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freely trade; and therefore urge a necessity of his Maty grant for a new or confirming their old Charter.
"The Ministers, who in their government were cheife in advising and directing matters of publique import, as well in electing Magistrates as in makeing laws and what else did relate to the government, and now cheife in contriving & setting on foot this generall revolt and subversion of the government: — were not consulted with” — [i.e. by Andros and his adherents.]
“Five Ministers of Boston, viz., Moode,* (1) Allen, (2) Young, Mather, (3) Willard, (4) and Milburn an Anabaptist Minister, were in the Councill Chamber on the eighteenth of April when the Govern' and myselfe were brought out of the Fort before them, writeing orders, and were authors of some of their printed papers.
"My Lords —I am kept very inhumanely and the Governor worse, whose packett sent by expresse order from Whitehall and letters of both publick and private concerns of his and mine, are stop'd and open'd by Si William Phips, who says the Govern' is a rogue and shall not have his packetts nor letters, and pretends an order for so doing and keeps them from us. I humbly intreat the favour of your Lordships that I be not exposed here to the ma lice of those, who, for my faithfull service to the Crowne for fourteen years in this countrey, are become my enemyes; but rather, is yo' Lordships please, that they may be commanded to send over me and my accusers to England, to answer what they have to charge me with.
“I have many things (relating to the well being of this countrey) of great import to His Matys service, which, being now a close prisoner and all my papers and materiall writings kept from me, I am in no condition to transmitt to yo' Lordships, but expect, with patience by your Lordships directions, for a speedy opportunity for so doing. “ All which is humbly submitted by
“ EDWARD RANDOLPH.
“From the Common Goale in Boston, the 29 of May 1689.” Indorsed—“Recd from Mr. Randolph, 34 July, 1689.”
* (1) Rev. Joshua Moodey, formerly of Portsmouth, then of Boston.
(2) Rev. James Allen, minister of the first Congregational Church in Boston, a gradDate of Oxford, in England, came to this country, 1662; died in Boston, Sept. 22, 1710, aged 78 years.
(3) Rev. Cotton Mather, of great learning and influence in his day.
(4) Rev. Samuel Willard, of the Old South Church, Boston, and President of Harvard College. He died Sept. 12, 1707, aged 68 years. - ED.
Extract from Sir Edmund Andros's Report of his
[N. Y. Col. MSS., vol. iii. p. 722.] “ To the Right Honble the Lords of the Committee for Trade and
“ The State of New England under the Government of St Edmund
Andros. “ That in the yeare 1686, Sr Edmund Andros was by comission und the greate seale of England appoynted to succeed the President Dudley & Councill in the goverment of the Massachusetts Collony, the Provinces of Hampshire and Maine and the Narragansett Country, to wch was annexed the Colloneys of Rhoad Island, New Plymouth and the County of Cornwall.
“ The severall Provinces and Collonys in New England * being soe. united; the revenue continued and setled in those parts, for the support of the government, amounted to about twelve thousand pounds pr ann", and all places were well and quietly setled and in good posture.
“ The Church of England being unprovided of place for theyr publique worship, he did, by advice of the Councill, borrow the new meeting house in Boston, at such times as the same was unused, until they could provide otherwise; and accordingly on Sundays went in between eleven and twelve in the morning, and in the afternoon about fower; but understanding it gave offence, hastned the building of a Church, wch was effected at the charge of those of the Church of England, where the Chaplaine of the souldiers p'formed divine service and preaching.
“On the 18th of April 1689, severall of his Maties Council in New England having combined and conspired together with those who were Magistrates and officers in the late Charter Government annually chosen by the people, and severall other prsons, to subvert and overthrow the goverment, and instead thereof to introduce their former Commonwealth; and having, by their false reports and aspersions gott to their assistance the greatest part of the people, whereof appeared in arms at Boston und the comand of those who were officers in the sayd former popular goverment, to the number of about two thousand horse and foote; which strange and sudden appearance being wholly a surprise to S? Edmund Andros, as knowing noe cause or occasion for the same, but understanding that severall of the Councill were at the Councill Chamber where (it being the ordinary Councill day) they were to meet, and some p'ticularly by him sent for from distant parts also there, he and those with him went thither. And tho' (as he passed) the streets were full of armed men, yett none offered him or those that were with him the least rudeness or incivility, but on the contrary usual respect; but when he came to the Councill Chamber he found severall of the sayd former popular Magistrates and other chiefe p’sons then prsent, with those of the Councill, who had noe suitable regard to him, nor the peace and quiet of the Country, but instead of giveing any assistance to support the Goverment, made him a prisoner and also imprisoned some members of the Councill and other officers, who in pursuance of their respective dutyes and stations attended on him, and kept them for the space of ten months undr severe and close confinement until by his Maties comand they were sent for England to answer what might be objected them. Where, after summons given to the p'tended Agents of New England and their twice appearance at the Councill Board, nothing being objected by them or others, they were discharged. In the time of his confinement being denyed the liberty of discourse or conversation with any p'son,* his own servants to attend him, or any communication or correspondence with any by letters, he hath noe p'ticular knowledge of their further proceedings, but hath heard and understands:
* Connecticut was annexed in 1687, and New York, East and West Jersey in 1688. – ED.
“That soone after the confinemt of his p'son, the Confederates [took the] fort and Castle from the officers that had the command of them, whom they also imprisoned, and dispersed the few soldiers belonging to the two standing Companyes then there, as they did the rest, when they recalled the forces imployed against the Indians Eastward (which two Companyes are upon His Matyis establishment in England,) in wch service half a company of the standing forces at New Yorke being also imployed, the officers were surprised and brought prison's to Boston, and the soldiers dispersed, as the remaining part of them at New York were afterwards, upon the revolution there.
“Those Members of His Matis Councill that were in confederacy with the before mentioned popular Majestrates and other chiefe
* Mass. Col. Rec., vol. vii. p. 31: “The Councill consented to a vote of the Representatives that Sir Edmund Andros be forth with removed to the Castle and carefully Kept and secured till further order, by a sufficient Guard."
actors in the revolution, tooke upon them the goverment by the name of a Councill, who not content with the inconveniency they had brought on themselves in the Massachusetts Colony, but to the ruine of the poor neighbors, on the twentieth of Aprill gave orders for the drawing off the forces from Pemyquid and other garrisons and places in the Easterne parts, far without the lymitts of their Collony and where the seate of wart with the Indians was, and to seize severall of the officers, and for calling home the vessels appoynted to gard the sea coast and fishery; which was done accordingly, and the forces disbanded when most of the soldiers belonging to the standing Companys there, were dispersed; of which, and their actings at Boston, the Indians having notice, ... and by the assistance of the French who have been seen amongst them and engaging of severall other Indians before unconcerned, increased their numbers, that in a very short time severall hundred of their Majtis subjects were killed and carried away captive; the Fort at Pemyquid taken; the whole country of Cornwall, the greatest part of the Province of Maine, and part of the Province of New Hampshire destroyed and deserted; and the principall trade of that countrey wch consisted in a considerable fishery, the getting of masts, yards, &c. for the supply of his Majtis navy Royall, and boards and other lumber for the supply of the other West India plantations, is almost wholly ruined.
“ Since this insurrection and alteration in New England they doe tolerate an unlimited irregular trade, contrary to the severall acts of Plantations, Trade and Navigation, now as little regarded as in the time of their former Charter Government; they esteeming noe laws to be binding on them but what are made by themselves, nor admitt English Laws to be pleaded there, or appeales to his Matie ; And many shipps and vessels have since arrived from Scotland, Holland, Newfoundland and other places prohibited, they haveing imprisoned His Maties collector, surveyor and searcher, and displaced other Custom house officers.
“Humbly submitted by [Endorsed,]
“ E. ANDROS." “Si Edmond Andros's accot “ of the State of New England “under his Government.
“ Recd 27 May, 1690.”
Order for sending Sir Edmund Andros to
England. (Mass. Hist. Coll., vol. vii. 3d series, p. 191.] To such as for the time being take care for preserving the peace and administering the laws of our Colony of the Massachusetts
Bay in New England, in America. WILLIAM R.
Whereas Sir Edmund Andros, Knt. late Governor of our dominion of New England, has been seized by some people in Boston, and is detained under close confinement there, together with Edward Randolph, John Trefrey, and divers other our subjects; who have humbly requested us that they may be either set at liberty, or sent in safe custody into England, to answer before us what may be objected against them: We do hereby will and require, that the said Sir Edmund Andros, Edward Randolph, John Trefrey, and others our subjects, that have been in like manner seized by the said people of Boston, and shall be at the receipt of these our commands, detained there under confinement, be forthwith sent on board the first shipp bound hither, to answer before us what may be objected against them: and that you take care that they be civilly used in their passage from New England, and safely conveyed to our royal presence.
Given at our Court at Whitehall, this thirtieth day of July, 1689, in the first year of our reign. By his Majesty's command,
NOTTINGHAM. [With the royal seal.]