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Should have thus little mercy on their flesh ?
Judicious punishment! 'twas this flesh begot
Those pelican daughters.

Edg: Pillicock sat on pillicock’s-hill ;--
Halloo, halloo, loo, loo!

Fool. This cold night will turn us all to fools and madmen.

Edg. Take heed o’ the foul fiend ; obey thy parents; keep thy word justly; swear not; commit not with man's sworn spouse, set not thy sweet heart on proud array: Tom's a-cold.

Lear. What hast thou been?

Edg. A serving-man, proud in heart and mind; that curled my hair ;3 wore gloves in my cap;4 served the lust of my mistress's heart, and did the act of darkness with her; swore as many oaths as I spake words, and broke them in the sweet face of heaven; one that slept in the contriving of lust, and waked to do it. Wine loved I deeply; dice dearly ; and in woman, out-paramoured the Turk.

False of heart, light of ear, bloody of hand; hog in sloth, fox in stealth, wolf in greediness, dog in madness, lion in prey. Let not the creaking of shoes, nor the rustling of silks, betray thy poor heart to women. Keep thy foot out of brothels, thy hand out of plackets, thy pen from lenders' books, and defy the foul fiend.-Still through the hawthorn blows the cold wind: says suum,

1 The young pelican is fabled to suck the mother's blood. The allusions to this fable are very numerous in old writers.

2 It should be observed, that Killico is one of the devils mentioned in Harsnet's Declaration of Popish Impostures. The inquisitive reader may find a further explanation of this word in Minsheu's Dictionary, art. 9299; and Chalmers's Works of Sir David Lindsay, Glossary, v. pillok.

3 «Then Ma. Mainy, by the instigation of the first of the seven, [spirits,] began to set his hands unto his side, curled his hair, and used such gestures as Ma. Edmunds [the exorcist] presently affirmed that that spirit was Pride." Harsnet's Declaration, &c. 1603. Before each sin was cast out, Mainy, by gestures, acted that particular sin-curling his hair, to show pride, &c. &c.

4 It was anciently the custom to wear gloves in the hat on three distinct occasions, viz. as the favor of a mistress, the memorial of a friend, and as a mark to be challenged by an enemy.

5 Credulous of evil, ready to receive malicious reports.

софтует также места, като страхотжәрметила хан тухши чат гигатьтәкетгох юм даатгах• Аттест метежъдеттер текстиәтсіздіктер жасаудад is

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mun, ha no nonny, dolphin my boy, my boy, sessa : let him trot by.

[Storm still continues. Lear. Why, thou were better in thy grave, than to answer with thy uncovered body this extremity of the skies.--Is man no more than this ? Consider him well. Thou owest the worm no silk, the beast no hide, the sheep no wool, the cat no perfume.-Ha! here's three of us are sophisticated Thou art the thing itself unaccommodated man is no more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou art.-Off, off, you lendings. Come ; unbutton here.?

[Tearing off his clothes. Fool. 'Pr’ythee, nuncle, be contented; this is a naughty 3 night to swim in.—Now a little fire in a wild field were like an old lecher's heart; a small spark, all the rest of his body cold.--Look, here comes a walking fire.

Edg. This is the foul fiend Flibbertigibbet; 4 he

1 6 Dolphin my boy, my boy,

Cease, let him trot by;
It seemeth not that such a foe

From me or you would fly.” This is a stanza from a very old ballad, written on some battle fought in France; during which the king (unwilling to put the suspected valor of his son, the dauphin, to the trial), as different champions cross the field, always discovers some objection to his attacking each of them, and * repeats the two first lines as every fresh personage is introduced; and at last assists in propping up a dead body against a tree for him to try his Inanhood upon. Steevens had this account from an old gentleman, who was (inly able to report part of the ballad. In Jonson's Bartholomew Fair Cokes cries out, “ God's my life! He shall be dauphin, my boy!"

Hey nonny nonny" is merely the burden of another ballad.

2 The words unbutton here are only in the folio. The quartos read, Come on, be true.

3 Naughty signifies bad, unfit, improper. This epithet was formerly employed on serious occasions.

4 The name of this fiend, though so grotesque, was not invented by Shakspeare, but by those who wished to impose upon their hearers the belief of his actual existence; this, and most of the fiends mentioned by Edgar, being to be found in bishop Harsnet's book, among those which the Jesuits, about the time of the Spanish invasion, pretended to cast out, for the purpose of making converts. The principal scene of this farce was laid in the family of Mr. Edmund Peckham, a Catholic. Harsnet published his account of the detection of the imposture, by order of the privy council.“ Frateretto, Fliberdigibet, Hoberdidance, Tocobatto, were four devils of the round or morrice.-These four had forty assistants under them, as themselves doe confesse. Flebergibbe is

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4 that

begins at curfew, and walks till the first cock; he
gives the web and the pin,' squints the eye, and makes
the hare-lip; mildews the white wheat, and hurts the
poor creature of earth.

Saint Withold footed thrice the wold ; 2
He met the night-mare, and her nine-fold ,

Bid her alight,

And her troth plight,
And, Aroint thee, witch, aroint thee! 3
Kent. How fares your grace ?

Enter GLOSTER, with a torch.
Lear. What's he?
Kent. Who's there? What is't you seek ?
Glo. What are you there? Your names ?

Edg. Poor Tom; that eats the swimming frog, the
toad, the tadpole, the wall-newt and the water ;
in the fury of the heart, when the foul fiend rages, eats
cow-dung for sallets; swallows the old rat, and the
ditch-dog ; drinks the green mantle of the standing
pool; who is whipped from tithing to tithing, and
stocked, punished, and imprisoned; who hath had three
suits to his back, six shirts to his body, horse to ride,
and weapon to wear, --

But mice and rats, and such small deer,

Have been Tom's food for seven long year. used by Latimer for a sycophant; and Cotgrave explains Coquette by a Flebergibet or Titifill."

It was an old tradition that spirits were relieved from the confinement in which they were held during the day, at the time of curfew, that is, at the close of the day, and were permitted to wander at large till the first cock-crowing. Hence, in The Tempest, they are said to “rejoice to hear the solemn curfew."

1. The pin and web is a disease of the eyes resembling the cataract in an imperfect stage.

2 About St. Withold we have no certainty. This adventure is not found in the common legends of St. Vitalis, whom Mr. Tyrwhitt thought was meant. 3 See Macbeth.

4 i. e. and the water-newt.
5 In the metrical Romance of Sir Bevis, who was confined seven years
in a dungeon, it is said that

66 Rattes and mice, and such smal dere,
Was his meat that seven yere.”


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Beware my follower. Peace, Smolkin;? peace, thou

Glo. What, hath your grace no better company

Edg. The prince of darkness is a gentleman ;
Modo he's called, and Mahu.

Glo. Our flesh and blood, my lord, is grown so vile,
That it doth hate what gets it.

Edg. Poor Tom's a-cold.

Glo. Go in with me; my duty cannot suffer
To obey in all your daughters' hard commands.
Though their injunction be to bar my doors,
And let this tyrannous night take hold upon you,
Yet have I ventured to come to seek you out,
And bring you where both fire and food is ready.

Lear. First let me talk with this philosopher.----
What is the cause of thunder?

Kent. Good my lord, take his offer;
Go into the house.
Lear. I'll talk a word with this same learned

What is your study ?

Edg. How to prevent the fiend, and to kill vermin.
Lear. Let me ask you one word in private.

Kent. Importune him once more to go, my lord ;
His wits begin to unsettle.?

1 “ The names of other punie spirits cast out of Twyford were these :Hilco, Smolkin, Hillio," &c.-Harsnet's Detection, &c. p. 49. Again, 6 Maho was the chief devil that had possession of Sarah Williams; but another of the possessed, named Richard Mainy, was molested by a still more considerable fiend, called Modu,". p. 268; where the said Richard Mainy deposes : Furthermore it is pretended, that there remaineth still in mee the prince of devils, whose name should be Modu." And, p. 269:6 When

he said priests had despatched their business at Hackney (where they had been exorcising Sarah Williams), they then returned towards mee, upon pretence to cast the great prince Modu out of mee."

In the Goblins, by sir John Suckling, a catch is introduced, which concludes with these two lines:

« The prince of darkness is a gentleman;

Mahu, Mahu is his name." "This catch may not be the production of Suckling, but the original referred to by Edgar's speech.

2 Lord Orford has the following remark in the postscript to his Mysterious Mother:–« The finest picture ever drawn of a head discomposed by misfortune is that of king Lear. His thoughts dwell on the ingrati

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Canst thou blame him?
His daughters seek his death.--Ah, that good Kent !-
He said it would be thus ;--poor banished man!.--
Thou say’st, the king grows mad ; I'll tell thee, friend,
I am almost mad myself. I had a son,
Now outlawed from my blood; he sought my life,
But lately, very late ; I loved him, friend,-
No father his son dearer: true to tell thee,

[Storm continues.
The grief hath crazed my wits.---What a night's this !
I do beseech your grace,

0, cry you mercy,
Noble philosopher, your company.

Edg. Tom's a-cold.
Glo. In, fellow, there, to the hovel ; keep thee


Lear. Come, let's in all.

This way, my lord.
Lear. With him ;
I will keep still with my philosopher.
Kent. Good my lord, soothe him ; let him take the

Glo. Take him you on.
Kent. Sirrah, come on; go along with us.
Lear. Come, good Athenian.

No words, no words.
Edg. Child Rowland to the dark tower came,
His word was still,--Fie, foh, and fum,

I smell the blood of a British man. [Exeunt.

tude of his daughters, and every sentence that falls from his wildness
excites reflection and pity. Had frenzy entirely seized him, our com-
passion would abate; we should conclude that he no longer felt unhap-

1 Capel observes, that Child Rowland means the knight Orlando. He
would read come, with the quartos, absolutely (Orlando being come to the
dark tower); and supposes a line to be lost, “which spoke of some giant,
the inhabitant of that tower, and the smeller-out of Child Rowland, who
comes to encounter him." He proposes to fill up the passage thus :-

65 Child Rowland to the dark tower come,

[The giant roared, and out he ran ;]

His word was still," &c.
Part of this is to be found in the second part of Jack and the Giants,


4. Mir



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