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TEXT. labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons

more frequent, in deaths oft. 24 Of the jews five times received I forty stripes save one. 25 Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suf

fered shipwreck; a night and a day I have been in the deep: 26 In journeyings often, in perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in

perils by mine own countrymen, in perils by the heathen, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea,

in perils among false brethren; 27 In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and

thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness. 28 Besides those things that are without, that which cometh upon

me daily, the care of all the churches. 29 Who is weak, and I am not weak; who is offended, and I burn not? 80 If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern mine infirmities.

PARAPHRASE. 24 in the very jaws of death, more than once: Of the

jews I have, five times, received forty stripes save 25 one. Thrice was I whipped with rods : once was I

stoned: thrice shipwrecked : I have passed a night 26 and a day in the sea : In journeyings often : in perils

by water; in perils by robbers ; in perils by mine own countrymen ; in perils from the heathen ; in

perils in the city ; in perils in the country; in perils 27 at sea; in perils among false brethren; In toil and

trouble, and sleepless nights, often; in hunger and

thirst ; in fastings, often ; in cold and nakedness. 28 Besides these troubles from without the disturbance

that comes daily upon me, from my concern for all 29 the churches. Who is a weak christian, in danger,

through frailty or ignorance, to be misled, whose weakness I do not feel and suffer in, as if it were my own? Who is actually misled, for whom my zeal and

concern do not make me uneasy, as if I had a fire 30 in me? If I must be compelled * to glory t, I will


understood so, there will seem to be a disagreeable tantology in the following verses; which, taking these words in a comparative sense, are proofs of his saying, “ In stripes I am exceedingly beyond him ; for of the jews five “ times,” &c.

30 *'« Compelled.” Vid. chap. xii. 11. of By nowyācīm which is translated sometimes « to glory," and sometimes NOTE. 1 * Ei xauxão bau değ, “ If I must glory," is the reading of some copies, and is justified by ver. 30, of the foregoing chapter, by the vulgar translation,

TEXT. 31 The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is blessed

for evermore, knoweth that I lye not. 32 In Damascus, the governor under Aretas the king kept the city

of the damascenes, with a garrison, desirous to apprehend me: 33 And, through a window, in a basket, was I let down by the wall,

and escaped his hands.

PARAPHRASE. glory of those things which are of my weak and suf31 fering side. The God and Father of our Lord Jesus

Christ, who is blessed for ever, knoweth that I lye 32 not. In Damascus, the governor, under Aretas the

king, who kept the town with a garrison, being de33 sirous to apprehend me; I was, through a window,

let down in a basket, and escaped his hands.

.ho is blessed food Father of our

32 not.


" to boast;" the apostle, all along, where he applies it to himself means no. thing, but the mentioning some commendable action of his, without vanity or ostentation, but barely upon necessity, on the present occasion.

SECT. IV. No. 6.
CHAP. XII. 1–11.

CONTENTS. He makes good his apostleship, by the extraordinary visions and revelations, which he had received.

TEXT. 1 It is not expedient for me, doubtless, to glory : I will come to visions and revelations of the Lord.

PARAPHRASE. 1 IF I must be forced to glory * for your sakes ; (for me

it is not expedient) I will come to visions and revela

TEXT. 2 I knew a man in Christ, above fourteen years ago, (whether in the

body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell;

God knoweth,) such an one caught up to the third heaven. 3 And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body,

I cannot tell: God knoweth) 4 How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable

words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter. 5 Of such an one will I glory : yet of myself I will not glory, but

in mine infirmities. 6 For, though I would desire to glory, I shall not be a fool ; for I

will say the truth: but now I forbear, lest any man should think of me above that which he seeth me to be, or that he heareth

of me. 7 And, lest I should be exalted above measure, through the abun

PARAPHRASE. 2 tions of the Lord. I knew a man *, by the power of

Christ, above fourteen years ago, caught up into the third heaven, whether the intire man, body and all, or

out of the body in an ecstacy, I know not; God knows. 3 And I knew such an one *, whether in the body, or out 4 of the body, I know not, God knows, That he was

caught up into paradise, and there heard what is not in 5 the power of man to utter. Of such an one, I will glory;

but myself I will not mention, with any boasting,

unless in things that carry the marks of weakness, 6 and show my sufferings. But if I should have a mind

to glory in other things, I might do it, without being a fool; for I would speak nothing but what is true, having matter in abundance t, but I forbear, lest any

one should think of me beyond what he sees me, or 7 hears commonly reported of me. And that I might

not be exalted above measure, by reason of the abundance of revelations that I had, there was given me a thorn in the flesh t, the messenger of Satan to buffet TEXT. dance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be ex


and by the Syriac, much to the same purpose; and suiting better with the context, renders the sense clearer.

2, 3 * Modestly speaking of himself in the third person. 6 + Vid. ver. 7.

7 I “ Thorn in the flesh," what this was in particular, St. Paul having thought fit to conceal it, is not easy for those, who come after, to discover, nor , is it very material.

alted above measure. 8 For this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart

from me. 9 And he said unto me, “ My grace is sufficient for thee: for my

“ strength is made perfect in weakness.” Most gladly, therefore, will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of

Christ may rest upon me. 10 Therefore, I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in ne

cessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for

when I am weak, then am I strong. 11 I am become a fool in glorying: ye have compelled me; for I

ought to have been commended of you; for in nothing am I behind the very chiefest apostles, though I be nothing.

PARAPHRASE. 8 me, that I might not be over-much elevated. Con

cerning this thing, I besought the Lord thrice, that 9 it might depart from me. And he said, My favour is sufficient for thee: for my power exerts itself, and its sufficiency is seen the more perfectly, the weaker thou thyself art. I, therefore, most willingly choose to glory, rather in things that show my weakness, than in my abundance of glorious revelations,

that the power of Christ may the more visibly be 10 seen to dwell in me. Wherefore, I have satisfaction

in weaknesses, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses, for Christ's sake. For when I, looked upon in my outward state, appear weak,

then by the power of Christ, which dwelleth in me, 11 I am found to be strong. I am become foolish in

glorying thus : but it is you, who have forced me to it. For I ought to have been commended by you; since in. nothing came I behind the chiefest of the apostles, though in myself I am nothing.

SECT. IV. N°. 7.

CHAP. XII. 12, 13.

CONTENTS. He continues to justify himself to be an apostle, by the miracles he did, and the supernatural gifts he bestowed amongst the corinthians.

TEXT. 12 Truly the signs of an apostle were wrought among you, in all

patience, in signs and wonders and mighty deeds. 13 For what is it wherein ye were inferiour to other churches, ex

cept it be that I myself was not burdensome to you? Forgive me this wrong.

PARAPHRASE. 12 Truly the signs whereby an apostle might be known,

were wrought among you, by me, in all patience * and submission, under the difficulties I there met

with, in miraculous, wonderful and mighty works, 13 performed by me. For what is there, which you

were any way shortened in, and had not equally with other churches f, except it be that I myself was not burdensome to you ? Forgive me this injury.


12 * This may well be understood to reflect on the baughtiness and plenty, wherein the false apostle lived amongst them.

13 + Vid. I Cor. i. 4 7 .

SECT. IV. No. 8.

CHAP. XII. 14–21.

CONTENTS. He farther justifies himself, to the corinthians, by his past disinterestedness, and his continued kind intentions to them.

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