Sectarian Tyranny, . . . . . Id., 2.3

74. American War Denounced, . . Pitt, 232

75. Motion to Censure Ministry, . . Id., 232

76. Attempt to make him Resign, . Id., 233

77. Barbarism of Ancient Britons, . Id., 23

78. Results of American War, . . . For, 2.35

79. Washington's Foreign Policy, . Id., 235

S0. Liberty is Strength, . . . . . Id., 237

81. Democratic Governments, . . Id., 2.38

82. Partition of Poland, . . . . . Id., 2.49

83. Atheist Government null, . Sheridan, 210

84. Political Jobbing, . . . . . . Id., 241

85. Popular and Kingly Examples, . Id., .

85. Reform in Parliament, . Lord Grey, 242

87. Conservative Innovators, Huskisson, 243

Id., 199 S3.

The Pension System, . . . Curran, 244

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89. On Threats of Violence, . . Curran, 245 144. The Strongest Government, Jefferson, 297

90. Religious Distinctions, . . . . Id., 246 145. Freedom of Judges, . . . Bayard, 298

91. War with France, . . . . Canning, 246 146. Judiciary Act, . . . . . . Morris, 299

2. Bank-notes and Coin, . . . Id., 247 147. Free Navigation, . . . . . . . Id., 300

93. Lord J. Russell's Motion, . . . Id., 248 148. Foreign Conquest, . . . Clinton, 301

94. Mr. Tierney's Motion, . . . . Id., 249 149. Innovations, . . . . . . Madison, 302

95. Defence of Pitt, . . . . . . . . Id., 250 150. Party Intemperance, . . . Gaston, 302

96. Measures, not Men, . . . . . Id., 251 151. The Embargo, . . . . . . Quincy, 303

97. Balance of Power, . . . . . . Id., 252 152. Disunion, . . . . . . . Pinkney, 304

98. Collision of Vices, . . . . . . 1d., 253 153. British Influence, . . J. Randolph, 305

99. England and America, Mackintosh, 254 154. Greek Question, . . . . . . . 1d., 306

100. Fate of Reformers, . . . Brougham, 255 155. Virginia Constitution, . . . . . Id., 307

101. Parliamentary Reform, . . . . Id., 256 156. Against Duelling, . . Compilation, 308

102. Religious Liberty, . . . O’Connell, 257 157. The Declaration, . . J. Q. Adams, 309

103. Irish Disturbance Bill, . . . . Id., 2584-158. Washington's Sword, &c., Id., 310

104. The Death Penalty, . . . . Byron, 259 159. Union with Liberty, . . . Jackson, 311

105. Charges against Catholics, . Sheil, 260 160. War, . . . . . . . . . . . Binney, 312

106. Irish Aliens, . . . . . . Id., 251 | 161. The Supreme Court, . . . . . Id., 312

107. Irish Establishment, . . . . . Id., 262 162. U. S. Constitution, . . . . Legare, 313

108. Repeal of Union, . . . . . . . Id., 263 163. On Returning to the U. States, 1.d., 314

109. England's Misrule, . . . . . . Id., 264 164. In Favor of War, 1813, . . . . Clay, 315

110. Civil War, . . . Lord Palmerston, 265 165. Jefferson Defended, . . . . . Id., 316

111. Reform, . . . . Lord J. Russell, 266 166. Military Insubordination, . . . Id., 316

112. Irish Church, . . . . . Macaulay, 267 167. Noblest Public Virtue, . . . . Id., 317

113. Hours of Labor, . . . . . . . Id., 268 168. Expunging Resolution, . . . . Id., 318

114. Reform, to Preserve, . . . . . Id., 269 169. Independence of Greece, . . Id., 319

115. Men always fit to be Free, . . Id., 270 170. Prospect of War, . . . . . Calhoun, 320

116. Second Bill of Rights, . . . . Id., 270 171. The Force Bill, . . . . . . . Id., 321

117. Public Opinion, the Sword, . . Id., 271 172. Purse and Sword, . . . . . . Id., 322

118. A Government should Grow, . Id., 272 173. Liberty the Meed, . . . . . . Id., 323

119. Reform irresistible, . . . . . Id., 273 174. Popular Elections, . . . McDuffie, 324

120. Reply to 119, . . . . . . Croker, 275 175. Military Qualifications, . Sergeant, 325

121. Perils of Reform, . . . . . . . Id., 275 176. Opposition, . . . . . . . Webster, 326

122. Copyright, . . . . . . Talfourd, 276 177. Moral Force, . . . . . . . . . . . . Id., 327

123. Literary Property, . . . . . . Id., 277 178. Sympathy with South America, Id., 328

124. International Copyright, . . . Id., 278 179. The Poor and Rich, . . . . . Id., 329

125. Legislative Union, . . . . . Peel, 279 180. Sudden Conversions, . . . . . Id., 330

126. American Wessels, . . . . Cobden, 280 | 181. Constitution Platform, - Iul., 331

182. Resistance to Oppression, . . . Id., 332

--- 183. Peaceable Secession, . . . . . Id., 333

American. 184. Clay's Resolutions, . . . . . . Id., 333

127. Resistance, . . . . . . . . Henry, 281 185. Justice to the Whole, . Id., 334

128. War inevitable, . . . . . . . Id., 282 186. Matches and Over-matches, . . Id., 335

129. Return of British Fugitives, . . Id., 283 187. S. Carolina and Mass., . . . . Id., 336

130. Supposed Speech, . . . . . . Otis, 284 188. Liberty and Union, . . . . . Id., 338

131. For Independence, . . . . . . Lee, 285 189. Reply to Webster, . . . . Hayne, 339

132. Federal Constitution, . . Franklin, 286 100. The South in 1776, . . . . . . Id., 340

133. God Governs, . . . . . . . . Id., 287 191. The South in 1812, . . . . . . 1d., 341

134. For a Declaration, . . . . Adams, 288 192. Defalcations, . . . . . . Prentiss, 342

135. Conclusion of foregoing, Id., 289 193. American Laborers, . . . . Naylor, 343

136. On Government, . . . . Hamilton, 290 194. Fulton's Invention, . . . Hoffman, 344

137. U. S. Constitution, . . . . . . Id., 291 195. Sectional Services, . . . . Cushing, 345

138. Aristocracy, . . . . . Livingston, 292 196. National Hatreds, . . . . Choate, 346

139. Extent of Country, . . . Randolph, 293 |197. Precedents, . . . . . . . . Cass, 347

140. France and the U. S. . Washington, 294 198. On Intervention, . . . . J. Clemens, 348

– 141. Foreign Influence, . . . . . . Id., 294 200. Hazards of Prosperity, W. R. Smith, 349

142. Sanctity of Treaties, . . . . Ames, 295 201. Flogging in the Navy, . . Stockton, 350

143. The British Treaty, . . . . . . Id., 296 202. Gov't Extravagance, . Crittenden, 352

P A RT FOURTH.

FORENSIC AND JUDICIAL.

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1. Liberty of the Press, . . . . Curran, 353 || 8. Defence of Peltier, . . . Mackintosh, 365

2. Mr. Rowan, . . . . . . . . . Id., 353 9. Instigators of Treason, . . . Wirt, 366

3. Habeas Corpus Act, . . . . . . 1d., 354 10. Burr and Blennerhassett, . . . Id., 367

4. Appeal to Lord Avonmore, . . . Id., 355 11. Reply to Wickham, . . . . . . Id., 368

5. On being found Guilty, . . . Emmet, 357 12. Guilt its own Betrayer, . . Webster, 359-T

6. Great Minds and Christianity, Erskine, 362 13. Moral Power, . . . . . . McLean, 370

–7. On Biasing Judgment, . . Mansfield, 364 14. The Death Penalty, . . . . . Hugo, 371.

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