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upon invitation, he proceeded into Denmark, where being royally entertained, he


pagers the character of queen Ann will be found nearly a? Sully has given it, but different with regard to her inclinations to Spain, from what Beaumont informed him. I have before observed, that while in Scotland the employed a person to Bothwell, to hasten him home, assuring him of assistance, in order that Gowry's death might be revenged (/). KiS" n°te

. And Mr Winwood, in a letter to the lord Cranborne,LE-* Sept. 12, 1604, O. S. fays, "the followers of the con'''' Jlable (of Ca/lile) in their relation of England, gave "forth, thatthe queen was wholly theirs." (g) Mr. Le- (g) Winvinus Muncke (secretary to the earl of Salisbury) in a let- TMood'V<A" ter to Mr. Winwood, Oct. 29, 1605, tells him, " Mons. 'p'3** "Caron (the Dutch ambassador) with much ado spake "first with the queen, and afterward with the prince. "I was glad, adds he, I was made an instrument, under "my lord, of his accesses j for otherwise, without his "assistance, I fear me, he had never spoken with her; "for let me tell you in your ear without offence, Jbe "is meerly Spanijh, and had promised drenberg (am"bassador from the arch-dukes) not to speak with Ca"ran. But the best is, she carrieth no sway in state "matters, and præter rem uxoriam hath no great reach "in other affairs." (A) However, the Spaniards valued W M. p. her friendship, and upon a letter from her to the*55' queen of Spain, " a large pension was granted to one "Carre, a Scctt." (2) Sir Charles Cornwallis, ambas- {!) Id. p. fador in Spain, in a letter to the earl of Salisbury, A-*+9pril 13, 1609, writes, that " the [Spanish] ambassador "hath advertised that the queen should fay unto him, "he might one day peradventure see the prince on a "pilgrimage at St. Jago. Whereupon, tho'doubtless "she spake in merriment, they here much inser, and "seem to hope that his majesty will be contented to "send him hither to receive the rest of his education "here, yf the inclination of alliance continues." (*£)(*) Vol. UTi D Sop. iu

spent the winter, and returned not into Scotland till May 20, 1590.

During the remainder of his reign in Scotland, he was engaged in troubles with


So that from these passages 'tis plain Sully did not misrepresent this queen, in faying, "no one doubted but she "was inclined to declare herself absolutely on the Spa^ *• ni(h side." As to pomp and grandeur, pleasures and amusements, whoever will take the trouble of consulting the pages reserred to in the margin, will see abun(») Win- dant proof of it (m). For from these it appears that her wood, Vol. inclinations were much towards masques and revels, Vol. in. p. ftate and grandeur, which probably ran her in debt, 117. and and made her melancholy, 'till the king augmented her Wy jointure, and paid her debts (72). Sir Edward Peyton 117. ' represents her indeed in a much worse light. Accord, ing to him, besides Go-wry, [it should be Gowry's brother] she had a great number of gallants, both in ScotCo) Peyton's land and England (0). But what he fays on this head, f Aineua' c >* to me so very improbable, that I will not trouble the

the house 0f reader with it. She died of a dropsy March 1,

Stuarts, p. 1618-19, at Hampton-Court, without much lamentaLondVi' tion from the king, though she was not'unbeloved by the gvo,' 'people. O/born observes, that he himself faw " fames "one evening parting from the queen, and taking his "leave at her coach side, by kissing her sufficiently to *• the middle of the shoulders; for so low, fays he, "she went bare all the days I had the fortune to know "her; having ajkin far more amiable than the seatures "it covered, though not the disposition, in which re(p) Ofliorn, "port rendered her very debonair." (/i) But notwithstanding the debonairness of her disposition, she could not influence her husband, who weakly permitted his (f) Rush- favourites to ill treat her (q). This probably might in

torscal colls time ^tCr ^iT disposition, an(i cau^e ner to a(^ witn

lections," wisdom and prudence, and avoid seastings, revels and

Vol. 1. p. factions. For archbishop Abbot, (a worthy venerable

tondFi6 Pre^ate) many years after her death, speaks of her with

i9* great

hiS nobility j in quarrels with his clergy; and in writing his paraphrase. on the revelations ( Q^). His dæmonoligie, stiled

a rare

great respect, and as of one whose virtue he had not the least doubt of, which, I dare fay* he would not have done, had her character, in his eye, been upon the whole faulty (r). I have been the longer upon the cha- (»•) H. ib. racter of this princess, because it has been little known; our historians contenting themselves to speak one aster the others without examination, whereby, for the most part, it cometh to pass, that they tend little to improve or instruct; and, which is Worse, fix such ideas of things and persons as are difficult to be eradicated, tho* ever so false.

( qj In Writing his paraphrase on the revelations.] "This paraphrase (fays Dr. Mountague) was written bv "his majesty before he was twenty years of age*" (a) (") Presec* And Jamest at the end of his epistle to the church mi- uw'"/s Ktant, prefixed to this paraphrase, desires" that what works. "was found amiss in it might be imputed to his lack "of years and learning." (£) A strange work this for W Works, a youth to undertake, and an argument of very greatp* 3' weakness. For who knows not that this book has exercised the wits of the most learned and understanding men, from the beginning of the christian church; and who is there ignorant that the world has been little the wiser for their lucubrations? Great learning, industry, and piety have been discovered, it must be owned, in several commentators on this book, but still i( remains in many parts obscure, as at the beginning (c). What^jste then must we think of a raw young man who shall Mede, wade so far out of his depth, and set up for an expound- {^""ji^*" er of the deepest mysteries? Ought we not to censureman, &c, his temerity, and condemn his boldness? And much more reasonable will this appear when we consider that 'James was a prince, and consequently a person whose business it was to apply himself to affairs of government, D 2 and

a rare piece for many precepts and experi


and consult the welfare of his people. This was his proper business; the other was out of his province, and answered no end, either to himself or others. Indeed, if Montague is right, these reflections are ill founded. He tells us " kings have a kind of interest in this book *c [the Revelations] beyond any other; for as the exe"cution of the most part of the prophecies of that book "is committed unto them, so it may be, that the in-. "terpretation of it may more happily be made by them; "and since they are the principal instruments that God "hath described in that book to destroy the kingdom of "antichrist, to consume his state and city; I see not "but it may stand with the wisdom of God to inspire (j) Preface tc tneir hearts to expound it." (d) This is admirable! works. ar>d we^ worthy of a court chaplain who had still hopes of preserment. But, with this bishop's good leave, I will take on me to affirm, that James's work is far enough from being a proof that the Revelations may be more happily interpreted by kings than by others; or that God puts it into their royal hearts at any time to . . expound it. For to speak in the softest manner of this

performance, it must be faid to be poor, Low, and mean, and incapable of bringing any honour to the composer. Subjoined to this paraphrase is a " fruitful meditation, *' containing a plain and easy exposition, or laying "open of the seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth verses "of the twentieth chapter, of the Revelation, in form "and manner of a sermon." Here he plainly intimates his opinion that the church of Rome is Antichrist. When this was first printed at Edinburgh it had

this title.' "Ane fruitsul meditation containing ane

"plaine and facile exposition of the 7, 8, 9 and 10 "verses of the XX. chap, of the revelation in forme "of ane scrmone. Set down by the maist christiane '' king and syncier professour and cheif desender of the "faith, James the oth king of Scottis. 2 ThelT. i. 6, "7, 8. For it is ane righteous thing with God. Im* , ." premit

ments in divinity and natural philosophy;

"premit at Edinburgh be Henrie Charteris, 1588." (e) (<) Lewis't

James was fond of meditations on select portions history of of scripture. After the destruction of the Spanish ar- ^JE^ mado in 1588, he wrote'a " meditation upon the 25, of the bible, "26, 27, 28 and 29th verses of the xvth chapter of the p- 29** "first book of Chronicles of the kings:" in which he • compares the protestants to the " Israelites, and the '' catholicks to the Philistines, adorers of legions of "gods, and ruled by the foolish traditions of men." (f) (/) Jsmfs's And long afterwards [1619] he wrote a " meditation work»» P* "on the Lord's Prayer, of which I shall speak more 7* "hereafter; and a meditation upon the 27, 28, 29th "verses of- the xxviith chapter of St. Matthew, or a "pattern for a king's inauguration." This was dedicated to prince Charles. Among several other things we have the following passage, " telling Buckingham "my intention, [of writing this meditation] and that "I thought you the fittest person to whom I could de"dicate it, for divers reasons following, he humbly "and earnestly desired me, that he mi^ht have the ho"nour to be my amanuensis in this work. First, be'• cause it would free me from the pain of writing, by "sparing the labour both of mine eyes and hands; and "next, that he might do you some piece of service "thereby j protesting that his natural obligation to you "(next me) is redoubled by the many favours that you "daily heap upon him. And indeed I must ingenu"oufly consess to my comfort, that in making your "affections to follow and second thus your fathers, you "shew what reverent love you carry towards me in "your heart. And indeed my granting this request to "Buckingham hath much eased my labour, considering *c the flowness, illness, and uncorrectnefs of my hand." (g) Many of my readers, I doubt not, will be pleased (e)M- p. with such like passages as this ; for they sliew the man' more than any thing besides. However, I must ask pardon for running away from the Revelations, of which D 3 James

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