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benefit of the troops serving in the present war, and bounded by the Green river and a south east course from the head thereof to the Cumberland mountains, with the said mountains to the Carolina line, with the

Carolina line to the Cherokee or Tenesee river, with "the said river to the Ohio river, and with the Ohio to

the said Green river, until the farthier order of the geHow a chief neral assembly. Any chief surveyor having warrant surveyor for lands, and desirous to locate the same.on lands pray locate within his own county, shall enter such location belais own wars fore the clerk of the county, who shall return the same 12:1ts.

to his next court, there to be recorded, and the said surveyor shall proceed to have the survey made as soon as may be, and within six months at farthest, by some one of his deputies, or if he hath no deputy, then by any surveyor or deputy surveyor of an adjacent county, or his entry shall be void, and the land liable

to the entry of any other person. Every chief surveysurvey, how or shall proceed with all practicable despatch, to surgiven.

vey all lands entered for in his office, and shall, if the party live within his county, either give him personal notice of the time at which he will attend to make such survey, or shall publish such notice by fixing an advertisement thereof on the door of the courthouse of the county, on two several court days, which time so appointed shall be at least one month aster personal

notice given, or after the second advertisement so pubEffect of party's fail-" lished; and if the surveyor shall accordingly attend, ing to at.

and the party, or some one for him, shall fail to aptend, with pear at the time with


chain carriers, and a perchain-car. riers and

son to mark the lines, if necessary, his entry shall bemarker.

come void, the land thereafter subject to the entry of

person, and the surveyor shall return him

A Message from the Senate by Mr. Ellzey.
Mr. Speaker,

The senate have agreed to the resolution of this house for reserving certain lands on the waters of the Ohio and Green rivers for the use of the officers and soldiers, with an amend: ment to which they desire the concurrence of this house; and then he withdrew.

The house proceeded to consider the amendments proposed by the senate, to the resolution for reserving certain lands on the waters of the Ohio and Green rivers for the use of the offi. cers and soldiers, and the said amendment was read and agreed to by the house.

[.VS Journal of House of Delegates of October 1778, 3rd and 176 pages from the end.j

any other


the warrant, which may, notwithstanding, be located anew upon any other waste or unappropriated lands, or again upon the same lands where it hath not, in the mean time, been entered for by another person. Where

When printhe chief surveyor doth not mean to survey himself, cipal to dihe shall immediately after the entry made, direct a de- rect deputy puty surveyor to perform the duty, who shall proceed to survey. as is before directed in the case of the chief surveyor. The persons employed to carry the chain on any sur- Chain-carvey, shall be sworn by the surveyor, whether principal riers to be or deputy, to measure justly and exactly to the best of sworn. their abilities, and to deliver a true account thereof to such surveyor, and shall be paid for their trouble by the party for whom the survey is made. The surveyor at the time of making the survey, shall see the same how made

Surveys, bounded plainly by marked trees, except where a wa- and boundter course or ancient marked line shall be the bounda- ed. ry, and shall make the breadth of each survey at least one third of its length in every part, unless where such breadth shall be restrained on both sides by mountains unfit for cultivation, by water courses, or bounds of lands before appropriated. He shall as soon as it can Plat and cerconveniently be done, and within three months at far- tificate,

when and thest after making the survey, deliver to his employer, how made, or his order, a fair and true plat and certificate of such and disposed survey, the quantity contained, the hundred (where of. hundreds are established in the county wherein it lies) the courses and discriptions of the several boundaries, natural and artificial, ancient and new, expressing the proper names of such natural boundaries, where they have any, and the name of every person whose former line is made a boundary; and also the nature of the warrant and rights on which such survey was made, and shall at the same time redeliver the said warrant

the party. The said surveyor may, nevertheless, detain the said certificates and warrants until the payment of his fees. The said plats and certificates shall be examined and tried by the said principal surveyor, whether truly made and legally proportioned as to length and breadth, and shall be entered within three months at farthest after the survey is made, in a book well bound, to be provided by the court of his county, at the county charge. And he shall in the month of Returns to July every year, return to the president and professors William and of William and Mary college, and also to the clerk's Mary college, VOL. X.

office of his county court, a true list of all surveys made by him, or his deputies, in the preceding twelve months,

with the names of the persons for whom they were reClerk of spectively made, and the quantities contained in each, countycourt,

there to be recorded by such clerk; and no person afand survey. ter the first day of May next, shall hold the offices of or, not to be clerk of a county court and surveyor of a county, nor united.

shall a deputy in either office act as deputy or chief in Penalty on the other. Any surveyor, whether principal or depusurveyors, ty, failing in any of the duties aforesaid, shall be liafor neglect. ble to be indicted in the general court, and punished

by amercement or deprivation of his office and incapacity to take it again, at the discretion of a jury, and

shall moreover be liable to any party injured, for all Surveyor's damages he may sustain by such failure. Every counoffice, how ty.court shall once in every year, and oftener if they examined.

see cause, appoint two or more capable persons to examine the books of entries and surveys in possession of their chief surveyor, and to report in what condition and order the same are kept; and on his death or removal, shall have power to take the same into their

possession, and deliver them to the succeeding chief Plat and cer- surveyor. Every person for whom any waste or untificates,

appropriated lands shall be so located and laid off,

shall within twelve months at farthest after the survey land office. made, return the plat and certificate of the said sur

vey into the land office, together with the warrant on which the lands were surveyed, and may demand of the register a receipt for the same, and on failing to make such return within, twelve months as aforesaid, or if the breadth of his plat be not one third of length as before directed, it shall be lawful for any other person to enter a caveat in the said land office

against the issuing of any grant to him, expressing Causes of therein for what cause the grant should not issue; or

if any person shall obtain a survey of lands to which another hath by law a better right, the person having such better right, may in like manner enter a caveat to prevent his obtaining a grant until the title can be determined; such caveat also expressing the nature of

the right on which the plaintiff therein claims the said Proceedings land. The person entering any caveat, shall take from * opon caveats the register a certified copy thereof, which, within

three days thereafter, he shall deliver to the clerk of

when to be returned to


the general court, or such caveat shall become void; the said clerk on receiving the same, shall enter it in a book, and thereupon issue a summons, reciting the cause for which such caveat is entered, and requiring the defendant to appear on the seventh day of the succeeding court and defend his right; and on such process being returned executed, the court shall proceed to determine the right of the cause in a summary way, without pleadings in writing, empanneling and swearing a jury for the finding of such facts as are material to the cause, and are not agreed by the parties; and MEADEST shall thereupon give judgment, on which no appeal or writ of errour shall be allowed; a copy of such judgment, if in favour of the defendant, being delivered into the land office, shall vacate the said caveat; and New caveats if not delivered within three months, a new caveat may for what for that cause be entered against the grant; and if the causes alsaid judgment be in favour of the plaintiff, upon deli

lowed vering the same into the land office, together with a plat and certificate of the survey, and also producing a legal certificate of new rights on his own account, he shall be entitled to a grant thereof; but on failing to make such return and produce such certificates within six months after judgment so rendered, it shall be lawful for any other person to enter a caveat for that cause against issuing the grant; upon which subsequent caveats, such proceedings shall be had as are before directed in the case of an original caveat; and in any caveat where judgment shall be given for the Costs, on ca defendant, the court shall award him his costs, and veats. may compel the plaintiff in any caveat, if they think fit, to give security for costs, or on failure thereof, may dismiss his suit; and in case the plaintiff in any such caveat shall recover, the court may, if they think it reasonable, award costs against the defendant; provided that where any lands surveyed upon a land war

New warrant as aforesaid, shall, in consequence of any judg- rants, where ment upon a caveat, be granted to any other person caveat. than the party claiming under such warrant, such party shall be entitled to a new warrant from the register for the quantity of land so granted to another, reciting Duty of re. the original warrant and rights, and the particular lation to ex. cause of granting the new warrant. And to prevent change reconfusion and mistakes in the application, exchange, newed; or or renewal of warrants, the register of the land office warrants


is hereby directed and required to leave a suficient margin in the record books of his office, and whenever any warrant shall be exchanged, renewed, or finally carried into execution by a grant, to note the same in the margin opposite to such warrant, with folio references to the grant, or other mode of application; and also to note in the margin opposite to each grant, the warrant or warrants and survey on which

such grant is founded, with proper folio references to Warrants & the books in which the same are recorded. All percertificates sons, as well foreigners as others, shall have right to of survey as

assign or transfer warrants or certificates of survey for signable.

lands, and any foreigner purchasing warrants for lands, may locate and have the same surveyed, and after returning a certificate of survey to the land office, shall be allowed the term of eighteen months, either to become a citizen, or to transfer his right in such certificate of survey to some citizen of this, or any other of the United States of America. When any grant shall have been finally completed, the register shall cause the plat and certificate of survey on which such grant is founded, to be exactly entered and recorded in well bound books, to be provided for that purpose at the publick charge. Due returns of the several articles herein before required being made into the land office, the register, within not less than six, nor more than nine mouths, shall make out a grant by way of

deed poll to the party having right, in the following Form of form: “A. B. esquire, governour of the commonwealth grant, or pa. of Virginia, to all to whom these presents shall come

greeting: Know ye that in consideration of military service performed by C. D. to this commonwealth, &c. (or in consideration of military service performed by C. D. to the United American States, or in consideration of the sum of

current money, paid by C. D. into the treasury of this commonwealth, &c.) there is granted by the said commonwealth unto the said C. D. a certain tract or parcel of land containing

acres, lying in the county of and hundred of

&c. (describing the particular bounds of the land and the date of the survey upon which the grant issues) with its appurtenances; to have and to hold the said tract or parcel of land with its appurtenances to the said C. D. and his heirs

In witness whereof the said A. B. gover


for ever.

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