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of the public water supply of Cornell University, Ithaca, V. Y., are hereby duly made, ordained and established on this 10th day of January, 1917, pursuant to chapter 45 of the Consolidated Laws (Public Health Law) of the State of New York, as finally amended by chapter 665 of the Laws of 1915.

LIXSLY R. WILLIAMS,

Acting State Commissioner of Health ALBANY, N. Y.

These rules and regulations to be operative and valid must first be published at least once each week for six consecutive weeks in at least one newspaper in Tompkins, Cayuga and Cortland counties and the affidavit of the printer, publisher or proprietor of each newspaper in which said publication is made, that publication was so made, together with a copy of the rules and regulations, must be filed with the county clerk of those counties.

The cost of each such publication, affidavit and filing must be paid by Cornell University.

RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT

OF WATER SUPPLY, GAS AND ELECTRICITY OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK IN RELATION TO THE PROTECTION OF THE WATER SUPPLY FROM CONTAMINATION.

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DEFINITIONS 1. The watersheds herein referred to are those from which the city of Vew York, or any private water company serving any portion of said city, obtains any part of its water supply.

2. All springs, marshes, watercourses and reservoirs herein referred to are such as are located on a watershed described in section 1 hereof.

3. The term “watercourse” includes any natural or artificial stream or channel of any kind in or through which water flows continually, intermittently or occasionally.

4. The term reservoir " includes any natural or artificial lake or pond.

5. The term "department” means the Department of Water Supply, Gas and Electricity of the City of New York, acting by its commissioner or such other official or officials as he shall from time to time in writing designate to execute or supervise the execution of these rules.

Distances

6. When any limiting distance is mentioned it shall refer to the distance by horizontal measurement from the high water mark of a spring, marsh, watercourse or reservoir, except that where there is a precipitous bank, such limiting distance shall refer to the distance by horizontal measurement from the top of such bank,

7. With the approval of the State Commissioner of Health, any limiting distance may be decreased where in the opinion of the department this can be done without danger to water supply, or where the limits or size of the property concerned render this necessary; and with like approval any limiting distance may be increased there in the opinion of the Department this is necessary for the protection of the water supply against contamination.

Deposit, Storage and Disposal of Kumin Ercreta 8. Vo human excreta shall be deposited in any spring, marsh. watercourse or reservoir.

9. No human excreta shall be deposited on the ground within one hundred and thirty (130) feet of any spring, marsh, watercourse or reserroir, nor anywhere in such manner that they can be washed into the same by rain, melting snow or otherwise.

10. No privy or other place for the deposit or storage of human excreta, except water-flushed toilets connected by suitable watertight pipes to a sewage disposal system that has been approved by the Department, shall be constructed, located or maintained within fifty (50) feet of any spring, marsh, watercourse or reservoir, or at such place or in such manner as to contaminate or threaten to contaminate the same.

11. Beyond said distance of fifty (50) feet, and for a further distance of eighty (80) feet from a spring, marsh, watercourse or reservoir, no human excreta shall be deposited or stored except (a) in water-flushed toilets of the character above described or (b) in privies with a watertight and flyproof vault, cesspool or other receptacle.

12. In empting a vault, cesspool or other receptacle, or transferring its contents to a transportable receptacle, all necessary care shall be exercised to prevent the contamination of any spring, marsh, watercourse or reservoir. All such transportable receptacles shall be provided with tightly fitting covers, securely fastened during the process of removal to the place of ultimate disposal. They shall be thoroughly cleansed and deodorized as often as may be found necessary by the Department.

13. All places of ultimate disposal of human excreta, other than sewage disposal plants, shall be located not less than two hundred and fifty (250) feet from any spring, marsh, watercourse or reservoir. In the absence of any other method of disposal approved by the Department, the excreta shall be buried in trenches of moderate depth, so located that there shall be no contamination of the ground water.

14. All sewage disposal systems shall be operated and inaintained in a manner approved by the Department. Before any existing sewage disposal system is altered or any new sewage disposal system is constructed, the plans in relation thereto shall have been first approved by the Department.

House and Stable Wastes 15. No house slops, sink, laundry, garage or stable wastes, nor any other polluted liquid, shall be thrown or discharged into any spring, mars), watercourse or reservoir, nor shall any such matter be thrown or discharged upon or into the ground within fifty (50) feet thereof, unless it shall have been previously purihed in a manner deemed adequate by the Department (as through treatment with a clisinfectant or filtration through the soil).

Dead Animals, Manure, Garbage and Other Refuse 16. No dead animal, manure, garbage, compost, vegetable or any putrescil·le matter shall be deposited in any spring, marsh, watercourse or reservoir, nor on nor in the ground within fifty (50) feet thereof, nor anywhere in such manner that it can be washed by rain, melting snow or otherwise over the surface of the ground into any spring, marsh, watercourse or reservoir.

Places Where Ding May Accumulate 17. All stahles, pigsties, poultry or barnyards, slaughterhouses, standing places for horses or cattle, and all other places where animal dung or urine may accumulate, shall be so arranged and maintained that no washings or drainage therefrom shall flow (ıvhether through open or covered drains or channels or otherwise) into any spring, marsh, watercourse or reservoir unless such matter shall have been previously purified in a manner deemed adequate by the Department.

Manufacturing and Other Similar Wastes 18. No filth, decaying or putrescible matter, waste product or polluted liquid from any factory, creamery, mill, tannery, garage or establishment of any other kind shall be discharged, drained or washed into any spring, marsh, watercourse or reservoir, unless such matter shall have been previously purified in a manner deemed adequate by the Department.

Washing, Bathing and Swimming 19. No clothes or unclean objects of any kind shall be washed in any spring, marsh, watercourse or reservoir. Bathing and swimming is prohibited in any watercourse or reservoir owned by the city of New York.

Interments 20. No interment shall be made within one hundred and thirty (130) feet of any spring, marsh, watercourse or reservoir, nor in such manner and place as to result in any pollution thereof. In the case of a reservoir whose waters are delivered directly into an aqueduct or pipe line for transportation to the city of New York, such distance shall be three hundred (300) feet. On the Long Island watershed no new cemetery shall be established within one-half mile of any reservoir.

General Clause 21. In addition to observing the foregoing requirements, all persons living on or visiting a watershed shall refrain from any action, though not heretofore specified, which may result in contamination of any portion of the water supply of the city of New York.

WILLIAM WILLIAMS,
Commissioner of Water Supply, lias and Electricity
The foregoing rules and regulations are hereby approved this Ist day of
February, 1917.

LINSLY R. WILLIAMS,
Acting State Commissioner of Health

Penalties

For the violation of any of the above rules or regulations relating to a permanent source or act of contamination of any public supply of potable water of the city of New York, or for noncompliance therewith, the State Department of Health hereby imposes penalties, as follows:

For a violation of the provisions of Rules 8, 9, 10, 11, 18 or 20 a penalty of twenty-five dollars ($25) for the first violation and a penalty of fifty dollars ($50) for each additional violation.

For a violation of the provisions of Rule 12 a penalty of fifteen dollars ($15) for the first violation and a penalty of thirty dollars ($30) for each additional violation.

For a violation of the provisions of Rules 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17 a penalty of ten dollars ($10) for the first violation and a penalty of twenty dollars ($20) for each additional violation.

For a violation of the provisions of Rules 19 and 21 a penalty of five dollars ($5) for the first violation and a penalty of ten dollars ($10) for each additional violation.

THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, By

LINSLY R. WILLIAMS, February 1, 1917

Acting State Commissioner of Health

TARRYTOWN

In the matter of the amendment to the rules and regulations for the protection from contamination of the public water supply of the village of Tarrytown, made by the State Department of Health on December 7, 1914.

Cnder the provisions of section 70 of the Public Health Law the rules and regulations made, ordained and established on December 7, 1914, for the protection from contamination of the public water supply of the village of Tarrytown are hereby amended so that Rule 15 shall read as follows:

"(15) No boating of any kind, or fishing from boats, or through the ice, or any trespassing whatever shall be allowed in or upon the waters or ice of the reservoirs. No ice cutting shall be done except with the permission and under the rigid inspection and supervision of the Board of Water Commissioners. No skating shall be allowed except upon the upper lake and only at specifically stated times under the strict supervision of the Board of Water Commissioners. During such skating periods the Board of Water Commissioners shall provide police patrol to prevent any infringement of these rules and regulations and shall post at frequent and conspicuous intervals around the lake suitable signs containing Rules 7, 8, 9 and 15 of the Rules and Regulations as hereby amended."

The foregoing amendment to the Rules and Regulations for the protection from contamination of the public water supply of the village of Tarrytown, Westchester County, N. Y., is hereby duly made, ordained and established on this 15th day of November, 1917, pursuant to the provisions of the Public Health Law, constituting chapter 45 of the Consolidated Laws.

M. NICOLL, Jr.

Deputy State Commissioner of Health This amendment to the rules and regulations, to be operative and valid, must be published at least once each week for six consecutive weeks in at least one newspaper in Westchester county, and the affidavit of the printer, publisher or proprietor of each newspaper in which such publication is made, that the publication was so made, together with a copy of the amendment to the rules and regulations, must be filed with the county clerk of that county.

The cost of each such publication, affidavit and filing must be paid by the village of Tarrytown.

WELLSVILLE

Rules and regulations for the protection from contamination of

the public water supply of the village of Wellsville, Allegany county

Enacted by the New York State Commissioner of Health under chapter 49 of the Laws of 1909, constituting chapter 45 of the Consolidated Laws, as finally amended loy chapter 665 of the Laws of 1915, (Public Health Law).

Rules and regulations

The rules and regulations hereinafter given, duly made and enacted in accordance with the provisions of sections 70, 71 and 73 of chapter 45 of the Consolidated Laws (Public Health Law) as heretofore set forth shall apply to that portion of the Genesee river and its tributary watercourses located within the State of New York and above the intake of the public water supply of the village of Wellsville, Allegany County, N. Y., these streams being sources of the public water supply of the village of Wellsville. The term

watercourse " wherever used in these rules is intended to mean and include every spring, pond, reservoir, stream, ditch, gutter or other channel of any kind the water of wliich when running whether continuously or occasionally eventually flows or may flow into the public water supply of the village of Wellsville.

Wherever a linear distance of a structure or object from a watercourse is mentioned in these rules, it is intended to mean the shortest horizontal distance from the nearest point of the structure or object to the margin or precipitous bank forming the ordinary highwater mark of such watercourse.

Privies, Adjacent to Any Reservoir or Watercourse 1. No privy, privy vault, pit, cesspool or any other receptacle of any kind used for either the temporary storage or the permanent deposit of human excreta shall be constructed, placed, maintained, or allowed to remain within fifty (50) feet of any watercourse within the State of New York tributary to the public water supply of the village of Wellsville.

2. No privy, privy vault, pit, cesspool or any other receptacle used for the permanent deposit of human excreta, shall be constructed, located, placed, maintained, or allowed to remain within one hundred fifty (150) feet of any watercourse within the State of New York tributary to the public water supply of the village of Wellsville.

3. No cesspool, pit or other receptacle of any kind used for the temporary storage of human excreta or sewage shall be constructed, located, maintained or allowed to remain between the limiting distances prescribed by Rule 1 and the limiting distances prescribed by Rule 2, unless said cesspool, pit or other receptacle is so arranged and equipped that the said excreta or sewage are at once removed by pump or other satisfactory means through watertight pipes or conduits to some proper place of ultimate disposal, as hereinafter provided, or unless suitable vessels or receptacles for the temporary storage of said human excreta or sewage are provided and at all times maintained in an absolutely watertight condition and in such manner as to permit of convenient removal of said excreta or sewage to some place of ultimate disposal as hereinafter set forth.

4. The excreta collected in the aforesaid temporary receptacles permitted under Rule shall be removed and the receptacles thoroughly cleaned and deodorized as often as may be found necessary to maintain the privy in proper sanitary condition and to effectually prevent any overflow upon the soil or upon the foundation or floor of the privy. In effecting this removal the utmost care shall be exercised that none of the contents be allowed to escape while being transferred from the privy to the place of disposal hereinafter specified, and that the contents, while being transferred from the privy to the place of disposal, shall be thoroughly covered and that the least possible annoyance and inconvenience be caused to occupants of the premises and the adjacent premises.

5. Unless otherwise specially ordered or permitted by the State Department of Health, the excreta collected in the aforesaid temporary receptacles permitted under rule 3 shall, when removed, be disposed of by burying in trenches or pits at a depth of not less than 18 inches below the surface and at a distance not less than three hundred (300) feet from any watercourse within the State of New York tributary to the public water supply of the village of Wellsville.

6. Whenever, owing to the character of the soil or of the surface of the ground, or owing to the height or flow of subsoil or surface water, or other special local conditions, it is considered by the State Commissioner of Health that excremental matter from any privy or aforesaid receptacles, or from any trench or place of disposal or the garbage or wastes from any dump, may be washed over the surface or through the soil in an imperfectly purified condition into any watercourse, then the said privy or receptacle for excreta or the trench or place of disposal or the said garbage or waste dump, shall, after due notice to the owner thereof, be removed to such greater distance or to such place as shall be considered safe and proper by the State Commissioner of Health.

Serage, House Slops, Sink Wastes, Etc. 7. No house s'ops, bath water, sewage or other excretal matter from any water closet, privy, cesspool or other source shall be thrown, placed, led,

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