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Also along Fourth avenue from the boundary line between the city of Brooklyn and the town of New Utrecht to Fifth or Stewart avenue; along Fifth or Stewart avenue to the water front.

Construction. No record of any construction. The Company has probably forfeited its corporate existence.

549 Peoples Surface Railway Company

(Manhattan) Incorporation. November 17, 1885; General Street Railroad Law of 1884; for purpose of constructing a street surface railroad; corporate life, 99 years; capital stock, $50,000; route (about four miles) as follows:

Beginning at Front and Moore streets, along Front to Whitehall, along Whitehall to South, along South to Moore, along Moore to Pearl, along Pearl to Old slip, along Old slip to Water, along Water to John, along Jolin to Cliff, along Cliff to Frankfort, along Frankfort to Cherry, along Cherry to East, along East to Broome, along Broome to Tompkins, along Tompkins to Rivington, along Rivington to Eldridge, along Eldridge to Division, along Division to Market, along Market to Madison, along Madison to Catharine, along Catharine to Cherry with switches and connections.

Special franchises. November 17, 1885, the Company petitioned the common council for a franchise to construct and operate a double track street surface railroad over the streets as set forth in this charter. This petition was referred to the committee on railroads, but no action seems to have been taken on the application.

In a report made to the Railroad Commission for 1887, it stated that the amount of capital stock paid in was $2,500.

Construction. No record of any construction. The Company has probably forfeited its corporate existence.

550 The People's Traction Company of the City of New York

(The Bronx) Incorporation. January 30, 1895; The Railroad Law of 1890; for purpose of constructing a street surface railroad; corporate life, 99 years; capital stock, $1,500,000; route (about 2012 miles) as follows:

Beginning at the intersection of Willis avenue and East 134th street and running thence easterly through and along said East 134th street to its intersection with Brook avenue; thence running northerly through and along said Brook avenue to its intersection with Washington avenue; thence running northerly through and along said Washington avenue to its intersection with East 187th street; thence running easterly through and along East 187th street to its intersection with Franklin avenue or Broadway; thence running southerly through and along said Franklin avenue or Broadway to its intersection with Crotona Park south; thence running southeasterly through and along said Crotona Park south to its intersection with Prospect avenue; thence running southerly through and along said Prospect avenue to its intersection with East 149th Street, and thence running westerly through and along East 149th street to its intersection with Brook avenue; and also beginning at the Harlem river on East 149th street and running thence easterly through and along said East 149th street to its intersection with Bungay street; thence running southeasterly through and along said Bungay street to the East river or Long Island Sound; and also beginning at the intersection of Willis avenue and East 134th street and running thence northerly through and along said Willis avenue to its intersection with East 135th street and running thence westerly through and along said East 135th street to its intersection with Exterior street; and running thence northwesterly through and along said Exterior street to its intersection with Jerome and Ogden avenues, and running thence northerly through and along said Ogden avenue to its intersection with Aqueduct avenue; thence running northeasterly through and along said Aqueduct avenue to its intersection with East 174th street or Featherbed lane; thence running easterly through and along said East 174th street or Featherbed lane to its intersection with Anthony avenue to its intersection with Webster avenue and Wendover avenue and thence running easterly through and along said Wendover avenue to its intersection with Washington avenue; and also beginning at the intersection of Prospect avenue and East 169th street and running thence westerly through and along said East 169th street to its intersection with Franklin avenue; thence running southerly through and along said Franklin avenue to its intersection with East 168th street; thence running westerly through and along said 168th street to its intersection with Crestline avenue; thence running southwesterly through and along said Crestline avenue to its intersection with East 167th street; thence running westerly through and along said East 167th street to its intersection with Gerard avenue; thence running southerly through and along said Gerard avenue to its intersection with McClelland street; thence running westerly through and along said McClelland street to its intersection with Jerome avenue and Marcher avenue; thence running northwesterly through and along said Marcher avenue to its intersection with Birch street; thence running westerly through and along said Birch street to its intersection with Wolf street; thence running northwesterly through and along said Wolf street to its intersection with Sedgwick avenue and thence running northerly to Depot place, Highbridge, to the tracks of The New York Central and Hudson River Rail Road; and also beginning at the intersection of Brook avenue and Clifton or East 161st street, and running thence easterly through and along said Clifton or East 161st street to its intersection with Prospect avenue; thence running northerly through and along said Prospect avenue to its intersection with East 169th street, and thence running southeasterly through and along said East 169th street to its intersection with Home street; thence running northeasterly through and along said Home street to its intersection with West Farms road; thence running northeasterly through and along said West Farms road to its intersection with Boston Post road, and thence running northeasterly through and along said Boston Post road to the centre of the bridge over the Bronx river, at Bronxdale; and also beginning at the intersection of East 149th street and Austin place, and running thence northeasterly through and along said Austin place to its intersection with Whitlock avenue; thence running easterly through and along said Whitlock avenue to its intersection with Leggett avenue; thence running northeasterly through and along said Leggett avenue to its intersection with Mohawk or Wetmore avenue; thence running northeasterly through and along said Mohawk or Wetmore avenue to its intersection with Lafayette avenue and thence running northeasterly through and along said Lafayette avenue to the Bronx river.

Extension of route. By certificate filed in the office of the secretary of state, October 31, 1895, the Company extended its route as follows:

avenue

Beginning at the McComb's dam bridge on Jerome avenue, and extending thence through and along said avenue to the city line; beginning on Morris avenue, at its intersection with Third avenue, and extending north, through and along said Morris avenue to Fordham landing (or High Bridge) road; beginning at the Harlem river, on Willis avenue, and extending north through and along said Willis avenue to its intersection with Melrose avenue; thence through and along said Melrose avenue to its intersection with Webster avenue; thence through and along said Webster avenue to its intersection with Bronx River road; thence through and along said road to the city line; beginning at the city line, at the Bronx river on Tremont avenue, and extending west through and along said Tremont avenue to its intersection with Webster

and Burnside avenue;

thence through and along said Burnside avenue to its intersection with Sedgwick avenue and Cedar avenue; thence through and along Cedar avenue to its intersection with Riverview terrace; thence through and along said Riverview terrace to its intersection with Sedgwick avenue; also west through and along Dock street from its intersection with Riverview terrace to the tracks of the New York and Northern Railroad Company; beginning at the intersection of Olin avenue with Webster avenue and extending east through and along said Olin avenue to the Bronx river; beginning at Washington bridge, on Boscobel avenue, and extending east through and along said avenue to its intersection with Jerome avenue; beginning at the terminus of the tracks of the Union Railway Company of New York City, at Fordham, extending west over and across the bridge of the New York and Harlem Railroad to Kingsbridge road; thence through and along said road to its intersection with High Bridge road; thence through and along said High Bridge road to its intersection with Sedgwick avenue; thence northerly along said avenue to its intersection with Bailey avenue; thence along Bailey avenue to its intersection with Broadway at Kingsbridge; beginning on Sedgwick avenue at its intersection with Jerome avenue, and extending in a northerly direction through and along said avenue to the city line; beginning on Gerard avenue, at its most southerly point and running thence northerly through and along said Gerard avenue to its intersection with Jerome avenue; beginning at the intersection of the Southern boulevard and Boston avenue, formerly known

as Boston Post road, and running thence through and along said Southern boulevard as it winds and turns, to the point where it intersects or joins with Jerome avenue; together with suitable curves, switches and appliances for connection with the main lines of said The People's Traction Company of the city of New York; to be of single or double tracks.

Special franchises. November 27, 1896, this Company bought at comptroller's sale a franchise authorized by resolution of the Board of Aldermen, approved August 8, 1895, for the following streets:

On 134th street from Willis avenue to Brook avenue; Brook avenue from East 134th street to Washington avenue; Washington avenue from Brook avenue to East 187th street; East 187th street from Washington avenue to Franklin avenue or Broadway; Franklin avenue from East 187th street to Crotona park south; Crotona park south from Franklin avenue to Prospect avenue; Prospect avenue from Crotona park south to East 149th street; East 149th street from Prospect avenue to Brook avenue; East 149th street from Harlem river to Bungay street; Bungay street from East 149th street to East river or Long Island Sound; Willis avenue from East 134th street to East 135th street; Fast 135th street from Willis avenue to Exterior street; Exterior street from West 135th street to Ogden avenue; Ogden avenue from Exterior street to Aqueduct avenue; Aqueduct avenue from Ogden avenue to East 174th street or Featherbed lane; East 174th street from Aqueduct avenue to Anthony avenue; Anthony avenue from East 174th street to Wendover avenue; Wendover avenue from Anthony avenue to Webster avenue; East 169th street from Prospect avenue to Franklin avenue; Franklin avenue from East 169th street to East 168th street; East 168th street from Franklin avenue to Crestline avenue; Crestline avenue from East 168th street to East 167th street; East 167th street from Crestline avenue to Gerard avenue; Gerard avenue from East 167th street to McClelland street; McClelland street from Gerard avenue to Jerome avenue or Marcher avenue; Marcher avenue from McClelland street to Birch street; Birch street from Marcher avenue to Wolfe street; Wolfe street from Birch street to Sedgwick avenue; Sedgwick avenue from Wolfe street to Depot place; Depot place from Sedgwick avenue to the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad tracks; East 161st street from Brook avenue to Prospect avenue; Prospect avenue from East 161st street to East 169th street; East 169th street from Prospect avenue to Home street; Home street from East 169th street to West Farms road; West Farms road from Home street to Boston Post road; Boston Post road from West Farms road to the center of the bridge over the Bronx river at Bronxdale; Austin place from East 149th street to Whitlock avenue; Whitlock avenue from Austin place to Leggett avenue; Leggett avenue from Whitlock avenue to Mohawk or Wetmore avenue; Mohawk or Wetmore avenue from Leggett avenue or Lafayette avenue; Lafayette avenue from Mohawk or Wetmore avenue to the Bronx river.

The sale of this franchise was originally advertised to take place on September 19, 1895, but was adjourned by the comptroller from time to time until November 27, 1896. There were three bidders: The People's Traction Company of the City of New York, North New York City Traction Company, and The Southern Boulevard Railroad Company. The bidding was so spirited that the percentages offered were run up to a ridiculous figure, and the franchise was finally struck down to this Company under a bid which added to the percentages required by the statute the payment to the City of 100 per cent of the Company's gross receipts. The franchise was granted on condition that the corporation operating the proposed road should exchange transfers and trackage rights with The New York, Westchester and Connecticut Traction Company without charge, in accordance with certain agreements between this Company and The New York, Westchester and Connecticut Traction Company, dated March 13, 1895, May 7, 1895, and June 8, 1895. Copies of these agreements were filed with the Board of Aldermen, and published in the proceedings of that body. In the first agreement of March 13, 1895, it was stated that the routes of the two companies "connect at the junction of the Boston Post road and the Bronx river at Bronxdale, and at the junction of Lafayette avenue in the city of New York and the proposed street or right of way in the town of Westchester at the Bronx river.” It was stipulated that any person boarding the cars of the People's Traction Company upon any of the Company's lines owned and operated within the city of New York (which at that time extended only to the Bronx river) upon payment of a fare of five cents, was to receive a transfer ticket which would enable him without extra charge to ride upon the cars of The New York, Westchester and Connecticut Traction Company to any point in the town of Westchester reached by the latter company's lines, during any portion of the same day on which the transfer ticket was given. Similarly, any person boarding the cars of the New York, Westchester and Connecticut Traction Company in the town of Westchester was to have transportation for a single fare of five cents to any point upon the lines of the People's Traction Company. By the terms of the agreement of May 7, 1895, the companies exchanged trackage rights for through car service. By the terms of the agreement of June 8, 1895, which recited the provisions of the two preceding agreements, it was stipulated that if any other company than the People's Traction Company should secure the franchise at the public sale by the city

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