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The copy of the Constitution of the United States is believed to be strictly accurate in text and punctuation, which, it is understood, can be said of only one other copy in print—that in the work known as Hickey's Constitution. The statement of the differences between it and the Rebel Constitution has been made with extreme care. The common index to the two instruments shows, at a glance, wherein they differ, and will be found both interesting and convenient-the whole chapter possessing special value to large classes of persons.

In presenting the facts upon each subject of legislation, the general plan has been: first, to state the result reached, with the final votes; and, then, such proceedings, in the intermediate stages, as are of adequate importance, or necessary to explain the position of Members. This preparation involved constant selection, concerning whích there may be differences of opinion—some thinking that too much detail on one subject is given; others, too little of another. In all cases the rule stated, governed. As far as it has been possible to obtain the Rebel legislation on the same or corresponding subjects, it has been added, with such of their orders and proclamations as were connected with them. A comparison of the two, and the dates of enactment or issue, will prove of service in dispelling delusions and correcting general misconceptions.

Besides the legislation proper, the volame contains, in a classified form, all the Messages, Proclamations, Orders, Correspondence, and Addresses of the President; the Diplomacy of the Secretary of State; valuable letters and papers from the Secretaries of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and from the Postmaster General; Opinions of the Attorney General upon commanding public questions; those of the Orders of Commanding Officers which are within the scope of the work; the Decisions of the Courts; and such other data as properly belong therein—the whole forming a multitudinous mass of facts, to any one of which the classification adopted, and the copious index appended, will, it is hoped, make it easy to refer.

The votes by Yeas and Nays have been carefully compared with the Official Journals of Congress. In preparing these lists, the names of those persons have, for comparison's sake, been italicised, who were elected by, or were at the time generally co-operating with, the Democratic party. All others are in roman.

Under “Our Foreign Relations” will be found much of permanent value, as well as of current interest and dispute.

The chapter on the “Conspiracy of Disunion" contains several very interesting documents, chief of which are the extract from U. S. Senator Maclay's journal of 1789, recording, probably, the first threat of disunion uttered in Congress, and upon a subject which remained a matter of complaint in some quarters down to the period of Secession; and the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Police Commissioners of Baltimore in 1861, one of the most flagrant as well as one of the latest outbursts of treason. Other portions of this chapter will richly bear examination. regret that want of space has required the omission of many other facts, gathered from our political history, tending to reveal the true character of this foul conspiracy against Liberty, this crime against humanity.

I greatly

The lists of the organization of the Rebel “ Provisional ” and “Permanent” Gorernment have been made up from every accessible source, and, though not complete, are more nearly so than any other yet published north of the Potomac, and as Dearly so as present facilities afford. They are the result of careful and extensive examination. As a matter of interest, the names of those of the conspirators who were once members of the Congress of the Union have been put in italic.

This work was undertaken a few months ago without a realizing sense of the labor it involved. I can scarcely hope to have escaped crrors, both of omission and commission, but have striven to make it fair, impartial, and truthful. It deals with the most momentous events of this Century, which will be studied while civil Government exists. I trust that the volume will be of service to those consulting it, and that its general effect will be to help strengthen the purpose of the American people to maintain their Unity, their Freedom, and their Power.

EDWARD MCPHERSON. August 11, 1864.

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.

I have revised the entire work, and corrected every error ascertained. The Appendix has expanded greatly beyond the original design. Much of the matter in it is quite inaccessible, and the delays and uncertainties of procuring it led almost insensibly to an enlargement, and also somewhat disturbed the methodical arrangeinent elsewhere preserved. The historic papers of the South Carolina Convention, as now printed, are from official copies, and differ very suggestively from current versions, in numerous material points. The votes on Secession Ordinances, and subsequently on the Extinction of Slavery, in several of the rebellious States, form a pleasing contrast.

The copious chapter on “ The Church and the Rebellion " has been gathered with great care, and will serve to show their mutual relations and influence, as well as the singularly diverse views which have prevailed in Church courts. The contributions from the Bureau of Military Justice illustrate the practical working of the Emancipation policy, and will amply justify attention. To the action of the last session of Congress, and the record of the Presidential canvass which preceded it-of the result of which an official tabular statement is furnished-every student of American politics will have constant occasion to refer. On the great unsettled question of Reconstruction, the full record is presented.

It would be improper, in issuing this enlarged, and it is hoped improved edition, not to express my thanks for the kind reception given the first by the Press and the Public. Varch 24, 1865.

EDWARD MCPHERSON

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Pago.

TRE ELECTORAL AND POPULAR VOTE FOR

PRESIDENT, IN 1860...............

1

DEVELOPMENT OF THE SECESSION MOVEMENT 2

Action of Conventions in South Carolina, Geor.

gia, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, Alabama,

Arkansas, Texas, North Carolina, Tennesece,

Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri-Insurrec-

tiovary Proceedings in the State of Maryland

-Inter-State Commissioners-Organization of

& " Southern Congress," and Provisional Gov.

ernment-Address of South Carolina to the

Slavebolding States, her Declaration of Inde

pendence, and Debates on them--Speech of

Alexander H. Stephens before the Georgia Legis.

lature, Nov. 14, 1800—Extracts from Addresses

by A. H. Stephens, July, 1859, and Jan., 1861;

James H. Hammond, October, 1858; aad R. M.

T. Hunter, 1860—Extract from the Appeal for

Recoguition, by Yancey, Rost, and Mann, and

Earl Russell's Reply-Seizure and Surrender of

Pullic Property, from November 4, 1860,to March

4, 1801-Changes in President Buchanan's Cab-

inet-Correspondence between President Buch-
apan and the South Carolina “Commission-
ers"-Demand for Surrender of Fort Sumter-
B-port on the Transfer of Arms to the South

in 1859 and 1800—Davis's Bill for the Salo of

Government Arms to the States-How tho Tel-

eataplı aided Secession-Intrigues for a Pacific

Bapublic-Mayor Wood's Message Recommend-

ing that New York be made a Free City—“Per.

sonal Liberty” Laws.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE GOVERNMENT IN RE-

LATION TO THE ACTION OF THE INSUR-

BECTIONARY States...........................

48

Names of the Senators and Representatives of

the Thirty-Sixth Congress, Second Session-

President Buchanan's Last' Annual Message-

Attorney General Black's Opinion on the Powers
of the President- The House Committee of
Thirty-Three and their Proposition for Adjust-
Dent, together with abstracts of all other propo-
sitions, and votes thereon-Votes on Resolutions
respecting the “Personal Liberty” Laws, the
Union, Major Anderson's Course, Coercion, Non-
Interference with Slavery, and on the Bill to
Suppress Insurrection, and to provide for the
Collection of Customs-Report of Committee
upon the Danger of the Capital, and Vote upon
Brunch's Resolution withdraw Troops from
the District of Columbia, with Secretary Holt's
Report-Disposition of the Navy, and vote of
Censure upon Secretary Toucey-Propositions
in Congress by Mason, Hunter, Clingman, Craige,
and others-Settlement of the Question of Siar

Tery in the Teritories.

Ta CONSTITUTION ..................................

91

Constitution of the United States-Points of
Diflt rence between It and the “Confederate"
Constitution, with an Index to both-Speech of
Alexander H. Stephens, expounding the “Con-

foderste” Constitution.

ADMINISTRATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN.... 105

President Lincoln's Inaugural Address-Secre-

tary Seward and the “Confederate Commis-

poders," with Statements

of Judge Campbell

and Thurlow Weed–The President's Reply to

the Virginia Delegation

Commencement of

hos-

Page.

ADMINISTRATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Continued.

tilities against the United States, and Why-

The "War Power” called out-Call for 75,000

Men, and all subsequent Calls arranged in

Chronological Order-National Legislation on

Military Affairs—"Confederate" Legislation

and Proclamations and Orders—The Thirty-

Seventh Congress-President's Message of July,

1861, December, 1861, and December, 1862–The

Thirty-Eighth Congress-Annual Message, 1863

-Amnesty Proclamation, and Circular of the

Attorney General--Proclamations concerning

the Blockade, Non-Intercourse with States in Re

bellion, and declaring Boundaries of the Re-

bellion.

THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE ................... 150

The Seward-Lyong Treaty-Vote in the Senate

upon bill to give it effect--Action of the “Con-

federate" Congress on Slave Trade-Jefferson

Davis's Veto thereof-Intercepted Despatch

from Judah P. Benjamin .Q. Lamar.

ARREST OF CITIZENS, THE WRIT OF HABEAS

CORPUS, AND SUPPRESSION OF News-

PAPERS.............................................

153

Arrest of Members of the Maryland Legislature

and of the Baltiinore Police Commissioners-

Orders of Gen. McClellan and Secretary Came-

ron-John Merryrhan's Case and Chief Justice

Taney's Opinion- Attorney General Bates's

Opinion on the President's Power to Arrest and

to Suspend the Privilege of the Writ of Habcas

Corpus-Views of Horace Binney and Theophilus

Parsons-Case of C. L. Vallandigham; Decision

of the Supreme Court therein; his Letter on

Retalltion; his return to Ohio, and Speech at

Hamilton-Proclamation of the President Sus-

pending the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas

Corpus-Indemnification of the President-De-
cision of the New York Supreme Court in the
Case of George W. Jones vs. W. H. Seward-
“ Confederate” Legislation upon the suspension
of the Writ-Suppressions and Seizures of News
papers, with the Proceedings of the Courts,

Congress, and the Post Office Department.

CONFISCATION AND EMANCIPATION....... 195

The Confiscation Bills, and Amendatory Joint

Resolution, and Special Message thereon-

Emancipation in the Thirty-Seventh Congress-

Proposed Repeal of the Joint Resolution afore-

said-Sequestration in the Rebel States-Judi-

cial and Military Proceedings unde: the Coufis-

cation Law-Proclamation thereon-President's

Message, March, 1862, recommending Compen-

sated Emancipation-Congressional Proceedings

thereon--Interview of Border State Congress-

men with the President-Emancipation in

the District of Columbia-The President's App

peal to the Border State Congressmen, and their

Reply-Extract from the President's Annual

Message, December, 1862-Emancipation in

Maryland and Proceedings of the Constitutional

Convention thereof-Emancipation Proclama-

tions-Votes thereon and Resolutions con-

cerning them-Interview between the Chicago

Deputation and the President-Address of the

Loyal Governors-Mr. Boutwell's Statement

concerning the Issue of the Proclamation-Lot-

ters of Charles Sumner and Owen Lovejoy.

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REPEAL OF THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAWS,“Con. MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS AND SPEECHES OF
TRABANDS, AND KINDRED SUBJECTS ....... 234 THE PRESIDENT-(Continued.)
Votes on the Passage of the Acts of 1793 and

Response to a Serenade, July, 1863–Speech at
1850-- Repealing Moveinents in the Thirty,

the Philadelphia Fair, June 10, 1861-Letters to
Second, Thirty-Third, Thirty-Seventh, and

Horace Greeley, to the Springfield Mass Conven-
Thirty-Eighth Congresses-Census Report rela-

tion, to Col. A. G. Hodges, of Kentucky, and
ting to the Escape of Fugitive Slaves from 1850

to the Grant Meeting in New York, June, 1864.
to 1860-_The New Article of War-Employment QUR FOREIGN RELATIONS.........

338
of Slaveg in Government Dock-Yards, &c.-Re-
cognition of Hayti and Liberia-Robert Small-

The Trent Affair—Monarchical Intrigues in Cen-
Proposed Removal of the Disqualification of

tral and South America, Alleged Foreign En-
Color in Carrying the Mails--Negro Suffrage in

listments-Foreign Mediation, being Letters
the District of Columbia and Montana Territory

from Secretary Seward to Governor Hicks and
- Exclusion of Colored Persons from Rail-cars-

M. Drouyn de l’Huys, and from Lord Lyons to
Colored Persons as Witnesses-Repeal of laws

Earl Russell, with his views on those of Now
regulating the Coastwise Slave Trade-Orders

York Deniocrats respecting Foreign Mediation-
and Letters concerning “Contrabands," by

The French in Mexico--Congressional Action
Gens. McClellan and Butler, and Secretary

thereon-The Arguelles Case.
Cameron-Fremont's Proclamation of Eman THE FINANCES.........
cipation, and Correspondence with the President

................ 356
thereupon-“Contrabands” in the District of

Summary of Financial Legislation from Decem-
Columbia-Gon. Burnside's Proclamation in

ber, 1800, to June 30, 1864-Special War Income
North Carolina-Orders and Proclamations by

Tax, and Votes thereon-The "Legal Tender"
Gens. Halleck, Buell, Ilooker, McDowell, Double-

Question-Loan Bill of 186+-National Currency
day and others--General Instructions by the

Acts-Internal Revenue Acts-Proposed Tax
President concerning “Contrabands" -Gens.

on Slaves-Tariff Acts of 1862 and 1864-Taxes
Phelps and Butler on Arming Negroes-Pro-

in Insurrectionary Districts—The Public Credit
posed Congressional Censure of Gen. Halleck's

in 1860 and 1861--Statements of Public Debt
Order No. 3-Prohibition of Slavery in the Ter-

from June 30, 1860, to June 30, 1864—" Confed-
ritories- Amendments to the Constitution, pro-

erate” Finances, with their Tax, Funding, and
posed in the Thirty-Eighth Congress, First Ses-

Tithing Acts.
sion-Resolutions on Slavery in the States, in the

MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS..................... 374
same Congress—Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs.

The President's Views on Colonization-Incom-
LEGISLATION, ORDERS, PROCLAMATIONS AND

patibility of Civil and Military Ofice-Fishing
PROPOSITIONS, RELATIVE TO THE WAR,

Bounties-Acts to Prohibit Polygamy; declaring
AND TO " PEACE".

261 certain Persons Ineligible to Ofice; and to Pun-

ish Conspiracy-Letters of Marque-Enabling
The Enrollment Acts of 1863 and 1864, with the

Act for Nebraska-Admission of West Virginia
votes upon all their leading Features and Char-

-Opinions of Attorney General Bates on Citizen.
acteristics-Resolutions relative to the Enroll-

ship, and on the Pay of Colored Soldiers-Mc-
ment-Orders of the War Department enforcing

Clellan's Letters Recommending a Political
the Draft of 1862-Gen. McClellan's Recommen-

Policy in the Conduct of the War, and Fa-
dation of a Draft in 1861-Colored Soldiers and

voring Woodward's Election in Pennsylvania-
their Pay-Opinion of Attorney General Bates

Proposed Censure of President Lincoln and Ex.
respecting the pay of Rev. S. Ilarrison, colored

President Buchanan–Censure of Representa
Chaplain of the 54th Mass. Regiment-Rules

tives Long and Harris.
and Orders for the Protection of Colored Sol.
diers, and two Prusident's Speech thereon-Use

TAE CONSPIRACY OF DISUNION ................... 389
of Colored Men in the “Confederate" Military

Threats of Dissolution in the First Congress,
Service-Negro Enlistment Act of the Tennes-

1789—Prophetic Utterances of Jackson, Benton,
Bee Rebel Legislature-"Confederato” Legisla-

and Clay-Southern Disunion Congressionul
tion upon tho Treatment of captured Colored

Caucus in 1855-Early llopes of the Rebels-Ex-
Troops and their Oficers-Iloinesteads for Sol-

President Pierce's Letter to Jefferson Davis,
diers-Unemployed Generals-Resolutions upon

1800—The Disunion Programme--Letter of D.
the Oljects and Prosecution of the War, in the

L. Yuleo, January 7, 1861–Douglas's Last
Thirty-Seventh and Thirty-Eighth Congresses-

Words-Progress of the Conspiracy in Jaryland
“ Peace" Propositions in the same-Correspond-

Minutes of the Baltimore Police Commission-
ence between the President and Fernando Wood

ers during the Reign of Terror"-Report to
-Tho Niagara Falls Conference and Correspond-

the Baltimore Councils on Expenditure of the
ence-Peace Propositions in the Rebel Congress

$300,000 appropriated for Ordnance Purposch-
- Correspondence between Governor Vance and

Legislativo Action thereon, and other Proceed.
Jefferson Davis--Reported Statement of Davis

ings by the Maryland Legislature of 1801-Sun.
to Gilmore.

dry Rebel Items.
MILITARY ORDERS RESPECTING ELECTIONS... 308 THE REBEL ADMINISTRATION ......... ......... 400
Orders of Gens. McClellan, Dix, and Schenck-

The Provisional President, Cabinet, and Con.
Governor Bradford's Proclamation of 1863, and

gress, with Memorandum of Changes - The
the President's Letter to the Governor-Orders

* Permanent" Administration-Tho First Con-
in Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri-Orders

gress, and Changes therein—Tho Second Con-
concerning Impressment of Property-Proposod

gress.
Legislation upon Military Interferunce in Elec-

NATIONAL POLITICAL CONVENTIONS IN
tions.

403
RECONSTRUCTION OF STATES....

317

1864....

The National Union Convention and Letters of
The Reconstruction Bill, with the President's

Acceptance by President Lincoln and Andrew
Proclamation thereon, and Statement of Sena-

Johnson--The Cleveland Convention, and the
tor Wade and Representative Davis-Electoral

Letters of Acceptance of Fremont and Coch-
Vote of Rebel States-Proposed Commission of

rane-Col. Cochrane's Address to his Regiment,
Inquiry-Senators from Arkansas—Process of

November 13, 1861.
Reconstruction in Arkansas, Louisima, and Vir-
ginia-Resolutions by sundry Senators and Repo
APPENDIX ......... .

417
resentatives concerning the Relations of Rebel

Democratic National Convention-Numerous
States to the Government-Rebel Views of Recon-

Letters, Orders, and Documents on Politics,
struction, being Resolutions by the First “ Con-

Peace, Slavery, the Draft, Negro Soldiers, Elec
federate" Congress, and Legislatures of Rebel

tions. &c.-llolt's Report ou Secret Orders- The
States, with Statements of prominent Rebels.

Church and the Rebelliou- Second Sersion
MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS AND SPEECHES OF

Thirty-Eighth Congress, and of Second Rebel
THE PRESIDENT......... ..............

333

Congress-- President Linculu's Last Papersilt.d

Death-Presidential Tote of 1864.
Message of May 29, 1862-Remarks at Union

INDEX
Meeting in Washington City, August 6, 1862–

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