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better to secure the obedience of the catholics, the oath of allegiance (a), by authority J^^;*"of parliament, was enacted, whereby thecobire6i,,c.

power4*' '**

'' this business, as to that point of involving those of

** his own religion in the common ruin. I dare not,

"fays he, take that course that I could, to make it ap

** pear less odious; for divers were to have been brought

"out of danger, who now would rather hurt them

"than otherwise. I do not think that there would

"have been three worth the faving, that should have

"been lost. And as to the rest that were to have been

"swallowed up in that destruction, he seems not to

"have the least relenting in his mind about them (c)." (c)T\lht

Dr. Burnet tells us, he had the fame papers in his pos- s0"'3 s""10"

r n- i i »'• « / i\ before the

session, and gives the like account from them (a). house of

But to put the matter beyond all dispute, I will give commons, part of a speech of lord Stafford, at the bar of the °*?!j *' house of lords, Dec. i, 1680. which, as far as I know, (y) Burnet, has never been quoted by any writer. Every body al-Vol. 1. most knows that this unfortunate nobleman was strong- p'I0* Jy attached to the Romish religion; and that upon the evidence of those times he was convicted and executed for the popish plot. It may well enough therefore be supposed, that he would not blacken his own side on this occasion, or endeavour to render his prosecutors more apprehensive of the enterprizing spirit of the ca-: , tholics, than the truth compelled him to do. His evidence therefore being unexceptionable, let us attend unto it. "My lords, faid he, I have heard very much '' of a thing that was named by these gentlemen of the "house of commons, and that very properly too, to *' wit, of the gunpowder treason. My lords, I was "not born then, but some years after heard very much "discourse of it, and very various reports; and I "made a particular enquiry, perhaps more than any one "person did else, both of my father, who was alive "then, and my uncle, and others; and I am fatisfied, "and do clearly believe, by the evidence I have receiv


,v power of the pope to depose the king, of dispose of any of his majesty's dominions, was to be disowned, and true faith and allegiance

'' ed, that that thing called the gunpowder treason, "was a wicked and horrid design (among the rest) of "some of the Jesuits, and I think the malice of the "Jesuits, or the wit of man, cannot offer an excuse "for it, it was so execrable a thing. Besides, my "lords, I was acquainted with one of them that was "concerned in it, who had his pardon, and lived many '' years after: I discoursed with him about it, and "he consessed it, and faid, he was sorry for it then; "and I here declare to your lordships, that I never "heard any one of the church of Rome speak a good "word of it: it was so horrid a thing it cannot be ex"pressed nor excused. And God almighty shewed his "judgments upon them for their wickedness; for "hardly any of the persons or their posterity are left "that were concerned in it; and even a very great fa"mily too [Peircy, earl of Northumberland, I suppose] c' that had collaterally something to do in it, is in the "male line extinct totally; and I do think God al"mighty always shews his judgments upon such vile (*) Lord "actions (e)." What will any one fay to this? needs Stafford's there any surther witnesses, when a popish lord declares Lond.P 5J' the thing to be fact, and that he himself was acquainted 1680-1, with one concerned in it, who consessed it? must not Fol. those be past conviction who will still dispute it, or ob

stinately deny it? I will add, that it appears from Dr. Birch's view of the negotiations between England, France, and Brussels, that many catholics abroad were acquainted with it, and that the English regiment in the arch-duke's service, was designed to be transported upon (/)See the execution of it (/). Indeed, fays Sir Thomas Edmonds Birch's ne- ambassador with the arch-duke, in a letter to Sir Charles 135! l2°s6'P' Cornwallis, dated Dec. 27, 1605, O. S. " It was long "ere I could persuade them here to' believe the truth "of the faid conspiracy, because the catholiques were , "interested

leglance to him promised, notwithstanding
any excommunication or deprivation made <
by the pope. This oath the catholics, for
the most part, complied with, as thinking
it lawful, and among the rest the arch-priest


'' interested therein; but sometimes they would have it "to be an artifice of the puritans against those fancti"fied persons, and then a design of the Hollanders "(which are enemies to monarchy) to have reduced "our estate to the fame condition as theirs is of a com"monwealth. But now lastly, when they see they can "no longer dispute the doubtsulness and incertaintie "thereof, they report to this consideration, that it is a "work of the devil's, expressly to banish and extirpate "the catholique religion out of England. For my own "part, adds he, I will freely consess, that I do effectu"ally desire (whatsoever judgment they make thereof) "that we make that use of it, as we have just cause so "to do (g)." These things considered, I believe the (g) Winreader will think with Dr. Birch, "that the papists 0f wood»Vof. "later times afford an instance of amazing scepticism, 'p' * "and, equal assurance, who affect, without the least "shadow of probability, to represent so complicated "and deep laid a conspiracy, as a meer ministerial and "political contrivance, formed by the earl of Salisbury, *' for the disgrace and ruin of the Roman catholic re"ligion in England (h)" However though their seep- y) Negoti

ticism ations, p.

* Calendarium Catholicum, for the year 1686. Among the memo, table observations is the following*

Since the horrid powder- plot, suspected to be politickly contrived J by Cecil, but known to be acted by a sew desperadoes of a religion C year* that detests such treasons, though ambition and discontent made V 0081 them traytors.

Consult bilhop Barlow's genuine remains, p. 388. Lond. 1693. 8vo. where is a censure of a pasfage of a like nature in the Cdlendarium Catholicum, or Universal Almanack for the year 1662, which the bilhop fays, was writ by a man of some parts and quality.

Blackwell. At this the pope was alarmed, and on the 1oth of the kalends of October 16c6, issued out a brief, forbidding the taking the oath j but the catholics apprehending it a forgery, payed little regard to it, whereupon the next year his holiness sent them another ( Qlp^), in which he plainly told them,


ticism and assurance are thus amazing, yet it is not to

be wondered at, that they are unwilling to avow a

fact, which admitted, must cast the greatest odium on

a church whose ministers not only counselled it, but

were actors in it; and though by the judgment of their

country pronounced conspirators and traytors, and as

such treated; yet have been deemed by her infallible

self, faints and martyrs, and reckoned among their mi

(^SeeOs- racle-workers (z). A proof this, that zeal for mother

bom, p. church will fanctify the greatest villanies, and raise men

Foster's to tllc nigne^ honours, though ever so unworthy. May

thurch hist, all men have in abhorrence this spirit! may they guard

cent. 17. against all attempts to revive it, and look upon it as their

0 an'°' p' greatest happiness, that they are not under the rule of

winwood, those who are actuated by it.

Vol. II. p.

300. *

( Q£j His holiness sent them another brief, &c]

In his first brief the pope [Paul V.] tells the English

catholics, " that the oath of allegiance could not be taken

"without hurting the catholic faith, and th« falvation


* Monsieur 5. Aitmur tells us, that among the several portraits of ]t' suits, fublickly fold at Rome with permission of the Juperiour, he faw one of Garret, with this inscription. Pater Henricus Garncttus Anglus, I-ondini pro fide catholica suspensus & sectus, 3 Mail 1606. Father Henry Garnet hanged and quartered at London, for the catholic faith j by which we see that treason and catholic faith are all one at Rcme; for nothing can be more notorious, than that Garnet suffered only on the account of the gunpowder treason, of which, as M. S. Amour observes, he acknowledged himfeif guilty before he died, Stillingfleet's idolatry of the church of Rome, p. 345. Svo. Lund. 1676.

that they were bound fully to observe the things contained in the former, and to reject all interpretations persuading to the contrary.


|l of their souls, seeing it contains many things flat . "contrary to faith and falvation; and therefore he ad"monishes them utterly to abstain from taking this and "the like oaths (a)." Mr. Rapin therefore should have ^sln(g soid^ that the pope in this first brief, plainly told the worics, p. catholics, " if they took the oath they forseited all hopes *•;*• "of falvation (b) :" I fay, he should have faid this of the ^/f"' first, and not the second brief, as he has done ; though I?/ forseiting all hopes of falvation, is very different, in my opinion, from hurting the falvation of their souls, which are the words of the brief. But his holinefs's commands were not obeyed. The catholics pretended that "his brief was issued not of his own proper will, but "rather for the respect and instigation of other men." This he assures them was false in his second brief, dated the 10th of the Calends of Sept. 1607. and lets them know " that his former letters concerning the prohibit *• tion of the oath, were written not only upon his "own proper motion, and of his certain knowledge, "but also after long and weighty deliberation used con"cerning all those things which were contained in "them; and that for that cause they were bound sully "to observe them, rejecting all interpretation per"suading to the contrary (cj." Strange sort of mor- [') K,?S tals these popes! who pretending to be vicars of Jesus £#£ *B Chrifl^ who owned his kingdom was not of this world, 2sg. intrude into the affairs of foreign nations, and prescribe laws to the subjects of them. This Paul V. was possessed of the true spirit of Hildebrand. He laid the Venetians under an interdict, raised Ignatius Loyola to be a faint, and talked and acted in such a manner, as if he had indeed thought himself superior to all that " is cal"led God, or is worshipped." And had he happened to have lived in those ages, when the spirit of croifading for the fake of what was called religion, prevailed, I H doubt

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