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fronted, and insulted by them; and yielding to their desires even sometimes contrary to


"whose care hail been to appoint under him sufficient (J) Rudi- "men, to lessen his charges, which he had done." {h)

-worth, Vol. in another speech to tfie lords, in the year 1621,

..J'fo'ok in order to recommend his minion to their esteem, he lin, p. 49. tells them, " that he hath been ready on all occaiions "of good offices, both for the house in general, and (i) ld.p.25." every member in particular." (/) And in an answer of his to both houses of parliament, anno 1623, he stiles him "his disciple and scholar, and a good scholar (Old.p. "0( his." (k) These expressions sound odd enough, 1*7' but they are tolerable when compared with those we

find in his preface to his meditation on the lord's prayer. For in this James tells Buckingham, that he may claim an interest in it for divers respects. "First, fays he, "from the ground of my writing it; for divers times "before I meddled with it, 1 told you, and only you, "of some of my conceptions upon the Lord's prayer, "and you often sollicited me to put pen to paper : next, *' as the person to whom we pray it, is our heavenly . " father, so am I that offer it unto you, not only your "politike, but also your ceconomicke father, and that **. in a nearer degree than unto' others. Thirdly, that "you may make good use of it; for since I daily take "care to better your understanding, to enable you the "more for my service in worldly affairs, reason would "that God's part should not be left out, for fimor doml"m is initlumsapientia. And lastly, I must with joy "acknowledge, that you deserve this gift of me, in "not only giving so good example to the rest of the . "court, in frequent hearing of the word of God: But "in special, in so often receiving the facrament, which "is a notable demonstration-of your chari-tie in pardon'' ing them that offend you, that being the thing I most "labour to recommend to the world in this meditation "of mine: and how godly and virtuous all my advices *' have ever been unto you, I hope you will faithsully


his own fense of things.——He professed


*' witness to the world." (/) How godly and virtuous WK'"tS all his advices were to this his disciple, the reader will ^orlcs/ft easily judge by looking back to what is contained in 573. note [ggj. But had they been such as he would have the world believe, it was very mean in a king to trumpet forth his own, and his favourite's praises. PossibIy$ - > however, James may be excused on account of his age^ as he himself seems to think he should be for uttering: trifles. "I grow in years, fays he, and old-men are *' twice babes, as the proverb is." (m) But if they are (*)»•#* babes, and pretend to act the part of men, to reason, i7*' dictate and command, tho' they may be born with, they will be laughed at. For there is not a more ridiculous object, than that which is compounded of ignorance, conceit and vanity. Let us go on with our . .

subject. If we may credit Sir Edward Peyton, his majesty condescended even to pimp for Buckingham. "To "please this favourite, (fays he) king James gave way "for the duke to entice others to his will. Two ex*} amples 1 will recite: First, the king entertained Sir "John Crafts, and bis daughter, "a beautisul lass, at "Newmarket, to set at the table with the king. This "he did then, to procure Buckingham the easier to '• vitiate her. Secondly, Mrfw Dorothy Gawdy, being "a rare creature, king James carried Buckingham to '* Culford to have his will on that beauty: But Sir Nilt cholas Bacon % sons conveyed her out of a window in"to a private chamber, over the leads, and so disappoints "ed the duke of his wicked purpose. In which cfean^ "ly conveyance the author had a hand, with the' *' knight's Ions." (n) These were the fruits no doubt (»j D?vm*« of James's virtuous and godly advices, and by these cauflroPh'> they were faithsully witnessed to (he World by Bucking- p' 7' bam, as we see his master hoped. For certain 'tis he Was exceedingly addicted to women, and had debauched his own wise before marriage; and "if his eye *' culled out a wanton beauty, he had his setters that P ct could

himself to be a protestant, and boasted that


'' could spread his nets, and point a meeting at some la"dy's house, where he should come as by accident and "find accesses, while all his train attended at the door,

(*) Wilson, " as if it were an honourable visit." (a) And in or

P- 149- der to enrich himself and kindred, he was permitted by 'James to make the most he could of every thing. He who understood neither law nor divinity, who had no appearances of virtue, nor cortcern about any thing but to gratify his passions; Buckingham, I fay, had the dispofal of the highest posts in the law and in the church, and to him were the most submissive addresses made by the right reverend fathers in God. Those who would give the greatest sums, or pay the largest yearly pensions to him, were the men generally preserred; and few (/)S«Wel-who would pay nothing, had any thing, (p) ion, p. 119. What the power of Buckingham was, and what kind of addresses were made to him, will best appear from the following letter, among many which might be produced, from Dr. Field, bishop of Landaffe to him, tho' written I think, sometime after James's death.

"My gracious good lord, "In the great library of men, that I have studied "these many years, your grace is the best book, and "most classick author, that I have read, in whom I "find so much goodness, sv.eetnefs and nobleness of na"ture, such,an heroick spirit, for boundless bounty, "as I never did in any. I could instance in many, "some of whom you have made deans, some bishops, "some lords, and privy counsellors; none that ever "looked towards your grace did ever go away empty. "I need go no surther than myself (a gum of the earth) , "whorh you raised out of the dust, for raising but a "thought so hiah as to serve your highness. Since "that, I have not played the truant, but morediligent"ly studied you than ever before: and yet (dunce that "1 am) 1 stand at a stay, and am a non proficient,


he had been a kind of martyr for that profession, though he never shewed his regard to

* those

*' the book being the fame that ever it was, as may ap

"pear by the great proficiency of others. This w.'<8

"dersully poseth me, and sure there is some guile,

"some wile, in some of my fellow students, who hide

"my book from me, or some part of it; all the fault is

*' not in my own blockishness, that I thrive no better;

"I once seared this before, that some did me ill

"offices. Your grace was pleased to protest no man

"had j and to assure me no man could. My heart

4* tells me it hath been always upright, and is still most

*' faithsul unto you. I have examined my actions, my

"words, and my very thoughts, and found all of

"them, ever since, most sound unto your grace.

'' Give me leave to comfort myself with recordation

*' of your loving kindnesses of old, when on that great

*' seast day of your being inaugured our chancellor [of

"Cambridge] my look was your book, wherein you

"read sadness, to which I was bold to answer, I trust

*' ed your grace would give me no cause. You replied

"(with loss of blood rather ) But God forbid so pre

"cious an effusion. (I would rather empty all my veins

*' than you should bleed one drop) when as one blast of

*' your breath is able to bring me to the haven where I

*' would be. My lord, I am grown an old man, and

"am like old housliold stuff, apt to be broke upon often

"removing. I desire it therefore but once for all,

*' be it E!y, or Bath and Wells; and I will spend the

*' remainder of my days in writing an history of your

*' good deeds to me and others, whereby I may vindi

"cate you from the envy, and obloquy of this present

"wicked age wherein we live, and whilst I live in

** praying for your grace, whose I am, totally and

** finally.

"Theophilus Landaven." (q) (?) Cabala,

p; "7.

Pa A man

those of that persuasion in Germany or Fiance, but suffered them to be oppressed by


A man who could obtain a good bishoprid(t, by such arts as theser with great sincerity of foul, no doubt, might fay, nolo episcopari! I don't know whether 'tis worth while to observe that Field's flattery and sycophancy availed nothing with Buckingham. He had been too much used to ir, and so had lost its relish. Money was what he wanted: but Field was poor, had a wise and six children^' and consequently could advance little; and therefore remained where he was, till Dec. 15, 1635, long after ViltUr*death, when he was removed to Hereford, which he enjoyed, not more than (r)SeeCj- hajf a year, (r) I would not have the reader think ecbaia, p. 116. clesiastical preserments are now obtained by like means survey of«-as in tne ^ays of Ja>nes. Buckingham having obtained thedra'.s, riches and honors in abundance for himself and all hisVol, 1. p. relations, grew quite insolent: Insomuch that he was ^n'd,4,7i7.Gnce about to strike prince Char/es: (s) and at another

(0 Claren- time bid him in plain terms kiss his a , yea towards

<ion. Vol. I. James himself, he was highly insolent. For when his

w»|don,np. majesty attempted to dissuade him and the prince from

140. taking the journey into Spain, to which he had before

thoughtlessly given his consent; he rudely told him,

"no body could believe any thing he faid, when he re

"tracted so soon the promise he had made; that he plain

"ly discerned that it proceeded from another breach of

"his word, in communicating with some rascal, who

'*, had surnished him with those pitiful reasons he had

"alledged, and that he doubted not but he should here

(e) Claren- "after know who his counsellor had been." (*) la

n,'6yo1'X' short, diiectly contrary to the mind of his master, he,

irritated the parliament against Spain; reflected on the

conduct of the earl of Bristol, and told them what was

not true with relation to him, and set on a prosecution

against him; and ruined the earl of Middlesex, (I mean

with respect to his power) tho* intreated by the king to

(»)i<* p. the contrary. («) But James, bore all this, tho' not

rS-**' without

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