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for the children are authorised, if they can .find that their parent has by his industry or otherwise acquired any property since their first bill, to bring others compelling a fresh account, and another distribution of the encreased substance proportioned to its value at the time that the new bill is preferred.—They may bring such bills toties quoties, upon every improvement of such property by the parent, without any sort of limitation of time, of the number of such bills, or the quantity of encrease in the estate which may justify the bringing them; in short, the law has provided, by a multiplicity of regulations, that the parent shall have no respite from the persecution of his children, but by totally abandoning not only all his present goods and personal chattels, but every hope of encrease and improvement of such property.—It is very well worth remarking, that the law has purposely avoided to determine any age for these emancipating conversions, so that the children at any age, however in all other respects inoapable of choice, however immature, or even infantine, are yet considered as sufficiently capable of disinheriting their parents, if we may be allowed the expression, and to subtract themselves from their direction and controul. By this part of the law, the value of Roman Catholics in their goods and personal chattels is rendered extremely limited and altogether precarious, the paternal authority in such families undermined, and love and gratitude, dependence and protection, almost extinguished.


"There only remains upon our plan, to say something concerning franchises.

*' No person shall hold any ecclesiastical office or employment without waking a declaration against transubstantiaiion at the times and places, and in the manner prescribed by "the law.


"No person, without making a declaration against transubttantiation and receiving the sacrament according to the Church of Ireland at the times and places and in the manner prescribed by the law, shall hold any office or employment, civil or military, except the office of high constable, overseer of the poor, churchwarden, surveyor of the highways, or any like inferior civil office, or the office of forester or keeper of a park, chase, warren, game, or bailiff of a manor or lands, or any like private office.—The office or employment is void, and the penalty for executiug it a disability to sue in law or equity, to be guardian, executor or administrator, to take a legacy or deed of gift, or to bear any office, and a forfeiture of £500,

"Papists are not entitled to vole at vestries, (held for other purposes than paving and lighting J unless they happen to be the church-wardens, in which case they vote, except for the repairing and rebuilding of churches.

"Papists are not to be parochial watchmen in times of tumuh and danger—the lord lieutenant, the judge of such times, may, when he shall judge necessary, issue proclamations for the finding of protestants, and none other, to be parochial watch.

"Though papists may, by taking and subscribing the oath of allegiance prescribed by the 13th and 14th Geo. 3. ch. 35. qualify to be called to the bar, yet they are expressly excluded from being ling's council.

"And though papists may in like manner qualify to be attorney, solicitor, or notary, yet to be an advocate, proctor, or six cierl, the necessity of a declaration against transubstantiatioh still remains.

"No person shall be capable of acting as a sub-sheriff'or sher!J''s clerk, who has not been a protestant for five years immediately diately before such acting, under penalty of being subject to such disabilities as papists are.

"No peer, or member of the house of peeri, shall vote or make his proxy in such house, or sit there during any debate, nor shall any member of the house of commons vote or sit in the house of commons during any debate after the speaker is chosen, until such peer or member shall take and subscribe the declaration against transubstantiation. The penalty is a disability to hold or execute any office ecclesiastical, civil or military, to sit or vote in either house of parliament, or make a proxy in the house of lords, to sue in law or equity, to be guardian, executor, or administator, or to take any legacy or deed of gift, and a forfeiture of i£500.

"No papist is intitled to vote at the election of any member to serve in parliament,' or at the election of any magistrate for any city or other town corporate.

. "No papist shall serve on, or be returned to serve on, any grand jury, unless it shall appear to the court, that a sufficient number of protestants cannot be had for that service.

"In all trials of issues on any of the popery laws, the prosecutor or plaintiff may challenge any papist returned as juror to try the same.

"And in actions between protestants and papists, challenge of a papist returned as a juror, shall be allowed.

"No papist shall Serve as a juror upon trials for enlisting persons in foreign service.

"Papists to serve on juries must have £10 per annum, clear freehold, except in counties of cities and towns.


"Kings and university professorships of physic are not open to papists.

"Persons apprenticed, under the direction of authorized "tstallishmehts for education, are invariably to be apprenticed t« protestants.

"No six cleri, officer or deputy officer of any of the four courts, or of any court of record, ecclesiastical or admiralty, ihall take any papist to be apprentice or cleri.

tt The reader has now before him such a view of the popery laws of Ireland as may enable him to form some sort of judgment upon the spirit of the whole system."

ISth and 14th Geo. 3. ch. 35, see. I.

"I, J. B. do take Almighty God and his only son Jesus Christ my redemer, to witness, that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to our most gracious sovereign lord King George the Third, and him will defend, to the utmost of my power, against all conspiracies and attempts whatsoever that shall be made against his person, crown and dignity; and I will do my utmost endeavour to disclose and make known to his majesty, and his heirs, all treasons and traitorous conspiracies which may

be be formed against him or them; and I do faithfully promise to maintain, snpport and defend, to the utmost of my power, the succession of the crown in his majesty's family against any person or persons whatsoever, hereby utterly renouncing and abjuring any obedience or allegiance unto the person taking upon himself the stile and title of Prince of Wales in' the lifetime of his father, and who since his death is said to have assumed the stile and title of King of Great Britain and Ireland, by the name of Charles the Third, and to any other person claiming or pretending a right to the crown of these realms ; and I do swear, that I do reject and detest, as unchristian and unpious to believe, that it is lawful to murder or destroy any person or persons whatsoever for or under pretence of their being heretics, and also that unchristian and impious principle, that no faith is to be kept with hereticks; I further declare,, that it is no article of my faith, and that I do renounce, reject and abjure the opinion, that princes excommunicated by the pope and councilor by any authority of the see of Rome, or by any authority whatsoever, may be deposed and murdered by their subjects, or by any person whatsoever; and I do promise, that I will not hold, maintain or abet any such opinion, or any other opinion contrary to what is expressed in this declaration; and I do declare, that I do not believe that the pope of Rome, or any other foreign prince, prelate, state or potentate, hath, or ought to have any temporal or civil jurisdiction, power, superiority or pre-eminence, directly or indirectly, within this realm; and I do solemnly, in the presence of God, and of his only son Jesus Christ my Redeemer, profess, testify and declare, that I do make this declaration, and every part thereof, in the plain and ordinary sense of the word of this oath, without any evasion whatsoever, and without any dispensation already granted by the pope.or any au.hority of the see of Rome, or any person whatever, and without thinking that I am or can be acquitted before God or man, or absolved of this declaration, or airy part thereof, although the pope or any other person or persons or authority whatsoever shall

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