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at Tyburn for murder in 1760. The baronetcy of Guise became extinct in the person of Sir William Guise who died in 1783. To the last they bore the arms of Hubert de Burgh, Gules, seven lozenges vair three; three and one. Foss's Judges.
PETER DE MAWLEY 1233. Of Upavon and Netheravon. Of this baron it is recorded that he was created lord of Devizes 18th Henry III. as a reward for his allegiance during a troublesome period. But as this was the time of Hubert de Burgh's imprisonment, when the Bishop of Winchester was seeking to place his own nephew Peter de Rival at Devizes, the coincidence of dates suggests that of the two persons De Mawley and De Rival, one could have been only the nominal lord. De Mawley married Joan daughter of Peter de Bruce of Skelton and died 1241. His son bearing the same name does not appear to have inherited Netheravon, the reason apparently being that it went back to its rightful owner Gilbert Bassett of Compton. The first Peter de Mawley (father of the Devizes governor) according to Dugdale, a Poictevin by birth, has been charged with the murder of Prince Arthur. It is certain that King John rewarded him with extensive lands, and gave him moreover the privilege of holding a market at Upavon by the annual tribute of a palfrey.
JOHN DE PLESSITIS EARL OF WARWICK 1235. This nobleman, a Norman by birth, is constantly mentioned in conjunction with Hugh de Plessitis, Nicholas de Boleville, and Drogo de Barentin as “the King's knights.” They were no doubt servants in the royal household. Plessitis advanced rapidly in Henry's good graces, and for his services in the Welsh wars was appointed Governor of Devizes Castle, warden of Chippenham forest and Sheriff of Oxford. In 1251 he also became a Justice Itinerary. To raise his fortunes to the highest point, the King had also contrived that Margery sister and heir of Thomas de Newburgh, Earl of Warwick, whose first husband John Mareschall had lately died, should accept Plessitis as her second husband and through that channel convey to bim the title of Earl of Warwick. In 28th Henry III. he was appointed constable of the Tower of London; and the remainder of his life is chiefly remarkable for the liberal proofs which he continued to receive of the King's confidence and regard. He died in 1263. After the first succeeding generation his descendants cannot be traced. Foss's Judges, ii. 443.
. ROBERT LORD NEVILLE OF Raby 1263 Appears to have come next in succession. He was one of the barons who pledged themselves to the King's observance of the Ordinances commonly known as the “Provisiones Oxonienses,” and during that turbulent crisis was made General of all the royal forces beyond the Trent: till Henry having reason to suspect that the intrigues of Simon Montford Earl of Leicester had sapped the General's allegiance, displaced him from all his posts whether of honour or emolument, transferring that of the lordship of Devizes to,
Philip Lord BASSETT OF WYCOMBE 1263. This nobleman, who combined in his one person the offices of Chief Justiciary of the courts and Commander-General of the King's armies, in short, the two principal posts in the kingdom, had greatly distinguished himself before the walls of Northampton, and eventually taken the place from the Earl of Leicester. But in 1264, the year following his appointment to Devizes, the battle of Lewes was fought which for a period cost the King his crown and liberty. Philip Bassett who fought near the person of Henry long maintained by his courage and example the combat with Leicester's forces, but sinking through loss of blood, his retainers fled; and the King whose horse had been killed under him
was compelled to surrender to the Earl. He was confined in the Priory of Lewes, and the royal castles fell into the hands of his enemies. Hugh le Despencer, who had married Aliva the daughter of Philip Bassett, obtained that of Devizes by the authority of Leicester and the twenty-four “Baronsregent,” as they were termed, of which conclave he was in fact a member. Lord Bassett meanwhile was imprisoned in Dover Castle, where he remained till the victory of Evesham in 1266 restored his royal master to the throne, and himself to his Wiltshire baronies. It is observable that from this period he was no longer Chief Justiciary, the union of so high an office with that of Commander of the forces being no doubt deemed too perilous a responsibility for one man; though he continued nevertheless to enjoy the royal favours and to be a member of the King's council. His death must have happened in the autumn of 1271, for in the Fine Roll under date 2nd November 56th Henry III. there is an entry of an order for the resident constable of Devizes Castle to give it up," because Phillip Bassett his lord had gone the road appointed for mortality.” The successor to whom the surrender is ordered to be made is,
ELYAS DE RABEYN 1271. Whether this baron occupied in his own name or merely acted as the locum tenens of Ralph de Sandwich who soon after appears, may admit of a doubt, seeing that on the Parliamentary Rolls he is conspicuous for little else than a marriage, out of which, contention grew. The King gave him the wardship of Matilda and Johanna, daughters and heirs of Stephen of Bayhus; whereupon Elyas married Matilda, and in order to monopolise the estate of Bayhus; affianced the other daughter to some person beyond the sea. But this expatriated daughter had a son (Peter Bandrat) who lived to come over and assert his rights against Peter Mallary, Matilda's second husband, and against Peter de Rabeyn the
son of Elyas aforesaid.
This was in the 18th of Edward I.
Rotuli HUNDREDORUM. During the close of Henry III.'s reign and the commencement of Edward I.'s were compiled the interesting documents entitled the Rotuli Hundredorum, or general returns touching the state of the royal demesnes and the execution of justice. A selection from those relating to Devizes furnish the following facts.
Concerning the garrison of the castle, the Jury declare, that it can be kept in a state of defence for 25 marks per annum and no less. Then follows a list of knights holding lands of the lord of the castle by military tenure; of whom, those who held at £20 (solidi] or a whole knight's fee were bound in time of war to do suit to the lord for forty days in the year, in their own persons and at their own charges; those holding half a knight's fee, to do service accordingly.
Walter de Dunstan ville, lands at Stert, by one entire knight's fee. John Fitz-Alan, houses at Keevil by one knight's fee. Robert de Maundeville, houses and lands at Bratton by one knight's fee. William Paynell, Richard Esturmy, and Humphrey de Schoverille, lands at Littleton by one knight's fee conjointly. Robert de la Mare, houses in Lavington by one knight's fee. Richard de Rockley, houses in Lavington by one knight's fee. Ralph de Wilton, lands at Calstone by half a knight's fee. Richard de Hetchilhampton, lands there, by half a knight's fee. Robert de Salceto,
"A memorial of Rabeyn's posses- for I hear that your brother Lawsions in this county possibly survives rence will go into Berry's house in the following passage occurring in within this se'nnight; or whether a letter written in 1607 from Lon- you may go unto his house called don, by John Noyes, M.P. for Calne, Rabbines, for you had better go any to his wife, when the plague was whither than tarry at Calne, if the raging both at Calne and Devizes. plague do encrease.” In another “If your hearts will not serve you letter he warns them not to venture till I come home, then see whether near Devizes. Noyes MSS. you may not go into Stockley house,
lands at Bishops Lavington by half a knight's fee. The Jury furthermore declare that the knights here following originally made ward to the castle, but have withdrawn their service for about thirty years. Robert de Horcheleya (Horseley lands there, by one knight's fee. The Earl Richard, lands at Mere, by one knight's fee. Roger de la Folye, lands at Bishops Lavington by one knight's fee. Peter de Hymmesburgh, lands at Lavington and at Hurst by two knight's fees. Roger Gernun, lands at Steeple Lavington by one knight's fee. James de Potterne, (the Justiciary?] lands at Potterne by one knight's fee. William de Cotes,' lands there, by two knights' fee. William Fitz-Luce and Roger de Horton, lands at Cannings and at Horton, by half a knight's fee respectively. Allan de St. George, William de Derham, and Owayn de Immere, lands at Horton, by the third of a fee each. William Quintino and William Bubbe, lands at Clyve by one knight's fee.
These lists we must conclude comprise all the feudal tenures of the castle at the close of Henry III.'s reign. There are nevertheless a variety of subsequent entries in other records, such as the Inquisitiones post mortem, which seem to point to additional holdings, as thus-1 Edward III. Henry Estmond and others, 120 acres in the New park at Devizes, for suit
Cotes probably means Coate near Knt. was Sheriff of Wilts 1228-9: Devizes. The name of this knight The crime for which he suffered was appears on a jury impanelled at De- killing Adam de Gilbert a chaplain vizes before Master Richard de Ab- at Wells. Monmouth's mother hayingdon and Master John Gilberd, ing been one of the coheiresses of touching the manors of Steeple Walrond of West Dean; his forLangford and East Grimstead late feited estates, thus derived, went to the possessions of John de Mon- St. Martyn and Ingham who repremouth, hung for felony. Placita in sented the two other heiresses of Parl. i. 186. John of Monmouth, Walrond. Jackson's Sheriff list.
2 William Quintin forester of goat, whereby he lost his bailiwick. Groveley in Clarendon petitions 8th Response. Let Hugh le Despencer Edward II. tbat Adam of the ford late custodian of the forest certify and John Bonham had maliciously as to the real cause. indicted him for taking a wild buck