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the case; and if the decision of the Teacher be confirmed, the pupil shall be suspended for a definite time, or expelled, as the necessity of the case may require. If the temporary exclusion by the Teacher be deemed a sufficient punishment, the Sub-Committee shall direct that the pupil be re-admitted to the school. During suspension, and after expulsion, such pupil shall not be admitted to any other public school; and, after expulsion, no pupil shall be restored without the consent of the General Committee.
SECTION II.GENERAL REGULATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE. Art. 1. Commencenient of School Year and Vacations. The school year shall begin on the first Monday after the Commencement of Brown University; and shall be divided into four quarters; the first quarter shall close on Fiday preceding " Thanksgiving week," and be followed by a vacation of one week, the second and third quarters shall be each twelve weeks, and be succeeded by a vacation of one week each; and the fourth quarter shall be ten or more weeks, followed by a vacation of three weeks immediately preceding the beginning of the next school year.
Art. 2. Quorterly and Annual Meetings.-Regular quarterly meetings of the School Committee shall be held on the last Friday in each quarter. The annual meeting shall be the regular quarterly meeting in August.
Art. 3. Annual Examination of the Secretary's Records, fc. A Sub-Committee shall be appointed at the annual meeting to examine the Secretary's records and files, to see that they are kept in proper order.
Art. 4. Annual Election of Superintendent and Teachers. At the annual meeting in August, the appointments of all the Teachers shall expire, and an election shall then take place. The Superintendent and Principal of the High School, and the Masters of the Grammar Schools shall be chosen by ballot; and, on motion of a member, the election of any other Teacher shall take place in the same manner.
Art. 5. Conditions on which Teachers may withdraw from Schools. Any Teacher who wishes to withdraw from a school may do so at the end of a quarter, provided at least one month's notice of the intention be given in writing to the Superintendent. A Teacher, who, without the consent of the Committee, shall withdraw at any other time, or without notice as aforesaid, shall forfeit all compensation for the quarter, or any part thereof.
Art. 6. Quarterly Examinalion of all the Schools. A quarterly examination of the Primary and the Intermediate Schools shall
take place in the afternoon of the day preceding the close of each quarter, by Sub-Committees appointed by the President. An examination of the Grammar Schools shall take place in the forenoon of the last Friday in each quarter, by examining Committees appointed by the President. The High School shall be examined by the whole Committee in the afternoon of the day before named, in each quarter except the last. In the fourth quarter, the High School shall be examined by the whole Committee on such day as they may select.
Art. 7. Reports of Examining Committees. The examining Sub-Committees shall report to the General Committee, at their meeting in the evening, the number of scholars present at the examinations, and the condition of the schools.
Art. 8. Transaction of Miscellaneous Business. The Committee shall at these meetings confer on the progress and condition of the several schools, and shall transact all such business as they may deem expedient.
SECTION 1.-OF THE SUPERINTENDENT. Art. 1. Office of Superintendent created. For the more convenient discharge of the duties assigned by law to the School Committee, and to aid them in the performance of the same, the office of Superintendent of Public Schools has been created.
Art. 2. Election of Superintendent. The Superintendent shall be elected by ballot, at the annual meeting of the Committee; and shall hold his office for one year, unless sooner removed, for sufficient cause, by vote of the Committee.
Art. 3. General Powers and Duties of the Superintendent.-He shall act under the advice and direction of the General Committee, and the Executive Committee, and, under their advice and direction, shall act as Principal of the High School, and shall have the superintendence of all the public schools, school-houses, estates, and apparatus. The Superintendent shall devote himself exclusively to the business of his station. He shall keep regular office hours, other than the school hours, at a place provided for that purpose ; which shall also be the general depos
itory of the books and papers belonging to the school department. He shall acquaint himself with whatever principles and facts may concern the interests of popular education; and in all maiters pertaining in any way to the organization, discipline and instruction of the public schools of this city ; he shall take good care of their interests and welfare, to the end that all the children in this city, who are instructed at the public schools, may obtain the best education which these schools can be made to impart.
Art. 4. Visiting Schools, foc.-He shall visit all the schools as often as his duties will permit, and shall pay particular attention to the classification of the pupils in the several schools, and to the appointment among the classes of the prescribed studies. In passing daily from school to school, he shall endeavor to transfer improvements, and to remedy defects.
Atl. 5. Quarterly Meetings of Teachers. He shall call together the Teachers once at least in each quarter, io interchange their views upon the various points of instruction and discipline; in order to create harmony of action, and to cause the whole system to tend toward a uniform standard of excellence.
Art. 6. Aiding Sub-Committees and furnishing supplies for Schools.-The Superintendent shall at all times render such assistance to the Sub-Committees as may be required by them, and shall furnish the necessary blanks and registers to the Sub-Commitees and to the Teachers. He shall also supply the Grammar Schools with copperplate slips, and furnish destitute scholars with school books, as he may deem necessary. He shall cause a thermometer to be furnished in each school room for the healthful regulation of the temperature in the same.
Art. 7. Examination and Transfer of Pupils.-At the beginning of each quarter he shall examine the highest classes in the Primary and in the Intermediate Schools; and shall transfer from the Primary to the Intermediate Schools, and from the Intermediate to the Grammar Schools, such pupils, of the proper age, as he may find qualified to enter the same; and shall furnish ihe Principal Teachers with lisis of the pupils so transferred, who shall enter their respective Schools immediately.
Art. 8. Permits granted.— The Superintendent is authorized to give permits to pupils in certain cases to enter school at any time during the quarter, and also to give permits to pupils residing in one District to attend school in another when there are good reasons for the change.
Art. 9. Attenzion to cases of misconduct of pupils reported. -He shall give prompt attention to every instance of the misconduct of a pupil duly reported to him by the Principal Teachers, and if, after consultation with the Teacher and dne examination of the case, it shall appear that the pupil is not disposed to obey the regulations of the school, he shall report him to the chairman of the District Committee. See Sec. II. Art. 20.
Art. 10. Employment of Substitutes for Teachers. In case of the sickness of Teachers, or other necessary cause of absence, the Superintendent shall employ all substitutes during their detention from their schools, and no one shall be employed as a substitute without his approbation.
Atl. 11. Quarterly and Annual Reports.—The Superintendent shall keep a record of his proceedings, always open to the members of the Committee; and at every regular quarterly meeting shall make a report in writing of the number of pupils attending the several schocis during the quarter, of the number engaged in the different branches of study in the same, and containing such information relating to the condition and plans for the improvement of the schools as he may have to communicate. A general report shall also be prepared by him, at the chose of the school year, for publication.
Art. 12.' The Superintendent, after each quarterly meeting of the Committee, shall cause to be published in the newspapers a statement of the number of scholars of each sex in all the schools during the preceding quarter.
CHAPTER II.-GENERAL REGULATIONS,
SECTION 1-TEACHERS AND THEIR DUTIES. Art. 1. Election of Teachers and their continuance in office.-All Teachers elected at the annual meeting, and all appointed by the Committee on qualifications, at any time during the year, and approved by the General Committee, shall hold their offices till the nexi annual meeting unless sooner removed for sufficient cause by vote of the Committee.
Art. 2. Teachers to observe Regulations, foc. It is enjoined on the Teachers strictly to observe these Regulations, the directions of the Committee, of the SubCommittees and of the Superintendent.
Art. 3. Teachers required to be at their School Rooms early.--All the Teachers in the public schools are required to be at their respective school-houses at least fifteen minutes before the specified time for beginning school in the morning and in the afternoon, and to open their respective school-rooms for the reception of pupils subject to all the rules of order for school hours as soon as they enter the rooms. Art
. 4. The Principal Teacher to cause the Bell to be rung.-The Principal Teacher in each school shall cause the bell to be rung from three to five minutes, beginning precisely at fifteen minutes before 9 o'clock, A. M., and before 2 o'clock, P. M.; and shall also cause it to be tolled from three to five minutes ending at the appointed time for beginning school in the morning and afternoon.
Art. 5. Opening Schools ---All the schools shall be opened in the morning, by one of the Teachers, with reading from the Scriptures, or with prayer.
Art. 6. Supervision of Pupils in and out of School.- It shall be the duty of the Teachers, as far as practicable, to exercise a careful inspection over their pupils, as well out of school as within the same, during school hours; and, in cases of difficulty in the discharge of their duties, to apply to the Superintendent for advice and direction,
Art. 7. Teachers must attend to school duties punctually and regularly.-The Teachers of the several schools shall devote themselves exclusively to the duties of their office. They shall daily and punctually attend at the hours appointed for the opening of the schools; and during school hours shall faithfully devote themselves to the duties assigned to them. They are enjoined carefully to maintain good order and discipline, and to follow the course of instruction prescribed by the Committee, permitting no books to be used in the schools but such as the Committee shall designate. No teacher shall keep a private school, or instruct a private class.
Art. 8. Classification of Pupils. The Teachers in each school shall put the pupils in the same into separate classes, according to their attainments; and shall teach them such portions of the prescribed studies, as in their judgment, under the advice of the Superintendent, it may be most suitable for each class to pursue. Each pupil shall be confined to the studies of his class, unless, in particular cases, an exception shall be made by the advice or direction of the Superintendent.
Art. 9. School property to be taken care of.—The Teachers shall take care that the School-Houses, the apparatus in the same, and all the public property entrusted to their charge, be not defaced or otherwise injured by the scholars; and it shall be the duty of the Teachers to give prompt notice to the Superintendent of any repairs or supplies that may be needed.
Art. 10. Ventilation of School Rooms.- The Teachers shall give vigilant attention to the ventilation and temperature of their rooms, causing those that have been occupied to be opened and aired each morning and afternoon at the times of recess, and at the end of school hours. They are required to take special pains to secure such continual changes of the air in the rooms as will prevent it from becoming impure and unhealthful between the times for opening and airing the rooms; and they shall carefully ascertain the temperature of their rooms by the thermometers, and use all proper means to avoid those injurious extremes of heat and cold, which negligence might induce.
Art. 11. Notice of the sickness of Teachers to be given to the Superintendent immediately.— In case of the indisposition of a Teacher, notice thereof shall be immediately given to the Superintendent; and no substitute shall be employed without his approbation.
Art. 12. Presiding Teacher.—The directions of the principal Teacher of each school shall be followed by the other Teachers, in all matters relating to the same. In the absence of the presiding Teacher, the assistant who has been the longest time in the school shall assume its management; or the oldest where they are of the same standing.
Art. 13. Recesses.—The Principal Teacher in each school shall allow a recess for all the pupils in the same not exceeding fifteen minutes in each half day; except in the Primary Schools, in which there may be two recesses in each half day, not exceeding ten minutes each, at the discretion of the preceptress.
Art. 14. Notice of the exclusion of pupils given.-For violent opposition, or gross misbehavior, a presiding teacher may exclude a pupil from school for the time; and in all cases of exclusion shall forthwith give information in writing of the cause thereof to the parent or guardian, and to the Chairman of the Sub-Committee for the District, and to the Superintendent.
Art. 15. Roll called each half day. The presiding Teacher in each school shall enroll the names of scholars as soon as they enter the same, and have the roll called in the morning and afternoon of each day, and all absences marked.
Art. 16. Register, and the entries to be made in it.—The Principal Teacher in each school and each Teacher in the High School shall keep a register, in wbich shall be recorded the names, ages, dates of entrance and places of residence of the scholars; and shall make such other entries as shall exhibit a view of their absences, their behavior in school, and the progress made in their studies. An account of the same shall be transmitted to the parent or guardian of each scholar, at least once a month, with a request that it be returned with the name of the parent or guardian written upon it, in acknowledgment of its receipt. The register shall be at all times open to the inspection of the members of the School Committee and of the Superintendent.
Art. 17. Teachers' Reports to Visiting Committees at each quarterly examination.-It shall be the duty of the presiding teachers to report in writing to the Visiting Committee, at each quarterly examination, the names of such pupils as have been distinguished during the quarter for good conduct and proficiency in their studies, and also the names of those who have been grossly negligent in attending school, or inattentive to their studies, or guilty of any violations of these regulations or of other wilful offences.
Art. 18. Teachers' Quarlerly Reports to the Superintendent. The principal Teacher in each school and each Teacher in the High School shall severally make a report in writing to the Superintendent, one week before the termination of each quarter, stating the number of pupils admitted, the number actually attending, and the average attendance during the quarter, and containing such other information as may be necessary to set forth the general condition of their schools, together with any suggestion which they may have to offer for the improvement of the same.
Art. 19. The teachers may occasionally, under the direction of the Superintendent, visit each other's schools, to observe the discipline and instruction of the same.
Art. 20. The Teachers shall not permit the school-rooms under their charge to be used for any purpose whatsoever other than the instruction prescribed in these Regulations, unless by order of the City Council, or of the School Committee.
Art. 21. No Teacher shall allow a subscription paper for any purpose whatsoever to be introduced into a public school; nor shall any contribution be permitted to be made in the same by the pupils.
Art. 22. No Teacher shall adinit to any school, (except the High School,) a pupil that resides out of the district in which the school is established, unless by permission of the Superintendent.
Art. 23. Making Fires. The principal Teacher in each school-house shall for the compensation allowed by the Committee, employ some suitable person to make fires in the same when necessary, and shall see that this important work is properly and economically done.
Art. 24. Sweeping and Cleaning.–The principal Teacher in each school shall hire some person, for the allowed compensation, to sweep the room and its entries daily, and dust the blinds, seats, desks and other furniture in the same, and to clean the same once a quarter, and shall see that this work is neatly and properly done.
Art. 25. Teachers' Reports of absence and lateness. The principal Teacher in each school shall state in his or her quarterly report to the Superintendent, the number of times each Teacher in said school has been absent or late during the quarter, with the reasons for such absence or lateness.
"Art. 26. Indigent pupils furnished with books. The presiding Teacher shall furnish to the Superintendent the names of those scholars whose parents or guardians declare they are unable to furnish them with books; but no books shall be supplied at the public expense, unless satisfactory proof of the inability of such parents or guardians be furnished; these books are to be considered as a part of the school property.
Art. 27. Books belonging to the Public Schools.- The Principal Teacher in each school shall enter upon the catalogue kept in the Register, the name of every book placed in his or her room for the use of the teachers, or to be lent to indigent pupils, and shall, in each quarterly report to the Superintendent state the number and condition of said books.
SECTION II OF SCHOLARS. Art. 1. Object of the schools. The Public Schools being established for the general benefit of the community, all pupils that may be received therein, under the following Regulations, shall be instructed without preference or partiality, and with strict attention to their morals and deportment, as well as their improvement in earning.
Art. 2. Conduct of the pupils.-Good morals being of the first importance, and essential to their progress in useful knowledge, the pupils are strictly enjoined to avoid idlensss and profanity, falsehood and deceit, and every wicked and disgraceful practice, and to conduct themselves in a sober, orderly and decent manner, both in and out of school, and to be punctual and constant in daily attendance.
Art. 3. Pupils liable to pay for all damages they do to school property.--Every pupil who shall, accidentally or otherwise, injure any school property, whether fences, gates, trees or shrubs, or any building or any part thereof, or break any window glass, or injure or destroy any instrument, apparatus or furniture belonging to the school, shall be liable to pay in full for all the damage he has done.
Art. 4. Use of bad language, c., prohibited.-Every pupil who shall, any where on, or around the school premises, use or write any profane or unchaste language, or shall draw any obscene pictures or representations, or cut, mark or other. wise intentionally deface any school furniture, or buildings inside or out, or any property whatsoever belonging to the school estate, shall be punished in proportion to the nature and extent of the offense, and shall be liable to the action of the civil law.
Art.5. Cleanliness of Pupils.- No scholar who comes to school without proper attention having been given to the cleanliness of his person and of his dress, or whose clothes are not properly repaired, shall be permitted to remain in school.
Art. 6. Times for admission of pupils.-During the first week in each quarter, and on the first Monday in the second and third school months, any child, living in the city, and in all respecls qualifed, may enter any, Primary, Intermediate or Grammar School, by applying to the Teachers at the school house.
But no pupil shall be permitted to take a place in any public school at any other time without a written permit obtained from the Superintendent.
Art. 7. Scholars required to remain in school till the hour of closing.–No scholar shall be permitted to leave school before its close, for the purpose of attending to any music lessons, or writing lessons, or for any other purpose whatsover, except in case of sickness or some pressing emergency.
Art. 8. Absence from School and the consequences.- No pupil shall be absent from any public school without rendering an excuse for the same to the principal Teacher.
Any pupil who shall be absent from school a single half day without rendering a satisfactory excuse to the principal Teacher for such absence, shall be liable to be punished for a misdemeanor.
Å ny pupil who shall be absent from school five half days in four successive weeks, without rendering a satisfactory excuse to the principal Teacher, may be excluded from school for the next i wo school months.
Every excuse shall be received by the teachers as satisfactory, in which it shall be stated that the pupil has been absent for reasons satisfactory to the parent or guardian.
No pupil shall leave the school room in school hours, without permission from a teacher.
No scholar who shall be absent from a quarterly examination of the school which he attends, without an excuse satisfactory to the principal teacher, shall be permitted to attend said school during the next quarter.
No scholar shall be permitted to remain in any public school unless such scholar be provided with the books of his or her class prescribed in these Regulations.
CHAPTER III.-OF SCHOOLS. Art. 1. Number and description of the Public Schools.-The Public Schools of his city are twenty-nine in rumber, and of the following description, viz. :
Fifteen Primary Schools, designed for children from four to six or seven years of age. Five Intermediate Schools, designed for children between six and eight or nine years old. Siz Grammar Schools, designed for children from eight or nine to twelve or fourteen years of age. One High School, designed for scholars from twelve years old and upwards, and one Primary and one Grammar School for colored children,