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not wanting those at home who applauded and defended iti

Arminius

tc Sir Thomas Edmondes) Sir Henry Wdoton took so ten"derly, as thereupon he charged them with the breach "of their amity with his majesty, and declared unto u them that in respect thereof he could not longer ex"ercise his charge of a public minister among them. "This protestation of his was found so strange by that "state, as they sent hither (d) in great diligence to un- (<0 Th" it "derstand whether his majesty would avow him there- London^01TM ** ini which did very much trouble them here to make Oct. 4,' "a cleanly answer thereunto, for the falving the am- i6°9^ "baflador's credit, who is censured to have prosecuted '" the matter to an over great extremity (*)." This (e) w!"must have been a great mortification to James, had he"jj°' * had much sensibility of temper; but yet, even this was 78. * nothing to the slight which was put upon his piece by the Spaniards; for it was no sooner known in Spain that James was about to write against the pope, than, the secretary of state sent word to Sir Charles Cormvaliii, " that the king his master did much grieve at it, "and marvelled that the king of Great Britain (the "pope in no fort meddling with him) would put his u Own hand into such a business (/)'" But though the(/)rd-Vo,* fhinisters of state in England knew this, yet, when Sir 'p'4' Charles Cornviallis received his majesty's letter of revocation, "he also received a book of his majesty's, to"gether with a letter to the king of Spain". But for sear of an indifferent reception, or rather a resufal of both the one and the other, he was ordered by lord SaHJbury, from the king, to " present the letter and the "book to the king of Spain himself, as speedily and "conveniently as might be, without giving any fore"knowledge that he was to present any such matter j "for which purpose, adds his lordship, the letter for "your revocation may serve you for a good pretext of "access (g)." They faw there was need of dexterity^) Id. Vol. to get the book accepted j indeed they could not helpm*>',51*

Arminius dying Oct. 19, 1609. Conrad Vorjiius was invited to succeed him in his' professor's chair of divinity at Leyden: after a year's deliberation he accepted of it. But 'James, in the mean time, having seen some of his writings, sent orders to his ambassador,

it; for the Spanish ambassador at London had resused

wLY'v'oi r^e b00^» when sent him by the lord treasurer [h);

HI. p. 55. and what he had done, it was to be seared, his master would do. And so it sell out; for just before Sir Charles had his last audience of the king of Spain, the duke of Lerma let him know plainly, that he was informed that he intended at his taking leave of his master, to present his Britannic majesty's book to htm; that he was surprised that it could be imagined it would be received;

/ and therefore gave him fair warning to forbear present

ing the book, "whereby, faid he, might be avoided a "resufal that would be so unpleasing to the one to give, "and so distastesul to the other to receive." Cornwallis replied to Lerma with zeal and understanding; but'twasall in vain: he was told positively, '' the king w of Spain would never receive, much less give reading "to any book containing matter derogatory to his re•*' ligion and obedience to the see of Rome." This silenced him; he took his leave of the Spanish king, and

(!) Id. p.67, was obliged to carry back the book with him (1).

tt. What an affront this ! how provoking to one so sull of his

own abilities as James! he thought, doubtless, that his sellow kings with attention would have read his works, applauded his talents, and magnified his art and dexterity in controversy. But he was mistaken, sew foreigners spoke well of his writings, and we fee with what contempt he was treated by some of those to whom his book was addressed. However his flatterers at home kept up his spirits. Most wise, most learned, most understanding were the epithets bestowed on him by the designing courtiers, and aspiring clergy. These he was . . . so

dor, Sir Ralph Winwood, in Holland, to represent the vileness of his doctrines, and desire that he might not be admitted to his place. The states returning an answer not satisfactory, he renewed his application; and in order the more effectually to exclude Vor*

Jiius

so long used to hear, that 'tfs not improbable he might

tome at length to think he deserved them. It would

be useless to take notice of the several writers of the

English nation who appeared in desence of James against'

his adverfaries. Their names may be seen in Fuller

(&); but for their works they are almost out of re- (*) Church

fnembrance Ions; ago, the reverends and rieht reverends, °rj,\cenf.

U ir f o j O '17. book 10.

by cruel fate, were doomed to be p. 4,;

Martyrs of pies* and reliques of the bum;

Dryd£n.

But all writings are riot formed to abide any considerable space of time: and well were it for the world, if the dread of oblivion would restrain the zealot, the pedant, the half- thinker from troubling its repose by their controversies.

I will only observe before I conclude this note, that Gaspar SJoppiut, that man of great reading and much learning, who had parts superior to most, and severity and ill manners equal to his abilities, published two' pieces against Jama's apology and premonition; the one intitled Ecclesiasticus auctoritati serenissimi D. Jacobi MagnæBritanniæ regis oppositus, printed in 1611; and the other stiled Collyrium regiurri Britanniæ regi graviter ex oculis laboranti muneri missum, printed the fame year. It may be supposed no great regard could be paid James by a writer of such a character; but it had been better for him to have used a little more decency, for he had well near lost his lise by the hands of some of the English ambassador's servants at Madrid, for his I a want

fiius from the place to which he had bee's* chosen, and also had accepted, he published a declaration (yy) concerning the proceedings

(/) See want of it (I). The truth is, no mdn deserve punifhBayie'sdict. ment more than writers of Scioppius's temper. He* rail-i oppius,"" e(ne reviled, he.reproached, he uttered a thoufand notes falshoods against his adverfaries, and stuck at nothing in

(g) and (h). or(jer to defame. Men's reputations be valued not^ nor cared he who was hurt by his calumnies. He deserved chastisement from the hand of the magistrate; and it would have been no more than justice to have treated him as a criminal. For there is a great deal of difference between resuting and defaming an adverfary, between shewing the inconclusivenese of his reasonings, and inventing lies in order to blast his character; and I cannot help thinking that he who does the latter, ought to be looked on as a wretch who is a disgrace both to learning and humanity, and exposed to the punishment of calumniators.

(yy) He published a declaration concerning the proceedings in the cause of Vorstius. ] This declaration is ** dedicated and consecrated to the honour of our Lord "and Saviour Jesus Christ, the eternal Son of the eter"nal Father, the only 0EAN0pnnos, mediator and '' reconciler of mankind, in sign of thanksulness, by "his most humble, and most obliged servant, James, (*) James's ** &c.(«)" If this dedication be thought extraordinary, works, p. the declaration itself will be judged more so; for he 3481 declares it to be the duty of a christian king to extir

pate heresies; professes that 'tis zeal for the glory of God which alone induces him to move for the banishment of Vorjlius, whom he stiles a wretched heretic, or rather atheist, out of the State's dominions; and then goes on to give an account of what he had done in that affair. He gives us a copy of his first letter to Sir Ralph tVinwood^ in which he orders him to tell the States, that" there had lately come to his hands a piece of

"work

ings with the states general of the united provinces of the Low Countries in the cause 9s P. Conradus Vorstius, in which, among

Other

*'* work of one Vorjlius, a divine in those parts, where"in he had published such monstrous blasphemies, and "horrible atheism, as he held not only the book wor%t thy to be burnt, but even the author himself to be "most severely punished;" and withal he commands him to " let them know how infinitely he shall be '.' displeased if such a monster receive advancement in '.' the church; and that if they continue their resolu'-' tion to advance him, he will make known to the "world in print how much he detested such abomi"nable heresies, and all allowers and tolerators of V them;" and that the states might not want proper information, he sent a catalogue of his damnable posir

tions (b). But the states were not so surious as(£) Workt,

"James; they had more knowledge, and consequently p. 35°. more discretion. All the answer he could get amounted to no more than a representation of the good character of Vorjlius, his great abilities, the reasonableness of allowing him to desend himself against his adverfaries, and an assurance that if upon examination he should be found guilty, he should not be admitted to the prosessor's place (c). Before the receipt of this an-(c) H. p. fwer James was determined to shew his zeal, and ma- 352. 35J» nisest his indignation against the heretic. He ordered his books to be burnt in St. Paul's church-yard, and both the universities; by this means consuting them in the shortest manner. But hestopt not here; he renewed his instances to the states for the setting aside VorJiius, and again represented his execrable blasphemies, and assures them never any heretic better deserved to be burnt than he; and lest they should heaiken to his denials of What was charged on him, he asks them, " what will "not he deny, that denieth the eternity and omnipo'* tency of God. He concludes with threatning them "that if they should fail of that which be expected at I 3 "thejf

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