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A. D. 33.

MATT. XXIlI. 17-23.

A. D. 33.


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Ye fools and blind: for whether is sweareth a by the throne of God, and by greater, the gold, or the temple that him that sitteth thereon. sanctifieth the gold ?

a But I say unto you, swear not at VER. 18.

neither by heaven; for it is God's

throne, Matt. v. 34. The LORD is Kalo "Os bày bubon ty ta quotectompío in his holy temple, the Lord's throne oudly totiv og gây šuórn ev tõo sópos tã is in heaven: his eyes behold, his eyeεσάνω αυτού, οφείλει.

lids try, the children of men, Psal. xi. And, Whosoever shall swear by the

4. Thus saith the LORD, The heaven altur, it is nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is stool : where is the house that ye

is my throne, and the earth is my foot

built *guilty. * Or, debtor, or,

unto me? and where is the place of bound.

my rest? Isa. Ixvi. 1. Heaven is my VER. 19.

throne, and earth is my footstool : Μωροι και τυφλοί τί γαρ μείζον, το δώ- what house will ye build me? saith gov, rò qusluotuplov vo á yrázov tò dõpov; the Lord : or what is the place of my

Ye fools and blind: for whether is rest? Acts vii. 49. And immediately greater, the gift, or the ultar that sanc- I was in the spirit : and, behold, a tifieth the gift?

throne was set in heaven, and one sat

on the throne. And he that sat was VER. 20.

to look upon like a jasper and a sar“ο ούν ομόσας εν τώ θυσιαστηρίω ομνύει | dine stone: and there was a rainbow εν αυτώ, και εν πάσι τοϊς επάνω αυτού round about the throne, in sight like

Whoso therefore shall swear by the unto an emerald, Rev. iv. 2, 3. altar, sweareth by it and by all things

VER. 23. thereon.

Ουαί υμίν, Γραμματείς και φαρισαίοι, VER. 21.

υποκριται ότι αποδεκατoύτε το ήδύοσμος, , Και ο ομόσας εν τω ναώ, ομνύει εν αυτώ, και το άνηθον, και το κύμινον, και αφήκατε και εν τω κατοικούντι αυτόν •

τα βαρύτερα του νόμου, την κρίσιν, και τον And whoso shall swear by the temple, έλεον, και την πίστιν ταύτα έδει ποιήσαι, sweareth by it, a and by him that dwell-roneīve pen åpséval. eth therein.

Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, a I have surely built thee an house hypocrites! afor ye pay tithe of mint and to dwell in, a settled place for thee

anise and cummin, and have omitted to abide in for ever, 1 Kings viii. 13. bthe weightier matters of the law, judgBut will God indeed dwell on the ment, mercy, and faith: Cthese ought ye earth? behold, the heaven and hea- to have done, and not to leave the other ven of heavens cannot contain thee;

undone. how much less this house that I have

* Gr. ayn Jov, dill. builded ? 27. But I have built an a But woe unto you, Pharisees! for house of habitation for thee, and a ye tithe mint and rue and all manner place forthy dwelling forever, 2 Chron. of herbs, and pass over judgment and vi. 2. And the priests could not enter the love of God : these ought ye to into the house of the LORD, because have done, and not to leave the other the glory of the Lord had filled the undone, Luke xi. 42. Lord's house, vii. 2. LORD, I have

b But go ye and learn what that loved the habitation of thine house, meaneth, I will have mercy, and not and the place where thine honour sacrifice : for I am not come to call dwelleth, Psal. xxvi. 8. For the LORD the righteous, but sinners to repenthath chosen Zion; he hath desired ance, Matt. ix. 13. But if it for his habitation. This is my rest

known what this meaneth, I will have for ever : here will Idwell; for I have mercy and not sacrifice, ye would not desired it, cxxxii. 13, 14.

have condemned the guiltless, xii. 7.

Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love VER. 22.

the Lord thy God, with all thy heart, Kad ó ópócas év rõ cigavā, ģuviet év to and with all thy soul, and with all Igóvo Toi Bev, nal ly rõ xanpuéve étrávide thy mind, This

is the first and great

commandment. And he that shall swear by heaven, like unto it, Thou shalt love thy



αυτού. .

And the second is

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXIII. 23-25.

A. D. 33.

neighbour as thyself. On these two | into the treasury, because it is the commandments hang all the Law and price of blood. And they took counthe Prophets, xxii. 37-40. And Sa- sel, and bought with them the potter's muel said, Hath the Lord as great de- field, to bury strangers in. Wherefore light in burnt-offerings and sacrifices, that field was called, The field of blood, as in obeying the voice of the Lord? unto this day, xxvii. 6—8. And the Behold, to obey is better than sacri- Scribes and Pharisees watched him, fice, and to hearken than the fat of whether he would heal on the sabbath rams, 1 Sam. xv. 22. To do justice day ; that they might find an acand judgment is more acceptable to cusation against him, Luke vi. 7. the LORD than sacrifice, Prov. xxi. 3. And looking round about upon them For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice, all, he said unto the man, Stretch and the knowledge of God more than forth thy hand. And he did so: and burnt-offerings, Hos. vi. 6. But the his hand was restored whole as the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, other, 10. Then led they Jesus from longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment : faith, meekness, temperance: against and it was early; and they themsuch there is no law, Gal. v. 22, 23.selves went not into the judgment

c Whosoever therefore shall break hall, lest they should be defiled; but one of these least commandments, that they might eat the passover, and shall teach men so, he shall John xviii. 28. Then cried they all be called the least in the kingdom again, saying, Not this man, but Baof heaven : but whosoever shall do rabbas. Now Barabbas was a roband teach them; the same shall be ber, 40. called great in the kingdom of heaven.

VER. 25. For I say unto you, that except your Ουαί υμίν, Γραμματείς και Φαρισαίοι, righteousness shall exceed the righte- υποκριται ότι καθαρίζετε το έξωθεν του ousness of the Scribes and Pharisees, ποτηρίου και της παροψίδος, έσωθεν δε γέye shall in no case enter into the king- | μουσιν εξ αρπαγής και ακρασίας. dom of heaven, Matt. v. 19, 20.

Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, VER. 24.

hypocrites! afor ye make clean the out'Odnya tuohoi, oi Süni GOVTES Tàu xá- side of the cup and of the platter, but νωπα, την δε κάμηλον καταπίνοντες. within they are bfull of extortion and

Ye blind guides, a which strain at a gnat, and swallow a camel.

a For out of the heart proceed evil a Or how wilt thou say to thy bro- thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornither, Let me pull out the mote out cations, thefts, false witness, blaspheof thine eye ; and, behold, a beam is in mies : These are the things which dethine own eye? Matt. vii. 4. Why do file a man: but to eat with unwashen thy disciples transgress the tradition of hands defileth not a man, Matt. xv. the elders ? for they wash not their | 19, 20. And when they come from hands when they eat bread. But he the market, except they wash, they answered and said unto them, Why eat not. And many other things there do

ye also transgress the command be, which they have received to hold, ment of God by your tradition ? For us the washing of cups, and pots, God commanded, saying, Honour thy brasen vessels, and of tables, Mark father and mother: and, He that curs- vii. 4. And the Lord said unto him, eth father or mother, let him die the Now do ye Pharisees make clean the death. But ye say, Whosoever shall | outside of the cup and the platter; say to his father or his mother, It is a but your inward part is full of ravengift, by whatsoever thou mightest be ing and wickedness. Ye fools, did profited by me ; And honour not his not he that made that which is with

mother, he shall be free. out make that which is within also ? Thus have ye made the command. Luke xi. 39, 40. ment of God of none effect by your b But they also have erred through tradition, xv. 2–6. And the Chief wine, and through strong drink are Priests took the silver pieces, and out of the way, the priest and the said, It is not lawful for to put them prophet have erred through strong


father or

A. D.

2. 33.

MATT. XXIII. 25-28.

A. D. 33.


drink, they are swallowed up of wine,

VER. 27. they are out of the way through strong Ουαί υμίν, Γραμματείς και Φαρισαίοι, drink; they err in vision, they stum- υποκριται ότι παρομοιάζετε τάφους κεκοble in judgment. For all tables are | νιαμένοις, οίτινες έξωθεν μεν φαίνονται ωραίοι, full of vomit and filthiness, so that | έσωθεν δε γέμoυσιν οστέων νεκρών, και πάthere is no place clean, Isa. xxviii. 7, 8. σης ακαθαρσίας. . VER. 26.

Woe unto


Scribes and Pharisees, Papioaie tupaề, xalágirov apātou rò hypocrites! for ye are a like unto whited εντός του ποτηρίου και της παροψίδος, ίνα | sepulchres, which indeed appearbeautiful γένηται και το εκτός αυτών καθαρόν. outward, but are within full of dead

Thou blind Pharisee, a cleanse first men's bones, and of all uncleanness. that which is within the


and platter, that the outside of them may be clean voice like a trumpet, and shew my

Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy also.

people their transgression, and the a Either make the tree good, and house of Jacob their sins. Yet they his fruit good; or else make the tree

seek me daily, and delight to know my corrupt, and his fruit corrupt ; for the ways, as a nation that did righteoustree is known by his fruit, Matt. xii.

ness, and forsook not the ordinance of 33. Let the wicked forsake his way, their God: they ask of me the ordiand the unrighteous man his thoughts : nance of justice; they take delight in and let him return unto the Lord, and approaching to God, Isa. lviii. 1, 2, he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly par- hypocrites! for ye are as graves which

Woe unto you Scribes and Pharisees, don, Isa. lv. 7. 0 Jerusalem, wash appear not, and the men that walk thine heart from wickedness, that thou

over them are not aware of them, Luke mayest be saved. How long shall vain xi. 44. Then said Paul unto him, thoughts lodge within thee? Jer. iv, God shall smite thee, thou whited 14. I have se

seen thine adulteries, and wall : for sittest thou to judge me thy neighings, the lewdness of thy after the law, and commandest me to whoredom, and thine abominations on

be smitten contrary to the law ? Acts the hills in the fields. Woe unto thee, xxiii. 3. 0 Jerusalem! wilt thou not be made

VER. 28. clean ? when shall it once be ? xiii. 27.

Ούτω και υμείς έξωθεν μέν φαίνεσθε τοίς Cast


your trans-

ανθρώπους δίκαιοι, έσωθεν δε μεστοι έστε gressions, whereby ye have trans- iTrompírews xai åropias. gressed; and make you a new heart, and a new spirit: for why will ye die,

Even so a ye ulso outwardly appear O house of Israel? Ezek. xviii. 31. A righteous unto men, b but within ye are good man out of the good treasure of full of hypocrisy and iniquity. his heart bringeth forth that which is a But all their works they do for tą good; and an evil man out of the evil be seen of men: they make broad treasure of his heart, bringeth forth their phylacteries, and enlarge the that which is evil; for of the abun- borders of their garments, 5. But the dance of the heart his mouth speaketh, LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on Luke vi. 45. Having therefore these his countenance, or on the height of promises dearly beloved, let us cleanse his stature, because I have refused ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh him: for the LORD seeth not as man and spirit, perfecting holiness in the seeth ; for man looketh on the outfear of God, 2 Cor. vii. 1. Let us

ward appearance, but the Lord lookdraw near with a true heart, in full eth on the heart, 1 Sam. xvi. 7. Beassurance of faith, having our hearts hold thou desirest truth in the inward sprinkled from an evil conscience, and parts : and in the hidden part thou our bodies washed with pure water, shalt make me to know wisdom, Psal. Heb. x. 22. Draw nigh to God, and li. 6. The heart is deceitful above he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse all things, and desperately wicked; your hands ye sinners; and purify who can know it? I the Lord, search your hearts ye double-minded, Jam. the heart, I try the reins,

even to give iv. 8.

to every man according to his ways,

away from

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXIII. 28–33.

A. D. 33.

For thy

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and according to the fruit of his doings, Wherefore ye be a witnesses unto your-
Jer, xvii. 9, 10. And he said unto them, selves, that bye are the children of them
Ye are they which justify yourselves which killed the prophets.
before men ; but God knoweth your a And Joshua said unto the people,
hearts: for that which is highly es- Ye ure witnesses against yourselves
teemed among men is abomination in that ye have chosen you the Lord, to
the sight of God, Luke xvi. 15.

serve him. And they said, We are
bo generation of vipers, how can witnesses, Josh, xxiv. 22.
ye, being evil, speak good things ? for mouth uttereth thine iniquity, and
out of the abundance of the heart the thou choosest the tongue of the crafty.
mouth speaketh. A good man out of Thine own mouth condemneth thee,
the good treasure of his heart bring, and not I: yea, thine own lips testify
eth forth good things: and an evil against thee, Job xv. 5, 6. So they
man out of the evil treasure bringeth shall make their own tongue to fall
forth evil things, Matt. xii. 34, 35.

upon themselves: all that see them For out of the heart proceed evil shall flee away, Psal. lxiv. 8. And thoughts, murders, adulteries, forni- he saith unto him, Out of thine cations, thefts, false witness, blasphe- own mouth will l judge thee, thou mies: These are the things which de- wicked servant. Thou knewest that file a man : but to eat with unwashen I was an austere man, taking up that hands defileth not a man, xv. 19, 20, I laid not down, and reaping that I Forfrom within,out of the heart of men, did not sow, Luke xix. 22. proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, for

b Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised nications, murders, Thefts, covetous- in heart and ears, ye do always reness, wickedness, deceit, lascivious - sist the Holy Ghost : as your fathers ness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, did, so do ye. Which of the prophets foolishness: All these evil things come have not your fathers, persecuted? from within, and defile the man, Mark and they have slain them which vii. 21-23.

shewed before of the coming of the VER. 29.

Just One; of whom ye have been Ουαί υμίν, Γραμματείς και Φαρισαίοι, | now the betrayers and murderers, υποκριται ότι οικοδομείτε τους τάφους των | Acts vii. 51, 52. Who both killed προφητών, και κοσμείτε τα μνημεία των | the Lord Jesus, and their own proδικαίων:

phets, and have persecuted us; and Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, they please not God, and are contrary hypocrites! because a ye build the tombs to all men : Forbidding us to speak of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres to the Gentiles that they might be of the righteous,

saved, to fill up their sins alway: for a Woe unto you! for ye build the the wrath is come upon them to the sepulchres of the prophets, and your uttermost, 1 Thess. ii. 15, 16, fathers killed them. "Truly ye bear

VER. 32. witness that ye allow the deeds of

Και υμείς πληρώσατε το μέτρον των your fathers : for they indeed killed

πατέρων υμών. .
them, and ye build their sepulchres,
Luke xi. 47, 48.

Fill ye up then a the measure of your

fathers. VER. 30. Και λέγετε: Eί ήμεν εν ταίς ημέραις a But in the fourth generation they των πατέρων ημών, ουκ nuev xovwvol shall come hither again : for the ini. αυτών εν τώ αίματι των προφητών.

quity of the Amorites is not yet full,

And, behold, ye are And say, If we had been in the days Gen. xv. 16. of our fathers, we would not have been risen up in your fathers' stead, an partakers with them in a the blood of the increase of sinful men, to augment yet prophets.

the fierce anger of the LORD toward a See on chap. xxi. ver. 35.

Israel, Numb. xxxii. 14.

VER. 33. VER. 31. “Ωστε μαρτυρείτε εαυτούς, ότι υιοί έστε "Οφεις, γεννήματα έχιδνών, πώς φύγετε των φόνευσάντων τους προφήτας. .

από της κρίσεως της γεέννης;

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A. D. 33.

MATT. XXIII. 33, 34.

A.D. 33.

b how can


Ye a serpents, ye generation of vipers, his name among all nations, beginning

escape the dumnation of at Jerusalem, xxiv. 47. Then said hell?

Jesus to them again, Peace be unto a See on chap. iii. ver. 7. clause 2.

you: as my Father hath sent me, even b Woe unto you, Scribes and Pha

so send I you, John xx. 21. But ye risees, hypocrites! for ye

devour wi

shall receive power, after that the dows' houses, and for a pretence make Holy Ghostis come upon you: and ye

shall be witnesses unto me both in long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation, ver.

Jerusalem, and in all Judæa, and in 14. How shall we escape, if we

Samaria, and unto the uttermost part neglect so great salvation; which

of the earth, Acts i. 8. Wherefore I at first began to be spoken by the give you to understand, that no man Lord, and was confirmed unto us by speaking by the Spirit of God calleth them that heard him, Heb. ii. 3. of Jesus accursed : and that no man can how much sorer punishment, suppose say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the ye, shall he be thought worthy, who Holy Ghost. Now there are diversihath trodden under foot the Son of ties of gifts, but the same Spirit. And God, and hath counted the blood of there are differences of administrathe covenant, wherewith he was sanc

tions, but the same Lord. And there tified, an unholy thing, and hath done are diversities of operations, but it is despite unto the Spirit of grace? x.

the same God which worketh all in all. 29." See that ye refuse not him that But the manifestation of the Spirit is speaketh. For if they escaped not given to every man to profit withal

. who

refused him that spake on earth, For to one is given by the Spirit the much more shall not we escape, if we

word of wisdom; to another the word away from him that speaketh from of knowledge by the same Spirit; To heaven, xii. 25.

another faith by the same Spirit; to

another the gifts of healing by the VER. 34.

same Spirit; to another the working Alà TOūTO, idoù, éyòs & worténiw ogórs of miracles; to another prophecy; υμάς προφήτας, και σοφούς, και

to another discerning of spirits; to

eparereaτείς και εξ αυτών αποκτενείτε και σταυ

another divers kinds of tongues ; ρώσετε, και εξ αυτών μαστιγώσετε εν ταϊς another the interpretation of tongues : συναγωγαίς υμών, και διώξετε από πόλεως | But all these worketh that one and εις πόλιν:

the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every Wherefore, behold, a I send unto you 3–11. Wherefore, he saith, When

man severally as he will, 1 Cor. xii. b prophets, c and wise men, and d scribes : he ascended up on high, he led cape and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in (Now that he ascended, what is it

tivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. your synagogues, and persecute them but that he also descended first into from city to city :

the lower parts of the earth? He that a Behold, I send you forth as sheep descended is the same also · that in the midst of wolves: be ye there ascended up far above all heavens, fore wise as serpents, and harmless that he might fill all things.) And he as doves, Matt. x. 16. Go 'ye there- gave some, apostles; and some, pro, fore, and teach all nations, baptizing phets ; and some, evangelists; and them in the name of the Father, and

some, pastors and teachers; For the of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost : perfecting of the saints, for the work Teaching them to observe all things of the ministry, for the edifying of the whatsoever I have commanded you : body of Christ, Eph. iv. 8—-12. and, lo, I am with you alway, even un- b°And in these days came prophets to the end of the world. Amen, xxviii. from Jerusalem unto Antioch, Acts xi

. 19, 20. Therefore also said the wis- 27. Now there were in the church. dom of God, I will send them pro- that was at Antioch certain prophets phets and apostles, and some of them and teachers; as Barnabas, and Sithey shall slay and persecute, Luke meon that was called Niger, and Luxi. 49. 'And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in had been brought

up with Herod the cius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which


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