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pendance of their crowns, against the ora- .

tion

Secondly, " The cardinal's speaking as one repre* "senting the clergy and nobility."

Thirdly, "Because he himself had been represented "by him as a sower of dissention, and a persecutor, "under whom the church is hardly able to setch her "breath; yea, for one by whom the catholics of his "kingdom are compelled to endure all sorts of punish'-* ments."

Lastly, " By reason that France was reduced to so "miserable terms, that it was become a crime for a "Frenchman to stand for his king, it was a necessary "duetie of her neighbours to speak in her behalf (d)." (/) King . These are the reasons alledged by James for en- Jam«'» gaging against Perron. After this he proceeds to his I^,1' p' xlesence of the right of kings, and endeavours to shew "that what the cardinal had advanced in support of his "doctrine, that it was absurd and incongruous to con"demn, or wrappe under the solemn curse, the abetters "of the pope's power to unking lawsul and sovereign "kings: he endeavours to prove that what was faid "by the cardinal in behalf hereof, was meer nullity, "matter of imagination, and built upon false presup"positions (e)." To enter into a minute detail of(*) Id, p, James's arguments would be tiresome to the reader. 396Let it therefore suffice to fay, that he quotes fathers, councils and schoolmen; and that history and scripture are alledged by him, and sometimes not impertinently.

It appears from this desence of the right of kings,

that James had had a correspondence with Perron for years before; that he had sent him a discourse in writing, to which in three years the cardinal had not replied, which is attributed not to a want of capacity, but to " well advised agnition of his own working and '" building upon a weak foundation (_/')." If one knew ^f) I<j, p. nothing more of James than what might be gathered 470. from this book, one should be tempted to imagine thus £e was a most zealous protestant. For he attributes all K 3 the

tipn of the most illustrious cardinal of Perm

ran.

the miseries of France and Great Britain to the Romish (g) H. p- clergy (g), whom he paints out in no very agreeable co39^. lours ; and at the fame time praises the Frenchp: otestants.

in an extraordinary manner. He tells us he could never "learn that those of the religion in France, took arms *c against their king. In the first civil wars, fajs he, *'• they stood only.upon their guard; they armed not, nor tc took the field before they were pursued with fire and '' sword, bUrnt up and slaughtered. They were a re"suge and succour to the princes of the blood; in re"gard of which worthy and honourable service, the "Frerjci). king hath reason to have the protestants in "hisgraciou: remembrance. He then sets forth their <; great merit with respect to the third and fourth Henry, ,- "to whom they stood in all their batiks, to bear up

480 'p' "t]ie crown tnen tottering and ready to fall (b)." • This is a very remarkable testimony to the fidelity and loyalty of the Hugonois, as it comes from one who hated their principle of parity in the church, looked on, such as held it as very pests in church and commonwealth, and who spoke more bitterly of them than of si) See note the papists (;'). For the French protestants differed nolM-ir • thing at all from the English and Scotch puritans, either in discipline or doctrine. This remonstrance against Perron, was written first in French hy his majesty, afterwards by his leave translated into Englist), as also into Latin, anno 1616, in 4to. for I remember to have

(i) Charac- seen such* an edition of it in that language.- Perron

prshiftori- though he. had neglected James's private writing rene2vHral*_ turne^ an answer to this public remonstrance, for in the Voi. 11. p. account of the faid cardinal's writings in Perrault's cha5- rasters (£), and in Collier's dictionary (7), I find a work

hirtotTc" intitledi " a reply to the king of Great Britain's andictionaiy, " fwer." Whether this is the whole of the title I'know article Per- not, any more than I do what the answer contained, (j"me5 Da- ior ^otn these authors are by much too.superficial in their yj dw.j accounts of the most eminent writers, and their performances.

ron. This was his last controversial work. But besides the pieces already mentioned, he published also a counterblaste to tobacco (fff), began a translation of the psalms of

king

sormances (m).——As this remonstrance is the last pok- {«) Vid.

mical work of James which we have to mention, Lord app^1*'

Shaftjbury's description of him as a prince-writer, will

not improperly conclude this note. As to which, from

what has been seen by the reader already, he may in a

good measure be able to judge of its truth and propriety.

"A prince of a pacific nature and fluent thought, sub

"mitting arms and martial discipline to the goivn; and

"ponsiding in his princely science and profound learn

"ing, made his style and speech the nerve and sinew

"of his government. He gave us his works sull of

"wise exhortation and advice to his royal son, as well

"as of instruction to his good people; who could not

"without admiration observe their car/.w-sovereign,

"thus studious and contemplativein their behalf. 'Twas

"then one might have seen our nation growing young

"and docile, with that simplicity of heart which qua

"lified them to profit like a scholar-people under their

"royal preceptor. For with, abundant eloquence he

"graciously gave lessons to his parliament, tutored his

'' ministers, and edified the greatest churchmen and

"divines themselves ; by whose suffrage he obtained the

'*' highest appellations which could be merited by the

"acutest wit, and truest understanding. From hence

"the British nations were taught to own in common a

"Solomon for their joint sovereign, the founder of their

''' latecompleated union (n)." Whether this descrip- (K)chararf.

tion of our author-sovereign, as his lordship styles him, teristicks,

be too soft or severe, I leave entirely to the judgment of ° ' e

the reader: nothing doubting but he will be pleased to næo. 1746.

see it, whatever he may think of it.

(fff) He published a counterblaste to tobacco] This K 4 was

king David ; and writ a few sonnets and epr-f

taphs.

Was first printed in quarto, without name or date. It is a wretched performance both for matter and manner. In it he sets forth hour dishonourable 'tis in us to imitate the beastly Indians in so vile and stinking a custom as using tobacco; how unreasonable the pleas alledged in desence of it are ; and the mischievous consequences flowing from the use, or filthy abuse of it. Here he tells us that by using tobacco men are guilty of sinsul and shamesul lust; that 'tis a branch of the sin of drunkenness; that it enervates the body, and ruins the estate; for, adds he, " some gentlemen bestow three, "some four hundred pounds a year upon this precious (a) King a stink (a)." If this is true 'tis very amazing. Tho' works p. '£1s certain jfames laid a most heavy duty on it, in order 42i. to hinder its consumption. "For there is extant his

"warrant to the lord, treasurer Dorset, anno 1604. for laying a good heavy imposition on tobacco, that less quantity may be brought into the realm, and only sufficient for the better sort, who will use it "with moderation for their health; wherefore he au"thorises the faid treasurer to order, that from the 26th "of October ensuing, the proper officers should take "of all who import tobacco, the sum of six shillings "and eight pence upon every pound weight, over and "above the custom of two pence per pound usually (i)Rymer*s" paid heretofore' [b)." Excellent policy this .' to disS'omlxvi co.urage the taking^of that which has since proved one sol. 601. of the greatest revenues of the crown, and has proapud Oidys's duced vast benefit to Britain, and her plantations. For

1 e of Ka- two of our colonies are supported bv it; great numbers le.gh, p. 32. rr } '. & .

tooted. Fol. or lnips and ieamen are employed in bringing it over; Lond. 1733. arKj tne custom duties of it are counted, on a medium, 21a, p t,ge_to amount to 169,079 1. os. iod. per annum. But'tis Fol. Lend, no wonder " that such a philosopher, as could magnify ^734- "the power of witches, after the manner he has done

"in one of his learned pamphlets, should be such a po1' litician as to discourage the taking of tobacco in an

"other,

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taphs (ggg). So fond was he of shewing his parts, instructing and entertaining his

good

"other, fays Mr. Oldys \c).n "But those who have M <>%'# "not admired, continues the fame gentleman, athisp'31' '' prejudice in this attempt to dispel the sumes of that "herb with greater of his own, if I may allude to the f.' witty title of his performance without imputation of "irreverence to his memory, may yet applaud his po"licy, in so far conducing to its suppression, as to ex"elude it from the body of his works, when 'this royal "pamphleteer resolved to become an author in folio." If 1 understand this paragraph aright, it is asserted in it that the counterblast to tobacco, makes no part of James's folio volume. But this is a mistake, and could proceed from nothing but trusting, I suppose, too much to memory, in a thing of small importance. A fault, that even the most exact authors are liable to fall into.

(gqg) He began a translation of the pfalms of king David, &c.J In lord Anglesey's catalogue, I find king James's translation of the pfalms to be fung after the old tunes, 1651 [a); and I am assured by a learned (f)BlM|»friend, from one who has seen it, that such a tranfla- siana, article tion was published in his name, though I have not.yet (divinity, in been so fortunate as to meet with it. But this tranfla- sma" 8!°' tion was only begun by James, as we may learn from p. ,9,j the following quotation. "This translation he was in Load. i6S«j, Jf hand with, fays bishop Williams, (when God called +t0i

"him to sing pfalms with the angels.) he intended

"to have finished and dedicated it to the only faint of "his devotion, the church of Great Britain, and that ?* of Ireland. This work was staied in the one and *c thirty pfalm." *. We have-two sonnets of his

* Great Britain's Salomon. A sermon .preached at the magnificent funeral of the most high and mighty king James. By jfobn lord bishop of JLincclne, lord keeper of the great scale of England. London, printed for John Sill, ptinter to the king's most excellent majesty. 16.15. p, 42. 4t0.' r

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